Underground Infrastructures

Underground Infrastructures, 1st Edition

Planning, Design, and Construction

Underground Infrastructures, 1st Edition,R Goel,ISBN9780123971685






229 X 152

Based on 75 years of field experience for designing and planning underground infrastructures

Simple practical rules for designing and planning, underground infrastructures


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Key Features

Risk management method for underground infrastructures

Vital tips for the underground storage of food, water, crude oil, natural gas and munitions

Provides design tips for Underground Parking Facilities

Instruction for the designing planning and construction for underground Metros and road tunnels

Planning and design of underground nuclear waste repositories


Clearly explains the benefits and drawbacks of underground facilities

Quick guide to the various modern mechanical underground parking options

Explanation of construction planning and Risk management

Places expert advice for planning and constructing projects at the finger tips


Underground facilities, such as tunnels, sewer, water and gas networks form the backbone of the economic life of the modern city. In densely populated areas where the demands for transportation and services are rapidly increasing and the construction of new roads and railways are prohibited, the construction of a tunnel might be the only alternative. Brief and readable, this reference is based on a combined 75 years of field experience and places emphasis is on simple practical rules for designing and planning, underground infrastructures. The books’ begins with a clear and rigorous exposition of the classification of underground space, important considerations such as geological and engineering and underground planning. This is followed by self-contained chapters concerning applications for underground water storage, underground car parks, underground metros & road tunnels and underground storage of crude oil, lpg and natural gas. The book has 15 chapters covering various usage of underground space. There are about 135 figures and tables. The book contains about 20 case histories/examples.

One of the first book to address all of the major areas in which this technology is used, this book deals with major topics such as: hydroelectric projects with modern planning of complex underground structures; underground storages of food items, crude oil and explosives and highly cautious underground nuclear waste repositories. Rail and road tunnels and TBM are described briefly. Risk management in underground infrastructures is of vital importance. Civil Engineers, Mining Engineers, and Geotechnical Engineers will find this book a valuable guide to designing and planning underground infrastructures both in terms of its applications.


Construction Engineers, Construction Managers, Structural Engineers, Geotechnical Engineers, and Earthquake Engineers

R Goel

Affiliations and Expertise

Central Mining Research Institute, India

View additional works by R K Goel

Underground Infrastructures, 1st Edition



Chapter 1. Introduction

1.1 Underground Space and Its Requirement

1.2 History of Underground Space Use

1.3 Underground Space for Sustainable Development

1.4 What Should Be Done?

1.5 Future of Underground Space Facilities

1.6 Scope of the Book


Chapter 2. Classification of Underground Space

2.1 General

2.2 Major Classification Grouping

2.3 Benefits and Drawbacks of Underground Facilities


Chapter 3. Important Considerations

3.1 Geological Considerations

3.2 Engineering Considerations

3.3 Psychological and Physiological Considerations

3.4 Choosing to go Underground—General Advantages

3.5 Drawbacks of Underground Space Use

3.6 Safety Considerations

3.7 Ventilation

3.8 Legal and Administrative Considerations

3.9 Economic Considerations


Chapter 4. Underground Space Planning

4.1 Forms of Underground Space Available and Uses

4.2 Level-Wise Planning of Underground Space Use

4.3 Future Forms of Underground Space Use

4.4 Technology for Underground Development

4.5 Conceptual Designs

4.6 Cost Considerations

4.7 Planning of Underground Space


Chapter 5. Underground Storage of Food Items

Section 1

Section 2


Chapter 6. Underground Storage of Water

6.1 General

6.2 Water Storage by Recharge Methods

6.3 Underground Rock Cavern Tank Storage

6.4 Case Histories


Chapter 7. Underground Parking

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Types of Parking Facilities

7.3 Various Modern Mechanical Underground Parking Options

7.4 Evaluation Criteria of a Site for Underground Parking

7.5 Design of Underground Parking Facilities

7.6 Parking Guidance System

7.7 Parking Lot Security

7.8 Ventilation in Underground Car Parks

7.9 Economics of Underground Parking Facilities

7.10 Case Histories


Chapter 8. Underground Metro and Road Tunnels

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM)

8.3 Precast Lining

8.4 Building Condition Survey and Vibration Limit

8.5 Impact on Structures

8.6 Subsidence

8.7 Half-Tunnels for Roads

8.8 Road Tunnels

8.9 Subsea Tunnels

8.10 Case Histories


Chapter 9. Underground Storage of Crude Oil, Liquefied Petroleum Gas, and Natural Gas

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Investigations and Design

9.3 Underground Storage Technology

9.4 Storage of Natural Gas

9.5 Tunnel-Shaped Storage Facility

9.6 Multitank Storage (Polytank) Concept

9.7 General Advantages and Disadvantages of Underground Storages

9.8 Inground Tanks

9.9 Cost Aspects

9.10 Effect of Earthquake

9.11 Carbon Dioxide Sequestration


Chapter 10. Civic Facilities Underground

10.1 General

10.2 Sewage and Waste Water Treatment Plant

10.3 Sports Center

10.4 Underground Pedestrian Path

10.5 Shopping Mall

10.6 Underground Recreational Facilities


Chapter 11. Underground Structures for Hydroelectric Projects

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Recent Developments in Planning of Hydroelectric Projects

11.3 Types of Underground Structures

11.4 Principles of Planning

11.5 Fundamental Requirements

11.6 Planning a Cavern

11.7 Design of a Cavern

11.8 Advantages and Disadvantages

11.9 Case Histories

11.10 Summary


Chapter 12. Underground Shelters for Wartime

12.1 General

12.2 State-of-the-Art Defense Shelters

12.3 Shelter Options

12.4 Design of Shelters

12.5 Case Histories


Chapter 13. Underground Storage of Ammunitions and Explosives

13.1 General

13.2 Explosion Effects in Underground Ammunition Storage Sites

13.3 Advantages and Disadvantages of Underground Storage

13.4 Storage Limitations

13.5 Design Requirements of Underground Ammunition Storage Facility

13.6 Facility Layout

13.7 Sympathetic Detonation by Rock Spall

13.8 Case History


Chapter 14. Underground Nuclear Waste Repositories

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Types of Radioactive Nuclear Waste

14.3 Underground Research Laboratory

14.4 Concept of Barriers

14.5 Design Aspects of Underground Repository

14.6 Instrumentation

14.7 Retrievability of Canister

14.8 Public Acceptance of Radioactive Waste Repository


Chapter 15. Contractual Risk Sharing

15.1 The Risk

15.2 Management of Risk

15.3 Construction Planning and Risk

15.4 Time and Cost Estimates




Quotes and reviews

"Goel (Central Institute of Mining & Fuel Research, India), his long-time collaborator Bhawani Singh, and Jian Zhao (Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Switzerland) provide a broad guide to underground elements of cities for city planners, civil and mining engineers, architects, military engineers, administrators, and municipal authorities. Among their topics are the classification of underground space, the underground storage of water, underground metro and road tunnels, civil facilities underground, and contractual risk sharing."--Reference and Research Book News, October 2012

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