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Modern Embedded Computing
 
 

Modern Embedded Computing, 1st Edition

Designing Connected, Pervasive, Media-Rich Systems

 
Modern Embedded Computing, 1st Edition,Peter Barry,Patrick Crowley,ISBN9780123914903
 
 
 

  &      

Morgan Kaufmann

9780123914903

9780123944078

552

235 X 191

A comprehensive guide to embedded system development with the Intel Atom processor, a leading processor in high-end mobile devices.

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Key Features

  • Learn embedded systems design with the Intel Atom Processor, based on the dominant PC chip architecture. Examples use Atom and offer comparisons to other platforms
  • Design embedded processors for systems that support gaming, in-vehicle infotainment, medical records retrieval, point-of-sale purchasing, networking, digital storage, and many more retail, consumer and industrial applications
  • Explore companion lab materials online that offer hands-on embedded design experience

Description

Modern embedded systems are used for connected, media-rich, and highly integrated handheld devices such as mobile phones, digital cameras, and MP3 players. All of these embedded systems require networking, graphic user interfaces, and integration with PCs, as opposed to traditional embedded processors that can perform only limited functions for industrial applications. While most books focus on these controllers, Modern Embedded Computing provides a thorough understanding of the platform architecture of modern embedded computing systems that drive mobile devices.

The book offers a comprehensive view of developing a framework for embedded systems-on-chips. Examples feature the Intel Atom processor, which is used in high-end mobile devices such as e-readers, Internet-enabled TVs, tablets, and net books. Beginning with a discussion of embedded platform architecture and Intel Atom-specific architecture, modular chapters cover system boot-up, operating systems, power optimization, graphics and multi-media, connectivity, and platform tuning. Companion lab materials compliment the chapters, offering hands-on embedded design experience.

Readership

Students in computer architecture, electrical engineering, and embedded system design; professional embedded system designers

Peter Barry

Peter Barry serves as principal engineer in the Intel Embedded & Communications Group. He has worked in the development of embedded systems for over twenty years in Intel, Basic Communications, Nortel Networks and Tellabs, working with processors from Z80, 68K, PowerPC, ARM, XScale and Intel architecture systems. He is an expert in embedded operating systems and embedded platforms, and has developed board support packages for proprietary RTOS, pSOS, VxWorks, WinCE and Linux. He has developed protocol stacks and applications primarily for data communications and telecommunications and industrial applications.

Affiliations and Expertise

Principal Engineer, Intelligent Systems Group, Intel Corporation

Patrick Crowley

Patrick Crowley is an associate Professor in the Department of Computer Science & Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri. His research interests are in computer and network systems architecture, with a current focus on the design of programmable embedded network systems and the invention of superior network monitoring and security techniques. He co-founded the ACM/IEEE Symposium on Architectures for Networking and Communications Systems, and co-edited the three-book series, Network Processor Design. He serves as Associate Editor of the IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking. In 2007, Crowley was chosen to join the DARPA Computer Science Study Group.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Computer Science & Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis

View additional works by Patrick Crowley

Modern Embedded Computing, 1st Edition

Dedication

Preface

Foreword

Acknowledgments

PART 1. Principles of Modern Embedded Systems

Chapter 1. Embedded Systems Landscape

What is an Embedded Computer System?

Why is this Transition Inevitable?

What Range of Embedded Systems Exists?

What to Expect from the Rest of this Book

Chapter 2. Attributes of Embedded Systems

Embedded Platform Characteristics

Summary

Chapter 3. The Future of Embedded Systems

Technology Trends

Issues, Applications, and Initiatives

Challenges and Uncertainties

Summary

PART 2. Embedded Systems Architecture and Operation

Chapter 4. Embedded Platform Architecture

Platform Overview

Volatile Memory Technologies

Nonvolatile Storage

Device Interface—High Performance

Universal Serial Bus

Device Interconnect—Low Performance

General-Purpose Input/Output

Power Delivery

Summary

Chapter 5. Embedded Processor Architecture

Basic Execution Environment

Application Binary Interface

Processor Instruction Classes

Exceptions/Interrupts Model

Vector Table Structure

Exception Frame

Masking Interrupts

Acknowledging Interrupts

Interrupt Latency

Memory Mapping and Protection

Memory Management Unit

MMU and Processes

Memory Hierarchy

Intel Atom Microarchitecture (Supplemental Material)

Chapter 6. Embedded Platform Boot Sequence

Multi-Core and Multi-Processor Boot

Boot Technology Considerations

Hardware Power Sequences (the Pre-pre-boot)

RESET: The First Few Steps and a Jump

Early Initialization

AP Processor Initialization

Advanced Initialization

Legacy BIOS and UEFI Framework Software

Cold and Warm Boot

Summary

Chapter 7. Operating Systems Overview

Application Interface

Processes, Tasks, and Threads

Scheduling

Memory Allocation

Clocks and Timers

Mutual Exclusion/Synchronization

Device Driver Models

BUS Drivers

Networking

Storage File Systems

Power Management

Real Time

Licensing

Chapter 8. Embedded Linux

Tool Chain

Anatomy of an Embedded Linux

Building a Kernel

Debugging

Driver Development

Memory Management

Synchronization/Locking

Summary

Chapter 9. Power Optimization

Power Basics

The Power Profile of an Embedded Computing System

Constant versus Dynamic Power

A Simple Model of Power Efficiency

Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI)

Optimizing Software for Power Performance

Summary

Chapter 10. Embedded Graphics and Multimedia Acceleration

Screen Display

Embedded Panels

Graphics Stack

Accelerated Media Decode

Video Capture and Encoding

Media Frameworks

Summary

Chapter 11. Digital Signal Processing Using General-Purpose Processors

Overview

Single Instruction Multiple Data

Microarchitecture Considerations

Implementation Options

Intrinsics and Data Types

Vectorization

Performance Primitives

Finite Impulse Response Filter

Application Examples

Summary

Chapter 12. Network Connectivity

Networking Basics

TCP/IP Networking

Ethernet

Wi-Fi and IEEE 802.11

Bluetooth

Linux Networking

Summary

Chapter 13. Application Frameworks

Overview

Android

Qt

Other Environments

More Resources

Summary

Chapter 14. Platform and Content Security

Security Principles

Security Concepts and Building Blocks

Platform Support for Security

Summary

Chapter 15. Advanced Topics: SMP, AMP, and Virtualization

Multiprocessing Basics

Symmetric Multiprocessing

Asymmetric Multiprocessing

Virtualization Basics

Methods for Platform Virtualization

Summary

PART 3. Developing an Embedded System

Chapter 16. Example Designs

Intel Atom E6XX Series Platforms

Multi-Radio Communications Design

Multimedia Design

Modular References

Summary

Chapter 17. Platform Debug

Debugging New Platforms

A Process for Debugging a New Platform

Debug Tools and Chipset Features

Debug Process Details

Additional Resources

Summary

Chapter 18. Performance Tuning

What are Patterns?

General Approaches

Code and Design

Processor-Specific

Networking Techniques

References

Index

Quotes and reviews

There is need for a good, comprehensive book on embedded design and the lab-based approach using the Intel Architecture is very good and practical.

Tilman Wolf, Associate Professor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

 
 
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