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Slow Brain Oscillations of Sleep, Resting State and Vigilance
 
 

Slow Brain Oscillations of Sleep, Resting State and Vigilance, 1st Edition

 
Slow Brain Oscillations of Sleep, Resting State and Vigilance, 1st Edition,E J Van Someren,ISBN9780444538390
 
 
 

Progress in Brain Research

E Van Someren   

Elsevier

9780444538390

9780444538383

384

235 X 191

Integrates the three fields of study to facilitate cross fertilization

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Key Features

  • Leading authors review the state-of-the-art in their field of investigation and provide their views and perspectives for future research
  • Chapters are extensively referenced to provide readers with a comprehensive list of resources on the topics covered
  • All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is also accessible to the non-specialist
  • Description

    This volume of Progress in Brain Research documents research presented at the 26th International Summer School of Brain Research (Amsterdam, Jun/Jul 2010) and looks at how the oscillations that characterize brain activity vary between task performance - the EEG power and performance modulations, rest - the MRI default mode and other networks, and sleep - the cortical slow oscillations. Studies over the past decade indicate that the study of these slow oscillations is essential for our understanding of plasticity, memory, brain structure from synapse to default mode network, cognition, consciousness and ultimately for our understanding of the mechanisms and functions of sleep and vigilance.

    Readership

    Neuroscientists, psychologists, neurologists

    E J Van Someren

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience, VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands

    Slow Brain Oscillations of Sleep, Resting State and Vigilance, 1st Edition

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Slow brain oscillations of sleep, resting state, and vigilance

    Introduction

    Slow oscillations of sleep: When, where, who, and why?

    Even slower: The when, where, who, and why of ISOs

    Conclusion

    Electrophysiological correlates of sleep homeostasis in freely behaving rats

    Behavior and brain activity in waking and sleep

    Global and local regulation of sleep

    Homeostatic sleep pressure is reflected in the amplitude and slopes of sleep slow waves

    Homeostatic sleep pressure is reflected in slopes of the early and late components of electrically evoked cortical responses

    Increased homeostatic sleep pressure affects cortical plasticity

    Homeostatic sleep pressure is reflected in synchronization of cortical neurons

    Concluding remarks

    Acknowledgments

    Involvement of cytokines in slow wave sleep

    Introduction

    IL1ß and TNFa in sleep regulation

    Upstream and downstream events in the cytokine sleep regulatory cascade

    Brain organization of sleep

    Sleep function

    Acknowledgments

    Genetic determination of sleep EEG profiles in healthy humans

    Introduction

    Sleep–wake regulation

    Heritability of waking EEG

    Trait-like nature of sleep and sleep EEG characteristics

    Heritability of sleep EEG

    Genetic polymorphisms affecting sleep and sleep EEG

    Concluding remarks

    Acknowledgments

    Developmental aspects of sleep slow waves

    Abbreviations

    Introduction

    Characteristics of slow waves

    Development of slow waves—disparities in infants, children and adolescents

    Developmental aspects and their relation to the function of slow waves

    Slow waves and their relation to behavior

    Discussion of the inverted U-shape time course of SWA

    Conclusion and future perspectives

    Acknowledgment

    Phasic modulation of cortical high-frequency oscillations by pedunculopontine neurons

    Abbreviations

    Introduction

    The firing of PPN neurons during sleep

    Subcortical modulation of slow oscillations: A specific role of the PPN or a widespread mechanism in the reticular-activating system?

    Is timing important in neuromodulatory systems?

    The gating hypothesis

    Acknowledgment

    Slow oscillations orchestrating fast oscillations and memory consolidation

    Introduction

    A model of active system consolidation taking place during slow-wave sleep

    Inducing slow oscillations by electrical stimulation

    Slow oscillations grouping spindles

    Fast spindles versus slow spindles

    Slow oscillations grouping hippocampal ripples and memory reactivations

    Spindle–ripple events

    Conclusion

    Acknowledgments

    Spontaneous neural activity during human non-rapid eye movement sleep

    Introduction

    Slow waves

    Spindles

    Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    Neuronal plasticity and thalamocortical sleep and waking oscillations

    Abbreviations

    Introduction

    Sleep and waking oscillations

    Neuronal plasticity

    Yin and Yang of brain oscillations and plasticity

    Acknowledgments

    Infraslow (<0.1Hz) oscillations in thalamic relay nuclei

    Introduction

    Properties and mechanisms of an ISO that is present in acute slices of thalamic relay nuclei maintained in vitro

    Concluding remarks

    Acknowledgments

    Hippocampal–cortical interactions and the dynamics of memory trace reactivation

    Cortical modular organization and memory indexing

    Sparse versus distributed coding to maximize storage capacity

    Basic data structure and analysis of ensemble recordings

    Using place cells to study memory

    Coherent reactivation of memory traces in hippocampus and neocortex

    Memory trace reactivation dynamics during slow-wave sleep

    Acknowledgments

    Long-range correlation of the membrane potential in neocortical neurons during slow oscillation

    Abbreviations

    Introduction

    Methods: simultaneous intracellular recording from neocortical neurons

    Detection of active and silent states

    Correlated occurrence of active and silent states in neocortical neurons during slow oscillation

    Long-range correlation of membrane potential changes during slow oscillation

    Dynamics of the membrane potential correlation: high correlation during the transitions between active and silent states but low correlation within states

    Long-range membrane potential correlation: slow rhythm is correlated, but fast fluctuations are not

    Summary and conclusions: what is synchronous in neurons during the synchronized EEG?

    Acknowledgments

    Temporal dynamics of cortical sources underlying spontaneous and peripherally evoked slow waves

    Introduction

    Where are slow waves?

    Are slow waves synchronous?

    Are K-complexes nonspecific responses to peripheral stimulation?

    Conclusion

    Acknowledgments

    Sleep and developmental plasticity

    Abbreviations

    Historical approaches to neonatal sleep function

    Sleep and subcortical development in central visual pathways

    Sleep and ocular dominance plasticity

    Summary

    Evoked electrical and cerebral vascular responses during sleep and following sleep deprivation

    Abbreviations

    Introduction

    Methods

    Results

    Discussion

    Conclusion

    Acknowledgments

    Reduction of nocturnal slow-wave activity affects daytime vigilance lapses and memory encoding but not reaction time or implicit learning

    Introduction

    Methods

    Results

    Discussion

    Acknowledgments

    Spectral characteristics of resting state networks

    Introduction

    FMRI RSNs across the frequency spectrum

    RSN spectra after correcting for the effects of HRF blurring

    RSN spectra from perfusion FMRI

    Discussion

    Acknowledgments

    Modulation of the brain’s functional network architecture in the transition from wake to sleep

    Introduction

    Methods

    Results

    Discussion

    Acknowledgments

    Spontaneous fMRI activity during resting wakefulness and sleep

    Abbreviations

    Introduction

    What is spontaneous fMRI activity?

    Nonneuronal contributions to the BOLD fMRI signal

    Neuronal correlates of the BOLD fMRI signal

    Spontaneous fMRI activity during sleep

    Origin and role of spontaneous fMRI activity

    Use of spontaneous fMRI to study brain connectivity

    Hypnotic modulation of resting state fMRI default mode and extrinsic network connectivity

    Introduction

    Methods

    Results

    Discussion

    Acknowledgments

    Multimodal neuroimaging in patients with disorders of consciousness showing “functional hemispherectomy”

    Abbreviations

    Introduction

    Data acquisition and analysis

    Results

    Multimodal imaging

    Discussion

    Acknowledgments

    Roles of multiscale brain activity fluctuations in shaping the variability and dynamics of psychophysical performance

    Abbreviations

    Introduction

    Infraslow spontaneous brain activity fluctuations in fMRI

    Correlation of BOLD-signal fluctuations with behavioral dynamics

    Electrophysiological characterization of infraslow fluctuations

    Zooming-in on neuronal oscillations

    Direct effects of oscillation phase on behavioral dynamics

    Amplitude dynamics link neuronal oscillations and ISFs

    Cross-scale binding by CF phase-amplitude and phase–phase interactions

    Dissection of causal from correlated

    Conclusion

    Acknowledgments

     
     
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