History of Neurology

History of Neurology, 1st Edition

Handbook of Clinical Neurology (Series Editors: Aminoff, Boller and Swaab)

History of Neurology, 1st Edition,Stanley Finger,Francois Boller,Kenneth Tyler,ISBN9780444520098

Finger   &   Boller   &   Tyler   




189 X 246

This volume is part of the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, the world’s most comprehensive source of information in neurology. Now in its third generation, the series has an unparalleled reputation for providing the latest foundational research, diagnosis, and treatment protocols essential for both basic neuroscience research and clinical neurology.

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Key Features

* A comprehensive accounting of historical developments and modern day advancements in the field of neurology
* State-of-the-art information on topics including brain damage and dysfunctions of the nervous system
* New treatments and recovery methods from redundancy to vicariation and neural transplantation, amongst others


Handbook of Clinical Neurology: Volume 95 is the first of over 90 volumes of the handbook to be entirely devoted to the history of neurology. The book is a collection of historical materials from different neurology professionals. The book is divided into 6 sections and composed of 55 chapters organized around different aspects of the history of neurology. The first section presents the beginnings of neurology: ancient trepanation, its birth in Mesopotamia, ancient Egypt; the emergence of neurology in the biblical text and the Talmud; neurology in the Greco-Roman world and the period following Galen; neurological conditions in the European Middle Ages; and the development of neurology in the 17th and 18th centuries. The second section narrates the birth of localization theory; the beginning of neurology and histological applications, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, surgical neurology and other anatomo-clinical methods. The third section covers further development of the discipline, including methods of neurological illustration and hospitals in neurology and neurosurgery. This section also narrates the history of child neurology, neurodisability and neuroendocrinology. It also features the application of molecular biology on clinical neurology. The fourth section describes the dysfunctions of the nervous system and their history. The fifth and last section covers the regional landmarks of neurology and the different treatments and recovery. The text is informative and useful for neuroscience or neurology professional, researchers, clinical practitioners, mental health experts, psychiatrists, and academic students and scholars in neurology.


Neuroscience research workers

Stanley Finger


Affiliations and Expertise

Washington University, USA

View additional works by Stanley Finger

Francois Boller

Affiliations and Expertise

George Washington University Medical School, Washington, DC, USA

View additional works by Francois Boller

Kenneth Tyler


Affiliations and Expertise

Reuler-Lewin Family Professor of Neurology, Professor of Medicine, Microbiology and Immunology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Denver, CO, USA

History of Neurology, 1st Edition

Part 1: Beginnings:

Ancient trepanation. Mesopotamia. Neurology in ancient Egypt. Neurology in the Bible and the Talmud. The Greco-Roman world. After Galen: late antiquity and the Islamic world. Neurological conditions in the European Middle Ages. The development of neurology and the neurological Sciences in the 17th century. Understanding the nervous system in the 18th century.

Part 2: Origins of Modern Neurology:

The birth of localisation theory. On the use of animal experimentation in the history of neurology. The anatomical foundations of clinical neurology. The contributions of neurophysiology to clinical neurology: an exercise in contemporary history. Landmarks of surgical neurology and the interplay of disciplines. Jean-Marie Charcot and the anatomo-clinical method of neurology. History of the development of the neurological examination. Cognitive assessment in neurology. The origins of functional brain imaging in humans.

Part 3: Further Developments of the Discipline:

Visual images and neurological illustration. Neurological illustration: from photography to cinematography. Special hospitals in neurology and neurosurgery. A history of child neurology and neurodisability. The history of neuroendocrinology: “The spring of primitive existence”. The coming of molecular biology and its impact on clinical neurology.

Part 4: Dysfunctions of the Nervous System:

Headache: a historical outline. A history of seizures and epilepsies: from the falling disease to dysrhythmias of the brain. A history of cerebro-vascular disease. A history of bacterial meningitis. Historical aspects of the major neurological vitamin deficiency disorders: Overview and fat-soluble vitamin A. Historical aspects of the major neurological vitamin deficiency disorders: The water-soluble B vitamins. Muscular dystrophy. Sensory and perceptual disorders. The history of movement disorders. The history of sleep medicine. The frontal lobes. The history of aphasia: from brain to language. Alexia and agraphia.

Part 5: Regional Landmarks:

American neurology. A historical overview of British neurology. The history of neurology in France. The history of neurology in Scandinavia. Neurology and the neurological sciences in the German-speaking countries. The development of neurology in the Low Countries. The history of neurology in Italy. A history of Russian and Soviet neurology and neuropathology. Neurology and traditional Chinese medicine. The history of clinical neurology in Japan. The history of neurology in Australia and New Zealand. Clinical neurology in Latin America. The history of tropical neurology.

Part 6: Treatments and Recovery:

Recovery of function: redundancy and vicariation theories. The emergence of the age variable in 19th century neurology: considerations of recovery patterns in acquired childhood aphasia. Rehabilitation therapies. The discovery of neurotransmitters: biochemistry in the service of neurology. Neural transplantation.

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