Nanoparticle Technology Handbook

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook, 2nd Edition

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook, 2nd Edition,Masuo Hosokawa,Kiyoshi Nogi,Makio Naito,Toyokazu Yokoyama,ISBN9780444563682

Hosokawa   &   Nogi   &   Naito   &   Yokoyama   




The only guide to this revolutionary technology

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Key Features

  • Introduction of all aspects of nanoparticle technology, from the fundamentals to applications
  • Basic information on the preparation through to the characterization of nanoparticles from various viewpoints
  • Information on nanostructures, which play an important role in practical applications
  • Sixty applications of nanoparticles in diverse fields, from which sixteen newly added
  • Up-to-date information given by specialists in each field
  • Information on nanostructures made by nanoparticles, which play a major role in practical applications


The updated and expanded second edition of the Nanoparticle Technology Handbook is an authoritative reference providing both the theory behind nanoparticles and the practical applications of nanotechnology. The second edition is thoroughly updated and expanded with sixteen new chapters, providing a reference much broader in scope than the previous edition. Over 140 experts in nanotechnology and/or particle technology contributed to this new edition.

Nanoparticle technology is a new and revolutionary technology, which is increasingly being used in electronic devices and nanomaterials. It handles the preparation, processing, application and characterisation of nanoparticles and has become the core of nanotechnology as an extension of the conventional fine particle / powder technology. Nanoparticle technology plays an important role in the implementation of nanotechnology in many engineering and industrial fields including electronic devices, advanced ceramics, new batteries, engineered catalysts, functional paint and ink, drug delivery system, biotechnology, etc.; and makes use of the unique properties of the nanoparticles which are completely different from those of bulk materials.

The book includes not only the theory behind nanoparticles, but also the practical applications of nanotechnology. It examines future possibilities and new innovations and contains important knowledge on nanoparticle characterization and the effect of nanoparticles on the environment and on humans.

The second edition of Nanoparticle Technology Handbook remains a valuable reference source for scientists and engineers working directly with fine particles and materials or in industries that handle these nanoparticles. Related areas include pharmaceutical products, ink or paint materials, electromagnetic memory devices, ceramic materials and plastic materials with high electro-conductivity.


Suitable for researchers engaged in the research of nanoparticles as well as engineers engaged in R&D of nanoparticles or nanoparticles. Can also be used for seminars or technical training courses on new materials using nanoparticles.

Masuo Hosokawa

Affiliations and Expertise

President - Hosokawa Micron Corporation, Chairman - Hosokawa Powder Technology Research Institute, President - Hosokawa Powder Technology Foundation. Passed away.

Kiyoshi Nogi

Affiliations and Expertise

Dr. Eng. Emeritus Professor, Osaka University, Japan

Makio Naito

Affiliations and Expertise

Dr. Eng. Professor, Osaka University, Japan

Toyokazu Yokoyama

Affiliations and Expertise

Dr. Eng., Hosokawa Micron Corporation, Japan

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook, 2nd Edition


Preface to the first edition

List of Contributors

From the Editors


Chapter 1. Basic properties and measuring methods of nanoparticles

1.1. Size effect and properties of nanoparticles

1.2. Particle size

1.3. Particle shape

1.4. Particle density

1.5. Melting point, surface tension, wettability

1.6. Specific surface area and pore

1.7. Composite structure

1.8. Crystal structure

1.9. Surface characteristics

1.10. Mechanical property

1.11. Electrical properties

1.12. Magnetic properties

1.13. Optical property of nanoparticle

Chapter 2. Structural control of nanoparticles

2.1. Structure construction and function adaptation of nanoparticles

2.2. Particle size

2.3. Particle shape

2.4. Composite structure

2.5. Pore structure

2.6. Nanoparticle design for DDS

2.7. Nanotubes (CNT)

Chapter 3. Characteristics and behavior of nanoparticles and its dispersion systems

3.1. Introduction of nanoparticle dispersion and aggregation behavior

3.2. Single nanoparticle motion in fluid

3.3. Brownian diffusion

3.4. Adsorption properties and wettability of nanoparticle surface

3.5. Interactions between particles

3.6. Aggregation and dispersion, characterization and control

3.7. Rheology of slurry

3.8. Simulation of colloidal dispersion system

Chapter 4. Control of nanostructure of materials

4.1. Assembly of nanoparticles and functionalization

4.2. Nanoparticles arranged structures

4.3. Nanopore structure

4.4. Nanocomposite structure

4.5. Structure control of nanoparticle collectives by sintering and bonding

4.6. Self-assembly

Chapter 5. Characterization methods for nanostructure of materials

5.1. Nanostructure and function (characterization of local nanostructure)

5.2. Crystal structure

5.3. Surface structure

5.4. Nanopore characterization

5.6. Evaluation methods for oxide heterostructures

Chapter 6. Evaluation methods for properties of nanostructured body

6.1. Functionality of nanostructures and their characteristic evaluation

6.2. Mechanical properties

6.3. Thermophysical properties

6.4. Electric properties

6.5. Electrochemical properties

6.6. Magnetic properties

6.7. Optical properties

6.8. Catalytic property

6.9. Properties of gas permeation and separation membranes

Chapter 7. Environmental and safety issues with nanoparticles

7.1. Introduction

7.2. Nanoparticles and environment

7.3. Safety of nanoparticles

7.4. Removal of nanoparticles

APPLICATION 1. Dispersion of fine silica particles using alkoxysilane and industrialization

1 Sol–gel hybrid

2 Molecular design

3 Unmeltable plastics: epoxy resin hybrid

4 Tough resin: hybrid of the phenol resin system

5 Soft silica hybrid: hybrid of the urethane system

6 Cheap engineering plastics in place for imide: hybrid of the amideimide system

7 Imide useful for electroless plating: hybrid of the imide system

APPLICATION 2. Generation of metal nanoparticles using reactive plasma arc evaporation

1 Summary of the reactive plasma arc evaporation method

2 Nanoparticles by the reactive plasma arc evaporation method

3 The nanoparticles generation rate, characteristic, and shape

4 Application of the nanoparticle

APPLICATION 3. Sensing based on localized surface plasmon resonance in metallic nanoparticles

l Localized surface plasmon

2 Two sensing method using plasmon

APPLICATION 4. Microelectronics packaging by metal nanoparticle pastes

1 Conductive paste technique and metal nanoparticle paste

2 Low temperature firing and fine electronic circuit pattern formation by screen printing

3 Direct formation of the electronic circuit pattern by inkjet printing

4 Application as the joining materials

APPLICATION 5. A dye-sensitized solar cell utilizing metal nanoparticle

1 What is a dye-sensitized solar cell?

2 Enhancement of the absorption coefficient of the ruthenium dye, with the silver nanoparticle produced via vacuum evaporation on the quartz substrate

3 Enhancement of the absorption coefficient of silver nanoparticle-ruthenium dye within porous TiO2

APPLICATION 6. Design of nanoparticles for oral delivery of peptide drugs

1 Particulate design and functions

2 Case studies

APPLICATION 7. Formation of thick electronic ceramic films with bonding technique of crystalline fine particles and their applications

1 Aerosol deposition method (ADM)

2 Formation of thick electronic ceramic films with ADM

3 Applications of AD ceramic films

APPLICATION 8. Development and multi-functionalization of high-functional separation membranes

1 Gas separation

2 Liquid separation

APPLICATION 9. Development of polymer-clay nanocomposites by dispersion of particles into polymer materials

1 Nylon 6–clay hybrid

2 Synthesis and properties of polypropylene–clay hybrid

3 Synthesis and properties of EPDM–clay hybrid

4 Morphology control by polymers with clay

APPLICATION 10. Development of novel ferroelectric materials

1 Crystal structure of bismuth layer-structured ferroelectrics (BLSFs)

2 Crystal growth and experimental procedure

3 Layered structure, dielectric and leakage current properties of BiT–BBTi crystals

4 Giant polarization in BiT–BBTi crystals

APPLICATION 11. Development of new phosphors

1 History of development of nanophosphor

2 Properties of rare earth nanophosphor

3 Development trend of new nanophosphor

APPLICATION 12. Zeolite membrane

1 Characteristics

2 Synthesis

3 Separation properties of zeolite membranes

APPLICATION 13. Enhancement of the performance of insulating materials

1 Withstand voltage characteristics

2 Tracking-resistance and erosion-resistance characteristics

3 Thermal characteristics

APPLICATION 14. Barium titanate nanoparticles synthesized under sub and supercritical water conditions

1 Experiment for producing tetragonal BaTiO3 nanoparticles by supercritical hydrothermal synthesis

2 Selective production of tetragonal BaTiO3

APPLICATION 15. Ceramic filter for trapping diesel particles

1 Production of PM

2 Trapping of PM

3 Pressure loss

4 Features of porous silicon carbide

5 Functions and characteristics of DPF

6 Future of filters for trapping diesel particles

APPLICATION 16. Nanoparticle formation of dna (globule transformation)

1 Tolerance of DNA nanoparticles against mechanical stress

2 Micromanipulation of DNA nanoparticles

APPLICATION 17. Addressing of nanoparticles by using DNA molecules

1 Stretching of DNA molecules

2 Addressing of nanoparticles

APPLICATION 18. Development of high-performance electrochemical reactors

1 Environmental purification by electrochemical reactors

2 NOx decomposition in the exhaust gas with electrochemical reactors

3 Development of the electrochemical reactors for simultaneous purification of NOx/PM

APPLICATION 19. Dendrimers and their application to organic electronics devices

1 Synthesis and structure of dendrimer

2 Metal assembling property of dendrimer

3 Application to electronic devices

APPLICATION 20. Electrical conductive CNT dispersed SiN ceramics

APPLICATION 21. Development of functional skincare cosmetics using biodegradable PLGA nanospheres

1 Nanocosmetics that whiten skin and eliminate wrinkles

2 Evaluation of the cutaneous permeability of PLGA nanospheres and their functional effect [3, 4]

3 Functional cosmetics using PLGA nanospheres

APPLICATION 22. Development of photonic crystals based on nanoparticle assembly

1 Nanoparticle assembly technique [3]

2 Fabrication of photonic crystals by nanoparticle assembly technique

APPLICATION 23. Liquid-crystalline inorganic nano and fine particles

1 Organic liquid crystals and lyotropic liquid-crystalline inorganic fine particles

2 Development of organic–inorganic hybrid liquid crystals

3 Summary and prospect

APPLICATION 24. Closely packed colloidal crystal assembled with nanoparticles and ITS application for smart materials with tunable structural color

1 Closely packed colloidal crystal films

2 Structural color of colloidal crystal and its tuning mechanism

3 Tunable structural color by swelling with liquid

4 Tunable structural color by applying mechanical stress

5 Summary and outlook

APPLICATION 25. Development of new cosmetics based on nanoparticles

1 Use of nanoparticles

2 Use as compound particles

3 Future development

APPLICATION 26. Dispersion control of AlO nanoparticles in ethanol

1 Effect of molecular weight of PEI on nanoparticle suspension viscosity

2 Relationship between molecular size of PEI and suspension viscosity

3 Surface interaction between Al2O3 nanoparticles using nanocolloidal probe AFM

4 Action mechanism of polymer dispersant on Al2O3 nanoparticle suspension

APPLICATION 27. Development of the thermoresponsive magnetic nanoparticle and its deployment in the biotechnology field

1 Magnetic nanoparticle material

2 What is a thermoresponsive polymer?

3 Thermoresponsive magnetic nanoparticles

4 Application examples of the thermoresponsive magnetic nanoparticles to the biotechnology field

5 Future perspective

APPLICATION 28. Development of fuel cells

1 Development task of fuel cells

2 Development of high-performance solid oxide fuel cells using nanoparticle technology

APPLICATION 29. Delivery to the brain

1 Surface modification to improve the nanoparticle distribution in the brain

2 Effect of administration route on the brain distribution

3 Perspective of brain targeting with nanoparticles

APPLICATION 30. Nozzle-free inkjet technology

1 Principle of nozzle-free inkjet technology and outline of developed system

2 Formation of slurry using nozzle-free inkjet technology

APPLICATION 31. Development of exhaust catalyst

1 Supported metal catalyst

2 Oxygen storage capacity (OSC) of catalyst

3 Improvement of OSC of catalyst

4 Improvement of thermal resistance of catalyst

APPLICATION 32. Development of optical memory using semiconductor nanoparticles

1 Fluorescence characteristics of semiconductor nanoparticles

2 Optical memory effect of semiconductor nanoparticle thin films

3 Methods of preparing and evaluating CdSe thin films

4 Dependency of intensity of fluorescence on the excitation light intensity

5 Future topics

APPLICATION 33. Development of bright phosphors using glasses incorporating semiconductor nanoparticles

1 Syntheses of highly photoluminescent semiconductor nanoparticles by an aqueous solution method

2 Preparation of glass phosphors incorporating semiconductor nanoparticles by a sol–gel method

APPLICATION 34. Development of photocatalyst inserted into surface of porous aluminosilicate

1 Structure of TiO2–aluminosilicate complex

2 Photocatalysis of TiO2–aluminosilicate complex

3 Photoenduarance of paper with TiO2–aluminosilicate complex

APPLICATION 35. AC overhead transmission line audible-noise reduction measures using surface improvement

1 Audible noise of AC overhead transmission lines

2 Wetting property of power lines

3 Preparation of test power lines

4 Features of titanium oxide thermal-sprayed films

5 Audible-noise measurement

APPLICATION 36. Development of a high-performance secondary battery by controlling the surface structure

1 Anode of a nickel hydrogen battery

2 Cathode of the nickel hydrogen battery

3 Cathode of lithium ion battery

4 Anode of the lithium ion battery

APPLICATION 37. Pinpoint drug and gene delivery

1 Bio-nanocapsules (BNC)

2 Potential applications of BNC

3 Assignment

4 Conclusion

APPLICATION 38. Expression of optical function by nanostructure using femtosecond laser processing

1 Space selective valence state manipulation of rare earth ions inside glasses

2 Precipitation control of gold nanoparticles inside transparent materials by a femtosecond laser

3 Nanograting fabrication

APPLICATION 39. Instantaneous nanofoaming method for fabrication of closed-porosity silica particle

APPLICATION 40. Evaluation and applications of dispersing carbon nanotube in the polymers

1 Carbon nanotube

2 Fracture model of agglomerates of carbon nanotube

3 Dispersion of CNT by an extruder

4 Dispersion of composites and its evaluation

5 Relationship between the agglomerate fraction Ar and composite properties

6 Percolation

7 Development of CNT composite resin materials

APPLICATION 41. Surface modification of inorganic nanoparticles by organic functional groups

1 Surface-modified noble metal nanoparticles

2 Organic modification of metal oxide nanoparticles

3 Hybridization of inorganic nanoparticles with biomolecules

APPLICATION 42. Fabrication technique of organic nanocrystals and their optical properties and materialization

1 The organic compounds used for nanocrystallization

2 Fabrication techniques of organic nanocrystals

3 Size-dependence of optical properties for organic nanocrystals

4 Orientation control of dispersed organic nanocrystals by external field

APPLICATION 43. Bio-imaging with quantum dots

1 Developments of quantum dots

2 Development of bio-imaging

3 Bio-imaging and quantum dots

4 Quantum dots label for the antibody

5 In vivo imaging of the quantum dots stained cell: the localization in organs

6 Observation of the localization from outside of the body

APPLICATION 44. Application of quantum dots for bio-medical engineering

1 Application for laboratory test

2 Diagnosis by imaging analysis

APPLICATION 45. Nanoparticle synthesis, dispersion, and functionalization for industrial application

1 Introduction

2 Current status of nanoparticle synthesis technologies

3 New strategies on the development of nanoparticle materials

4 Conclusion

APPLICATION 46. Synthesis of nanoparticles by RF induction thermal plasma

1 Advantages of the method of synthesis of nanoparticles by RF induction thermal plasma

2 Experimental configuration and equipment for the synthesis of nanoparticles

3 Generation of nanoparticles by RF induction thermal plasma

4 Conclusions

APPLICATION 47. Self-assembly of oxide nanosheets: precise structural control and its applications

1 Introduction

2 Synthesis of functional nanosheets

3 Layer-by-layer assembly of oxide nanosheets

4 Applications to nanoelectronics

APPLICATION 48. Development of ceramic-bonded carbon

1 Fabrication of ceramic-bonded carbons

2 Microstructure and properties of CBCs

3 Joining of CBCs with ceramics

4 Potential applications

APPLICATION 49. Development of dispersion and composing processes of nanoparticles and their application to advanced firefighter uniform

1 Introduction

2 Preparation of nanocomposite particles by gas-phase reaction method

3 Dispersion and composing of nanoparticles by dry mechanical method

4 Dispersion of nanoparticles by wet method and its application to advanced firefighter uniform

APPLICATION 50. Creation of boron nitride nanotubes and possibility for a series of advanced nano-composite materials

1 Introduction

2 Synthesis methods of boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs)

3 Reinforcement of resins by the addition of BNNTs

4 Use of BNNT fillers as an insulating heat conductor

5 Characterization of BNNT – polymer interfacial interactions

6 Conclusion

APPLICATION 51. PLGA nanoparticle design and preparation for DDS & medical device

1 Introduction

2 PLGA Nanoparticle DDSs

3 Applied technology with PLGA nanoparticles as base carrier

4 PLGA nanoparticle system platforms and implementation in nano-medical systems

5 Conclusion

APPLICATION 52. Development of photonic crystal resonators for terahertz wave sensing by using nanoparticle stereolithography

APPLICATION 53. Practical issue of nano-sized colorant particles

1 Introduction

2 Preparation of nano-sized colorant particles and improvement of functional properties

3 Conclusion

APPLICATION 54. Material design of electronic liquid powder used in novel-type bistable reflective display (QR-LPD)

1 Introduction

2 Overview of QR-LPD

3 About electronic liquid powder

4 Measurement of electrostatic properties

5 Measurement of adhesive force

6 Material design

7 Conclusion

APPLICATION 55. Three-dimensional structural analysis of nanocomposite materials containing nanoparticulates

1 Introduction

2 TEMT on nanocomposite-containing particular fillers

3 Recent development in TEMT

APPLICATION 56. Powder technology and nanotechnology contributed for clean utilization of coal

1 Powder technology and nanotechnology in pulverized coal combustion power plant

2 Powder technology and nanotechnology of high-efficiency coal utilization system

3 Investigation of CO2 capture and storage method

4 Upgrading of low-rank coal and biomass

APPLICATION 57. Novel recycling of frp by using nanoparticle bonding

1 Introduction

2 The development of novel recycling process for GFRP

3 Smart recycling of composite materials

APPLICATION 58. Nanotechnology challenge in mechanochemistry

1 Introduction

2 Materials processing

3 Conclusion

APPLICATION 59. Superior thermal insulation film with transparency achieved by hollow silica nanoparticles

1 Introduction of thermal insulation techniques

2 How to prepare nano-spaced polymer film

3 Thermal insulation performance on field test

APPLICATION 60. Development of nanoparticle composite technique for low pt-loading PEFCs

1 Particle design for PEFC catalysts

2 Preparation of Pt/C–WC composite particle for PEFC anode

3 Preparation of Pt/C–SnO2 composite particle for PEFC cathode

Subject Index

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