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Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes
 
 

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes, 1st Edition

Bioactive Foods in Chronic Disease States

 
Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes, 1st Edition,Ronald Ross Watson,Victor Preedy,ISBN9780123971531
 
 
 

Watson   &   Preedy   

Academic Press

9780123971531

9780123977625

658

240 X 197

Focuses on the role of bioactive foods in mediating the risk and effect of diabetes and related conditions.

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Key Features

  • Focuses on the role of bioactive foods in addressing pre-diabetes symptoms, their potential to complement other treatments for those suffering from diabetes and diabetic-related obesity and other health issues
  • Documents foods that can affect metabolic syndrome and ways the associated information could be used to understand other diseases that share common etiological pathways
  • Includes insights from experts from around the world, providing global perspectives and options based on various regional foods

Description

The role of diet in the prevention, control and treatment of diabetes continues to provide significant opportunity for non-pharmaceutical interventions for many of the over 20 million people who live with this disease. Looking beyond traditional dietary controls may lead to more effective, cost efficient, and flexible options for many patients.

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes is the only available scientific resource focused on exploring the latest advances in bioactive food research, and the potential benefit of bioactive food choice on the diabetic condition. Written by experts from around the world, it presents important information that can help improve the health of those at risk for diabetes and diabetes related conditions using food selection as its foundation.

Readership

Nutritionists, dieticians, and biomedical researchers whose focus is in identifying pre-diabetic symptoms, diabetes, and its relationship to obesity and weight issues; food scientists targeting health-related product development.

Ronald Ross Watson

Ronald R. Watson, Ph.D., attended the University of Idaho but graduated from Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah, with a degree in chemistry in 1966. He earned his Ph.D. in biochemistry from Michigan State University in 1971. His postdoctoral schooling in nutrition and microbiology was completed at the Harvard School of Public Health, where he gained 2 years of postdoctoral research experience in immunology and nutrition. From 1973 to 1974 Dr. Watson was assistant professor of immunology and performed research at the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson. He was assistant professor of microbiology and immunology at the Indiana University Medical School from 1974 to 1978 and associate professor at Purdue University in the Department of Food and Nutrition from 1978 to 1982. In 1982 Dr. Watson joined the faculty at the University of Arizona Health Sciences Center in the Department of Family and Community Medicine of the School of Medicine. He is currently professor of health promotion sciences in the Mel and Enid Zuckerman Arizona College of Public Health. Dr. Watson is a member of several national and international nutrition, immunology, cancer, and alcoholism research societies. Among his patents he has one on a dietary supplement; passion fruit peel extract with more pending. He continues to do research in animals and in clinical trials on dietary supplements and health including studies using omega-3 fatty acids in heart disease prevention and therapy. For 30 years he was funded by Wallace Research Foundation to study dietary supplements in health promotion. Dr. Watson has edited more than 110 books on nutrition, dietary supplements and over-the-counter agents, and drugs of abuse as scientific reference books. He has published more than 500 research and review articles.

Affiliations and Expertise

Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, and School of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA

View additional works by Ronald Ross Watson

Victor Preedy

Victor R. Preedy BSc, PhD, DSc, FSB, FRSH, FRIPH, FRSPH, FRCPath, FRSC is a senior member of King's College London. He is also Director of the Genomics Centre and a member of the Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine. Professor Preedy has longstanding academic interests in substance misuse especially in relation to health and well being. He is a member of the Editorial Board of Drug and Alcohol Dependence and a founding member of the Editorial Board of Addiction Biology. In his career Professor Preedy was Reader at the Addictive Behaviour Centre at The University of Roehampton, and also Reader at the School of Pharmacy (now part of University College London; UCL). Professor Preedy is Editor of the multi-volume seminal work The Handbook Of Alcohol Related Pathology (published by Academic Press-Elsevier). Professor Preedy graduated in 1974 with an Honours Degree in Biology and Physiology with Pharmacology. He gained his University of London PhD in 1981. In 1992, he received his Membership of the Royal College of Pathologists and in 1993 he gained his second doctoral degree (DSc). Professor Preedy was elected as a Fellow of the Institute of Biology in 1995 and also as a Fellow to the Royal College of Pathologists in 2000. He was then elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health (2004) and The Royal Institute of Public Health and Hygiene (2004). In 2009, Professor Preedy became a Fellow of the Royal Society for Public Health and in 2012 a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry. To his credit, Professor Preedy has published over 600 articles, which includes peer-reviewed manuscripts based on original research, abstracts and symposium presentations, reviews and numerous books and volumes.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Dietetics, King's College London, UK

View additional works by Victor R. Preedy

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes, 1st Edition

Preface: Diabetes Food

Contributors

Chapter 1. Role of Oxidative Stress in the Pathogenesis of Insulin Resistance and Type 2 Diabetes

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Systemic Glucose Homeostasis is a Multiorgan Process

3 Glucose Dysregulation: The Pathogenesis of Insulin Resistance

4 Origins of Oxidative Stress in Various Cell Types

5 Mechanisms of Oxidative Stress-Associated Insulin Resistance

6 Utility of Select Antioxidants as Interventions in Oxidative Stress-Associated Insulin Resistance

7 Conclusion and Perspectives

Acknowledgments

References

Relevant Websites

Chapter 2. Diabetes and the Role of Dietary Supplements

1 Introduction

2 Alpha-Lipoic Acid

3 Omega-3 Oils

4 Chromium

5 Gymnemma Sylvestre

6 Fenugreek

7 Vitamin D

8 Conclusion

Glossary

References

Chapter 3. Government Regulation of Dietary Supplements and Foods: Role in Diabetes

1 Introduction

2 Nongovernmental Recommendations for Diabetics

3 NHPS for Diabetics

4 Food Label Information and Nutrition – Health Claims

5 Nutrition Recommendations for Diabetics

6 Conclusions

References

Chapter 4. Diabetes as an Immune Dysfunction Syndrome

1 Diagnostic Laboratory Testing

2 Key Clinical Issues

3 Diagnoses and Comorbidities

4 Conclusion

References

Relevant Websites

Chapter 5. Antihyperglycemic Potential of Secoisolaricinol Diglucoside

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Botanical Description

3 Antihyperglycemic Potential of Secoisolaricinol diglucoside

4 Adverse Effects and Reactions (Allergies and Toxicity)

5 Summary Points

References

Chapter 6. Antidiabetic Potential of Trigonelline and 4-Hydroxyisoleucine in Fenugreek

1 Introduction

2 Historical Uses

3 Botanical Description

4 Chemical Constituents

5 Antidiabetic Potential of Trigonelline and 4-Hydroxyisoleucine

6 Summary Points

References

Chapter 7. Community Participation and Diabetes Control

Abbreviations

1 Introduction to Diabetes and Nutrition

2 Epidemiology of Diabetes in the US

3 Link Diabetes and Diet

4 Public Health Interventions to Prevent and Control Diabetes Through Diet

5 Recommendations for Future Involvement with Communities in Preventing and Treating Diabetes Through Diet

References

Further Reading

Relevant Websites

Chapter 8. Glycine max (Soybean) Treatment for Diabetes

1 Introduction

2 Botanical Description

3 Glycine max Treatment for Diabetes

4 Summary Points

References

Chapter 9. Amino Acid Supplements and Diabetes

1 To Be or Not to Be: The Interrelationship Between AA and Glucose Metabolism

2 CrossTalk Between Insulin and AAS: mTOR, a Crucial Joint Between Insulin and AA-Mediated Regulation of Protein Synthesis in Diabetes

3 Insulin Resistance and AAS

4 AAS and Mitochondrial Biogenesis in Diabetes

5 Concluding Remarks

References

Chapter 10. Reduction in Serum Glucose with Garlic Extracts

1 Introduction

2 Chemical Constituents of Garlic

3 Role of Garlic in Reduction of Serum Glucose

4 Other Roles of Garlic

5 Summary

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter 11. Dietary Supplements, Immune Modulation, and Diabetes Control

1 Introduction

2 Inflammatory Process in Diabetes

3 Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes

4 Dietary Supplements

References

Chapter 12. Dietary Supplements and Herbs in Diabetes and Its Prevention

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Protective Mechanism of the Whole-Grain Diet

3 Phytonutrients and Diabetes Mellitus

4 Some of Representative Herb and Its Extracts in Prevention and Supplementation of Diabetes Therapy

5 Future

References

Relevant Websites

Chapter 13. Phytotherapeutics in Treating Diabetes

1 Introduction

2 Phytotherapeutics in Prediabetes

3 Phytotherapeutics for Glycemic Control

4 Phytotherapeutics in Diabetes-Associated Diseases

5 Summary: Phytotherapeutics in Integrative Diabetes Management

References

Chapter 14. Plant-Derived Hydroxycinnamate Derivatives, Insulin Sensitivity, and Adiponectin: Implications for Diabetes Control

1 Introduction

2 Curcumin

3 CAPE

4 γ-Oryzanol

5 Conclusion

References

Chapter 15. Antidiabetic Activity of Allium Sativum

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Scientific Classification

3 Botanical Description

4 Antidiabetic Activity of Garlic

5 Summary Points

6 Adverse Effects and Drug Interactions

7 Summary Points

References

Chapter 16. Chromium and Diabetes

1 Epidemiological Studies and Observational Studies

2 Safety of Dietary Chromium Supplements

3 Conclusion

References

Chapter 17. Dietary Calcium and Magnesium and the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

1 Introduction

2 Magnesium, Calcium, and Type 2 Diabetes

3 Epidemiological Studies, Magnesium, Calcium, and Type 2 Diabetes

4 Conclusion

References

Chapter 18. Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Insulin Resistance

1 Introduction

2 Dietary Fatty Acids and IR

3 Dietary Sources of PUFA

4 n-3 PUFA and IR

5 Reasons for Inconsistencies for the Effects of n-3 PUFA on IR

6 Conclusions and Future Research

Glossary

References

Chapter 19. Vitamin D and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Abbreviations

1 Vitamin D Metabolism and Biological Function

2 Association of VTD and Type 2 Diabetes: Potential Mechanisms

3 VTD and Type 2 Diabetes: Epidemiology and Observational Studies

4 VTD and Type 2 Diabetes: Interventional Studies

5 Conclusion

References

Chapter 20. Pongamia pinnata: Treatment of Diabetes

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Scientific Classification

3 Botanical Description

4 Antidiabetic Activity of Pongamia pinnata

5 Summary Points

References

Chapter 21. Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus pulmonarius) and Diabetes Care

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Botanical Description

3 Cultivation and Collection

4 Chemical Constituents

5 Oyster Mushroom (P. pulmonarius) and Diabetes Care

6 Summary Points

References

Chapter 22. Traditional Medicinal Plants of Indigenous Peoples of Canada and Their Antioxidant Activity in Relation to Treatment of Diabetes

1 Introduction

2 Selection Methods

3 Antioxidant Activity of the Selected Plants

4 Four Selected High Antioxidant Species

5 Concluding Statement

6 Summary

Glossary

References

Further Reading

Chapter 23. Indian Medicinal Plants with Hypoglycemic Potential

1 Introduction

2 Plant Families with Antidiabetic Potential

3 Bioactive Phytoconstituents with Antidiabetic Potential

4 Conclusion

Acknowledgments

Glossary

References

Chapter 24. Plant Extracts and Alkaloids: Prevention of Diabetic Nephropathy

1 Introduction

2 The Pathogenesis of Diabetic Nephropathy

3 Current Strategies to Prevent Diabetic Nephropathy

4 Plant Extracts in the Prevention of Diabetic Nephropathy

5 Conclusion

References

Chapter 25. Lutein and Diabetic Cataracts

1 Introduction

2 Oxidative Stress and Cataracts

3 Mechanisms of Diabetic Cataracts

4 Antioxidants Used in Cataracts

5 Lutein

References

Chapter 26. Compounds in Vegetables Including Okra and Fenugreek of Potential Value in the Treatment of Diabetes

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Comparison of the Actions of Clinically Useful Hypoglycemic Agents and Naturally Occurring Molecules

3 Antioxidant Action of Polyphenols and the Decrease of Advanced Glycation End Products

4 Okra (A. esculentus or H. esculentus)

5 Fenugreek (T. foenum-graecum)

6 Conclusion

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter 27. Probiotics and Diabetes/Obesity: Health Implications

1 Introduction

2 Pathophysiology of Diabetes and Obesity

3 Targets of Blood Glucose Control: Current Therapeutic Strategies

4 Alternative Therapies for Diabetes

5 Nutritional Therapy for Diabetes

6 Probiotics Can Be Considered as an Alternative Therapeutic Agent for Diabetes and Obesity

7 Conclusions

Glossary

References

Relevant Websites

Chapter 28. Tradition and Perspectives of Diabetes Treatment in Greco-Arab and Islamic Medicine

1 Introduction

2 Greco-Arab and Islamic Herbal Medicine

3 Antidiabetic Plant-Derived Drugs

4 Current Status of Greco-Arab and Islamic Herbal Medicine

5 Closing Remarks and Discussion

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter 29. State of the Art of Diabetes Treatment in Greco-Arab and Islamic Medicine

1 Introduction

2 Commonly Used Herbal-Based Treatments in Greco-Arab and Islamic Medicine

3 Plant Mixtures Used in the Treatment of Diabetes

4 Other Treatments

5 Distributed Control of Blood Glucose

6 Closing Remarks and Discussion

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter 30. Phytonutrients in Diabetes Management

1 Clinical Perspective

2 Specific Nutrients

3 Botanicals

4 Nutrient–Drug Protocols

5 Conclusion

References

Relevant Websites

Chapter 31. Antidiabetic Effects of Punica granatum L (Pomegranate): A Review

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Phytochemicals Present in Pomegranate

3 Traditional Uses of Pomegranate

4 Scientifically Validated Properties

5 Pomegranate in the Treatment of Diabetes

6 Conclusions

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter 32. Type II Diabetes Mellitus: 2011 Research Summary

1 Introduction

2 Exercise

3 Diet and Dietary Supplements in Diabetes Prevention and Health

4 Dietary Supplements in the Prevention and Treatment of Diabetes

5 Conclusion

References

Relevant Websites

Chapter 33. Diabetes and Natural Products

1 Morinda lucida Benth. (Rubiaceae)

2 Smilax glabra Roxb. (Liliaceae)

3 S. birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst. (Anacardiaceae)

4 Fenugreek (Fabaceae/Leguminosae)

5 Bitter Melon (Curcubitaceae)

6 Sweet Potatoes (Solonaceae)

7 Peas (Fabaceae/Leguminosae)

8 Garlic (Liliaceae)

9 Concluding Remarks

References

Chapter 34. L-Carnitine in Patients with Diabetes

1 Introduction

2 Diabetes

3 Carnitine

4 Carnitine and Diabetes

5 Conclusions

References

Chapter 35. Antioxidants and Inflammation in Obesity

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Inflammation, OS, and Chronic Disease

3 Obesity and Inflammation

4 OS in Overweight and Obesity

5 Links Between OS and Inflammation and the Role of AOX

6 AOX Vitamins in Obesity (Plasma Levels and Dietary Intake Patterns)

7 Dietary AOX and OS and Inflammation in Overweight and Obesity

8 Limitations and Considerations

9 Conclusion

References

Chapter 36. Magnesium and Metabolic Syndrome: The Role of Magnesium in Health and Disease

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Metabolic Syndrome

3 Magnesium

4 Magnesium in Metabolic Syndrome and Its Component Conditions

5 Conclusion

Acknowledgment

Glossary

References

Further Reading

Relevant Websites

Chapter 37. Obesity in Ayurveda: Dietary, Lifestyle, and Herbal Considerations

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Ayurveda

3 Obesity in Ayurveda

4 Etiology

5 Pathophysiology

6 Clinical Manifestation

7 Classification of Obesity

8 Complications of Obesity

9 Prognosis

10 Management of Obesity

11 Conclusion

Acknowledgments

Glossary

References

Further Reading

Relevant Websites

Chapter 38. The Effects of a Fermented Soy Product and Isoflavones in Metabolic Syndrome Control

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Fermented Soy Product and Isoflavones in Adipose Tissue Metabolism

3 Soy and Isoflavones in Weight Loss

4 Soy and Isoflavones in Cardiovascular Diseases and Dislipidemias

5 Soy and Isoflavones in Glycemic Control

6 Soy and Isoflavones in NAFLD

7 Summary Points

References

Chapter 39. Anti-Inflammatory Actions of Pycnogenol: Diabetes and Arthritis

1 Background

2 Pycnogenol and Inflammation

3 Pycnogenol and Arthritis

4 Pycnogenol and Diabetes

5 Pycnogenol Safety and Cost Effectiveness

6 Conclusion

References

Chapter 40. Metabolic Syndrome: Diet, Obesity, and Chronic Inflammation

Abbreviations

1 Background on Metabolic Syndrome

2 Insulin Resistance, Obesity, and MetS

3 Chronic Inflammation and MetS

4 Dietary Interventions

5 Lifestyle Interventions

6 Dietary Supplements in MetS

References

Relevant Websites

Chapter 41. The Indian Medicinal Plant Aegle marmelos in the Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus: Promise and Prospects

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Diabetes and Its Complications

3 Clinical Management of Diabetes

4 Ayurveda and Diabetes

5 The Indian Medicinal Plant Aegle marmelos as Antidiabetic Plant of Importance

6 Bael in the Prevention and Treatment of Diabetes

7 Mechanism/s of Action

8 Conclusions

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter 42. Antidiabetic and Hypoglycemic Effects of Syzygium cumini (Black Plum)

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Clinical Management of Diabetes

3 Ayurveda and Diabetes

4 Syzygium cumini as Antidiabetic Plant of Importance

5 Antidiabetic Effects of Jamun

6 Use of Jamun Seeds in the Treatment of Diabetes, Preclinical Studies

7 Use of Jamun Fruit Pulp in Diabetes Treatment

8 Jamun Bark in Diabetes Treatment

9 Human Trials on Antidiabetic Effect of Jamun

10 Mechanisms of Action

11 Conclusions

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter 43. Human Milk as a Bioactive Food

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Prevalence of Breastfeeding

3 Milk Secretion

4 Composition of Human Milk. Bioactive Factors in HM

5 How Does Breastfeeding Influence the Infant

6 Breastfeeding and Women’s Health

Future Research

References

Further Reading

Relevant Websites

Chapter 44. Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) in the Treatment of Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Preclinical Observations

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Diet and Diabetes

3 Botanical and Phytochemical Aspects of Zingiber officinale Roscoe

4 Antihyperglycemic Effects of Ginger

5 Ginger Reduces the Diabetic Complications in Animals

6 Mechanisms of Action

7 Conclusions

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter 45. Antidiabetic and Cardioprotective Effects of Amla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn) and its Phytochemicals: Preclinical Observations

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Phytochemicals

3 Traditional Uses

4 Scientifically Validated Studies

5 Amla as an Antidiabetic and Cardioprotective Agent

6 Amla Possesses Hypoglycemic Effects and Ameliorates the Diabetic Complications

7 Amla Possesses Antihyperlipidemic Effects

8 Amla is Effective in Preventing Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity

9 Phyllaemblicin B, a Constituent of Amla is Effective in Inhibiting Coxsackie Virus B3-Induced Apoptosis and Myocarditis

10 Amla is Effective in Preventing Ischemic–Reperfusion Injury

11 Quercetin and Gallic Acid are Effective in Preventing Isoproterenol-Induced Myocardial Infarction in Rats

12 Conclusions

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter 46. Prickly Pear Cactus (‘Nopal’) for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

1 Introduction

2 Botanical Characteristics

3 Nutritional and Medicinal Uses of Prickly Pear Cactus

4 Medicinal Parts

5 Human and Animal Studies with Prickly Pear Cactus

6 Animal Studies

7 Studies with Human Subjects Using Dehydrated Prickly Pear Capsules

8 Studies with Human Subjects Using Prickly Pear Stems or Extracts

9 Conclusions

References

Chapter 47. Antioxidant Capacity of Honey: Potential Health Benefit

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Meliponinae Bee Honey

3 Final Considerations

References

Index

Quotes and reviews

"Watson and Preedy assemble an international group of researchers for 47 chapters that examine the role of foods, herbs, and novel extracts in moderating the pathology leading to diabetes and its risk factors for other chronic diseases."--Reference and Research Book News, December 2012

 
 
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