This book integrates theory, research & practice and provides a comprehensive appreciation of problem solving therapy.It contains empirical evidence and applied focus for problem solving therapy which provides a scientific base and best practices.The book also highlights the problem solving difficulties of persons with specific disorders and provides a better understanding of the relevance of problem solving therapy to a broad range of emotional problems.
Evidence based or empirically supported psychotherapies are becoming more and more important in the mental health fields as the users and financers of psychotherapies want to choose those methods whose effectiveness are empirically shown. Cognitive-behavioral psychotherapies are shown to have empirical support in the treatment of a wide range of psychological/psychiatric problems. As a cognitive-behavioral mode of action, Problem Solving Therapy has been shown to be an effective psychotherapy approach in the treatment and/or rehabilitation of persons with depression, anxiety, suicide, schizophrenia, personality disorders, marital problems, cancer, diabetes-mellitus etc.
Mental health problems cause personal suffering and constitue a burden to the national health systems. Scientific evidence show that effective problem solving skills are an important source of resiliency and individuals with psychological problems exhibit a deficiency in effective problem solving skills. Problem solving therapy approach to the treatment and/or rehabilitation of emotional problems assumes that teaching effective problem solving skills in a therapeutic relationship increases resiliency and alleviates psychological problems.The book, in the first chapters, gives information on problem solving and the role of problem-solving in the etiology and the treatment of different forms of mental health problems. In the later chapters, it concentrates on psychotherapy, assessment and procedures of problem solving therapy. At the end it provides a case study.
Potential audience of the book consists of professionals, academicians, graduate students/residents from a number of professions. They are psychologists, psychiatrists, family physicians, mental health/psychiatric nurses, social workers and counselors. The book is intended to be a primary text.
Problem Solving Therapy in the Clinical Practice, 1st Edition
1. Definition and Concepts
What Is PST?
What Is a Problem?
What Is a Solution?
What Is Problem Solving?
The Difference Between Finding a Solution and Applying It
2. Resilience, Coping, and Problem Solving
3. Components of Problem Solving
Cognitive Components of Problem Solving
Metacognitive Components of Problem Solving
Motivational Components of Problem Solving
4. Theoretical Approaches to Problem Solving
Theoretical Approaches to Problem Solving
Social Problem-Solving Process Model
Problem-Solving Treatment Model Used in Primary Care
Information-Processing Model of Problem Solving
5. Problem-Solving and Psychological Problems
Problem Solving and Depression
Problem Solving and Suicide
Problem Solving and Anxiety Disorders
Problem Solving and Schizophrenia
Problem Solving and Personality Disorders
Problem Solving and Aggression
Problem Solving and Psychological Problems Secondary to Medical Conditions
6. Efficacy of Problem-Solving Therapy in Treating Mental Health Problems
Efficacy of PST for Depression
Efficacy of PST for Suicide
Efficacy of PST for Anxiety Disorders
Efficacy of PST for Schizophrenia
Efficacy of PST for Personality Disorders
Efficacy of PST for Aggression
Efficacy of PST for Psychological Problems Secondary to Medical Conditions
7. The Practice of Problem-Solving Therapy and the Applied Patient Groups
The Way PST Is Practiced
Patient Groups Receiving PST
8. Psychotherapy: Principles, Skills, Characteristics, Difficulties, and Change Processes
Basic Principles and Skills in Psychotherapy
Characteristics of an Effective Psychotherapist
Difficulties Faced by Beginning Therapists
Processes of Change in Psychotherapy
9. Assessment in Problem-Solving Therapy
Assessment with Clinical Interview
Assessment with Self-Report Instruments
10. Processes and Sessions of Problem-Solving Therapy
Structuring the PST Session
Sessions of PST
Conclusion and Suggestions
11. An Example of a PST Application
Case History and Formulation
Session I: Assessment and Providing Rationale
Session II: Problem-Orientation Training
Session III: Defining Problems
Session IV: Goal Setting
Session V: Generating Solution Alternatives
Session VI: Choosing the Appropriate Solution Alternative
Session VII: Solution Implementation
Session VIII: Solution Implementation
Session IX: Assessing the Implementation