Principles of Transaction Processing

Principles of Transaction Processing, 2nd Edition

Principles of Transaction Processing, 2nd Edition,Philip Bernstein,Eric Newcomer,ISBN9781558606234


Morgan Kaufmann




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Key Features

  • Complete revision of the classic "non mathematical" transaction processing reference for systems professionals.
  • Updated to focus on the needs of transaction processing via the Internet-- the main focus of business data processing investments, via web application servers, SOA, and important new TP standards.
  • Retains the practical, non-mathematical, but thorough conceptual basis of the first edition.
  • Description

    Principles of Transaction Processing is a comprehensive guide to developing applications, designing systems, and evaluating engineering products. The book provides detailed discussions of the internal workings of transaction processing systems, and it discusses how these systems work and how best to utilize them. It covers the architecture of Web Application Servers and transactional communication paradigms. The book is divided into 11 chapters, which cover the following: • Overview of transaction processing application and system structure • Software abstractions found in transaction processing systems • Architecture of multitier applications and the functions of transactional middleware and database servers • Queued transaction processing and its internals, with IBM's Websphere MQ and Oracle's Stream AQ as examples • Business process management and its mechanisms • Description of the two-phase locking function, B-tree locking and multigranularity locking used in SQL database systems and nested transaction locking • System recovery and its failures • Two-phase commit protocol • Comparison between the tradeoffs of replicating servers versus replication resources • Transactional middleware products and standards • Future trends, such as cloud computing platforms, composing scalable systems using distributed computing components, the use of flash storage to replace disks and data streams from sensor devices as a source of transaction requests. The text meets the needs of systems professionals, such as IT application programmers who construct TP applications, application analysts, and product developers. The book will also be invaluable to students and novices in application programming.


    systems professionals: IT application programmers that build TP applications for use in IT or on web sites; application analysts who design applications for deployment on TP systems; and product developers

    Philip Bernstein

    is a Principal Researcher at Microsoft Corporation and author of over 150 technical articles on database and transaction systems. He was previously lead architect for Digital Equipment Corporation’s transaction processing products group and was a professor at Harvard University. He is an ACM Fellow and member of the National Academy of Engineering.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Lead Architect, Microsoft Corporation, Bellvue, WA, USA

    Eric Newcomer

    is an independent consultant working in the CTO Office at Progress Software. He was previously CTO of IONA Technologies and a TP Architect at Digital Equipment Corporation. He has contributed to multiple enterprise software products and standards.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Program manager, Digital Equipment Corporation, Groton, MA, USA

    Principles of Transaction Processing, 2nd Edition

    1. Introduction
    1.1 The Basics
    1.2 TP System Architecture
    1.3 Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, and Durability
    1.4 Two-Phase Commit
    1.5 Transaction Processing Performance
    1.6 Availability
    1.7 Styles of Systems
    1.8 TP System Configurations
    1.9 Summary

    2. Transaction Processing Abstractions
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Transactions
    2.3 Processes and Threads
    2.4 Remote Procedure Call
    2.5 Shared State
    2.6 Scalability
    2.7 Summary

    3. TP Application Architecture
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Application Architecture
    3.3 Front-End Program
    3.4 Request Controller
    3.5 Transaction Servers
    3.6 Transactional middleware
    3.7 Database Servers vs. Transactional Middleware
    3.8 Summary

    4. Queued Transaction Processing
    4.1 Why Use Queues?
    4.2 The Queued Transaction Processing Model
    4.3 Client Recovery
    4.4 Handling Non-Undo-able Operations
    4.5 The Queue Manager
    4.6 Publish-Subscribe
    4.7 Other Message-Oriented Middleware
    4.8 Queuing Products and Standards
    4.9 Summary

    5. Business Process Management
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Business Process Definition
    5.3 Business Process Execution
    5.4 Transactional Properties
    5.5 Making Process State Durable
    5.6 Other Models of Business Processes
    5.7 Products and Standards
    5.8 Summary

    6. Locking
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Implementation
    6.3 Deadlocks
    6.4 Performance
    6.5 Hot Spots
    6.6 Query-Update Problems
    6.7 Avoiding Phantoms
    6.8 Optimistic Concurrency Control
    6.9 B-Tree Locking
    6.10 Multigranularity Locking
    6.11 Locking Nested Transactions
    6.12 Summary
    6.13 Appendix - Basic Serializability Theory

    7. System Recovery
    7.1 Causes of System Failure
    7.2 A Model for System Recovery
    7.3 Introduction to Database Recovery
    7.4 The System Model
    7.5 Database Recovery Manager
    7.6 Shadow-Paging Algorithm
    7.7 Log-Based Database Recovery Algorithms
    7.8 Optimizing Restart in Log-Based Algorithms
    7.9 Media Recovery
    7.10 Summary

    8. Two-Phase Commit
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 The Two-Phase Commit Protocol
    8.3 Failure Handling
    8.4 Optimizations and Variations
    8.5 Process Structuring
    8.6 User Checklist
    8.7 Summary

    9. Replication
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Replicated Servers
    9.3 Synchronizing Updates to Replicated Data
    9.4 Single-Master Primary-Copy Replication
    9.5 Multi-Master Replication
    9.6 Other Replication Techniques
    9.7 Data Sharing Systems
    9.8 Summary

    10. Transactional Middleware Products and Standards
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 Web Browser Front-End Programs
    10.3 .NET Framework
    10.4 Java Enterprise Edition
    10.5 Service Oriented Architecture
    10.6 Persistence Abstraction Mechanisms
    10.7 Legacy TP Monitors
    10.8 TP Standards
    10.9 Summary

    11. Future Trends
    11.1 Introduction
    11.2 Cloud Computing
    11.3 Scalable Distributed Computing
    11.4 Memory Technology
    11.5 Streams and Event Processing
    11.6 Summary


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