On January 1988, the ascertained and economically accessible reserves of Natural Gas (NG) amounted to over 144,000 billion cubic meters worldwide, corresponding to 124 billion tons of oil equivalents (comparable with the liquid oil reserves, which are estimated to be 138 billion TOE). It is hypothesized that the volume of NG reserve will continue to grow at the same rate of the last decade. Forecasts on production indicate a potential increase from about 2,000 billion cubic meters in 1990 to not more than 3,300 billion cubic meters in 2010, even in a high economic development scenario. NG consumption represents only one half of oil: 1.9 billion TOE/y as compared to 3.5 of oil. Consequently, in the future gas will exceed oil as a carbon atom source. In the future the potential for getting energetic vectors or petrochemicals from NG will continue to grow.
The topics covered in Natural Gas Conversion V reflect the large global R&D effort to look for new and economic ways of NG exploitation. These range from the direct conversion of methane and light paraffins to the indirect conversion through synthesis gas to fuels and chemicals. Particularly underlined and visible are the technologies already commercially viable.
These proceedings prove that mature and technologically feasible processes for natural gas conversion are already available and that new and improved catalytic approaches are currently developing, the validity and feasibility of which will soon be documented. This is an exciting area of modern catalysis, which will certainly open novel and rewarding perspectives for the chemical, energy and petrochemical industries.
Natural Gas Conversion V, 1st Edition
Preface. Organising and advisory committee. Financial support. Plenary Lectures.
Natural gas as raw material for clean fuels and chemicals in the next decades (M. Colitti). Promotion of steam reforming catalysts (I. Alstrup, B.S. Clausen, C. Olsen, R.H.H. Smits, J.R. Rostrup-Nielsen). Reductive activation of oxygen for partial oxidation of light alkanes (K. Otsuka, I. Yamanaka, Y. Wang). Developments in Fischer-Tropsch technology (B. Jager). Economics of selected natural gas conversion processes (M.J. Gradassi). Catalytic Combustion: Integrated Production of Chemicals and Energy from Natural Gas.
(8 papers). Keynote Lecture.
Catalytic methane combustion on La-based perovskite type catalysts (F. Martinez Ortega, C. Batiot, J. Barrault, M. Ganne, J.M. Tatibouët). Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis of Hydrocarbons
(20 papers). Keynote Lecture.
How transient kinetics may unravel methane activation mechanisms (C. Mirodatos). Innovative Approaches for the Catalytic Conversion of Natural Gas and Novel Aspects of Oxidative Coupling
(28 papers). Keynote Lecture.
Steady-state production of olefins and aromatics in high yields from methane using an integrated recycle reaction system (J.H. Lunsford, E.M. Cordi, P. Qiu, M.P. Rosynek). Natural Gas Conversion via Membrane Based Catalytic Systems
. (9 papers). Keynote Lecture.
Non oxidative catalytic conversion of methane with continuous hydrogen removal (R.W. Borry III, E.C. Lu, Y.-H. Kim, E. Iglesia). Synthesis of Oxygenates from Syngas; Partial Oxidation of Methane and Ligh Paraffins to Oxygenates.
(15 papers). Keynote Lecture.
Isobutanol synthesis from syngas (W. Falter, C.-H. Finkeldei, B. Jager, W. Keim, K.A.N. Verkerk). Catalytic Conversion of Light Paraffins (C2-C5).
(18 papers). Keynote Lecture.
Paraffins as raw materials for the petrochemical industry (F. Cavani, F. Triffirò). Production of Syngas.
(29 papers). Keynote Lectures.
New catalysts and catalytic processes to produce hydrogen and syngas from natural gas and other light hydrocarbons (V.N. Parmon, G.G. Kuvshinov, V.A. Sadykov, V.A. Sobyanin). Modeling the partial oxidation of methane to syngas at millisecond contact times (L.D. Schmidt, O. Deutschmann, C.T. Goralski Jr.). Natural Gas Conversion: Industrial Processes and Economics
. (14 papers). Keynote Lectures.
Advanced gas-to-liquids processes for syngas and liquid-phase conversion (E.P. Foster, P.J.A. Tijm, D.L. Bennett). High pressure autothermal reforming (HP ATR) (O. Olsvik, R. Hansen).