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Synchrotron-based Techniques in Soils and Sediments
 
 

Synchrotron-based Techniques in Soils and Sediments, 1st Edition

 
Synchrotron-based Techniques in Soils and Sediments, 1st Edition,Balwant Singh,Markus Grafe,ISBN9780080932842
 
 
 

Singh   &   Grafe   

Elsevier Science

9780080932842

400

The most up-to-date source for synchrotron-based techniques and applications in soil, sediment and earth sciences

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Key Features

  • Up-to-date, with the latest research results and techniques in synchrotron-based techniques
  • Information on specific techniques, elements and minerals, regulatory and remediation decision making, contaminants and the impact of X-ray absorption spectroscopy on soil science
  • Internationally recognized leaders in their fields of expertise from Europe, North America, Asia and Australia

Description

Over the past 20 years, synchrotron-based research applications have provided important insight into the geochemical cycling of ions and the chemical and crystallographic properties of minerals in soils and sediments. Of particular significance is the understanding of local coordination environments with the use of X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The high flux and brightness of the X-ray beams have allowed researchers to work at environmentally relevant concentrations. The use of focusing mirrors and apertures which allow for mapping and trace particle surfaces, microbes, roots, channels and elements at the micron and at a nano-meter scale in 2 and 3D have also been a great enhancement to science.

This book provides the most up-to-date information on synchrotron-based research applications in the field of soil, sediment and earth sciences. Invited authors provide chapters on a wide range of research topics including multiphase flow and transport processes (physical aspects), rhizosphere and microbial life (biological aspects), and dynamics of C, N, S, P and heavy metals and metalloids (chemical aspects). In addition, perspectives on the impact of synchrotron based applications, particularly X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and the role of synchrotron applications in remediation, regulatory, and decision making processes are considered.

Readership

Primary:
Geologists; Geomorphologists; Earth Science Professionals in geological mapping agencies, mineral exploration companies; Hydrologists; GIS practitioners and specialists; Landscape Ecologists; Environmental Planners; teachers and academics

Secondary:
students in upper level geomorphology classes and soil measurement courses; Graduate students in soil science, quantitative ecology, earth sciences, GIS, and geodetic sciences.

Balwant Singh

Affiliations and Expertise

Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.

Markus Grafe

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Scientist, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Division of Minerals, Waterford, Western Australia, Australia.

Synchrotron-based Techniques in Soils and Sediments, 1st Edition

Introduction
The impacts of synchrotron-based techniques on understanding soil processes and reaction mechanisms
DL Sparks - University of Delaware, USA

I. Soil Structure
Multiphase flow in porous (soil) media
DA DiCarlo - USDA- ARS

Transport processes in soils and sediments
SJ Altman - Sandia National Laboratories, USA

Applications of micro-tomography in soils and sediments
ML Rivers - University of Chicago, USA

II. Organic Matter
Carbon chemistry in soils and sediments
J Lehmann - Cornell University, USA

Heterocyclic N compounds in soils and sediments
FL Walley - University of Saskatechwan, Canada

Sulfur and boron chemistry in soils and sediments
JD Peak - University of Saskatechwan, Canada

Phosphorous chemistry in soils and sediments
D Hesterberg - North Carolina State University, USA

III. Soil Microbiology
Microbial habitats in soils and sediments
N Nunan - INRA, France

The Rhizosphere
TK Raab - Stanford University, USA

Applications of synchrotron IR in soils and sediments
HYN Holman - Earth Science Division, Berkeley Labs, USA

Metals and (soil) microbes
S Ciurli, Stefano - University of Bologna, Italy

IV. Soil Mineralogy
Deciphering mineralogy of soils and sediments
A Manceau - LGIT-Grenoble, France

Applications of synchrotron-based XRD in soil mineralogy
DG Schulze - Purdue University, USA

Multiple-metal substitution in Fe-oxides
B Singh - University of Sydney, Australia

V. Contaminated Soils and Sediments
Arsenic chemistry in soils and sediments
P O'Day - University of California, Merced, USA

Selenium chemistry in soils and sediments
WT Frankenberger - University of California, Riverside, USA

Mercury chemistry in soils and sediments
M Valiente - University of Barcelona, Spain
U Skyllberg - Swedish University of Agricultural Science, Sweden


Role of sychrotron radiation-based research techniques in the government regulatory and remediation processes
K Scheckel - Environmental Protection Agency, USA

Deciphering metal contamination in soils and sediments
MP Isaure - Laboratoire de Géophysique Interne et Tectonophysique Université, France

Radionuclides in soils and sediments
S Kelly - Argonne National Labs, USA

VI. Soil-Gas Interface
Applications of Extended X-ray Emissions Fine Structure in soil and sediments
J Kawai - Kyoto University, Japan

Volatile soil liquids
L Prunty - North Dakota State University
 
 
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