Handbook of Semiconductor Silicon Technology

Handbook of Semiconductor Silicon Technology, 1st Edition

Handbook of Semiconductor Silicon Technology, 1st Edition,William C. O'Mara,Robert B. Herring,Lee P. Hunt,ISBN9780815512370

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William Andrew



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A comprehensive summary of the science, technology and manufacturing of semiconductor silicon materials by ten experts in the field.

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This handbook is a comprehensive summary of the science, technology and manufacturing of semiconductor silicon materials. Every known property of silicon is detailed. A complete set of binary phase diagrams is included. Practical aspects such as materials handling, safety, impurity and defect reduction are also discussed in depth.

Fundamentals in the areas of silicon precursor compounds, polysilicon, silicon crystal growth, wafer fabrication, epitaxial and CVD deposition are addressed by experts in these fields. Materials properties covered include electrical, optical and mechanical properties, deep level impurities and carrier lifetime, and thermochemistry, as well as specific sections on oxygen, carbon, and nitrogen impurities. The book contains an extensive set of references, tables of materials constants, and silicon properties, and a presentation on the state of the art of materials manufacturing.


Engineers and technologists in the semiconductor, optoelectronic, optics, cutting tool, refractory fibers, filter and other industries.

Information about this author is currently not available.
Information about this author is currently not available.
Information about this author is currently not available.

Handbook of Semiconductor Silicon Technology, 1st Edition

1. Silicon Precursors: Their Manufacture and Properties
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Precursor Manufacture
1.3 Physical Properties and Critical Constants
1.4 Safety
2. Polysilicon Preparation
2.1 The Technical History of Polycrystalline Silicon
2.2 Polysilicon Production Technology (Most Practiced)
2.3 Alternative Chlorine-Based, Semiconductor-Grade Polysilicon Feedstocks
2.4 Alternate Polysilicon Reactor Selections
2.5 Evaluation of Semiconductor-Grade Polysilicon
2.6 Future of Polysilicon
3. Crystal Growth of Silicon
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Melt Growth Theory
3.3 Practical Aspect of Cz Crystal Growth
3.4 Novel Czochralski Crystal Growth
3.5 Trends in Silicon Crystal Growth
3.6 Summary and Conclusion
4. Silicon Wafer Preparation
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Crystal Shaping
4.3 Wafering
4.4 Edge Contouring
4.5 Lapping
4.6 Polishing
4.7 Cleaning
4.8 Miscellaneous Operations
4.9 In-Process Measurements
4.10 Discussion
5. Silicon Epitaxy
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Techniques for Silicon Epitaxy
5.3 Surface Preparation for Silicon Epitaxial Growth
5.4 Growth of Silicon Epitaxy by CVD
5.5 Dopant Incorporation
5.6 Surface Morphology and Epitaxial Defects
5.7 Pattern Shift and Distortion
5.8 Equipment for Epitaxy by CVD
5.9 Trends for the Future in Silicon Epitaxy
6. Silicon Material Properties
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Crystallographic Properties
6.3 Electrical Properties
6.4 Optical Properties
6.5 Thermal and Mechanical Properties
7. Oxygen, Carbon and Nitrogen in Silicon
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Properties of Dissolved Oxygen in Silicon
7.3 Oxygen Cluster and Precipitate Formation
7.4 Quantitative and Qualitative Measurement of Oxygen
7.5 Oxygen Thermal Donor
7.6 Mechanical Strengthening and Wafer Warpage
7.7 Device Processing
7.8 Carbon in Silicon
7.9 Nitrogen in Silicon
8. Carrier Lifetimes in Silicon
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Defects
8.3 Recombination Lifetime
8.4 Generation Lifetime
8.5 The Role of Lifetime on Device Currents
8.6 Lifetime Measurement Techniques
8.7 Summary
List of Symbols
9. Preparation and Properties of Polycrystalline-Silicon Films
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Deposition
9.3 Structure
9.4 Oxidation
9.5 Conduction
9.6 Applications
10. Silicon Phase Diagrams
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Phase Diagrams
10.3 Phase Changes
10.4 Techniques for Determination of Phase Diagrams
10.5 Segregation Coefficient and Zone Refining
10.6 Retrograde Solubility
10.7 Silicon Phase Diagrams

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"...comprehensive, up-to-date book..." - SAMPE Journal
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