• Contributors from the US, India, Canada, Japan, UK, Sri Lanka, and South Africa
• Provides detailed information on breakthroughs, cutting edge technologies, current research, and future trends that may affect acceptance of widespread applications
• Covers specific topics including using nanotechnology for clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems.
• Discusses existing technologies and future potential for groundwater remediation, pollution prevention, and sensors
• Highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection.
The World Health Organization in 2004 estimated approximately 1.1 billion people did not have access to clean water and that 35% of Third World residents died from water-borne illnesses. While the situation is grim, recent advances strongly indicate that many of the current water quality problems can be addresses – and potentially resolved – using nanotechnology.
Nanotechnology is already having a dramatic impact on research in water quality and Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection.
Here you will find detailed information on breakthroughs, cutting edge technologies, current research, and future trends that may affect acceptance of widespread applications. The first four parts of the book cover specific topics including using nanotechnology for clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. For instance, recent advances show that many of the current problems involving water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration. The book also discusses existing technologies and future potential for groundwater remediation, pollution prevention, and sensors. The final part discusses the inherent societal implications that may affect acceptance of widespread applications.
Over 80 leading experts from around the world share their wealth of knowledge in this truly unique reference. Institutions such as Center for the Purification of Water and Systems (Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign); UCLA Water Technology Center; Carnegie Mellon University, University of Kentucky; The University of Western Ontario; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; National Institute for Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (Japan), Munasinghe Institute for Development (Sri Lanka) and the Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars are just a few of the knowledge centers represented in this book.
Water quality is a serious, global issue in which government bodies and scientific communities face many challenges in ensuring clean water is available to everyone. Nanotechnology is already showing dramatic results, and this book is an attempt to share current technologies and future possibilities in reaching this goal.
From the Foreword:
"Researchers and practitioners may find in this volume, key challenges regarding clean water resources. The presentations may crystallize new research and education programs."
- Mihail Roco, U.S. National Science Foundation and U.S. Nanotechnology Initiative
Engineers, researchers, students of water quality, water and wastewater management, groundwater remediation and pollution prevention. Policy and government officials.
Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water, 1st Edition
Foreword, Mihail Roco
Preface, Mamadou S. Diallo, Jeremiah S Duncan, Nora Savage, AnitaStreet and Richard Sustich
Introduction. WaterPurification in the 21st Century: Challenges and Opportunities, Mark Shannon, Brian Pianfetti, Richard Sustich
Part 1: Drinking Water
1. Nanometallic Particles for Oligodynamic Microbial Disinfection, Gordon Nangmenyi, James Economy
2. Nanostructured Visible-light Photocatalysts for Water Purification, Qi Li, Pinggui Wu, Jian Ku Shang
3. Nanostructured TiO2 Film- and Membrane-Based Photocatalysis for Water Treatment, Hyeok Choi, Souhail R. Al-Abed, Dionysios D. Dionysiou
4. Nanotechnology-based membranes for water purification, Eric M.V. Hoek, Asim K. Ghosh
5. Multifunctional Nanomaterial-Enabled Membranes for Water Treatment, Volodymyr V. Tarabara
6. Nanofluidic Carbon Nanotube Membranes: Applications for water purification and desalination, Olgica Bakajin, Aleksandr Noy, Francesco Fornasiero, Costas P. Grigoropoulos, Jason K. Holt, Jung Bin In, Sangil Kim, Hyung Gyu Park
7. Design of Advanced Membranes and Substrates for Water Purification and Desalination, James Economy, Jinwen Wang, Chaoyi Ba
8. Customization and Multistage Nanofiltration Applications for Potable Water, Curtis D. Roth, Saik Choon Poh, Diem X. Vuong
9. Commercialization of Nanotechnology for Removal of Heavy Metals in Drinking Water, Lisa Farmen
10. U.S. – Israel Workshop on Nanotechnology for Water Purification, Richard C. Sustich
Part 2: Treatment and Reuse
11. Water Treatment by Dendrimer-Enhanced Filtration: Principles and Applications, Mamadou S. Diallo
12. Nanotechnology Enabled Water Disinfection and Microbial Control: Merits and Limitations, Shaily Mahendra, Qilin Li, Delina Y. Lyon, Lena Brunet, Pedro J.J. Alvarez
13. Possible Applications of Fullerene Nanomaterials in Water Treatment and Reuse, So-Ryong Chae, Ernest M. Hotze, Mark R. Wiesner
14. Nanomaterials-Based Electrically Switched Ion Exchange Process for Water Treatment, Yuehe Lin, Daiwon Choi, Jun Wang, Jagan Bontha
15. Case Study: Detection and Extraction of Pesticides from Drinking Water Using Nanotechnologies, T. Pradeep, Anshup
Part 3: Remediation
16. Nanotechnology for Contaminated Site Remediation- Possibilities and Challenges, Denis M. O’Carroll
17. Nanostructured Materials for Improving Water Quality: Potentials and Risks, Marcells A. Omole, Isaac K’Owino, Omowunmi A. Sadik
18. Physicochemistry of Polyelectrolyte Coatings that Increase Stability, Mobility, and Contaminant Specificity of Reactive Nanoparticles used for Groundwater Remediation, , Tanapon Phenrat, Gregory V. Lowry.
19. Heterogeneous Catalytic Approaches in Water Purification: Nanoscale Effects on Catalytic Activity, Selectivity and Sustainability, Timothy J. Strathmann, Charles J. Werth, John R. Shapley
20. Stabilization of Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles for Iron Nanoparticles for Enhanced In-situ Destruction of Chlorinated Stabilization of Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles for Enhanced In-situ Destruction of Chlorinated Solvents in Soils and Groundwater, Feng He, Dongye Zhao, Chris Roberts
21. Enhanced Dechlorination of TCE by Membrane-Supported Iron and Bimetallic Nanoparticles, S. M. C., Ritchie
22. Synthesis of of Nanostructured Bimetallic Particles in Polyligand-Functionalized Membranes for Remediation, Jian Xu, Leonidas Bachas, Dibakar Bhattacharyya
23. Magnesium Based Corrosion Nano-Cells for Reductive Transformation of Contaminants, Argarwal, Al-Abed, Dionysiou
24. Water Decontamination using Iron and Iron Oxide Nanoparticles, Kimberly M. Cross, Yunfeng Lu, Tonghua Zhong, Jingjing Zhan, Gary McPherson,Vijay John
25. Reducing Leachability and Bioaccessibility of Toxic Metals in Solids, Sediments and Solid/Hazardous Wastes Using Stabilized Nanoparticles, Yinhui Xu, Ruiqiang Liu, Dongye Zhao
26. Nanomaterials-Based Biosensors for Detection of Pesticides and Explosives, Jun Wang, Yuehe Lin
27. Advanced Nanosensors for Environmental Monitoring, Omowunmi A. Sadik
28. A Colorimetric Approach for the Detection of Trace Heavy Metal Ions by use of Nano-structured Signaling Materials, Yukiko Takahashia, Toshishige M. Suzuki
29. Functional Nucleic Acid-directed Assembly of Nanomaterials and their Applications as Colorimetric and Fluorescent Sensors for Trace Contaminants in Water, Debapriya Mazumdar, Juewen Liu, Yi Lu
Part 5:Societal Issues
Introduction to Part 5, Jeremiah S Duncan, Nora Savage, Anita Street
30. Responsible Development of Nanotechnology for Water, Nora Savage, Anita Street, Jeremiah Duncan
31. Competition for Water, Jeremiah Duncan, Nora Savage, Anita Street
32. A Framework for Using Nanotechnology to Improve Water Quality, Michael E. Gorman, Ahson Wardak, Emma Fauss, Nathan Swami
33. International Governace Perspectives on Nanotechnology and Water Innovation, David Rejeski, Evan S. Michelson
34. Nanoscience and Water: Public Engagement at and Below the Surface, David Berube
35. How Can New Technologies Fulfill the Needs of Developing Countries?, David J. Grimshaw, Lawrence D. Gudza, Jack Stilgoe
36. Challenges to Implementing Nanotechnology Solutions to Water Issues in Africa, Mbhuti Hlophe, Thembela Hillie
37. Life Cycle Inventory of Semiconductor CdSe Quantum Dots for Environmental Applications, Hatice Sengul, Thomas L. Theis
Outlook for Nanotechnology and Water.
Mamadou S. Diallo, Jeremiah S Duncan,Nora Savage, Anita Street and Richard Sustich