Concrete Materials, 2nd Edition

Properties, Specifications, and Testing

Concrete Materials, 2nd Edition,Sandor Popovics,ISBN9780815513087


William Andrew



229 X 152

This book presents an in-depth approach to concrete ingredients and their relationships to concrete by discussing their properties, pertinent test methods, specifications, proper use and selection, and solutions to problems in practice.

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This book presents an in-depth approach to concrete ingredients and their relationships to concrete by discussing their properties, pertinent test methods, specifications, proper use and selection, and solutions to problems in practice.
The approach is practice oriented, and the book assists in the improved application of concrete through a thorough understanding of its ingredients. This is aided by the discussion of certain fundamental aspects and relationships in quantitative forms, and by also presenting the interpretation of research and experience. An extensive bibliography is included.

The book is a current, organized summary of knowledge concerning concrete-making materials, which will enable the engineer/user to make the best possible product using these materials.


Technologists, practitioners, engineers, architects, concrete manufacturers, material scientists, cement scientists, students.

Sandor Popovics

Affiliations and Expertise

Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Concrete Materials, 2nd Edition

1. Introduction
2. Portland Cement - Types, Properties and Specifications
2.1 Introduction
2.2 History of Portland Cement
2.3 Manufacture
2.4 Composition of Portland Cement Clinker
2.5 Types of Portland Cement
2.6 Blended Portland Cements
2.7 Technically Important Properties of Portland Cement - Testing and Specifications
2.8 Uniformity of Cements
2.9 Sampling
2.10 Storage of Cements
3. Hydration of Portland Cement
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Reactions in Early Hydration and Setting
3.3 Reactions in the Hardening Process
3.4 Mechanism of Hydration
3.5 Structure of the Cement Paste
3.6 Effect of Cement Composition on the Strength Development - Mathematical Models
4. Hydraulic Cements Other Than Standard Portland
4.1 Introduction
4.2 High-Alumina Cement
4.3 Expansive Cement
4.4 Special Portland Cements
4.5 Other Hydraulic Cementing Materials
4.6 Latent Hydraulic Materials
4.7 Fly Ash and Silica Fume
4.8 Selection of Cements
4.9 Future of Cements
5. Water
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Mixing Water
5.3 Water for Curing and Washing
6. Admixtures
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Classification
6.3 Air-Entraining Admixtures
6.4 Accelerating Admixtures
6.5 Water-Reducing Admixtures and Set-Controlling Admixtures
6.6 Polymers
6.7 Other Chemical Admixtures
6.8 Finely Divided Mineral Admixtures
6.9 Storage, Sampling, and Testing
6.10 Future of Admixtures
7. Mineral Aggregates - General
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Classification of Aggregates
7.3 Sampling of Aggregates
8. Mineral Aggregates - Physical Properties
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Specific Gravity and Solid Volume
8.3 Absorption, Moisture Content, and Permeability
8.4 Unit Weight, Voids Content, and Bulking
8.5 Strength, Toughness, Hardness, and Deformability
8.6 Thermal Properties
8.7 Durability and Soundness
8.8 Porosity in Aggregates
8.9 Wear and Skid Resistance
9. Chemical Properties of Aggregates
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Deleterious Materials
9.3 Reactivity of Concrete Aggregates
9.4 Deterioration of Aggregates by Chemical Attacks from Outside
10. Geometric Properties of Aggregates
10.1 Shape and Surface Texture of Particles
10.2 Particle Size
10.3 Sieves and Screens
10.4 Grading
10.5 Sieve Test
10.6 Grading Curves
10.7 Grading Representation in Triangular Diagram
10.8 Numerical Characterization of Grading
10.9 Average Particle Size of the Complete Grading
11. Fineness Modulus and Specific Surface
11.1 Fineness Modulus
11.2 Experimental Justification of the Fineness Modulus
11.3 Optimum Fineness Moduli
11.4 Specific Surface
11.5 Critique of the Specific Surface and Other Numerical Characteristics
11.6 Attempts to Improve Numerical Grading Characterization
12. Grading Evaluation and Specification
12.1 Grading Evaluation
12.2 Grading Specification in General
12.3 Specification of Maximum Particle Size
12.4 Specification of the Sand and Fine Sand Contents
12.5 Specification of the Grading Curve
12.6 Grading Specification with Limit Curves
12.7 Grading Specification on Percentage Passing-Retained Basis
12.8 Grading Specifications with Particular Conditions
12.9 Specifications with Fineness Modulus
12.10 Critical Comparison of Various Methods for Grading Evaluation
13. Internal Structure of Concrete and its Optimization
13.1 Aggregate Grading and the Internal Structure of Concrete
13.2 Need for Blending Aggregates
13.3 General Theory of Blending
13.4 Improvement of Grading
13.5 Blending of Two Aggregates
13.6 Graphical Methods for Blending Proportions
13.7 Graphical Method by Rothfuchs
13.8 British Method
13.9 The Triangular Method
13.10 Critical Comparison of the Methods for Blending Proportions
14. Lightweight and Heavyweight Aggregates
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Lightweight Aggregates
14.3 Types of Lightweight Aggregates
14.4 Possible Problems Related to Lightweight Aggregates
14.5 Requirements and Test Methods for Lightweight Aggregates
14.6 Heavyweight Aggregates
14.7 Possible Problems Related to Heavyweight Aggregates
14.8 Requirements and Test Methods for Heavyweight Aggregates
15. Handling and Selection of Aggregates
15.1 Aggregate Handling
15.2 Selection of Aggregates
15.3 Future of Aggregates
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