Passive Sampling Techniques in Environmental Monitoring

Passive Sampling Techniques in Environmental Monitoring, 1st Edition

Passive Sampling Techniques in Environmental Monitoring, 1st Edition,Richard Greenwood,Graham Mills,Bran Vrana,ISBN9780444522252

Greenwood   &   Mills   &   Vrana   

Elsevier Science




240 X 165

A major review of developing technologies in the field

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Key Features

* Comprehensive review of passive sampling - covering air, water and majority of available technologies in one volume
* Chapters written by international specialist experts
* Covers theory and applications, providing background information and guidelines for use in the field


Monitoring pollutants in air, soil and water is a routine requirement in the workplace, and in the wider environment. Passive samplers can provide a representative picture of levels of pollutants over a period of time from days to months by measuring the average concentrations to which they have been exposed. Air monitors are widely used, for instance to measure the exposure of workers to volatile compounds, but also for monitoring the fate of pollutants in the atmosphere. Passive sampling devices are now becomining increasingly used to monitor pollutants in rivers, coastal waters and ground water where contamination results from sources such as domestic and industrial discharges, and the use of agrochemicals.
Passive Sampling Techniques in Environmental Monitoring provides a timely collection of information on a set of techniques that help monitor the quality of air, surface and ground waters. Passive sampling can provide an inexpensive means of obtaining a representative picture of quality over a period of time, even where levels of pollutants fluctuate due to discontinuous discharges or seasonal application of chemicals such as pesticides. Recent changes in legislation have increased the pressure to obtain better information than that provided by classical infrequent spot sampling.
Brought together in one source, this book looks at the performance of a range of devices for the passive sampling of metals, and of non-polar and polar organic chemicals in air and in water. The strengths and weaknesses and the range of applicability of the technology are considered.


For practitioners in the field of water and air quality monitoring.
Regulatory managers to provide summary of available technology to support monitoring in the field of air and water quality management.
Researchers for research in environmental chemistry and toxicology.

Richard Greenwood

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Biological Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK

Graham Mills

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Pharmarcy and Biomedical Sciences, University of Portsmouth Portsmouth, UK

Bran Vrana

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Biological Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK

Passive Sampling Techniques in Environmental Monitoring, 1st Edition

Proposed Contents

1. Introduction

2. Theoretical overview
Air Sampling
3. Introduction and theoretical aspects

4. Solid phase Microextraction Devices (SPME)

5. Semi-Permeable Membrane Devices (SPMD)

6. Diffusion tubes/3M badges (dosimetry)

7. Conifer needles/mosses

8. MESCO samplers
Water Sampling
9. Theoretical aspects, calibration/modelling

10. Semi-Permeable Membrane Devices (SPMD)

11. Polar Organic Compound Integrative Sampler (POCIS)

12. University of Portsmouth samplers

13. MESCO samplers

14. Diffusion Gradient Devices

15. Groundwater devices based on ceramic tubes

16. Field study considerations (Protocols)
Soil Sediment
17. Diffusion Gradient Devices

18. Semi-Permeable Membrane Devices (SPMD)

19. Measuring dissolved sediment porewater concentration using passive samplers
20. Biomimetic sampling

21. Toximeter

22. Comparison for passive sampling to biomonitoring organisms

23. Combination of passive sampling with bioassays
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