Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives

Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives, 1st Edition

Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives, 1st Edition,Kenji Kamide,ISBN9780444822543


Elsevier Science




240 X 165

An in-depth look at the fundamental principles of cellulose and its derivatives

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Key Features

* Outlines the theoretical fundamentals of cellulose and cellulose derivatives
* Presents comprehensive and reliable experimental results in figures and tables
* Highly illustrated and easy to read


Many highly acclaimed and authoritative books on polymer science tend to focus on synthetic polymers. Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives is the first authoritative book on the subject. It examines recent developments, with particular reference to cellulose (in aqueous alkali) and cellulose acetate. Packed with examples, the author takes an in-depth look at the topic, using the most reliable experimental data available. A comprehensive approach to the fundamental principles of cellulose and its derivatives in solution makes Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives ideal reading for novices as well as experienced cellulose scientists.


Experienced cellulose scientists and students new to the field

Kenji Kamide

Affiliations and Expertise

Asukano-Kita 1-7-26, Ikoma, Nara, 063-0134, Japan

Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives, 1st Edition

1.1 Cellulose: The Most Abundant Natural Organic Compound

1.2 New Era of Cellulose Derivatives as Artificial Materials in Middle 19th Century: Cellulose Chemical Industries

1.3 Emergence of Polymer Science in 1920s

1.4 Further Development of Molecular Characterization of Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives during 1940s-1970s

1.5 Solved and Unsolved Problems in Molecular Characterization of Cellulose Derivatives in 1970's

Characterization of Molecular Structure of Cellulose Derivatives
2.1 Definitions of Molecular Structure Parameters

2.2 Total Degree of Substitution(DS)

2.3 Determination of Substituent Group among Three Hydroxyl Groups in Glucopyranose Unit

2.4 Molar Fraction of 8 kinds of Unsubstituted and Partially or Fully Substituted Glucopyranose Units

2.5 Thin-Layer Chromatography(TLC)

2.6 Sequence Distribution of Substituted and Unsubstituted Glucopyranose Units in Water-Soluble Cellulose Acetate Chain as Revealed by Enzymatic Degradation

2.7 Sodium Cellulose Sulfate as Blood Anti-coagulant

2.8 Sodium Salt of Carboxymethylcellulose as Absorbent towards Aqueous Liquid

2.9 Ripening of Viscose

2.10 Thermal Properties of Cellulose Acetate Solid

2.11 Surface Activity of Aqueous Solution of Cellulose Acetate

Molecular Properties of Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives
3.1 Sample Preparation

3.2 Fractionation

3.3 Membrane Osmometry(MO)

3.4 Vapor Pressure Osmometry(VPO)

3.5 Light Scattering(LS)

3.6 Viscometry

3.7 Sedimentation velocity

3.8 Adiabatic compressibility

3.9 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study of Thermodynamic Interaction

3.10 Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS)

3.11 Mark-Houwink-Sakurada (MHS) Equations

3.12 Molecular Weight Dependence of Radius of Gyration

3.13 Second Virial Coefficient and Excluded Volume Effect

3.14 Molecular Weight Dependence of Sedimentation and Diffusion Coefficients

3.15 Flory Viscosity Parameter and Partial Draining Effect

3.16 Unperturbed Chain Dimensions(UCD)

3.17 Solvation

3.18 Effect of Solvent Nature and Total Degree of Substitution

3.19 Persistence

3.20 Temperature Dependence of Limiting Viscosity Number and Radius of Gyration

3.21 Phase Separation : Cloud Point Curve and Flory Theta Solvents

3.22 Concluding Remarks on Molecular Properties of Cellulose Chain

3.23 Cellulose Liquid

3.24 Preparation of Porous Cellulose Membrane by Phase-Separation Method: Phenomenological Effects of Solvent-Casting Conditions on Pore Characteristic

Cellulose in Aq Sodium Hydroxide
4.1 Solubility of Cellulose in Aq Alkali Solution

4.2 Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonds and Selective Coordination of Alkali Cellulose

4.3 Some Characteristic Features of Dilute Aqueous Alkali Solution

4.4 Structural Change in Cellulose Solid During its Dissolution into Aq Alkali

4.5 Flow Birefringence and Viscosity

4.6 Gels of Cellulose ~ Aqueous Alkali System

4.7 Cellulose Fibers and Films Wet-Spun from Cellulose ~ Aq Alkali Solution

Solubilization, Structural Factors Governing Solubility and Dissolved State
5.1 Solubilization of Cellulose by Steam Explosion Method

5.2 Structural Factors Governing Dissolution into Solvents

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