Bacterial Biogeochemistry, 3rd Edition

The Ecophysiology of Mineral Cycling

 
Bacterial Biogeochemistry, 3rd Edition,Tom Fenchel,Henry Blackburn,Gary King,ISBN9780124158368
 
 
 

  &      &      

Academic Press

9780124158368

9780124159747

312

229 X 152

A current, accurate and lucid review of bacterial biogeochemistry, presenting the fundamentals of microbial processes in a way that allows for easy extrapolation to applied problems, including environmental concerns

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Key Features

  • Provides up-to-date coverage with an enlarged scope, a new historical perspective, and coverage in greater depth of topics of special interest
  • Covers interactions between microbial processes, atmospheric composition and the earth's greenhouse properties
  • Completely rewritten to incorporate all the advances and discoveries of the last 20 years such as applications in the exploration for ore deposits and oil and in remediation of environmental pollution

Description

Bacterial Biogeochemistry, Third Edition focuses on bacterial metabolism and its relevance to the environment, including the decomposition of soil, food chains, nitrogen fixation, assimilation and reduction of carbon nitrogen and sulfur, and microbial symbiosis. The scope of the new edition has broadened to provide a historical perspective, and covers in greater depth topics such as bioenergetic processes, characteristics of microbial communities, spatial heterogeneity, transport mechanisms, microbial biofilms, extreme environments and evolution of biogeochemical cycles.

Readership

Graduate students and researchers in microbiology, ecology and limnology, particularly soil and sediments, geochemists, those interested in plant nutrition, marine microbiology, micobial metabolism, and the global change research community.

Tom Fenchel

In 1986, Tom Fenchel was the recipient of the Ecology Institute Prize and the Huntsman Medal for Excellency in Oceanography. He is an honorary member of the Society for General Microbiology and is a Professor of Marine Biology and the Director of the Marine Biological Laboratory at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark. He has authored and co-authored several books and has published about 120 original and review papers on microbial ecology, marine biology and population biology. He holds a Ph.D and a Dr.Sc. from the University of Copenhagen and is a member of the Danish Royal Academy of Sciences and of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Copenhagen, Denmark

Henry Blackburn

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Aarhus, Denmark

Gary King

Gary M. King has received the Distinguished Service Award from the Natural Council of Maine, the President's Creative Achievement Award from the University of Maine, and the Graduate Research and Teaching Award from the College of Science at the University of Maine. He was a Fulbright research fellow in Denmark from 1988-1990 and was the Chief Scientist/Aquanaut Team Leader for the "Aquarius" missions 88-2 and 89-2 and Hydolab 84-5. He received his Ph.D with honors from the University of Georgia, is a professor of Microbiology and Oceanography at the University of Maine, and has published more than 80 papers in refereed scientific journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Maine, Walpole, U.S.A.

Bacterial Biogeochemistry, 3rd Edition

Preface.
Introduction.
General Considerations:
Bacterial Metabolism.
Bioenergetics of Microbial Metabolism.
Transport Mechanisms and Structure of Microbial Communities.
Mineral Cycles:
Hydrolysis of Organic Polymers.
Comparison of Element Cycles.
The Water Column:
Prokaryotic Primary Producers.
Water Column Bacteria and Mineralisation.
Biogeochemical Cycling in Soils:
Soil Water as a Master Variable.
Responses to Plant Organic Matter.
Responses of Soil Biogeochemistry to Disturbance and Change.
Aquatic Sediments:
Comparison of Freshwater and Marine Sediments.
The Carbon Cycle.
The Nitrogen Cycle.
The Phosphorus Cycle.
Manganese and Iron.
Microbial Mats and Stratified Water Columns:
Mats Based on Colourless Sulfur Bacteria.
Cyanobacterial Mats.
Other Types of Mats.
Stratified Water Columns.
Symbiotic Systems:
The Role of Symbiosis in the Biosphere.
Symbiotic Polymer Degradation.
Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation.
Autotrophic Bacteria as Symbionts.
Biogeochemistry and Extreme Environments.
Microbial Biogeochemical Cycling and the Atmosphere:

The Atmosphere as an Elemental Reservoir.
Atmospheric Structure and Evolution.
Synopsis of Trace Gas Biogeochemistry and Linkages to Climate Change.
Trace Gas Dynamics and Climate Change:
An Analysis of Methane Production and Consumption.
Summary and Conclusion.
Origins and Evolution of Biogeochemical Cycles:
Biogeochemical Cycles and Thermodynamics.
Pre-Biotic Earth and Mineral Cycles.
Theoretical Perspectives on the Origin of Life.
Evolution of Biogeochemical Cycles.
Appendix:
Thermodynamics and Calculation of Energy Yields of Metabolic Processes.

Quotes and reviews

@qu:"The authors of this book have succeeded with such a synthesis by creating a current, accurate and lucid review of bacterial biogeochemistry. The 10 chapters of this book describe, in logical order, the myriad of biogeochemical reactions in soils, aqueous systems and the atmosphere that are mediated by prokaryotic organisms. Throughout each chapter the fundamentals of microbial processes are presented in a way that allows for easy extrapolation to applied problems, including environmental concerns. This book would serve as a valuable resource for all those, students to professionals, who require an accurate, current, yet broadly based review of this rapidly evolving discipline."
@source:--SGM QUARTERLY
 
 
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