History of Neurology

History of Neurology, 1st Edition

Handbook of Clinical Neurology (Series Editors: Aminoff, Boller and Swaab)

History of Neurology, 1st Edition,Stanley Finger,Francois Boller,Kenneth Tyler,ISBN9780702035418

Finger   &   Boller   &   Tyler   




This volume is part of the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, the world’s most comprehensive source of information in neurology. Now in its third generation, the series has an unparalleled reputation for providing the latest foundational research, diagnosis, and treatment protocols essential for both basic neuroscience research and clinical neurology.

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Key Features

* A comprehensive accounting of historical developments and modern day advancements in the field of neurology
* State-of-the-art information on topics including brain damage and dysfunctions of the nervous system
* New treatments and recovery methods from redundancy to vicariation and neural transplantation, amongst others


Handbook of Clinical Neurology: Volume 95 is the first of over 90 volumes of the handbook to be entirely devoted to the history of neurology. The book is a collection of historical materials from different neurology professionals. The book is divided into 6 sections and composed of 55 chapters organized around different aspects of the history of neurology. The first section presents the beginnings of neurology: ancient trepanation, its birth in Mesopotamia, ancient Egypt; the emergence of neurology in the biblical text and the Talmud; neurology in the Greco-Roman world and the period following Galen; neurological conditions in the European Middle Ages; and the development of neurology in the 17th and 18th centuries. The second section narrates the birth of localization theory; the beginning of neurology and histological applications, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, surgical neurology and other anatomo-clinical methods. The third section covers further development of the discipline, including methods of neurological illustration and hospitals in neurology and neurosurgery. This section also narrates the history of child neurology, neurodisability and neuroendocrinology. It also features the application of molecular biology on clinical neurology. The fourth section describes the dysfunctions of the nervous system and their history. The fifth and last section covers the regional landmarks of neurology and the different treatments and recovery. The text is informative and useful for neuroscience or neurology professional, researchers, clinical practitioners, mental health experts, psychiatrists, and academic students and scholars in neurology.


Neuroscience research workers

Stanley Finger


Affiliations and Expertise

Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA

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Francois Boller

François Boller, M.D., Ph.D. has been co-Series Editor of the Handbook of Clinical Neurology since 2002. He.is a board-certified neurologist currently Professor of Neurology at the George Washington University Medical School (GW) in Washington, DC. He was born in Switzerland and educated in Italy where he obtained a Medical Degree at the University of Pisa. After specializing in Neurology at the University of Milan, Dr. Boller spent several years at the Boston VA and Boston University Medical School, including a fellowship under the direction of Dr. Norman Geschwind. He obtained a Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio where he was in charge of Neuroscience teaching at the Medical School and was nominated Teacher of the Year. In 1983, Dr. Boller became Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh where he founded and directed one of the first NIH funded Alzheimer Disease Research Centers in the country. In 1989, he was put in charge of a Paris-based INSERM Unit dedicated to the neuropsychology and neurobiology of cerebral aging. He returned to the United States and joined the NIH in 2005, before coming to GW in July 2014. Dr. Boller’s initial area of interest was aphasia and related disorders; he later became primarily interested in cognitive disorders and dementia with emphasis on the correlates of cognitive disorders with pathology, neurophysiology and imaging. He was one of the first to study the relation between Parkinson and Alzheimer disease, two processes that were thought to be unrelated. His current area of interest is Alzheimer’s disease and related disorders with emphasis on the early and late stages of the disease. He is also interested in the history of Neurosciences and is Past President of the International Society for the History of Neurosciences. He was the founding Editor-in-Chief of the European Journal of Neurology, the official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies (now European Academy of Neurology). He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Neurology and a member of the American Neurological Association. In addition, he has chaired Committees within the International Neuropsychological Society, the International Neuropsychology Symposium, and the World Federation of Neurology (WFN). He has authored over 200 papers and books including the Handbook of Neuropsychology (Elsevier).

Affiliations and Expertise

George Washington University Medical School, Washington, DC, USA

View additional works by Francois Boller

Kenneth Tyler


Affiliations and Expertise

Reuler-Lewin Family Professor of Neurology, Professor of Medicine, Microbiology and Immunology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Denver, CO, USA

History of Neurology, 1st Edition



List of contributors

Section 1 Beginnings

1. Ancient trepanation

2. Mesopotamia

3. Neurology in Ancient Egypt

4. Neurology in the Bible and the Talmud

5. The Greco-Roman world

6. After Galen: late Antiquity and the Islamic world

7. Neurological conditions in the European Middle Ages

8. The development of neurology and the neurological sciences in the 17th century

9. Understanding the nervous system in the 18th century

Section 2 Origins of modern neurology

10. The birth of localization theory

11. On the use of animal experimentation in the history of neurology

12. The anatomical foundations of clinical neurology

13. The contributions of neurophysiology to clinical neurology: an exercise in contemporary history

14. Landmarks of surgical neurology and the interplay of disciplines

15. Jean-Martin Charcot and the anatomo-clinical method of neurology

16. History of the development of the neurological examination

17. Cognitive assessment in neurology

18. The origins of functional brain imaging in humans

Section 3 Further developments of the discipline

19. Visual images and neurological illustration

20. Neurological illustration: from photography to cinematography

21. Special hospitals in neurology and neurosurgery

22. A history of child neurology and neurodisability

23. History of neuroendocrinology: “the spring of primitive existence”

24. The coming of molecular biology and its impact on clinical neurology

Section 4 Dysfunctions of the nervous system

25. Headache: an historical outline

26. A history of seizures and epilepsies: from the falling disease to dysrhythmias of the brain

27. A history of cerebrovascular disease

28. A history of bacterial meningitis

29. Historical aspects of the major neurological vitamin deficiency disorders: overview and

fat-soluble vitamin A

30. Historical aspects of the major neurological vitamin deficiency disorders: the water-soluble B vitamins

31. Muscular dystrophy

32. Sensory and perceptual disorders

33. The history of movement disorders

34. The history of sleep medicine

35. The frontal lobes

36. History of aphasia: from brain to language

37. Alexia and agraphia

Section 5 Regional landmarks

38. American neurology

39. An historical overview of British neurology

40. History of neurology in France

41. The history of neurology in Scandinavia

42. Neurology and the neurological sciences in the German-speaking countries

43. The development of neurology in the Low Countries

44. History of neurology in Italy

45. A history of Russian and Soviet neuro(patho)logy

46. Neurology and traditional Chinese medicine

47. History of clinical neurology in Japan

48. History of neurology in Australia and New Zealand

49. Clinical neurology in Latin America

50. History of tropical neurology

Section 6 Treatments and recovery

51. Recovery of function: redundancy and vicariation theories

52. The emergence of the age variable in 19th-century neurology: considerations of recovery

patterns in acquired childhood aphasia

53. Rehabilitation therapies

54. The discovery of neurotransmitters, and applications to neurology

55. Neural transplantation



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