Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers

Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers, 5th Edition

Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers, 5th Edition,Carl R. Branan,ISBN9780123877857






276 X 216

For over 15 years chemical engineers have reached for Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers to answer their process engineering problems and to help them get on with the job.

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Key Features

  • Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers brings together solutions, information and work-arounds that engineers in the process industry need to get their job done.
  • New material in the Fifth Edition includes physical properties for proprietary materials, six new chapters, including pharmaceutical, biopharmaceutical sector heuristics, process design with simulation software, and guidelines for hazardous materials and processes
  • Now includes SI units throughout alongside imperial, and now accompanied by online calculation tools and a searchable Rules of Thumb library


Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers, Fifth Edition, provides solutions, common sense techniques, shortcuts, and calculations to help chemical and process engineers deal with practical on-the-job problems. It discusses physical properties for proprietary materials, pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical sector heuristics, and process design with simulation software, along with closed-loop heat transfer systems, heat exchangers, packed columns, and structured packings. Organized into 27 chapters, the book begins with an overview of formulae and data for sizing piping systems for incompressible and compressible flow. It then moves to a discussion of design recommendations for heat exchangers, practical equations for solving fractionation problems, along with design of reactive absorption processes. It also considers different types of pumps and presents narrative as well as tabular comparisons and application notes for various types of fans, blowers, and compressors. The book also walks the reader through the general rules of thumb for vessels, how cooling towers are sized based on parameters such as return temperature and supply temperature, and specifications of refrigeration systems. Other chapters focus on pneumatic conveying, blending and agitation, energy conservation, and process modeling. Online calculation tools, Excel workbooks, guidelines for hazardous materials and processes, and a searchable Rules of Thumb library are included. Chemical engineers faced with fluid flow problems will find this book extremely useful.


Chemical Engineers

Carl R. Branan

Carl R. Branan has more than 40 years of worldwide experience in process design and troubleshooting in oil, chemicals, fibers, polymers, coal, natural gas, and LNG. Before retiring from El Paso Natural Gas, he served a process engineer, plant engineer, and project engineer. Mr. Branan is a member of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers and is the author of several books on process engineering and fractionators, including Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers.

Affiliations and Expertise

Retired El Paso Natural Gas, El Paso, TX, USA

Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers, 5th Edition

Publisher’s Note 1: Fluid Flow     Introduction     Data Required     General Procedure     Recommended Velocity     Equivalent Length     Shortcut Equation for Pressure Drop Due to Friction     Reynolds Number     Friction Factor     Incompressible Flow     Compressible Flow - Isothermal     Compressible Flow - Transmission Equations     Nomenclature     Compressible Flow - Adiabatic     Visual Basic Subroutines for Pressure Drop Due to Friction     Orifices     Control Valves     Partially Full Horizontal Pipes     Two-Phase Flow 2: Heat Exchangers     Introduction     TEMA     Selection Guides     Design Recommendations     Process Data     Heat Exchanger Configuration and Area     Determining the LMTD Configuration Correction Factor     Tubeside Pressure Drop     Tube Side Film Coefficient     Shell Diameter     Ideal Shell Side Film Coefficient     Shell Side Film Coefficient Correction Factors     Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient     Shell Side Pressure Drop     Heat Transfer Coefficients     Fouling Resistances     Installation Recommendations     Thermal Conductivity of Metals     Vacuum Condensers     Air-cooled Heat Exchangers: Forced vs. Induced Draft     Air-cooled Heat Exchangers: Air Data     Air-cooled Heat Exchangers: Thermal Design     Air-cooled Heat Exchangers: Pressure Drop, Air Side     Air-cooled Heat Exchangers: Temperature Control 3: Fractionators     Introduction     Separation Factor     Relative Volatility     Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium     Activity Coefficients     Establishing the Column Pressure     Minimum Reflux - Binary     Minimum Reflux - Multicomponent     Minimum Stages     Relationship of Theoretical Stages to Reflux Ratio     Feed Location     Reflux-to-Feed Ratio     Actual Trays     Graphical Methods - The McCabe-Thiele Diagram     Plotting With Murphree Tray Efficiency     Tray Efficiency Rules of Thumb     Using the McCabe-Thiele Plot     Column Internals - Trays and Packing     Column Tray Spacing     Tower Diameter - Souders-Brown Correlation     Pressure Drop - Trays     Control Schemes     Reboilers     Packed Columns 4: Absorbers     Introduction     Hydrocarbon Absorber Design     Inorganic Absorbers     Packing Height for Mass Transfer in Packed Columns     Overall Mass Transfer Coefficient 5: Pumps     Introduction     Pump Types and Selection     Pump Testing     System Curves     Operating Point and Pump Selection     Flow Control with Throttling Valve     Charting Control Characteristics     Flow Control by Changing the Pump Speed     Affinity Laws     Power     Minimum Flow     Temperature Rise     Suction System NPSH Available     Suction System NPSH for Studies     Multiple Centrifugal Pumps in Parallel or in Series 6: Fans, Blowers and, Compressors     Introduction     Rules of Thumb     Fans     Fan Noise     Blower Types     Compressor Types     Surge Control     Performance Calculations     Affinity Laws     Power - Fan     Power - Reciprocating Compressor     Power - Centrifugal Compressor     Comparison with Manufacturer’s Data     Power with P-E Diagram     Cost of Compressed Air     Receiver Volume     Time to Pump System to Pressure 7: Drivers     Introduction     Electric Motors     Motor Voltages     Motors: Efficiency     Motors: Starter Sizes     Motors: Useful Equations     Motors: Overloading     Air-Driven Motors     Hydraulic Motors     Steam Turbines: Steam Rate     Steam Turbines: Efficiency     Gas Turbines: Performance     Internal Combustion Engines: Fuel Rates     Gas Expanders: Available Energy 8: Vessels     Introduction     General Rules of Thumb for Vessels     Tank Dimensions     Liquid Volume at Any Fill Height     Time to Drain a Tank     Emissions from Storage Tanks     Load Cells     Liquid-Liquid Separators     Vapor-Liquid Separators     Liquid Surge Volume     Vapor Velocity in the Disengagement Section     Vapor-Liquid Separator Size     Vessel Specifications     Good Engineering Practices for Storage Tank and Vent Relief Design 9: Boilers     Introduction     Boiler Horsepower     Types of Packaged Boilers     Power Plants     Controls     Thermal Efficiency     Stack Gas Enthalpy     Steam Drum Stability     Deaerator Venting     Water Alkalinity     Source Water Impurities     Conductivity versus Dissolved Solids     Silica in Steam     Caustic Embrittlement     Waste Heat     Boiler Feedwater     Blowdown Control     Best Practices - Burner System Piping 10: Cooling Towers     Introduction     Mechanical Draft Cooling Towers     Material and Energy Balance Calculations     Rating Nomenclature     Performance Calculations     Operations and Accessories     Water Quality Guidelines     Scale Prevention 11: Refrigeration     Introduction     Specifications     Indirect and Direct System Design     Horsepower per Ton     Refrigerants     Refrigerant Containment     Steam Jet Ejectors     Ammonia Absorption Utilities Requirements 12: Closed Loop Heat Transfer Systems     Introduction     Selecting the Heat Transfer Fluid     Types of Heat Transfer Fluids     Heat Transfer Coefficient     System Design     Temperature Control     Physical Properties of Commercial Heat Transfer Fluids 13: Biopharmaceutical Systems     Introduction     Contamination Root Causes     Contamination Investigation and Recovery     Microbiology Investigation     Risk Assessment     Validation 14: Vacuum Systems     Introduction     Vacuum Units     Conversion between Mass Flow, Actual Volume Flow, and Standard Volume Flow     Comparison of Vacuum Equipment     Vacuum Jets     Liquid Ring Vacuum Pumps     Dry Vacuum Pumps     Typical Jet Systems     Steam Supply     Measuring Air Leakage     Time to Evacuate     Instrumentation and Controls 15: Pneumatic Conveying     Introduction     Flow Regimes     Types of Systems     System Design Procedure     Saltation Velocity     Pressure Drop     Prime Movers     Feed Systems     Conveyor Piping     Disengagement 16: Blending and Agitation     Introduction     Basics     Impeller Types     Dimensional Analysis     Blending     Solids Suspension     Gas Dispersion     In-Line Mixers     High Shear Mixers     Mixing Solids     Mechanical Design     Impeller Weight 17: Process Evaluation     Introduction     Accuracy of Cost Estimates     User Requirements     Block Diagrams     Process Flow Diagrams (PFDs)     Basis of Design     Block-Sequential Diagrams     Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)     Data Sheets and Specifications     Capital Cost Estimates     Organization of a Cost Estimate     Engineering 18: Reliability     Introduction     Initial Design     Risk Analysis     Sustainable Practices 19: Metallurgy     Introduction     Cost Comparison     Embodied Energy     Embrittlement     Stress-Corrosion Cracking     Hydrogen Attack     Pitting Corrosion     Creep and Creep-Rupture Life     Naphthenic Acid Corrosion     Thermal Fatigue     Abrasive Wear     Pipeline Toughness     Common Corrosion Mistakes 20: Safety     Introduction     Process Safety Management (PSM)     Process Hazard Analysis (PHA)     Safe Design Practices     Emergency Vent Systems     Flash Point of Binary Mixtures     Deflagration Prevention or Control     Prevent Backflow     Equipment Purging     Electrical Area Classification     Causes for Loss of Containment     Dust Explosion Hazards 21: Controls     Introduction     Basic Nomenclature     Definitions of Control Modes     Cascade Control     Specifying Instruments to Measure Values     Control Ranges     Drawing Conventions     Artistic Expression     Safety Instrumented Systems     Enclosures: NEMA and IP 22: Troubleshooting     Introduction     General Troubleshooting Approach     Diagnostic Tools     Instruments     Control Valves (Process Control)     Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers     Plate-and-Frame Heat Exchangers     Fractionation Towers     Fractionation Case Histories     Centrifugal Pumps     Compressors     Steam Jet Vacuum Systems     Refrigeration 23: Startup     Introduction     Startup Management     Change Control During Startup     Startup Cost     Systems Approach     Construction Quality     Startup Checklists     Operating Modes 24: Energy Conservation     Introduction     Calculating Steam Cost     Steam System Rules of Thumb     Equivalent Cost of Fuels     Steam Traps     Energy Efficient Design for Fractionators     Pinch Analysis     Insulation 25: Process Modeling     Introduction     Concepts and Terminology     Equipment Design     Mass and Energy Transfer     Flowsheet Simulation - Continuous Process     Flowsheet Simulation - Dynamic Process     Discrete Process Simulation     General Purpose Simulation Environments     Software List 26: Conversion Factors and Constants     Significant Figures and Rounding     Gas Constant     Standard Gas Volume     Atmospheric Pressure     Irrigation Conversion 27: Properties     Introduction     Approximate Physical Properties     Vapor Pressure Equation     Liquid Viscosity     Relative Humidity     Surface Tension     Thermodynamic Properties of Water and Steam     Gas Diffusion Coefficients     Bulk Modulus     Water and Hydrocarbons     Compressibility Factor     Inorganic Gases in Petroleum     Foam Density     Equivalent Diameter     Properties Data Sheet Appendix A: Resources Appendix B: Tank Cleaning Index

Quotes and reviews

"Branan's useful and convenient handbook for chemical and process engineers (at a bargain price) will be much appreciated by students and practitioners..."
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