Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Passive Margins, Cratonic Basins and Global Tectonic Maps

Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Passive Margins, Cratonic Basins and Global Tectonic Maps, 1st Edition

Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Passive Margins, Cratonic Basins and Global Tectonic Maps, 1st Edition,David G. Roberts,A.W. Bally,ISBN9780444563576

Roberts   &   Bally   





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Key Features

  • Named a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title by the American Library Association's Choice publication
  • A "how-to" practical reference that discusses the impact of the development of passive margins and cratonic basins on the structural evolution of the Earth in regional geology and tectonic applications.
  • Incorporates the increased availability of industry data to present regional seismic lines and cross-sections, leading to more accurate analysis and assessment of targeted hydrocarbon systems
  • Analyses of passive margins and cratonic basins in East Africa, China, Siberia, the Gulf of Suez, and the Laptev Sea in the Russian Arctic provide immediately implementable petroleum exploration applications
  • Summaries of analogue and theoretical models are provided as an essential backdrop to the structure and stratigraphy of various geological settings.


Expert petroleum geologists David Roberts and Albert Bally bring you Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Passive Margins, Cratonic Basins and Global Tectonic Maps, volume three in a three-volume series covering Phanerozoic regional geology and tectonics. Its key focus is on both volcanic and non-volcanic passive margins, and the importance of salt and shale driven by sedimentary tectonics to their evolution. Recent innovative research on such critical locations as Iberia, Newfoundland, China, and the North Sea are incorporated to provide practical real-world case studies in regional geology and tectonics. The vast amount of volcanic data now available to form accurate hydrocarbon assessments and analysis at passive margin locations is also included into this thorough yet accessible reference.


Geologists, geophysicists, and marine geologists globally in academia and petroleum exploration with a focus on tectonics, basin analysis, sedimentary processes and petroleum systems. The secondary market includes undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as instructors in Geosciences.

David G. Roberts

Affiliations and Expertise

BP Exploration Operation Co. Ltd., Middlesex, UK

View additional works by David G. Roberts

A.W. Bally

Affiliations and Expertise

Rice University, Houston, TX, USA

View additional works by A.W. Bally

Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Passive Margins, Cratonic Basins and Global Tectonic Maps, 1st Edition

Contributors for Volumes 1A

Foreword and Introduction


Section 1. Passive margins

1. Regional geology and tectonics of sedimentary basins

1.1 Introduction

1.2 A historical perspective

1.3 Some remarks on regional geology and tectonics

1.4 Conclusion


2. De Re Salica: Fundamental principles of salt tectonics

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Mechanics of salt flow

2.3 Processes of diapir growth

2.4 Salt and regional tectonics

2.5 Conclusions


3. Shale tectonics

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Mechanics of shale movement

3.3 Shale implacement and form

3.4 Shale and regional tectonics

3.5 Conclusions


4. The Red Sea and Gulf of Aden basins

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Afar

4.3 Gulf of Aden

4.4 Red Sea

4.5 Plate scale considerations

4.6 Discussion

4.7 Conclusions

4.8 Future research



5. The NE Atlantic conjugate margins

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Conjugate margin setting and segmentation

5.3 Crustal structure

5.4 Pre-breakup basin evolution

5.5 Breakup-related magmatism

5.6 Post-breakup margin evolution

5.7 Summary and Conclusions



6. Conjugate margins of the South Atlantic: Namibia-Pelotas

6.1 Introduction



7. Phanerozoic regional geology of the eastern Brazilian margin

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Previous works

7.3 Main tectonic features of the South Atlantic

7.4 Tectono-sedimentary evolution of the continental margin

7.5 Salt tectonics

7.6 Magmatism

7.7 Hydrocarbon resources and petroleum fields

7.8 Summary and conclusions



8. The conjugate margins of Morocco and Nova Scotia

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Regional setting, stratigraphy, and structure

8.3 Regional transects of conjugate basin segments

8.4 Minimum closure syn-rift reconstruction of the conjugate margins of Morocco and Nova Scotia

8.5 Implications for hydrocarbon exploration at the scale of the conjugate margins

8.6 Brief exploration history of the central segment of the Moroccan margin

8.7 Deepwater and shelf stratigraphy, central segment of the Moroccan margin

8.8 Regional structural transects across offshore Atlantic Morocco

8.9 Salt tectonics in the central segment of the Moroccan offshore

8.10 Play types

8.11 Structures outboard of the Nova Scotia and Morocco salt basins

8.12 Discussion

8.13 Conclusions



Section 1.1 Non-volcanic margins

9. Evolution of magma poor continental margins: from rifting to the onset of seafloor spreading


About the Authors


10. The Newfoundland–Iberia conjugate rifted margins

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Geologic setting

10.3 Continental basement rocks

10.4 Rift phases

10.5 Plate kinematic reconstructions

10.6 Geological/geophysical constraints on the Early Cretaceous transition from rifting to seafloor spreading

10.7 Extensional models and melt supply

10.8 End of rifting and post-rift sedimentary history

10.9 Conclusions



11. Labrador Sea, Davis Strait, and Baffin Bay

11.1 Extent of oceanic crust

11.2 Sedimentary Basins on continental crust

11.3 Geological development

11.4 Late Eocene to Neogene


12. Evolution of the Western Mediterranean

12.1 Introduction

12.2 The western Mediterranean sub-basins

12.3 Lithospheric structure from S-wave velocities

12.4 Geodynamic evolution of the Western Mediterranean area


13. Tyrrhenian Sea

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Geophysics

13.3 The CROP M2A profile

13.4 Extension in the Tyrrhenian Sea

13.5 Magmatism

13.6 Geodynamic setting


14. Deepwater frontier basins: New Zealand

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Geological controls on New Zealand’s Petroleum basins

14.3 Seaward Gondwana margin basins

14.4 Intermediate basins

14.5 Back-arc basins

14.6 Intra-continental basins

14.7 Discussion

14.8 Conclusions



Section 1.2 Transform margins

15. South Africa's offshore Mesozoic basins

15.1 Introduction

15.2 The Atlantic extensional margin

15.3 The South coast transform margin

15.4 The East coast rift margin

15.5 History of exploration and economic aspects



16. Rift-shear architecture and tectonic development of the Ghana margin

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Geological setting

16.3 Data

16.4 Results

16.5 Discussion

16.6 Conclusions



17. Structural styles along the Dead Sea Fault

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Basins along the Dead Sea fault

17.3 Discussion


18. Columbus basin, offshore Trinidad: A detached pull-apart basin in a transpressional foreland setting

18.1 Introduction

18.2 Tectonic setting

18.3 Columbus basin stratigraphy

18.4 Columbus basin geometry and structure

18.5 Basin evolution

18.6 Petroleum system

18.7 Summary and conclusions



Section 2. Cratonic basins

Section 2.1 Cratonic basins on Pre-Cambrian basement

19. The Illizi and Berkine Basins in Southern Algeria

19.1 Introduction and scope

19.2 Regional geological setting and Phanerozoic tectonostratigraphic evolution

19.3 The Palaeozoic “Gondwana” Supersequence: Sedimentation, Tectonism and Igneous Activity

19.4 The Mesozoic “Tethys” Supersequence: Sedimentation, tectonism, and igneous activity

19.5 Petroleum systems: Two world-class source rocks, and multiple petroleum systems

19.6 Conclusions



20. The Moscow Basin

20.1 Introduction

20.2 The East European Craton

20.3 The Moscow Basin

20.4 Geologic history


Section 2.2 Cratonic/composite basins on Paleozoic basement

21. Evolution of the West Siberian Basin

21.1 Introduction

21.2 Crust and lithosphere

21.3 Paleozoic basement

21.4 Tectonic evolution and stratigraphy

21.5 Summary and conclusions



22. The Aquitaine Basin and the Pyrenees: geodynamical evolution and hydrocarbons

22.1 Introduction: the Aquitaine basin as part of a larger province

22.2 The basement of the Aquitaine basin

22.3 Evolution of the North Atlantic and the Aquitaine basin

22.4 The Pyrenees

22.5 Prolongation of the Pyrenees to the east, in the Mediterranean

22.6 Hydrocarbon habitats

22.7 Conclusions



Further reading

23. Geodynamic interpretation of the Cape and Karoo basins, South Africa

23.1 Introduction

23.2 Tectonic framework

23.3 Early Paleozoic Cape basin: Large extensional subsidence

23.4 Permian early Karoo basin: Large-scale epeirogeny

23.5 Cape orogeny and late Karoo foreland basin

23.6 Discussion

23.7 Summary and conclusions


About the Authors


24. The Parry Islands fold belt

24.1 Introduction

24.2 Geological setting

24.3 Summary of tectonic history

24.4 General features of the fold belt

24.5 Description of fold belt tectonic layers

24.6 Triangle zone model


About the Authors


Section 3. Global Maps

25. Tectonic and Basin maps of the world

25.1. Global topography and plate tectonics

25.2. Global topography and bathymetry: The face of old earth reworked and modified by present processes

25.3. Neotectonics; earthquakes and conventional (i.e., rigid) versus diffuse plate boundaries

25.4. Global stress maps and paleostress studies

25.5. The continental lithosphere and continental crust ( and )

25.6. Tectonic maps of the world

25.7. Cenozoic/Mesozoic and Paleozoic orogenic systems and their fold and thrust belts (FTBs)

25.8. Age of Continental basement

25.9. Hot spots, linear island chains, large igneous provinces (LIPs), and radiating dike swarms; active volcanoes

25.10. Tectonic settings of mafic/ultramafic oceanic and intra-oceanic arc system crust, LIPs, rifted and volcanic passive margins, tectonic setting and discussion of equivalent allochthonous “ophiolitic” fragments in orogens

25.11. Sedimentary basins and rifts (including Rifts)*


Quotes and reviews

"…geologists discuss extensional basins including rifts, passive margins, and inverted extensional basins. The chapters have a broadly similar layout, and where appropriate include a section on the petroleum system. They cover non-volcanic and transform passive margins, cratonic basins on pre-Cambrian and Paleozoic basements, and world maps."--ProtoView.com, March 2014

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