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Atlas of Material Damage
 
 

Atlas of Material Damage, 1st Edition

 
Atlas of Material Damage, 1st Edition,George Wypych,ISBN9781895198485
 
 
 

  

ChemTec Publishing

9781895198485

400

The Atlas of Material Damage provides an essential toolkit for identifying material damage and implementing successful maintenance and replacement regimes.

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Hardcover

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USD 325.00
 
 

Key Features

  • Data and images are provided for many material types, making this a hard-working reference guide for engineers working in a range of different market sectors.
  • As well as providing core data, this reference explains the range of test and imaging techniques available, enabling engineers and scientists to take optimal and cost effective decisions.
  • An essential tool for identifying material damage and implementing successful maintenance and replacement regimes.

Description

Product reliability is the major aim of technological know-how. Uninterrupted performance of manufactured products at typical and extreme conditions of its use is the major goal of product development and the most important indicator of material quality.

This book provides information on defect formation and materials damage. The following aspects of material performance are discussed:

1 Effect of composition, morphological features, and structure of different materials on material
performance, durability, and resilience

2 Analysis of causes of material damage and degradation

3 Effect of processing conditions on material damage

4 Effect of combined action of different degradants on industrial products

5 Systematic analysis of existing knowledge regarding the modes of damage and morphology of

damaged material

6 Methods of analysis of material damage

7 Comparison of experiences generated in different sectors of industry regarding the most
frequently encountered failures, reasons for these failures, and potential improvements
preventing future damage

The name "Atlas" was selected to indicate emphasis of the book on illustration with many real examples of damaged products and discussion of causes of damage and potential for material improvements.

Special chapter contains examples of damage encountered in different groups of industrial products. Each group of materials is discussed according to the following breakdown:

1 Examples of damage typically encountered in a group under discussion

2 Results of structural analysis of degradation (e.g., image analysis, surface and bulk mapping by
analytic techniques such as NMR, XPS, thermography, etc.)

3 Credit to the source of images, references, and explanations

4 Conditions under which material was degraded

5 Discussion of morphological features and observations

Readership

Engineers: Civil, Mechanical, Materials, Design, Maintenance, Chemical & Process

Industries: construction / civil engineering, automotive / aerospace / transportation, chemical processing, consumer packaging, paints and coatings, petrochemical, pipeline, plastics.

Level: Practicing engineers and technicians, students seeking real-world examples and applied technique

George Wypych

George Wypych has a Ph.D. in chemical engineering. His professional expertise includes both university teaching (full professor) and research and development. He has published 18 books: PVC Plastisols, (University Press); Polyvinylchloride Degradation, (Elsevier); Polyvinylchloride Stabilization, (Elsevier); Polymer Modified Textile materials, (Wiley & Sons); Handbook of Material Weathering, 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Editions, (ChemTec Publishing); Handbook of Fillers, 1st, 2nd and 3rd Editions, (ChemTec Publishing); Recycling of PVC, (ChemTec Publishing); Weathering of Plastics. Testing to Mirror Real Life Performance, (Plastics Design Library), Handbook of Solvents, Handbook of Plasticizers, 1st and 2nd Editions, Handbook of Antistatics, Handbook of Material Biodegradation, Biodeterioration and Biostabilation, Handbook of Antiblocking, Release and Slip Additives 1st and 2nd Editions, Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization, PVC Degradation & Stabilization, The PVC Formulary, Atlas of Material Damage, and Handbook of Polymers (all by ChemTec Publishing), 47 scientific papers, and he has obtained 16 patents. He specializes in polymer additives, polymer processing and formulation, material durability and the development of sealants and coatings. He is included in the Dictionary of International Biography, Who's Who in Plastics and Polymers, Who's Who in Engineering, and was selected International Man of the Year 1996-1997 in recognition for his services to education.

Affiliations and Expertise

ChemTec Publishing, Ontario, Canada

View additional works by George Wypych

Atlas of Material Damage, 1st Edition

1 Introduction

2 Material composition, structure, and morphological features

2.1.1 Materials having predominantly homogeneous structure and composition

2.1.2 Heterogeneous materials

2.1.3 Crystalline forms and amorphous regions

2.1.4 Materials containing insoluble additives (e.g., fillers)

2.1.5 Materials containing immiscible phases (e.g., polymer alloys and blends)

2.1.6 Composites

2.1.7 Multi-component layered materials (laminates, coextruded materials, film sandwiches,

coated fabrics)

2.1.8 Material combinations obtained by jointing (joints, fasteners, inclusions)

2.1.9 Foams, porosity

2.1.10 Compressed solids (tablets, sintered materials)

2.1.11 Material surface versus bulk

3 Effect of processing on material structure

3.1 Temperature

3.2 Pressure

3.3 Time

3.4 Viscosity

3.5 Flow rate (shear rate)

3.6 Deformation

3.7 Orientation

3.8 Process related defects

4 Scale of damage – basic concept

4.1 Atomic (breaking interatomic bonds)

4.2 Microscale (micro-imperfections and their effect on damage initiation and growth)

4.3 Macroscale (material property determination, testing and control)

5 Microscopic mechanisms of damage caused by different degradants

5.1 Bulk (mechanical forces)

5.1.1 Elastic-brittle fracture

5.1.2 Elastic-plastic deformation

5.1.3 Time-related damage

5.1.3.1 Fatigue (fretting)

5.1.3.2 Creep

5.1.3.3 Creep-fatigue

5.1.3.4 Thermo-creep

5.1.4 Impact damage

5.1.5 Shear fracture

5.1.6 Compression set

5.1.7 Bending forces

5.1.8 Anisotropic damage

5.2 Electric forces

5.2.1 Tracking

5.2.2 Arcing

5.2.3 Cell deformation

5.2.4 Flooding and drying out (batteries)

5.2.5 Pin-holes

5.2.6 Cracks

5.2.7 Delamination

5.2.8 Surface impurity

5.2.9 Humidity

5.2.10 Temperature

5.3 Surface-initiated damage

5.3.1 Physical forces

5.3.1.1 Thermal treatment

5.3.1.1.1 Process heat

5.3.1.1.2 Conditions of performance

5.3.1.1.3 Infrared

5.3.1.1.4 Frictional heat

5.3.1.1.5 Low temperature effects

5.3.1.1.6 Thermal stresses

5.3.1.2 High energy radiation

5.3.1.2.1 Ionizing radiation (alpha, beta rays)

5.3.1.2.2 Gamma rays

5.3.1.2.3 Laser beams

5.3.1.2.4 Cosmic rays

5.3.1.2.5 Plasma

5.3.1.3 Weathering

5.3.1.4 Elution

5.3.2 Mechanical action

5.3.2.1 Frictional wear, gouging, scratching

5.3.2.2 Impact wear

5.3.2.3 Adhesive failure, sliding

5.3.3 Chemical reactions

5.3.3.1 Oxidation

5.3.3.2 Ozone

5.3.3.3 Sulfur dioxide

5.3.3.4 Hydrogen embrittlement

5.3.3.5 Particulate matter

5.3.3.6 Other gaseous corroding substances

5.3.3.7 Solvent crazing

5.4 Biological forces of damage (example of joint action of chemical and biological mechanisms)

5.4.1 Biodegradation and biodeterioration of materials in conditions of their performance and

disposal

5.4.2 Effect of body fluids on performance and bioabsorption of polymeric materials in medical

applications

5.4.3 Effect of environment on performance of controlled–release substances in pharmaceutical

applications

5.5 Corrosion (example of joint action of physical and chemical degradants)

5.5.1 Conductive polymers

5.6 Loss of adhesion (example of joint action of mechanical, physical, and chemical forces)

5.7 Further examples of action of combination of degradants

6 Testing in damage assessment and prevention

7 Data on damage of different groups of products

 
 
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