Advances in Agronomy, 1st Edition

Advances in Agronomy, 1st Edition,Donald Sparks,ISBN9780124076853

D Sparks   

Academic Press




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A leading reference and a first-rate source for the latest research in agronomy--explore a variety of subjects with each new volume!

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Key Features

  • Maintains the highest impact factor among serial publications in agriculture
  • Presents timely reviews on important agronomy issues
  • Enjoys a long-standing reputation for excellence in the field


Advances in Agronomy continues to be recognized as a leading reference and a first-rate source for the latest research in agronomy. As always, the subjects covered are varied and exemplary of the myriad of subject matter dealt with by this long-running serial.


Professionals, researchers, students, and government involved in agronomy, crop & soil sciences, plant science, and environmental sciences

Donald Sparks

Donald L. Sparks is the S. Hallock du Pont Chair in Soil and Environmental Chemistry, Francis Alison Professor and Director of the Delaware Environmental Institute at the University of Delaware. He is internationally recognized for his landmark research on the kinetics and mechanisms of metal/oxyanion/nutrient reactions at biogeochemical interfaces. His pioneering studies on kinetic processes in soils and minerals include the development of widely used and novel kinetic methods, elucidation of rate-limiting steps and mechanisms over a range of spatial and temporal scales, and coupling of real-time kinetic studies with in-situ molecular scale investigations. His discoveries on the speciation, formation rates and stability mechanisms of metal hydroxide surface precipitates, and their role in the retention and bioavailability of toxic metals in the terrestrial environment, have received worldwide attention. This research has led to more effective soil remediation strategies and predictive models. He is the author or coauthor of 286 publications. These include: 11 edited books, 53 book chapters, and 219 refereed papers. He is the author of two widely adopted textbooks, Kinetics of Soil Chemical Processes and Environmental Soil Chemistry (two editions) published by Academic Press. Dr. Sparks is an ISI Highly Cited Researcher; his research has been cited more than 8380 times and his h-index is 53 (Web of Science). Dr. Sparks has served as editor of Advances in Agronomy since 1991, having edited 77 volumes. He has given over 200 invited presentations at scientific conferences throughout the world, and been a lecturer at 98 universities and institutes in North America, Europe, Asia, and Australia. He has received numerous honors and awards including Fellow of five scientific societies, national and international research awards, distinguished fellowships and lectureships, and teaching and mentoring awards. He has advised 90 graduate students and postdoctoral researchers and been the recipient of more than $50 million in research funding. He served as President of both the Soil Science Society of America and the International Union of Soil Sciences.

Affiliations and Expertise

S.Hallock du Pont Chair in Soil and Environmental Chemistry and Director, Delaware Environmental Institute, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA

View additional works by Donald L. Sparks

Advances in Agronomy, 1st Edition

Series Page




Chapter One. Advances in the Analysis of Biogeochemical Interfaces: NanoSIMS to Investigate Soil Microenvironments

1 Introduction

2 Experimental Approaches for the Study of Soil Microenvironments Using NanoSIMS

3 NanoSIMS Requirements for Soil-Related Studies

4 Combination with Other Microscale Techniques

5 Conclusion



Chapter Two. Conservation Practices for Climate Change Adaptation

1 Aggregate Impacts

2 Potential Effects of Climate Change on Soil Resources

3 Climate Change and Soil Erosion

4 Thresholds of Soil Erosion

5 Rates of Soil Erosion

6 Soil Quality, Carbon, and Productivity

7 Soil Resources and Conservation Practices: Mitigation and Adaptation

8 Can the Effects of Climate Change Be Ameliorated Using Practices?

9 Summary


Chapter Three. Characterization of Organic Matter Composition of Soil and Flow Path Surfaces Based on Physicochemical Principles—A Review

1 Introduction

2 SOM Quantification as SOC

3 SOM Separation Methods

4 Methods for Determination of OM Composition

5 Applying FTIR Spectroscopy in Organic Chemistry and in Soil Science

6 Relations Between SOM Composition and Soil Properties

7 From the Lab to the Field

8 Summary and Conclusions



Chapter Four. The Chemistry and Biochemistry of Organic Components in the Soil Solutions of Wheat Rhizospheres

1 Introduction

2 Materials and Methods

3 Thermal Analysis of the Soil Solutions by Py-FIMS

4 Mass Spectrometric Analysis of the Four Soil Solutions at the Four Stages of Wheat Growth

5 Summary of Component Classes and their IIs

6 The Role of Root Exudates in Soil Solutions

7 Similarities in Chemical Composition of Soil Solutions and Soil HSs

8 Proposed Mechanisms of HS Synthesis

9 Significance of the Organic Components Residing in Soil Solutions for Agri-Ecosystems

10 Conclusions



Chapter Five. Sustainable Management of Soils of Dryland Ecosystems of India for Enhancing Agronomic Productivity and Sequestering Carbon

1 Introduction

2 Features of Dryland Ecosystems

3 Soils of Drylands

4 Productivity of Dryland Crops

5 Productivity Constraints in Rainfed Ecosystem

6 Strategies of Soil Quality Management

7 Nutrient Management

8 Carbon Stock of Dryland Soils and its Management

9 Biomass Input into Soils and Competing Uses of Crop Residues (CRs)

10 Improved Cropping Systems

11 Carbon Sequestration and Climate Change

12 Policy Interventions

13 Conclusions

14 Future Research Needs


Chapter Six. The Influence of Volcanic Tephra (Ash) on Ecosystems

1 Volcanism: The Fire That Cools the Earth

2 Volcanic Eruptions, Materials, and Dispersal Characteristics

3 Impact of Volcanic Eruptions

4 Secondary Impacts: Erosion

5 Volcanic Ash and Soil Development

6 Influence on Agriculture and Other Effects

7 Conclusions



Chapter Seven. Advances in Elucidating Beneficial Interactions Between Plants, Soil, and Bacteria

1 Introduction

2 Microbial Habitats in Relation to Plant–Soil–Microbe Interactions

3 Ecology of Plant-Associated Bacterial Communities

4 Beneficial Plant–Microbe Interactions

5 Application Potential in Agriculture and Concluding Remarks



Chapter Eight. The Buffer Power Concept and Its Relevance in African and Asian Soils

1 Introduction

2 Efficient Plant Nutrient Management—The Key Factor in Sustainable Soil Management

3 The Buffer Power and Effect on Nutrient Availability

4 Quantifying the Buffer Power of Soils and Testing Its Effect on Nutrient Availability

Case Studies from Asian Soils

5 The Role of EUF in Measuring P and K Intensity for the Construction of Buffer Power Curves

6 Quantifying the Buffer Power for Precise Availability Prediction—Heavy Metals

Case Studies with Asian Soils

Case Studies with African Soils

7 Influence of Heavy Metal Contamination on Buffering of Major Elements

8 Possible Buffering Effect on Plant Acquisition of Heavy Metals

9 Concluding Comments and Future Imperatives




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