Countermeasures to Airborne Hazardous Chemicals

Countermeasures to Airborne Hazardous Chemicals, 1st Edition

Countermeasures to Airborne Hazardous Chemicals, 1st Edition,J.M. Holmes,C.H. Byers,ISBN9780815512325


William Andrew



229 X 152

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USD 72.95
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Information about this author is currently not available.

Countermeasures to Airborne Hazardous Chemicals, 1st Edition

1. Introduction
2. The Nature of the Threat û Task 1
3. Existing Responsibilities and Instructional Options-Task II
3.1 Federal Responsibilities
3.2 State and Local Responsibilities
3.3 Private Sector Activities
3.4 Overlaps and Gaps in Responsibilties and Programs
3.5 Prevention
3.6 Response Systems
3.7 Training
4. Technical Options for Countermeasures-Task III
4.1 Characterization of Emergency Releases
4.2 Technical Basis for Needed Countermeasures
4.3 Evaluation of Available Resources
4.4 New Technical Approaches
4.5 Methodology for Ranking of Chemical Hazards
1. Introduction
2. Overview of Recent Chemical Emergencies
2.1 Bhopal Disaster
2.2 Pemex Disaster
2.3 Incident at Institute, West Virginia
2.4 Acute Hazardous Events Data Base
3. Relative Accident Frequencies and Severity
3.1 Relative Accident Frequency by Sector
3.2 Relative Accident Severity by Sector
3.3 Relative Accident Frequencies and Severity by Hazardous Chemical
3.4 Events Involving Death or Injury
4. Current Responsibilities
4.1 Prevention
4.2 Planning
4.3 Response
4.4 Training
5. Federal and State Statutes for Hazardous Materials
5.1 Clean Water Act (CWA) of 1977
5.2 Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (HMTA)
5.3 Clean Air Act of 1970 and Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977
5.4 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) of 1976
5.5 Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980
5.6 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
5.7 Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) of 1986
5.8 Occupational Safety and Health Act
5.9 State Statutes for Hazardous Materials
6. Federal Agency Responsibilities and Programs
6.1 Federal Emergency Mangement Agency
6.2 National Response Center (NRC)
6.3 National and Regional Response Teams
6.4 Environmental Response Team (ERT) and National Strike Force
6.5 Environmental Protection Agency
6.6 Department of Transportation Research and Special Programs Administration
6.7 U.S. Coast Guard (USCG)
6.8 Department of Labor Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA)
6.9 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Hazardous Materials Response Branch
7. State of Tennessee
8. Local/Regional Responsibilities û Memphis/Shelby County, Tennessee
9. Industrial and Private Initiatives
9.1 CMC Community Awareness and Emergency Response Program (CAER)
9.2 CMA Chemical Transportation Emergency Center (CHEMTREC)
9.3 CMA CHEMNET Network
9.4 CMA Chemical Referral Center (CRC)
9.5 Chlorine Institute Emergency Plan (CHLOREP)
9.6 NACA Pesticide Safety Team (PSTN)
9.7 Association of American Railroads Field Force
9.8 Hazardous Materials Advisory Council-Information Services
9.9 AlChE Center for Process Safety
9.10 Institute of Hazardous Materials Management
10. Survey of Responsibility Gap
10.1 Planning
10.2 Prevention
10.3 Response Systems
10.4 Training
11. Survey of Technical Options
12. Characterization of Emergency Releases
12.1 Characterization of Disaster Level
12.2 Types and Extent of Response Required
13. Technical Basis For Needed Countermeasures
14. Evaluation of Available Resources
14.1 Vapor Hazard Control
14.2 Emergency Equipment
14.3 Emergency Warning and Evacuation Systems
14.4 Hazmat Monitoring and Ambient-Air Dispersion Modeling Systems
14.5 Toxic Gas Dispersion Modeling
14.6 Hazards Evaluations of Processing Facilities Handling Toxic Materials
14.7 Emergency Response Information and Data Bases
14.8 Community and Facility Planning for Toxic Chemical Emergencies
15. New Technical Approaches
15.1 Prevention of Chemical Accidents
15.2 Detection and Warning Systems
15.3 Minimizing Transportation Risks
15.4 Large-Scale Test Facilities
15.5 Miscellaneous Countermeasures
16. Methodology For Ranking of Chemical Hazards
16.1 Toxicity Level
16.2 Fire and Explosion Hazards
16.3 Mobility in the Atmosphere
16.4 Domestic Production/Location
16.5 Domestic Shipments
16.6 Overall Rating Procedure
17. Proposed Hazardous Materials Rating System
17.1 Selection of Hazardous Materials
17.2 Overall Categorization of Hazardous Materials
17.3 Results of Material Categorization
18. Summary and Conclusions for Technical Options
18.1 Characterization of Emergency Releases
18.2 Technical Basis for Needed Countermeasures
18.3 Evaluation of Available Resources
18.4 New Technical Approaches
18.5 Methodology for Banking of Chemical Hazards
19 References
20 Appendix
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