Subsea Engineering Handbook

Subsea Engineering Handbook, 1st Edition

Subsea Engineering Handbook, 1st Edition,Yong Bai,Qiang Bai,ISBN9780123978042
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Bai   &   Bai   

Gulf Professional Publishing




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A crucial information source for the selection and planning to design, construct, and install subsea structures

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Key Features

  • Up-to-date technical overview of deepwater riser engineering
  • Easy to understand Coverage of design, analysis and, stallation
  • Addresses issues concerning both fixed and floating platforms
  • Covers techincal equipment such as Subsea Control Systems, Pressure Piping, Connectors and Equipment
  • Layout as well as Remotely-operated vehicles


Designing and building structures that will withstand the unique challenges that exist in Subsea operations is no easy task. As deepwater wells are drilled to greater depths, engineers are confronted with a new set problems such as water depth, weather conditions, ocean currents, equipment reliability, and well accessibility, to name just a few. A definitive reference for engineers designing, analyzing and instilling offshore structures, Subsea Structural Engineering Handbook provides an expert guide to the key processes, technologies and equipment that comprise contemporary offshore structures.

Written in a clear and easy to understand language, the book is based on the authors 30 years of experience in the design, analysis and instillation of offshore structures. This book answers the above mentioned crucial questions as well as covers the entire spectrum of subjects in the discipline, from route selection and planning to design, construction, installation, materials and corrosion, inspection, welding, repair, risk assessment, and applicable design solutions. It yields a roadmap not only for the subsea engineer but also the project managers, estimators and regulatory personnel hoping to gain an appreciation of the overall issues and directed approaches to subsea engineering design solutions.


Petroleum engineers, Structurial Engineers, Production Engineers and Goetechnical Engineers

Yong Bai

Dr. Yong Bai obtained a Ph.D. in Offshore Structures at Hiroshima University, Japan in 1989. He is currently President of Offshore Pipelines and Risers (OPR Inc., a design/consulting firm in the field of subsea pipelines, risers and floating systems. In the 1990's, he had been a technical leader for several Asgard Transport pipeline and flowline projects at JP Kenny as Manager of the advanced engineering department. Yong was previously a lead riser engineer at Shell and assisted in offshore rules development at the American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) as Manager of the offshore technology department. While a professor, he wrote several books and served as a course leader on the design of subsea pipelines and irsers as well as design of floating systems. He also serves at Zhejiang University in China as professor.

Affiliations and Expertise

President, Offshore Pipelines & Risers (OPR) Inc.

View additional works by Yong Bai

Qiang Bai

Dr. Qiang Bai obtained a doctorate for Mechanical Engineering at Kyushu University, Japan in 1995. He has more than 20 years of experience in subsea/offshore engineering including research and engineering execution. He has worked at Kyushu University in Japan, UCLA, OPE, JP Kenny, and Technip. His experience includes various aspects of flow assurance and the design and installation of subsea structures, pipelines and riser systems.

Affiliations and Expertise

Offshore Pipelines & Risers (OPR) Inc.

View additional works by Qiang Bai

Subsea Engineering Handbook, 1st Edition


About the Authors

List of abbreviations

Part One. Subsea Production Systems

Chapter 1. Overview of Subsea Engineering

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Subsea Production Systems

1.3 Flow Assurance and System Engineering

1.4 Subsea Structures and Equipment

1.5 Subsea Pipelines


Chapter 2. Subsea Field Development

2.1 Subsea Field Development Overview

2.2 Deepwater or Shallow-Water Development

2.3 Wet Tree and Dry Tree Systems

2.4 Subsea Tie-Back Development

2.5 Stand-Alone Development

2.6 Artificial Lift Methods and Constraints

2.7 Subsea Processing

2.8 Template, Clustered Well System, and Daisy Chain

2.9 Subsea Field Development Assessment


Chapter 3. Subsea Distribution System

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Design Parameters

3.3 SDS Component Design Requirements


Chapter 4. Subsea Surveying, Positioning, and Foundation

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Subsea Survey

4.3 Subsea Metrology and Positioning

4.4 Subsea Soil Investigation

4.5 Subsea Foundation


Chapter 5. Installation and Vessels

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Typical Installation Vessels

5.3 Vessel Requirements and Selection

5.4 Installation Positioning

5.5 Installation Analysis


Chapter 6. Subsea Cost Estimation

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Subsea Capital Expenditures (CAPEX)

6.3 Cost Estimation Methodologies

6.4 Subsea Equipment Costs

6.5 Testing and Installation Costs

6.6 Project Management and Engineering Costs

6.7 Subsea Operation Expenditures (OPEX)

6.8 Life Cycle Cost of Subsea System

6.9 Case Study: Subsea System CAPEX Estimation


Chapter 7. Subsea Control

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Types of Control Systems

7.3 Topside Equipment

7.4 Subsea Control Module Mounting Base (SCMMB)

7.5 Subsea Control Module (SCM)

7.6 Subsea Transducers/Sensors

7.7 High-Integrity Pressure Protection System (HIPPS)

7.8 Subsea Production Control System (SPCS)

7.9 Installation and Workover Control System (IWOCS)


Chapter 8. Subsea Power Supply

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Electrical Power System

8.3 Hydraulic Power System


Chapter 9. Project Execution and Interfaces

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Project Execution

9.3 Interfaces


Chapter 10. Subsea Risk and Reliability

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Risk Assessment

10.3 Environmental Impact Assessment

10.4 Project Risk Management

10.5 Reliability

10.6 Fault Tree Analysis (FTA)

10.7 Qualification to Reduce Subsea Failures


Chapter 11. Subsea Equipment RBI

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Objective

11.3 Subsea Equipment RBI Methodology

11.4 Pipeline RBI

11.5 Subsea Tree RBI

11.6 Subsea Manifold RBI

11.7 RBI Output and Benefits


Part Two. Flow Assurance and System Engineering

Chapter 12. Subsea System Engineering

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Typical Flow Assurance Process

12.3 System Design and Operability


Chapter 13. Hydraulics

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Composition and Properties of Hydrocarbons

13.3 Emulsion

13.4 Phase Behavior

13.5 Hydrocarbon Flow

13.6 Slugging and Liquid Handling

13.7 Slug Catcher Design

13.8 Pressure Surge

13.9 Line Sizing


Chapter 14. Heat Transfer and Thermal Insulation

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Heat Transfer Fundamentals

14.3 U-Value

14.4 Steady-State Heat Transfer

14.5 Transient Heat Transfer

14.6 Thermal Management Strategy and Insulation


Appendix: U-Value and Cooldown Time Calculation Sheet

Chapter 15. Hydrates

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Physics and Phase Behavior

15.3 Hydrate Prevention

15.4 Hydrate Remediation

15.5 Hydrate Control Design Philosophies

15.6 Recovery of Thermodynamic Hydrate Inhibitors


Chapter 16. Wax and Asphaltenes

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Wax

16.3 Wax Management

16.4 Wax Remediation

16.5 Asphaltenes

16.6 Asphaltene Control Design Philosophies


Chapter 17. Subsea Corrosion and Scale

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Pipeline Internal Corrosion

17.3 Pipeline External Corrosion

17.4 Scales


Chapter 18. Erosion and Sand Management

18.1 Introduction

18.2 Erosion Mechanisms

18.3 Prediction of Sand Erosion Rate

18.4 Threshold Velocity

18.5 Erosion Management

18.6 Sand Management

18.7 Calculating the Penetration Rate: Example


Part Three. Subsea Structures and Equipment

Chapter 19. Subsea Manifolds

19.1 Introduction

19.2 Manifold Components

19.3 Manifold Design and Analysis

19.4 Pile and Foundation Design

19.5 Installation of Subsea Manifold


Chapter 20. Pipeline Ends and In-Line Structures

20.1 Introduction

20.2 PLEM Design and Analysis

20.3 Design Methodology

20.4 Foundation (Mudmat) Sizing and Design

20.5 PLEM Installation Analysis


Chapter 21. Subsea Connections and Jumpers

21.1 Introduction

21.2 Jumper Components and Functions

21.3 Subsea Connections

21.4 Design and Analysis of Rigid Jumpers

21.5 Design and Analysis of a Flexible Jumper


Chapter 22. Subsea Wellheads and Trees

22.1 Introduction

22.2 Subsea Completions Overview

22.3 Subsea Wellhead System

22.4 Subsea Xmas Trees


Chapter 23. ROV Intervention and Interface

23.1 Introduction

23.2 ROV Intervention

23.3 ROV System

23.4 ROV Interface Requirements

23.5 Remote-Operated Tool (ROT)


Part Four. Subsea Umbilical, Risers & Flowlines

Chapter 24. Subsea Umbilical Systems

24.1 Introduction

24.2 Umbilical Components

24.3 Umbilical Design

24.4 Ancillary Equipment

24.5 System Integration Test

24.6 Installation

24.7 Technological Challenges and Analysis

24.8 Umbilical Industry Experience and Trends


Chapter 25. Drilling Risers

25.1 Introduction

25.2 Floating Drilling Equipment

25.3 Key Components of Subsea Production Systems

25.4 Riser Design Criteria

25.5 Drilling Riser Analysis Model

25.6 Drilling Riser Analysis Methodology


Chapter 26. Subsea Production Risers

26.1 Introduction

26.2 Steel Catenary Riser Systems

26.3 Top Tensioned Riser Systems

26.4 Flexible Risers

26.5 Hybrid Risers


Chapter 27. Subsea Pipelines

27.1 Introduction

27.2 Design Stages and Process

27.3 Subsea Pipeline FEED Design

27.4 Subsea Pipeline Detailed Design

27.5 Pipeline Design Analysis

27.6 Challenges of HP/HT Pipelines in Deep Water



Quotes and reviews

"Combined, the two authors have had long careers with major international firms and with academic institutions in the US, Japan, and Norway. They have prepared this book for aspiring subsea engineers, a discipline described in the preface as involving the "design, analysis, construction, installation and integrity management of subsea wellheads, trees, manifolds, jumpers PLETS and PLEMs...." Coverage is logically organized, beginning with subsea production systems (field development, distribution, surveying, positioning, and foundation, cost estimation, power supply, and risk & reliability, among other topics). Subsequent coverage includes flow assurance and system engineering; structures and equipment; and umbilical, risers & flowlines. With the Gulf oil spill, the world saw the consequences of poor engineering and management; this text is important for the thorough education of future practitioners." --Book News, Reference and Research

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