Film Properties of Plastics and Elastomers

Film Properties of Plastics and Elastomers, 3rd Edition

Film Properties of Plastics and Elastomers, 3rd Edition,Laurence McKeen,ISBN9781455725519


William Andrew




276 X 216

Essential data and best practice guidance for engineers and product designers

working in the plastics industry, and industry sectors that utilize plastic films, such as

packaging (food, consumer goods, pharmaceuticals, etc.), medical devices and


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Key Features

  • Essential data and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working with polymer films
  • 3e expanded by nearly 50% to include new data sections and additional explanatory chapters to help readers utilize the data and work successfully with plastic films
  • Written for engineers working across the key market sectors for polymer film applications: semiconductor, chemicals, food, beverage and pharmaceutical packaging, energy, medical devices, etc.


Now in its 3e, Film Properties of Plastics and Elastomers, has been extensively revised. This is the only data handbook available on the engineering properties of commercial polymeric films. It details many physical, mechanical, optical, electrical, and permeation properties within the context of specific test parameters, providing a ready reference for comparing materials in the same family as well as materials in different families. Data is presented on the characteristics of 47 major plastic and elastomer packaging materials. New to this edition, the resin chapters each contain textual summary information including category, general description, processing methods, applications, and other facts as appropriate, such as reliability, weatherability, and regulatory approval considerations for use in food and medical packaging. Extensive references are provided.


Engineers, chemists, manufacturers, suppliers, designers and other technical professionals who want a comprehensive reference guide to film properties of plastics and elastomers.

Laurence McKeen

Larry McKeen has a Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Wisconsin and worked for DuPont Fluoroproducts from 1978-2014. As a Senior Research Associate Chemist he was responsible for new product development including application technology and product optimization for particular end-uses, and product testing. He retired from DuPont at the end of 2014 and is currently a consultant.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Associate, DuPont, Wilmington, DE, USA

View additional works by Laurence W. McKeen

Film Properties of Plastics and Elastomers, 3rd Edition

1.nbsp;Introduction to Plastics and Polymers
1.1.1.nbsp;Addition Polymerization
1.1.2.nbsp;Condensation Polymerization
1.3.nbsp;Linear, Branched, and Crosslinked Polymers
1.6.nbsp;Steric Hindrance
1.7.1.nbsp;Structural isomers
1.7.2.nbsp;Geometric Isomers
1.7.3.nbsp;Stereosiomers - Syndiotactic, Isotactic, Atactic
1.8.nbsp;Inter and Intra molecular attractions in polymers
1.8.1.nbsp;Hydrogen Bonding
1.8.2.nbsp;Van der waals Forces
1.8.3.nbsp;Chain Entanglement
1.9.nbsp;General Classifications
1.9.1.nbsp;Molecular Weight
1.9.2.nbsp;Thermosets vs. Thermoplastics
1.9.3.nbsp;Crystalline vs. Amorphous
1.10.nbsp;Plastic Compositions
1.10.1.nbsp;Polymer Blends
1.10.3.nbsp;Additives;Fillers, Reinforcement, Composites;Combustion Modifiers, Fire and Flame Retardants, and Smoke Suppressants;Release Agents;Slip additives/Internal Lubricants;Antiblock Additives;Catalysts;Impact Modifiers and Tougheners;UV Stabilizers;Optical Brighteners;Plasticizers;Pigments, Extenders, Dyes, Mica;Coupling Agents;Thermal Stabilizers;Antistats
2.nbsp;Chapter 2 – Introduction to the Mechanical, Thermal and Permeation Properties of Plastics and Elastomers
2.1.nbsp;Physical property testing of plastic films
2.1.1.nbsp;Specific gravity, density
2.1.2.nbsp;Dimensional stability
2.1.3.nbsp;hydroscopic expansion
2.1.4.nbsp;residual shrinkage
2.1.5.nbsp;Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
2.1.6.nbsp;Appearance: Color, Haze and Gloss;Color;Gloss measurement;Haze measurement
2.1.7.nbsp;Coefficient of friction
2.2.nbsp;Mechanical Property Testing of Plastic films
2.2.1.nbsp;Tensile Properties
2.2.2.nbsp;Flexural Properties
2.2.3.nbsp;Folding endurance (MIT)
2.2.4.nbsp;Puncture properties;High speed puncture test;Drop Dart Impact Test for Plastics Film
2.2.5.nbsp;Tear Properties;Elmendorf Tear Strength;Trouser Tear Resistance
2.3.nbsp;Thermal Property Testing of Plastic films
2.3.1.nbsp;Melt Flow Index
2.3.2.nbsp;melting point
2.3.3.nbsp;Glass Transition Temperature, Tg
2.3.4.nbsp;Other Thermal Tests
2.4.nbsp;Electrical Properties of Films
2.4.1.nbsp;Dielectric constant (or Relative Permittivity)
2.4.2.nbsp;Dissipation factor
2.4.3.nbsp;Dielectric Strength
2.4.4.nbsp;Surface Resistivity
2.4.5.nbsp;Volume Resistivity
2.5.nbsp;Permeation of films
2.5.2.nbsp;Transport of Gases and Vapors though solid materials-
2.5.4.nbsp;Solution-Diffusion and Pore-flow Models;Dependence of Permeability, Diffusion and Solubility Pressure;Dependence of Permeability, Diffusion and Solubility on Temperature - The Arrhenius Equation
2.5.5.nbsp;Multiple layered films
2.5.6.nbsp;Permeation and Vapor Transmission Testing;Units of Measurement;Gas Permeation test cells;Vapor Permeation Cup testing;Standard Tests for permeation and vapor transmission
3.nbsp;Production of films
3.2.nbsp;Blown Film
3.4.nbsp;Casting film lines
3.5.nbsp;Post film formation processing
3.6.nbsp;Web coating
3.6.1.nbsp;Gravure Coating
3.6.2.nbsp;Reverse Roll Coating
3.6.3.nbsp;Knife On Roll Coating
3.6.4.nbsp;Metering Rod (Meyer Rod) Coating
3.6.5.nbsp;Slot Die (Slot, Extrusion) Coating
3.6.6.nbsp;Immersion (Dip) Coating
3.6.7.nbsp;Vacuum deposition
3.6.8.nbsp;Web Coating process summary
3.7.1.nbsp;Hot Roll/Belt Lamination
3.7.2.nbsp;Flame Lamination
3.8.1.nbsp;Machine Direction Orientation
3.8.2.nbsp;Biaxial orientation
3.8.3.nbsp;Blown Film Orientation
4.nbsp;Markets and Applications for films
4.1.nbsp;Barrier Films in packaging
4.1.1.nbsp;Water Vapor
4.1.2.nbsp;Atmospheric Gases
4.1.3.nbsp;Odors and Flavors
4.1.4.nbsp;Markets and Applications of barrier films
4.1.5.nbsp;Some illustrated applications of multiple layered films
5.nbsp;Styrenic Plastics
5.1.nbsp;Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene Copolymer (ABS)
5.2.nbsp;Acrylonitrile-Styrene-Acrylate Copolymer (ASA)
5.3.nbsp;Polystyrene (PS)
5.4.nbsp;Styrene-Acrylonitrile Copolymer (SAN)
6.1.nbsp;Liquid Crystal Polymer (LCP)
6.2.nbsp;Polybutylene Terephthalate (PBT)
6.3.nbsp;Polycarbonate (PC)
6.4.nbsp;Polycyclohexylene-dimethylene Terephthalate (PCT)
6.5.nbsp;Polyethylene Napthalate (PEN)
6.6.nbsp;Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)
8.nbsp;Polyamides (Nylons)
8.1.nbsp;Polyamide 6 (Nylon 6)
8.2.nbsp;Polyamide 12 (Nylon 12)
8.3.nbsp;Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)
8.4.nbsp;Polyamide 66/610 (Nylon 66/610)
8.5.nbsp;Polyamide 6/12 (Nylon 6/12)
8.6.nbsp;Polyamide 666 (Nylon 666 or 6/66)
8.7.nbsp;Polyamide 6/69 (Nylon 6/6.9)
8.8.nbsp;Nylon 1010
8.9.nbsp;Specialty Polyamides
8.9.1.nbsp;Amorphous Polyamides
8.9.2.nbsp;Nylon PACM-12
8.9.3.nbsp;PAA – Polyarylamide
9.1.nbsp;Polyethylene (PE)
9.1.1.nbsp;Unclassified polyethylene
9.1.2.nbsp;Ultralow Density polyethylene (ULDPE)
9.1.3.nbsp;Linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE)
9.1.4.nbsp;Low density polyethylene (LDPE)
9.1.5.nbsp;Medium density polyethylene (MDPE)
9.1.6.nbsp;High density polyethylene (HDPE)
9.2.nbsp;Polypropylene (PP)
9.3.nbsp;Polybutene-1 – PB-1
9.4.nbsp;Polymethyl Pentene (PMP)
9.5.nbsp;Cyclic Olefin Copolymer (COC)
10.nbsp;Polyvinyls amp; Acrylics
10.1.nbsp;Ethylene-Vinyl Acetate Copolymer (EVA)
10.2.nbsp;Ethylene - Vinyl Alcohol Copolymer (EVOH)
10.3.nbsp;Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVOH)
10.4.nbsp;Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
10.5.nbsp;Polyvinylidene Chloride (PVDC)
10.7.nbsp;Acrylonitrile-Methyl Acrylate Copolymer (AMA)
11.1.nbsp;Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
11.2.nbsp;Fluorinated Ethylene Propylene (FEP)
11.3.nbsp;Perfluoro Alkoxy (PFA)
11.4.nbsp;Amorphous fluoropolymer - Teflon AF®
11.5.nbsp;Polyvinyl Fluoride (PVF)
11.6.nbsp;Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE)
11.7.nbsp;Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF)
11.8.nbsp;Ethylene-Tetrafluoroethylene Copolymer (ETFE)
11.9.nbsp;Ethylene-Chlorotrifluoroethylene Copolymer (ECTFE)
12.nbsp;High Temperature/High Performance Polymers
12.1.nbsp;Polyether ether ketone (PEEK
12.3.nbsp;Polyphenylene Sulfide (PPS)
12.4.nbsp;Polysulfone (PSU)
12.5.nbsp;Polyethersulfone (PES)
12.6.nbsp;Polybenzimidazole (PBI)
12.7.nbsp;Parylene (poly(p-xylylene))
12.8.nbsp;Polyphenylene sulfone (PPSU)
13.nbsp;Elastomers and rubbers
13.1.nbsp;Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers (TPU)
13.2.nbsp;Olefinic Thermoplastic Elastomers (TPO)
13.3.nbsp;Thermoplastic Copolyester Elastomers (TPE-E or COPE)
13.4.nbsp;Thermoplastic Polyether Block Amide Elastomers (PEBA)
13.5.nbsp;Styrenic Block Copolymer (SBS) Thermoplastic Elastomers
13.6.nbsp;Syndiotactic 1,2 polybutadiene
14.nbsp;Renewable Resource or biodegradable polymers
14.3.nbsp;Cellulose acetate
14.4.nbsp;Cellulose acetate butyrate
14.6.nbsp;Polycaprolactone (PCL)
14.7.nbsp;Poly (Lactic Acid)nbsp; (PLA)
14.8.nbsp;Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB or PH3B)
Permeation Unit Conversion Factors
Vapor Transmission rate Conversion factors

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