Agricultural Sustainability, 1st Edition

Progress and Prospects in Crop Research

 
Agricultural Sustainability, 1st Edition,Gurbir Bhullar,Navreet Bhullar,ISBN9780124045606
 
 
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Bhullar   &   Bhullar   

Academic Press

9780124045606

9780124046085

312

229 X 152

Agricultural Sustainability: Progress and Prospects in Crop Research, covers different aspects of sustainability in a holistic manner and presents a wide range of subject areas by agricultural experts from across the world. The book offers different points of view including important topics in agrobiodiversity, biotechnology, marginal crops, industrial approaches, resource conservation, nutritional enhancement of crops and crop products, and explores economic and political issues.

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Key Features

  • Provides cutting edge scientific tools and available technologies for research
  • Addresses the effects of climate change and the population explosion on food supply and offers solutions to combat them
  • Written by a range of experts covering a broad range of agriculture-related disciplines

Description

Collaboratively written by top international experts and established scientists in various fields of agricultural research, this book focuses on the state of food production and sustainability; the problems with degradation of valuable sources of land, water, and air and their effects on food crops; the increasing demand of food resources; and the challenges of food security worldwide. The book provides cutting edge scientific tools and methods of research as well as solid background information that is accessible for those who have a strong interest in agricultural research and development and want to learn more on the challenges facing the global agricultural production systems.

Readership

Scientists and Researchers in industry and academia working in the field of agricultural research; Graduate and postgraduate students doing research projects; Policy makers, Administrators, Funding bodies, and Research bodies.

Gurbir Bhullar

Affiliations and Expertise

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich, Switzerland

Navreet Bhullar

Affiliations and Expertise

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich, Switzerland

Agricultural Sustainability, 1st Edition

Contributors

Foreword

Preface

Section I: Agricultural Biodiversity, Organic Farming, and New Crops

Chapter 1. Functional Agrobiodiversity: The Key to Sustainability?

1. Introduction

2. Agricultural Sustainability at the Onset of the Third Millennium

3. Agrobiodiversity: A Conceptual Framework

4. From Agrobiodiversity to Functional Agrobiodiversity

5. Functional Agrobiodiversity in Practice

6. Functional Agrobiodiversity: Opportunities and Bottlenecks

7. Conclusions

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 2. Organic Agriculture—Driving Innovations in Crop Research

1. Introduction

2. Soil Fertility and Organic Farming in the Tropics—Challenges and the Way Forward

3. Plant Breeding Strategies for Organic and Low External Input Farming

4. Functional Biodiversity and Pest Management in Organic Farming

5. Agricultural Innovation—The Need for Transdisciplinary Research and Development

6. Outlook

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 3. Guar: An Industrial Crop from Marginal Farms

1. Introduction

2. Origin, Genetics, and Breeding

3. Water and Salt Stress

4. Seed Composition

5. Galactomannan Properties, Biosynthesis, and Degradation

6. Preparation and Applications of Guar Gum

7. Biotechnology for Guar Gum Modification

8. Summary and Future Prospects

References

Section II: Effective Management of Resources (Nutrients and Water) and Crop Modelling

Chapter 4. Nitrogen Use as a Component of Sustainable Crop Systems

1. Introduction

2. Principles of Crop Sustainability in Rainfed Farming

3. Improving Nue and On-Site N Management

4. Targeting Crop Sustainability

Acknowledgement

References

Chapter 5. Potential of Management Practices and Amendments for Preventing Nutrient Deficiencies in Field Crops under Organic Cropping Systems

1. Introduction

2. Management Practices

3. Agricultural Organic Amendments

4. Industrial Organic Products/Byproducts

5. Mineral Amendments

6. Summary of Research Findings, Gaps, and Future Needs

7. Conclusions

References

Chapter 6. Effective Management of Scarce Water Resources in North-West India

1. Introduction

2. The Development of Water Scarcity for Irrigation

3. Reasons for Ground Water Depletion in Nw India

4. “Real” Water Savings

5. Improving Management of Water Resources

6. Conclusions

References

Chapter 7. Modeling for Agricultural Sustainability: A Review

1. Introduction

2. Major Simulation Models

3. Outlook

References

Section III: Molecular, Biotechnological, and Industrial Approaches for Enhancement of Crop Production and Quality

Chapter 8. Biotechnological Approaches for Increasing Productivity and Sustainability of Rice Production

1. Advances in Rice Biotechnology

2. Approaches for Increasing Yield Potential of Rice

3. Mapping Genes/QTLs and Marker-Assisted Breeding in Rice

4. Broadening the Gene Pool of Rice Through Wide Hybridization

5. Role of Anther Culture in Rice Breeding

6. Genetic Engineering Approaches for Sustainable Rice Production and Enhanced Nutritional Qualities

7. Advances in Functional Genomics Support Rice Breeding

References

Chapter 9. Biofortification of Staple Crops

1. Introduction

2. Biofortification: A New Tool to Reduce Micronutrient Malnutrition

3. Micronutrient Concentration and Grain Yield

4. Conclusion

References

Chapter 10. Nutrient-focused Processing of Rice

1. Introduction

2. Nutrient Composition of Rice Fractions

3. Health Problems in Rice Core Regions

4. Rice Processing

5. Potential usages of Edible Co-products

6. Future Scenarios of Nutrient-Focused Rice Processing

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 11. Virus Resistance Breeding in Cool Season Food Legumes: Integrating Traditional and Molecular Approaches

1. Cool Season Food Legumes

2. Methods of Detecting Plant Virus Diseases

3. Source of Resistance to Viruses in CSFLs

4. Molecular Tools for Accelerating Virus Resistance Breeding

Acknowledgements

References

Section IV: Expert Advice on Policy and Developmental Aspects

Chapter 12. Talking Agricultural Sustainability Issues—an Interview with Dr. Gurdev Khush

Chapter 13. Economics and Politics of Farm Subsidies in India

1. Consumer Subsidies

2. Agricultural Subsidies

3. Policy Prescriptions

Chapter 14. Public-Private Partnership and Policy Reforms for Effective Agricultural Research, Development, and Training: A Viewpoint

1. The Issue

2. Strengths and Weaknesses of Public, Private, and Ngo Sectors

3. International Collaboration

4. Mechanism(S) for Establishing Public, Private, and NGO Partnership

5. Policy Support

Chapter 15. Contract-Farming for Production and Procurement of Mint—Lessons from Personal Experience

1. Introduction

2. Effective Communication—Foundation for a Good Start

3. Start on a Low Scale and Build Confidence in the Community Before Expanding

4. Cluster Approach for Expansion

5. Overcoming our Own Inhibitions for Expansion

6. Expansion was Required to Conquer Opposition from Within the Company

7. Balancing Company’s and Farmers’ Interests

8. Research and Development Support for Quick Expansion

9. Farmers First

10. Meeting Quality Goals

11. Advisory and Extension Services

12. Synergy with Other Organizations

13. Concluding Remarks

Acknowledgements

References

Index

Quotes and reviews

"There is something here for everyone with a serious interest in agricultural sustainability; each of the 15 chapters delves deeply into its specific topic, but the next begins anew in a tangential fashion. The book is unusual in its coverage of such diverse topics and deserves to be recognized for it…Some chapters were written to inspire readers, and the authors were definitely successful in accomplishing their goal. Summing Up: Highly recommended."--CHOICE Reviews Online, January 2014
"The book is highly topical given current concerns regarding food security, water security and climate change. The book provides the opportunity to develop a clear understanding of how agriculture needs to meet global food, fibre and energy demands whilst ensuring the maintenance of ecosystems and protection of biodiversity…[it] is a well-written, detailed, concise and informative book that I would recommend to students and colleagues."--Soil Use and Management, October 11, 2013
"Among specific topics are whether agrobiodiversity is the key to sustainability, the effective management of scarce water resources in northwestern India, biofortifying staple crops, integrating traditional and molecular approaches in breeding virus resistance into cool season food legumes, and lessons from personal experience regarding contract farming for producing and procuring mint."--Reference and Research Book News, August 2013

 
 
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