Design of Experiments for Engineers and Scientists

Design of Experiments for Engineers and Scientists, 2nd Edition

Design of Experiments for Engineers and Scientists, 2nd Edition,Jiju Antony,ISBN9780080994178






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The Design of Experiments (DOE) guide for quality engineering - essential reading for Six Sigma professionals

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Key Features

  • Written in non-statistical language, the book is an essential and accessible text for scientists and engineers who want to learn how to use DoE
  • Explains why teaching DoE techniques in the improvement phase of Six Sigma is an important part of problem solving methodology
  • New edition includes a full chapter on DoE for services as well as case studies illustrating its wider application in the service industry


The tools and techniques used in Design of Experiments (DoE) have been proven successful in meeting the challenge of continuous improvement in many manufacturing organisations over the last two decades. However research has shown that application of this powerful technique in many companies is limited due to a lack of statistical knowledge required for its effective implementation.


Although many books have been written on this subject, they are mainly by statisticians, for statisticians and not appropriate for engineers. Design of Experiments for Engineers and Scientists overcomes the problem of statistics by taking a unique approach using graphical tools. The same outcomes and conclusions are reached as through using statistical methods and readers will find the concepts in this book both familiar and easy to understand.


This new edition includes a chapter on the role of DoE within Six Sigma methodology and also shows through the use of simple case studies its importance in the service industry. It is essential reading for engineers and scientists from all disciplines tackling all kinds of manufacturing, product and process quality problems and will be an ideal resource for students of this topic.


Manufacturing engineers, project engineers, quality engineers, quality managers, production engineers and students.

Jiju Antony

Dr Jiju Antony is Professor of Quality Management and Deputy Director of the Institute of Operations management with the University of Strathclyde. He is also a trainer and consultant in DOE and has worked as such for a number of companies including Motorola, Vickers, Procter and Gamble, Nokia, Bosch and a large number of SMEs.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Quality Management and Deputy Director of the Institute of Operations management with the University of Strathclyde

Design of Experiments for Engineers and Scientists, 2nd Edition



1. Introduction to Industrial Experimentation

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Some Fundamental and Practical Issues in Industrial Experimentation

1.3 Statistical Thinking and its Role Within DOE



2. Fundamentals of Design of Experiments

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Basic Principles of DOE

2.3 Degrees of Freedom

2.4 Confounding

2.5 Selection of Quality Characteristics for Industrial Experiments



3. Understanding Key Interactions in Processes

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Alternative Method for Calculating the Two-Order Interaction Effect

3.3 Synergistic Interaction Versus Antagonistic Interaction

3.4 Scenario 1

3.5 Scenario 2

3.6 Scenario 3



4. A Systematic Methodology for Design of Experiments

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Barriers in the Successful Application of DOE

4.3 A Practical Methodology for DOE

4.4 Analytical Tools of DOE

4.5 Model Building for Predicting Response Function

4.6 Confidence Interval for the Mean Response

4.7 Statistical, Technical and Sociological Dimensions of DOE



5. Screening Designs

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Geometric and Non-geometric P–B Designs



6. Full Factorial Designs

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Example of a 22 Full Factorial Design

6.3 Example of a 23 Full Factorial Design

6.4 Example of a 24 Full Factorial Design



7. Fractional Factorial Designs

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Construction of Half-Fractional Factorial Designs

7.3 Example of a 2(7−4) Factorial Design

7.4 An Application of 2-Level Fractional Factorial Design



8. Some Useful and Practical Tips for Making Your Industrial Experiments Successful

8.1 Introduction



9. Case Studies

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Case Studies


10. Design of Experiments and its Applications in the Service Industry

10.1 Introduction to the Service Industry

10.2 Fundamental Differences Between the Manufacturing and Service Organisations

10.3 DOE in the Service Industry: Fundamental Challenges

10.4 Benefits of DOE in Service/Non-Manufacturing Industry

10.5 DOE: Case Examples from the Service Industry

10.6 Role of Computer Simulation Models Within DOE



11. Design of Experiments and its Role Within Six Sigma

11.1 What is Six Sigma?

11.2 How Six Sigma is Different from Other Quality Improvement Initiatives of the Past

11.3 Who Makes Six Sigma Work?

11.4 Six Sigma Methodology (DMAIC Methodology)

11.5 DOE and Its Role Within Six Sigma



Quotes and reviews

"This is a book outlining a method of designing experiments highly suitable for those in the Manufacturing field for whom it is written...Jiju puts forward an excellent method, Design of Experiments (DOE), to show how improvements can be brought about. While the subject matter is not new...the exclusive focus he gives to manufacturing problems and the wider insights into human considerations if the theory is to be brought to successful practice are admirable. The book is well structured to prepare the reader, to explain to the reader and then confirm the reader with sets of exercises.

- Tribology International, Volume 37, Issue 9
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