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Stratigraphic Reservoir Characterization for Petroleum Geologists, Geophysicists, and Engineers
 
 

Stratigraphic Reservoir Characterization for Petroleum Geologists, Geophysicists, and Engineers, 2nd Edition

 
Stratigraphic Reservoir Characterization for Petroleum Geologists, Geophysicists, and Engineers, 2nd Edition,Roger Slatt,ISBN9780444563651
 
 
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Elsevier

9780444563651

9780444563705

688

229 X 152

Covers the rapid advances in characterization techniques that allow enhanced recovery of oil and gas from reservoirs

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Key Features

  • Practical resource describing different types of sandstone and shale reservoirs
  • Case histories of reservoir studies for easy comparison
  • Applications of standard, new, and emerging technologies

Description

Reservoir characterization as a discipline grew out of the recognition that more oil and gas could be extracted from reservoirs if the geology of the reservoir was understood. Prior to that awakening, reservoir development and production were the realm of the petroleum engineer. In fact, geologists of that time would have felt slighted if asked by corporate management to move from an exciting exploration assignment to a more mundane assignment working with an engineer to improve a reservoir’s performance.

Slowly, reservoir characterization came into its own as a quantitative, multidisciplinary endeavor requiring a vast array of skills and knowledge sets. Perhaps the biggest attractor to becoming a reservoir geologist was the advent of fast computing, followed by visualization programs and theaters, all of which allow young geoscientists to practice their computing skills in a highly technical work environment. Also, the discipline grew in parallel with the evolution of data integration and the advent of asset teams in the petroleum industry. Finally, reservoir characterization flourished with the quantum improvements that have occurred in geophysical acquisition and processing techniques and that allow geophysicists to image internal reservoir complexities.

Readership

Petroleum geologists, geophysicists and engineers, explorationists

Roger Slatt

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Oklahoma, Norman, USA

Stratigraphic Reservoir Characterization for Petroleum Geologists, Geophysicists, and Engineers, 2nd Edition

Dedication

Preface

Series Editor's Preface

Chapter 1. Basic Principles and Applications of Reservoir Characterization

1.1 General Introduction

1.2 Integrating Expertise for Reservoir Characterization

1.3 Oil and Gas: The Main Sources of Global Energy

1.4 The Added Value of Reservoir Characterization

1.5 Compartmentalization of Oil and Gas Reservoirs

1.6 Clastic Depositional Environments and Types of Deposits

1.7 When Is Reservoir Characterization Important in the Life Cycle of a Field?

1.8 The Value of Case Studies

References

Chapter 2. Basic Sedimentary Rock Properties

Abstract

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Classification and Properties of Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks

2.3 Sedimentary Structures and Their Significance

2.4 Summary

References

Chapter 3. Geologic Time and Stratigraphy

Abstract

3.1 Introduction

3.2 North American Geologic Time Scale

3.3 Determining the Time Frame in Which a Rock Formed

3.4 Micropaleontology and Biostratigraphy in Reservoir Characterization

3.5 Walther's Law and the Succession of Sedimentary Facies

3.6 Summary

References

Chapter 4. Tools and Techniques for Characterizing Oil and Gas Reservoirs

Abstract

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Measuring Properties at Different Scales

4.3 Computers and the Computing Environment

4.4 Seismic-Reflection and Subsurface Imaging

4.5 Logging and Sampling a Well

4.6 Summary

References

Chapter 5. Basics of Sequence Stratigraphy for Reservoir Characterization

Abstract

5.1 Sequence Stratigraphic Approach to Reservoir Characterization

5.2 Definitions and Basic Concepts

5.3 Evolution and Applications of Sequence Stratigraphy

5.4 Scales of Cyclicity

5.5 Procedure for Developing a Sequence Stratigraphic Framework

5.6 Summary

References

Further-reading

Chapter 6. Geologic Controls on Reservoir Quality

Abstract

6.1 Definitions

6.2 Examination and Measurement of Porosity and Permeability

6.3 Primary Grain-Size Control on Reservoir Quality

6.4 Diagenesis and Reservoir Quality

6.5 Flow-Unit Characterization for Correlation and Upscaling

6.6 Capillary Pressure and Its Applications to Reservoir Characterization

6.7 Seismic Porosity Measurement

6.8 Summary

References

Chapter 7. Fluvial Deposits and Reservoirs

Abstract

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Braided Fluvial (River) Deposits and Reservoirs

7.3 Meandering-River Deposits and Reservoirs

7.4 Incised-Valley-Fill Deposits and Reservoirs

7.5 Stratigraphy and Stacking Patterns of Fluvial Reservoirs

7.6 Summary

References

Chapter 8. Eolian (Windblown) Deposits and Reservoirs

Abstract

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Processes and Deposits

8.3 Sandstone Reservoir Examples

8.4 Loess (Eolian Siltstone) Deposits and Reservoirs

8.5 Summary

References

Chapter 9. Deltaic Deposits and Reservoirs

Abstract

9.1 Introduction

9.2 General Deltaic Processes, Environments (Physiographic Zones), and Types

9.3 Deltas Within a Sequence Stratigraphic Framework

9.4 River-Dominated Delta Deposits and Reservoirs

9.5 Wave-Dominated Deltas

9.6 Tide-Dominated Deltas

9.7 Summary

References

Chapter 10. Nondeltaic, Shallow Marine Deposits and Reservoirs

Abstract

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Shallow Marine Processes and Environments

10.3 Nondeltaic Shallow Marine Deposits Within a Sequence Stratigraphic Framework

10.4 Shoreline and Shallow Marine Deposits

10.5 Shoreface/Shallow Marine Reservoirs

10.6 Barrier-Island Deposits and Reservoirs

10.7 Summary

References

Chapter 11. Deepwater Deposits and Reservoirs

Abstract

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Sedimentary Processes and Deposits Operative in Deep Water

11.3 Depositional Models

11.4 Architectural Elements of Deepwater Deposits

11.5 Deepwater Reservoir Examples

11.6 Summary

References

Chapter 12. Unconventional Resource Shales

Abstract

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Shale Depositional Processes and Environments

12.3 Shale Composition and Fabric Anisotropy

12.4 Shale Porosity, Permeability, and Pore Types

12.5 Geochemistry

12.6 Lithofacies Stacking and Sequence Stratigraphy

12.7 Geomechanics and Brittle–Ductile Couplets

12.8 Some Economic and Societal Considerations of Gas- and Oil-Bearing Shales

12.9 Concluding Remarks

References

Chapter 13. Geologic and Engineering Modeling

Abstract

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Outcrop “Reservoir” Modeling

13.3 Subsurface Case Study

13.4 Summary

References

Index

 
 
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