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Real World Multicore Embedded Systems
 
 

Real World Multicore Embedded Systems, 1st Edition

 
Real World Multicore Embedded Systems, 1st Edition,Bryon Moyer,ISBN9780124160187
 
 
 

B Moyer   

Newnes

9780124160187

9780123914613

648

240 X 197

Become an expert by reading the experts – an encyclopedic resource that gives you all the methods, techniques and technologies to build and optimize embedded multicore systems

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Key Features

  • Examples demonstrating timeless implementation details
  • Proven and practical techniques reflecting the authors’ expertise built from years of experience and key advice on tackling critical issues

Description

This Expert Guide gives you the techniques and technologies in embedded multicore to optimally design and implement your embedded system. Written by experts with a solutions focus, this encyclopedic reference gives you an indispensable aid to tackling the day-to-day problems when building and managing multicore embedded systems.

Following an embedded system design path from start to finish, our team of experts takes you from architecture, through hardware implementation to software programming and debug.

With this book you will learn:

• What motivates multicore

• The architectural options and tradeoffs; when to use what

• How to deal with the unique hardware challenges that multicore presents

• How to manage the software infrastructure in a multicore environment

• How to write effective multicore programs

• How to port legacy code into a multicore system and partition legacy software

• How to optimize both the system and software

• The particular challenges of debugging multicore hardware and software

Readership

Software architects and programmers, embedded system architects, hardware designers and engineers

Bryon Moyer

Bryon Moyer is a technology writer and an editor/writer for EE Journal. He has over 25 years’ experience as an engineer and marketer in Silicon Valley, having worked for MMI, AMD, Cypress, Altera, Actel, Teja Technologies, and Vector Fabrics. He has focused on PLDs/FPGAs, EDA, embedded systems, multicore processing, networking protocols, and software analysis. He has a BSEE from UC Berkeley and an MSEE from Santa Clara University.

Affiliations and Expertise

Principal, Moyer Consulting, Santa Cruz, CA, USA.

Real World Multicore Embedded Systems, 1st Edition

About the Editor

About the Authors

Chapter 1. Introduction and Roadmap

Multicore is here

Scope

Who should read this book?

Organization and roadmap

A roadmap of this book

Chapter 2. The Promise and Challenges of Concurrency

Concurrency fundamentals

Two kinds of concurrency

Dependencies

Loops and dependencies

Shared resources

Summary

Chapter 3. Multicore Architectures

The need for multicore architectures

Multicore architecture drivers

Traditional sequential software paradigms break

Scope of multicore hardware architectures

Basic multicore hardware architecture overview

Specific multicore architecture characteristics

Processing architectures

ALU processing architectures

Lightweight processing architectures

Mediumweight processing architectures

Heavyweight processing architectures

Communication architectures

Memory architectures

Application specificity

Application-specific platform topologies

Integration of multicore systems, MPSoCs and sub-systems

Programming challenges

Application characteristics

MPSoC analysis, debug and verification

Shortcomings and solutions

MPSoC parallel programming

Parallel software and MPSoCs

Summary

References

Chapter 4. Memory Models for Embedded Multicore Architecture

Introduction

Memory types

Memory architecture

Memory structure of multicore architecture

Cache coherency

Transactional memory

Summary

References

Chapter 5. Design Considerations for Multicore SoC Interconnections

Introduction

Communication activity in multicore SoCs

Functional requirements and topologies of SoC traffic

Performance considerations

Interconnection networks: representation and terminology

Bus as an SoC interconnection

Fabric-oriented interconnects for larger SoCs

Building blocks of scalable interconnections

Evaluating and comparing interconnection topologies for future SoCs

A survey of interconnection networks suitable for future SoCs

Some practical considerations in designing interconnections

Summary

References

Further reading

Chapter 6. Operating Systems in Multicore Platforms

Introduction

Symmetric multiprocessing systems and scheduling

Assymetric multiprocessor systems

Virtualization

Controlling OS behavior

Debugging a multicore system

Summary

Reference

Chapter 7. System Virtualization in Multicore Systems

What is virtualization?

A brief retrospective

Applications of system virtualization

Hypervisor architectures

Leveraging hardware assists for virtualization

Hypervisor robustness

I/O Virtualization

Case study: power architecture virtualization and the freescale P4080

Example use cases for system virtualization

Conclusion

References

Chapter 8. Communication and Synchronization Libraries

Introduction

Library overview and basics

Explicit threading libraries

OpenMP

Threading Building Blocks

Boost Threads

MCAPI

Conclusion

References

Chapter 9. Programming Languages

Programming languages for multicore embedded systems

C

Assembly language

C++

Java

Python

Ada

Summary

References

Chapter 10. Tools

Introduction

Real-Time operating systems (RTOS)

Communication tools

Parallelizing serial software tools

Software development and debug tools

Benchmarking tools

Conclusion

Acknowledgments

Chapter 11. Partitioning Programs for Multicore Systems

Introduction

What level of parallelism?

The basic cost of partitioning

A high-level partitioning algorithm

The central role of dependencies

Critical sections

Synchronizing data

Implementing a partitioning strategy

Using tools to simplify partitioning

Summary

References

Chapter 12. Software Synchronization

Introduction

Why is synchronization required?

Problems with not synchronizing (or synchronizing badly)

Testing for proper synchronization

How is synchronization achieved?

Specific conditions requiring synchronization

Language support for implementation

Patterns

Side-effects of synchronization

Hardware and OS effects on synchronization

Problems when trying to implement synchronization

References

Chapter 13. Hardware Accelerators

Introduction

Architectural considerations

The interface: registers, drivers, APIs, and ISRs

Initialization

Operating system considerations

Coherency

Making the architectural decisions

Video example

Summary

Chapter 14. Multicore Synchronization Hardware

Chapter overview

Instruction set support for synchronization

Hardware support for synchronization

Hardware support for lock-free programming

Memory subsystem considerations

Conclusions

References

Chapter 15. Bare-Metal Systems

Introduction

Architectural arrangements

Software architecture

Building the executable image(s)

Example: IPv4 forwarding

Conclusion

Reference

Chapter 16. Multicore Debug

Introduction – why debug instrumentation

Background – silicon debug and capabilities

Trace methods for multicore debug analysis

Debug flows and subsystems

Commercial approaches

The future of multicore debug

References

Further reading

Index

Quotes and reviews

"Moyer, an engineer, consultant, editor, and writer, brings together engineers and technology specialists from the US for 16 chapters that outline the techniques and technologies to build and optimize embedded multicore systems for desktop-style general computing and high-performance computing." --Reference & Research Book News, October 2013

"If you're going to be working on any aspect of multicore embedded system design—be it systems architecture, SoC development, or software programming—a newly published book titled Real World Multicore Embedded Systems will be an excellent guide." --Cadence Industry Insights Blog, August 2013

 
 
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