This is the first comprehensive book for all aspects of monodispersed particles, consisting of four parts: Part 1 for the fundamentals of the elementary processes; Part 2 for the preparation of monodispersed particles, including the general principles, explanations of almost all known monodispersed systems on the basis of their classification, and techniques for controlling their mean size, shape, internal structure, composition, heterojunction, surface modification, etc.; Part 3 for the analytical methods for the formation processes and the characterization of monodispersed products; Part 4 for applications of monodispersed particles to fundamental studies and practicle uses, such as photographic materials, ceramics, catalysts, magnetic recording materials, pigments, cosmetics, biological and medical devices, etc.
This book not only covers the most of known uniform particles, including inorganic and polymer particles and their composites, from nanometers to a few hundreds of micrometers, but also compiles numerous references about 2000.
While this book is organized from the fundamentals to the ultimate levels, the text is replete with new theories, developed for this book, and novel ideas of the author's own interpretation on the formation mechanisms throughout the whole volume. In this sense, this is a unique book, as entirely different from ordinary textbooks.
Since the functions and dynamic behaviours of particles strongly depend on their size, well-defined monodispersed particles are ideal particulate materials for advanced devices as well as models for fundamental studies of colloid science. This may be the sheer reason for the persistent demands for the advent of a comprehensive book focussed on this subject.
For researchers of all industries dealing with particulate materials, including photographic materials, functional ceramics, magnetic materials, catalysts, pigments, fluorescent materials, cosmetics, medicines, medical devices, etc.
Monodispersed Particles, 1st Edition
Part 1 Fundamentals. Nucleation
. Surface energy. Equilibrium concentrations of three-dimensional nuclei. Nucleation rate. The nucleation process in closed monodisperse systems. The nucleation process in open monodisperse systems. References. Growth
. Equilibrium concentrations of two-dimensional nuclei. Nucleation rate of two-dimensional nuclei. Growth rate by surface reaction. Growth of polyhedral particles by surface reaction. Diffusion-controlled and reaction-controlled growth modes. Criteria for the distinction of growth modes. References. Habit Formation
. Surface chemical potential of a crystal face. Stable forms. References. Recrystallization
. Phase transformation. Ostwald ripening. Self-recrystallization. Reversed Ostwald ripening. Contact recrystallization. References. Solid-Solution Formation
. Equilibrium compositions. Conversion by intra-particle recrystallization. References. Part 2 Preparation. General Principles for the Formation of Monodispersed Particles
. Separation of the nucleation and growth stages. Inhibition of random coagulation. Reserve of monomers. Choice of growth modes. Introduction of alternative mechanisms. References. Monodispersed Systems
. Classification of monodispersed systems. Homogeneous systems. Heterogeneous systems. References. Control of Particle Characteristics
. Size control. Shape control. Internal structure control. Composition control. Layered structure control. Hollow structure control. Porous structure control. Heterojunction. References. Part 3 Analysies. Analyses of formation processes
. Electron microscopy. X-ray diffractometry. Infrared spectroscopy. Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. Potentiometry. Inductively coupled plasma spectrometry. Gas chromatography. Ion chromatography. Radiochemical analysis. Seeding analysis. References. Characterization of Products
. Transmission electron microscopy. Scanning electron microscopy. Electron diffractometry. Energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry. Powder X-ray diffractometry. Oriented particulate monolayer X-ray diffractometry. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Infrared spectroscopy. Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. Photon correlation spectroscopy. Turbidimetry. Coulter principle. References. Part 4 Applications. Application to Fundamental Studies
. Determination of the Avogadro number. Measurement of zeta-potential. Determination of Hamaker constants. Measurement of interparticle forces. Studies of particle adhesion. Studies of colloidal ordering. Studies of light scattering. Studies of optoelectonic properties of fine particles. Studies of ionic properties of fine particles. Studies of magnetic properties of fine particles. References. Industrial Applications
. Photographic materials. Ceramic materials. Magnetic recording materials. Catalysts. Pigments. Biological and medical uses. References. Name Index. Subject Index