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Fluoroplastics, Volume 1
 
 

Fluoroplastics, Volume 1, 2nd Edition

Non-Melt Processible Fluoropolymers - The Definitive User's Guide and Data Book

 
Fluoroplastics, Volume 1, 2nd Edition,Sina Ebnesajjad,ISBN9781455731992
 
 
 

  

William Andrew

9781455731992

9781455732005

718

276 X 216

All-encompassing handbook and unique reference for non-melt processible fluoropolymers - material properties, fabrication, and applications.

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Key Features

  • Exceptionally broad and comprehensive coverage of non-melt processible fluoropolymers processing and applications.
  • Practical approach, written by long-standing authority in the fluoropolymers industry.
  • New technologies, materials and applications are included in the new edition.

Description

Fluoroplastics, Volume 1, compiles in one place a working knowledge of the polymer chemistry and physics of non-melt processible fluoropolymers with detailed descriptions of commercial processing methods, material properties, fabrication and handling information, technologies, and applications. Also, history, market statistics, and safety and recycling aspects are covered. Both volumes contain a large amount of specific property data which is useful for users to readily compare different materials and align material structure with end use applications.
Volume 1 concentrates mostly on polytetrafluoroethylene and polychlorotrifluoroethylene and their processing techniques - which are essentially non-melt-processes - used across a broad range of industries including automotive, aerospace, electronic, food, beverage, oil/gas, and medical devices.
Since the first edition was published many new technical developments and market changes have taken place and new grades of materials have entered the market. This new edition is a thoroughly updated and significantly expanded revision covering new technologies and applications, and addressing the changes that have taken place in the fluoropolymer markets.
Fluoroplastics, Volume 1 is an all-encompassing handbook for non-melt processible fluoropolymers - a unique and invaluable reference for professionals in the fluoropolymer industry and fluoropolymer application industries.

Readership

Engineers and other professionals that use and process fluoropolymers across different industries in all important segments including automotive, aerospace, electronic, pharmaceutical, food, beverage, chemical processing industries, semiconductors, furniture, printing/publishing, lubricant oil/grease, oil/gas, medical devices, plastic compounders.
Professionals involved in polymer manufacturing and part fabrication. End-users of fluoropolymers and students.

Sina Ebnesajjad

Sina Ebnesajjad is the series editor of Plastics Design Library (PDL) published in the William Andrew imprint of Elsevier. This Series is a unique series, comprising technology and applications handbooks, data books and practical guides tailored to the needs of practitioners. Sina was the editor-in-chief of William Andrew Publishing from 2005 to 2007, which was acquired by Elsevier in 2009. He retired as a Senior Technology Associate in 2005 from the DuPont fluoropolymers after nearly 24 years of service. Sina founded of FluoroConsultants Group, LLC in 2006 where he continues to work. Sina earned his Bachelor of Science from the School of Engineering of the University of Tehran in 1976, Master of Science and PhD from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, all in Chemical Engineering. He is author, editor and co-author of fifteen technical and data books including five handbooks on fluoropolymers technology and applications. He is author and co-author of three books in surface preparation and adhesion of materials, two of which are in their second editions. Sina has been involved with technical writing and publishing since 1974. His experiences include fluoropolymer technologies (polytetrafluoroethylene and its copolymers) including polymerization, finishing, fabrication, product development, failure analysis, market development and technical service. Sina holds six patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Fluoroconsultants Group, Chadds Ford, PA, USA

View additional works by Sina Ebnesajjad

Fluoroplastics, Volume 1, 2nd Edition

  • Dedication
  • Series
  • Copyrigrht
  • 2nd edition Acknowledgments
  • 1st edition Acknowledgments
  • 2nd edition Preface
  • 1st edition Preface
  • Part I
    • 1. Discovery and History of Fluoropolymers
      • 1.1. Coming of Age of Polymer Science
      • 1.2. Roy Plunkett's Story
      • 1.3. Commercialization of PTFE
      • 1.4. Developmental History of Fluoropolymers
    • 2. Production and Market Statistics
      • 2.1. Growth of Fluoropolymers
      • 2.2. Regional Consumption of Fluoropolymers
      • 2.3. Consumption of Fluoropolymers and PTFE
      • 2.4. Trends
    • 3. From Fundamentals to Applications
      • 3.1. Introduction
      • 3.2. Uniqueness of Fluorine
      • 3.3. Fluorine Characteristics
      • 3.4. What are Fluoropolymers?
      • 3.5. Fundamental Properties of Fluoropolymers
      • 3.6. Developmental History of Fluoropolymers
      • 3.7. Examples of Uses of Fluoropolymers
    • 4. Fluoropolymers: Properties and Structure
      • 4.1. Introduction
      • 4.2. Impact of F and C–F Bond on the Properties of Polytetrafluoroethylene
      • 4.3. Distruping the Linear PTFE Chain: Perfluorinated Ethylene–Propylene Copolymer and Polychlorotrifluoroethylene
      • 4.4. Reaction Mechanism
      • 4.5. Effect of Solvents on Fluoropolymers
      • 4.6. Molecular Interaction of Fluoropolymers: Low Friction and Low Surface Energy
      • 4.7. Conformations and Transitions of PTFE
      • 4.8. Conformations and Transitions of PCTFE
    • 5. Operational Classification of Fluoropolymers
      • 5.1. Introduction
      • 5.2. TFE Homopolymers
      • 5.3. TFE Copolymers
      • 5.4. CTFE Polymers
      • 5.5. VDF Polymers
      • 5.6. VF Polymers
      • 5.7. Process Classification
    • 6. Preparation of Tetrafluoroethylene and Other Monomers
      • 6.1. Introduction
      • 6.2. TFE Preparation
      • 6.3. Purification of TFE
      • 6.4. Properties of TFE
      • 6.5. Synthesis of HFP
      • 6.6. Properties of HFP
      • 6.7. Synthesis of PAVE
      • 6.8. Properties of PAVE
      • 6.9. Synthesis of CTFE
      • 6.10. Properties of CTFE
    • 7. Polymerization Surfactants
      • 7.1. Introduction
      • 7.2. Perfluorooctane Sulfonate
      • 7.3. Issues with PFOS
      • 7.4. Problems with PFOA
      • 7.5. EPA Action
      • 7.6. Alternative Surfactants for Fluoropolymer Polymerization
      • 7.7. Summary
    • 8. Polymerization and Finishing of Tetrafluoroethylene
      • 8.1. Introduction
      • 8.2. Polymerization Mechanism
      • 8.3. TFE Polymers
      • 8.4. Evolution of Suspension Polymerization of TFE
      • 8.5. Preparation of PTFE by Emulsion Polymerization
      • 8.6. Preparation of Dispersion Grade PTFE
      • 8.7. Preparation of Fine Powder PTFE
      • 8.8. CTFE Polymers and Polymerization
      • 8.9. Characterization of PTFE
      • 8.10. Characterization of PCTFE
    • 9. Commercial Grades of Fluoropolymers
      • 9.1. Introduction
      • 9.2. Granular PTFE
      • 9.3. PTFE Dispersions
      • 9.4. Fine Powder PTFE
      • 9.5. Polychlorotrifluoroethylene Polymers
  • Part II
    • 10. Fabrication and Processing of Granular Polytetrafluoroethylene
      • 10.1. Introduction
      • 10.2. Resin Selection
      • 10.3. Compression Molding
      • 10.4. Automatic Molding
      • 10.5. Isostatic Molding
      • 10.6. Ram Extrusion
    • 11. Fabrication and Processing of Fine Powder Polytetrafluoroethylene
      • 11.1. Introduction
      • 11.2. Resin Handling and Storage
      • 11.3. Paste Extrusion Fundamentals
      • 11.4. Extrusion Aid or Lubricant
      • 11.5. Wire Coating
      • 11.6. Extrusion of Tubing
      • 11.7. Unsintered Tape
      • 11.8. Expanded PTFE Manufacturing
      • 11.9. Fine Powder Resin Selection
    • 12. Fabrication and Processing of Polytetrafluoroethylene Dispersions
      • 12.1. Introduction
      • 12.2. Applications
      • 12.3. Storage and Handling
      • 12.4. Surfactants
      • 12.5. Principles of Coating Technology
      • 12.6. Dispersion Formulation and Characteristics
      • 12.7. Glass Cloth Coating
      • 12.8. Impregnation of Flax and Polyaramide
      • 12.9. Coating Metal and Hard Surfaces
      • 12.10. PTFE Yarn Manufacturing
      • 12.11. Film Casting
      • 12.12. Anti-drip Applications
      • 12.13. Filled Bearings
      • 12.14. Dedusting Powders
      • 12.15. Other Applications
    • 13. Processing of Polychlorotrifluoroethylene
      • 13.1. Introduction
      • 13.2. Processing Considerations
      • 13.3. Compression Molding
      • 13.4. Injection Molding
      • 13.5. Extrusion
      • 13.6. Machining and Joining
    • 14. Fluorinated Additives
      • 14.1. Introduction
      • 14.2. PTFE Additives
      • 14.3. Applications of PTFE Additives
      • 14.4. Feedstock for PTFE Additives
      • 14.5. Manufacturing PTFE Additives
      • 14.6. PTFE-Modified Waxes
    • 15. Surface Treatment of Polytetrafluoroethylene for Adhesion
      • 15.1. Introduction
      • 15.2. Sodium Etching of Fluoroplastics
      • 15.3. Plasma Treatment of Fluoropolymers and PTFE
      • 15.4. Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Treatment
    • 16. Filled Fluoropolymer Compounds
      • 16.1. Introduction
      • 16.2. Granular-Based Compounds
      • 16.3. Fine Powder-Based Compounds
      • 16.4. Co-coagulated Compounds
      • 16.5. Processing Compounds
      • 16.6. Typical Properties of Filled Fluoropolymers
      • 16.7. Nanocomposites of PTFE
      • 16.8. Commercial Products
  • Part III
    • 17. Chemical Properties of Fluoropolymers—Polytetrafluoroethylene and Polychlorotrifluoroethylene
      • 17.1. Introduction
      • 17.2. Chemical Compatibility of PTFE
      • 17.3. Chemical Compatibility of Polychlorotrifluoroethylene
      • 17.4. Permeation Fundamentals
      • 17.5. Environmental Stress Cracking
      • 17.6. Solubility Parameters
    • 18. Properties of Tetrafluoroethylene Homopolymers
      • 18.1. Introduction
      • 18.2. Crystallinity
      • 18.3. Molecular Weight
      • 18.4. Influence of Processing
      • 18.5. Microstructure and Fracture of PTFE
      • 18.6. Mechanical Properties
      • 18.7. Fatigue Properties
      • 18.8. Electrical Properties
      • 18.9. Thermal Behavior
      • 18.10. Flammability Characteristics
      • 18.11. Irradiation Behavior
      • 18.12. Surface Properties
      • 18.13. Refractive Index
      • 18.14. Standard Measurement Methods
    • 19. Properties of Polychlorotrifluoroethylene
      • 19.1. Introduction
      • 19.2. Crystallinity
      • 19.3. Mechanical Properties
      • 19.4. Electrical Properties
      • 19.5. Thermal Properties
      • 19.6. Irradiation Behavior
      • 19.7. Properties of PCTFE Films
      • 19.8. Barrier Properties
      • 19.9. Spectroscopic Properties
      • 19.10. Chemical and Weathering Properties
    • 20. Fabrication Techniques for Polytetrafluoroethylene
      • 20.1. Introduction
      • 20.2. Machining
      • 20.3. Adhesive Bonding Methods
      • 20.4. Welding and Joining
      • 20.5. Thermoforming
      • 20.6. Other Processes
    • 21. Applications of Polytetrafluoroethylene and Fluoropolymers
      • 21.1. Chemical Processing
      • 21.2. Piping
      • 21.3. Vessels
      • 21.4. CPI Components
      • 21.5. Self-Supporting Components
      • 21.6. Trends in Using Fluoropolymers in Chemical Service
      • 21.7. Semiconductor Processing
      • 21.8. Electrical Applications
      • 21.9. Mechanical Applications
      • 21.10. Automotive and Aerospace
      • 21.11. Medical Devices
      • 21.12. Summary
    • 22. Safety, Health, Environmental, Disposal, Recycling, and Economics
      • 22.1. Introduction
      • 22.2. Toxicology of Fluoropolymers
      • 22.3. Thermal Properties of PTFE
      • 22.4. Emission during Processing
      • 22.5. Safety Measures
      • 22.6. Food Contact
      • 22.7. Fluoropolymer Scrap and Recycling
      • 22.8. Environmental Protection and Disposal Methods
  • Appendix 1. Chemical Resistance of Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
  • Appendix 2. Chemical Resistance of Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE)
  • Appendix 3. Permeability of Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
  • Appendix 4. Permeability of Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE)
  • Appendix 5. Melt Creep Viscosity of Polytetrafluoroethylene
  • Glossary
  • Index
 
 
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