Essential Rubber Formulary: Formulas for Practitioners

Essential Rubber Formulary: Formulas for Practitioners, 1st Edition

Essential Rubber Formulary: Formulas for Practitioners, 1st Edition,Chellappa Chandrasekaran,ISBN9780815515395


William Andrew



254 X 178

A collection of more than 180 essential rubber formularies, many of which have never been published, and are used by practitioners the world over. Includes critical foundation material on rubber compounding.

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The author, a seasoned rubber technologist of four decades, provides more than 180 essential rubber formularies, some of which have never been published, that are used by practitioners the world over on a frequent basis. A special feature of the formulations is that they are designed for factory scale applications.

The opening chapter of this indispensable book gives practical information on compounding techniques, coloring, ingredients, as well as a whole section on typical rubber testing methods. The book concludes with appendices useful for the technologist that include seven conversion tables and three tables on scorching of rubber, specific gravity and volume cost, equivalent chemical names for trade names.

Designing a rubber formula on the factory floor demands knowledge of the whole undertaking, such as the physical nature of ingredients, the interaction of additives and the base rubber during compounding and processing, as well as making sure that the finished product conforms to specification and requirements. This book provides all the necessary knowledge for practitioners and students alike.


Rubber chemists and compounders in industry wherever rubber components are manufactured. Rubber formulators will find this book as useful as any in their collection.

Chellappa Chandrasekaran

Dr. Chellappa Chandrasekaran has over 40 years of experience in the Rubber Industry as a Rubber Technologist, has been exposed to several user industries and has written several books on various topics in Rubber Technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Can C Consulting, Chennai, India

View additional works by Chellappa Chandrasekaran

Essential Rubber Formulary: Formulas for Practitioners, 1st Edition

1. Introduction
2. Brief notes on compounding ingredients
3. Some hints on rubber compounding techniques
4. Note on Reclaimed rubber
5. Rubber contents in products
6. Note on Coloring of rubbers

1. Thin Coatings
Gray coating Hypalon
Black coating Neoprene
Black Brushing 1
Black Brushing 2
2. Oil seals and 'O' Rings
Rotary seal Neoprene 85oA
'O' Ring Neoprene 60oA
Rotary seal Nitrile 60oA
Rotary seal Nitrile 80oA
Rotary seal Nitrile 75oA
'O' Ring Nitrile 70oA
'O' Ring Nitrile 1 60oA
'O' Ring Nitrile 2 60oA
'O' Ring SBR 55oA
Rotary seal Natural rubber 85oA
'O' Ring Natural rubber pipe coupling 60oA Rotary seal SBR 98oA
Rotary seal Nitrile 75oA
'O' Ring nitrile 60oA
Rotary Seal Nitrile/SBR Blend 75oA
Rotary Seal Neoprene 85oA
Rotary Seal Neoprene 95oA
'O' Ring Neoprene 65oA
Butyl Rubber Seal 75oA
Bromobutyl Seal 70oA
'O' Ring Thiokol 55oA and 65oA
Typical Nitrile Sealing Formulations for Airborne Application
Rotary seal Hypalon 65oA and 70oA
Rotary seal Nitrile/PVC Blend 80oA
O Ring Nitrile/PVC Blend 65oA
Rotary Seal Viton û Airborne
Nitrile Ebonite for Oil Resistance
3. Beltings-Transmission, Conveyor and V- Belts
V-belt inner û Natural Rubber
Cord friction compound
Latex solution for cord dipping
Transmission Belting
Conveyor belt cover û Natural rubber
Conveyor belt cover û flame proof
Conveyor belt cover û SR/SBR blend
Oil resistant raw-edge V-Belt
4. Auto Rubber Components
Shock absorber 55oA
Shock absorber 65oA
Shock absorber 1 60oA
Shock absorber 2 60oA
Stabilizer bar bush 60oA
Stabilizer bar bush 67oA
Adhesive bonding agent for fabric insertion sheets
Repair cements for automotive Belts
Metal bonded Engine moldingsû 45oA
Tire flaps 60oA
Window channel extrusion Natural rubber
Window channel extrusion SBR
Neoprene dust cover 58oA
Automotive tire tube 45oA
Low cost Butyl tube 45oA
Car mat Natural rubber 70oA
Bicycle tube 50oA & 45oA
Wind screen wiper
Nitrile rubber gasket moldings
Metal bonded engine mounting 55oA
Head lamp gasket (non-staining) 55oA
General purpose heat resistant gasket (Natural rubber) 60oA
Basic formula for oil resistant gasket (Natural rubber) 65oA
General purpose rubber bush
5. Retreading rubber compounds and cements
Tire tread - Camel back 1
Tire tread - Camel back 2
Tire tread - Camel back 3
Tire tread - Camel back 4
Tire tread - Camel back 5
Tire tread - Camel back 6
Under tread strips
Cushion gum compound
Vulcanizing solution
6. Industrial Rubber Rollers
Cylinder 38 paper mill
Cylinder 44 (White) paper mill
Cylinder 55 paper mill
Cylinder 65 paper mill
Cylinder 56 (White) paper mill
Cylinder 75 paper mill
Cylinder 60 paper mill
Cylinder 80 paper mill
Cylinder 92 paper mill
Cylinder 96 paper mill
Cylinder 995 semi-ebonite
Cylinder for steel industry (Natural Rubber) 65oA & 55oA
Cylinder A for Textile Mill û Green
Cylinder E Textiles
Cylinder G Textiles
Cylinder N55 Neoprene
Cylinder N70 Neoprene
Cylinder N75 Neoprene
Cylinder N90 Neoprene
Cylinder P72 Nitrile
PN Roll for printing
Cylinder O for Textiles
Cylinder B (Beige) Textiles
Cylinder H (Green Blue) Textiles
Cylinder C (Red) Textiles
Cylinder E ( Yellow Green) Textiles
Cylinder F (Light Brown) Textiles
Cylinder G (Light Green) Textiles
EPDM roll for 15% HNO3 û Electroplating service
Neoprene Printing roll 40oA-45oA
Neoprene Hard roll (Non-Black) 85oA
Hypalon roll (Black) 85oA
Hypalon roll (White) 98oA
Rubber roll for Tannery 60oA
Rubber roll for Tannery 80oA
7. Tank Lining and Adhesives
Rubber lining for Digesters H2SO4
Rubber lining for Drum filters H2SO4 Slurry
Rubber lining for Iron Ore Slurry
Adhesive solution for abrasion/wear resistant compound
Rubber lining for wet chlorine
Adhesive dissolution for ebonite lining
Lining phosphoric acid storage tanks-A Natural rubber
Lining phosphoric acid storage tanks-B Neoprene rubber
Cold bond adhesive
Mixture of solvents
Chlorine resistant compound
Semi-ebonite profiles for Drum filters
Formulation for sulphuric acid/chlorine duty-drying towers
Styrene Butadine ebonite for internals
Ebonite lining suitable for hot water curing
Natural rubber acid resistant strip
Neoprene rubber acid and ozone resistant strip
EPDM Lining for Nitric acid
Bromobutyl lining for Ore beneficiation
White Natural rubber lining - Pigmentation plants
White Neoprene rubber lining - Pigmentation plants
White Natural rubber/Neoprene blend for Pigmentation plants
Chlorobutyl adhesive formulation for butyl lining
Adhesive for patch work in rubber lined pipe
Butyl lining for acid regeneration duty
Flexible cell covers
Butyl Membrane û Fisheries tank
Low temperature curable bromobutyl
Open steam curable natural rubber for phosphoric acid
Rubber lining for 20% HCL acid
Lining of Impellers for fumes of phosphoric acid
Low water absorption neoprene lining
Butyl lining for Digesters (without mineral fillers)
Lining for Road tankers
8. Grooved Rubber Pad for Railways
9. Paddy dehusking roll
Natural Rubber
Carboxylated nitrile rubber
10. Footwear rubber components
Solid rubber soling
Black heel
Brown soling
High Styrene Nitrile Sponge
Natural sponge
Rubber strap for sponge soling
11. Hoses
Nitrile Hose Outer
Nitrile Hose Inner
12. Typical ebonite formulations
Typical fast curing ebonite
13. Table Mats û Low cast, Average cost and Quality
14. Rubber erasers
Pencil eraser I
Pencil eraser II
Ink eraser I
Ink eraser II
Eraser for Typewriter
15. Natural rubber study formulations û factory trials
16. White Rubber Tiles
17. Factory trials of Neoprene Moldables
18. Proofing compounds for clothing and inflatables
19. Wear resistant rubber for Mining Industry
Typical slurry handling compound
Typical Chute and launder lining compound
20. Neoprene Molded Corks
21. Low cost chemical resistant Neoprene canvas
22. Battery Box
23. Neoprene Washer for water taps
24. Neoprene inner layer for isocynate bonded compounds
25. Rubber bonded Anvil-Electronics Industry
26. Solid Tires for Fork Lift Trucks
27. Pharmaceutical bottle closures
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