Cleaning with Solvents: Science and Technology

Cleaning with Solvents: Science and Technology, 1st Edition

Cleaning with Solvents: Science and Technology, 1st Edition,John Durkee,ISBN9781455731312


William Andrew




246 X 189

In this practical handbook, John Durkee guides readers through the technologies and materials of the solvent-based cleaning of surfaces, explaining how to implement successful cleaning procedures and exploring regulatory frameworks, economic factors and environmental concerns.

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Key Features

  • Three methods explained in detail for substitution of suitable solvents for those unsuitable for any reason: toxic solvents don't have to be tolerated; this volume explains how to do better
  • Enables users to make informed judgments about their selection of cleaning solvents for specific applications, including solvent replacement decisions
  • Explains how to plan and implement solvent cleaning systems that are effective, economical and compliant with regulations


High-precision cleaning is required across a wide range of sectors, including aerospace, defense, medical device manufacturing, pharmaceutical processing, semiconductor/electronics, etc.

Cleaning parts and surfaces with solvents is simple, effective and low-cost. Although health and safety and environmental concerns come into play with the use of solvents, this book explores how safe and compliant solvent-based cleaning techniques can be implemented. A key to this is the selection of the right solvent. The author also examines a range of newer "green" solvent cleaning options.

This book supplies scientific fundamentals and practical guidance supported by real-world examples. Durkee explains the three principal methods of solvent selection: matching of solubility parameters, reduction of potential for smog formation, and matching of physical properties. He also provides guidance on the safe use of aerosols, wipe-cleaning techniques, solvent stabilization, economics, and many other topics.

A compendium of blend rules is included, covering the physical, chemical, and environmental properties of solvents.


Engineers and scientists involved in precision cleaning across sectors including aerospace, defense, medical device manufacturing, pharmaceutical processing, semiconductor / electronics, etc.

John Durkee

Ph.D., P.E.

Affiliations and Expertise

Consultant in Cleaning Technology and Processes, Texas, USA

View additional works by John Durkee

Cleaning with Solvents: Science and Technology, 1st Edition

Preface Acknowledgments Disclaimer What You Can Do with This Book A Note on Organization Units Used in This Book External References Cited in This Book 1. Relationship of Solvent Properties to Structure 2. Solubility Scales (Parameters) 3. Solvent Selection for Specific Tasks 4. SHE Management (Solvent Substitution) 5. Toxicology of Cleaning Solvents 6. The VOC Exemption Game 7. Economics of Solvent Use 8. Solvent Azeotropes 9. Wipe Cleaning with Solvents 10. Cleaning with Solvent Aerosols 11. Stabilization of Solvents 12. Solvent Cleaning: Questions and Answers Group A: Basic Information A1. Basic Data about Cleaning Solvents A2. Estimation of Properties of Solvent Blends A3. Derivation of Blend Rule for Solubility Parameters A4. Compatibility of Wipe Cleaning Solvents with Surface Materials and Protective Gloves (With Database) A5. Management of Flow of Cleaning Solvents to Wet Surfaces (The Wettability Index and the Dimensionless Ohnesorge Number) Group B: Reduction of Ozone Formation by VOCs B1. Chemistry of Atmospheric Reactions of VOCs Leading to Smog B2. Calculation of MIR through Group Contribution Methods Group C: Solubility Parameters C1. Optimization Method for Determination of Solubility Parameters C2. Estimation of Hansen Solubility Parameters (HSP) from Binary Data-PES C3. Estimation of HSP from Multilevel Data-Bitumen C4. Estimation of HSP from Solvent Mixtures C5. Estimation of HSP from Correlations C6. Estimation of HSP using the “Pythagorean Theorem” C7. Estimation of HSP from an Equation of State C8. Estimation of HSP from Group Contribution Methods C9. Estimation of HSP for Soil Mixtures C10. Hoy Solubility Parameters C11. Values of Hansen Solubility Parameters for Solvents, Soils, and Polymers C12. The Teas Graph Group D: Solvent Substitution D1. Examples and Methodology of Solvent Substitution D2. Examples of Solvent Substitution to Achieve VOC Reduction Index

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