Radiative Heat Transfer

Radiative Heat Transfer, 3rd Edition

Radiative Heat Transfer, 3rd Edition,ISBN9780123869449

Academic Press




276 X 216

A practical comprehensive reference useful in industry and research for scientists, engineers, and graduate students working in the field of heat transfer and thermal radiation.

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Key Features

  • Extensive solution manual for adopting instructors
  • Most complete text in the field of radiative heat transfer
  • Many worked examples and end-of-chapter problems
  • Large number of computer codes (in Fortran and C++), ranging from basic problem solving aids to sophisticated research tools
  • Covers experimental methods


The third edition of Radiative Heat Transfer describes the basic physics of radiation heat transfer. The book provides models, methodologies, and calculations essential in solving research problems in a variety of industries, including solar and nuclear energy, nanotechnology, biomedical, and environmental.

Every chapter of Radiative Heat Transfer offers uncluttered nomenclature, numerous worked examples, and a large number of problems-many based on real world situations-making it ideal for classroom use as well as for self-study. The book's 24 chapters cover the four major areas in the field: surface properties; surface transport; properties of participating media; and transfer through participating media. Within each chapter, all analytical methods are developed in substantial detail, and a number of examples show how the developed relations may be applied to practical problems.


A Reference for Scientists, Researchers, Engineers (mechanical, chemical as well as other branches of engineers), Physicists, Oceanographers, Meteorologists, Graduate Students, Academic Researchers

Radiative Heat Transfer, 3rd Edition

Preface to the Third Edition

List of Symbols

1 Fundamentals of Thermal Radiation
1.1 Introduction
1.2 The Nature of Thermal Radiation
1.3 Basic Laws of Thermal Radiation
1.4 Emissive Power
1.5 Solid Angles
1.6 Radiative Intensity
1.7 Radiative Heat Flux
1.8 Radiation Pressure
1.9 Visible Radiation (Luminance)
1.10 Radiative Intensity in Vacuum
1.11 Introduction to Radiation Characteristics of Opaque Surfaces
1.12 Introduction to Radiation Characteristics of Gases
1.13 Introduction to Radiation Characteristics of Solids and Liquids
1.14 Introduction to Radiation Characteristics of Particles
1.15 The Radiative Transfer Equation
1.16 Outline of Radiative Transport Theory

2 Radiative Property Predictions from Electromagnetic Wave Theory
2.1 Introduction
2.2 The Macroscopic Maxwell Equations
2.3 ElectromagneticWave Propagation in Unbounded Media
2.4 Polarization
2.5 Reflection and Transmission
2.6 Theories for Optical Constants

3 Radiative Properties of Real Surfaces
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Definitions
3.3 Predictions from ElectromagneticWave Theory
3.4 Radiative Properties of Metals
3.5 Radiative Properties of Nonconductors
3.6 Effects of Surface Roughness
3.7 Effects of Surface Damage and Oxide Films
3.8 Radiative Properties of Semitransparent Sheets
3.9 Special Surfaces
3.10 Experimental Methods

4 View Factors
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Definition of View Factors
4.3 Methods for the Evaluation of View Factors
4.4 Area Integration
4.5 Contour Integration
4.6 View Factor Algebra
4.7 The Crossed-Strings Method
4.8 The Inside Sphere Method
4.9 The Unit Sphere Method

5 Radiative Exchange Between Gray, Diffuse Surfaces
5.1 Introduction .
5.2 Radiative Exchange Between Black Surfaces
5.3 Radiative Exchange Between Gray, Diffuse Surfaces
5.4 Electrical Network Analogy
5.5 Radiation Shields
5.6 Solution Methods for the Governing Integral Equations

6 Radiative Exchange Between Partially Specular Gray Surfaces
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Specular View Factors
6.3 Enclosures with Partially Specular Surfaces
6.4 Electrical Network Analogy
6.5 Radiation Shields
6.6 Semitransparent Sheets (Windows)
6.7 Solution of the Governing Integral Equation
6.8 Concluding Remarks

7 Radiative Exchange Between Nonideal Surfaces
7.1 Introduction .
7.2 Radiative Exchange Between Nongray Surfaces
7.3 Directionally Nonideal Surfaces
7.4 Analysis for Arbitrary Surface Characteristics

8 The Monte Carlo Method for Surface Exchange
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Numerical Quadrature by Monte Carlo
8.3 Heat Transfer Relations for Radiative Exchange Between Surfaces
8.4 Random Number Relations for Surface Exchange
8.5 Surface Description
8.6 Ray Tracing
8.7 Efficiency Considerations

9 Surface Radiative Exchange in the Presence of Conduction and Convection
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Conduction and Surface Radiation-Fins
9.3 Convection and Surface Radiation

10 The Radiative Transfer Equation in Participating Media (RTE)
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Attenuation by Absorption and Scattering
10.3 Augmentation by Emission and Scattering
10.4 The Radiative Transfer Equation
10.5 Formal Solution to the Radiative Transfer Equation
10.6 Boundary Conditions for the Radiative Transfer Equation
10.7 Radiation Energy Density
10.8 Radiative Heat Flux
10.9 Divergence of the Radiative Heat Flux
10.10 Integral Formulation of the Radiative Transfer Equation
10.11 Overall Energy Conservation
10.12 Solution Methods for the Radiative Transfer Equation

11 Radiative Properties of Molecular Gases
11.1 Fundamental Principles
11.2 Emission and Absorption Probabilities
11.3 Atomic and Molecular Spectra
11.4 Line Radiation
11.5 Nonequilibrium Radiation
11.6 High-Resolution Spectroscopic Databases
11.7 Spectral Models for Radiative Transfer Calculations
11.8 Narrow Band Models
11.9 Narrow Band k-Distributions
11.10 Wide Band Models
11.11 Total Emissivity and Mean Absorption Coefficient
11.12 Experimental Methods

12 Radiative Properties of Particulate Media
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Absorption and Scattering from a Single Sphere
12.3 Radiative Properties of a Particle Cloud
12.4 Radiative Properties of Small Spheres (Rayleigh Scattering)
12.5 Rayleigh-Gans Scattering
12.6 Anomalous Di raction
12.7 Radiative Properties of Large Spheres
12.8 Absorption and Scattering by Long Cylinders
12.9 Approximate Scattering Phase Functions
12.10 Radiative Properties of Irregular Particles and Aggregates
12.11 Radiative Properties of Combustion Particles
12.12 Experimental Determination of Radiative Properties of Particles

13 Radiative Properties of Semitransparent Media
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Absorption by Semitransparent Solids
13.3 Absorption by Semitransparent Liquids
13.4 Radiative Properties of Porous Solids
13.5 Experimental Methods

14 Exact Solutions for One-Dimensional Gray Media
14.1 Introduction
14.2 General Formulation for a Plane-Parallel Medium
14.3 Plane Layer of a Nonscattering Medium
14.4 Plane Layer of a Scattering Medium
14.5 Radiative Transfer in Spherical Media
14.6 Radiative Transfer in Cylindrical Media
14.7 Numerical Solution of the Governing Integral Equations

15 Approximate Solution Methods for One-Dimensional Media
15.1 The Optically Thin Approximation
15.2 The Optically Thick Approximation (Di usion Approximation)
15.3 The Schuster-Schwarzschild Approximation
15.4 The Milne-Eddington Approximation (Moment Method)
15.5 The Exponential Kernel Approximation

16 The Method of Spherical Harmonics (PN-Approximation)
16.1 Introduction
16.2 General Formulation of the PN-Approximation
16.3 The PN-Approximation for a One-Dimensional Slab
16.4 Boundary Conditions for the PN-Method
16.5 The P1-Approximation
16.6 P3- and Higher-Order Approximations
16.7 Simplified PN-Approximation
16.8 The Modified Differential Approximation
16.9 Comparison of Methods

17 The Method of Discrete Ordinates (SN-Approximation)
17.1 Introduction
17.2 General Relations
17.3 The One-Dimensional Slab
17.4 One-Dimensional Concentric Spheres and Cylinders
17.5 Multidimensional Problems
17.6 The Finite Volume Method
17.7 The Modified Discrete Ordinates Method
17.8 Even-Parity Formulation
17.9 Other Related Methods
17.10 Concluding Remarks

18 The Zonal Method
18.1 Introduction
18.2 Surface Exchange- No Participating Medium
18.3 Radiative Exchange in Gray Absorbing/Emitting Media
18.4 Radiative Exchange in Gray Media with Isotropic Scattering
18.5 Radiative Exchange through a Nongray Medium
18.6 Determination of Direct Exchange Areas

19 Collimated Irradiation and Transient Phenomena
19.1 Introduction
19.2 Reduction of the Problem
19.3 The Modified P1-Approximation with Collimated Irradiation
19.4 Short-Pulsed Collimated Irradiation with Transient Effects

20 Solution Methods for Nongray Extinction Coefficients
20.1 Introduction
20.2 The Mean Beam Length Method
20.3 Semigray Approximations
20.4 The Stepwise-Gray Model (Box Model)
20.5 General Band Model Formulation
20.6 TheWeighted-Sum-of- Gray-Gases (WSGG) Model
20.7 k-Distribution Models
20.8 The Full Spectrum k-Distribution (FSK) Method for Homogeneous Media
20.9 The Spectral-Line-BasedWeighted Sum of Gray Gases (SLW)
20.10 The FSK Method for Nonhomogeneous Media
20.11 Evaluation of k-Distributions
20.12 Higher Order k-Distribution Methods
21 The Monte Carlo Method for Participating Media
21.1 Introduction
21.2 Heat Transfer Relations for Participating Media
21.3 Random Number Relations for Participating Media
21.4 Treatment of Spectral Line Structure E ects
21.5 Overall Energy Conservation
21.6 Discrete Particle Fields
21.7 Efficiency Considerations
21.8 Backward Monte Carlo
21.9 Direct Exchange Monte Carlo
21.10 Example Problems

22 Radiation Combined with Conduction and Convection
22.1 Introduction
22.2 Combined Radiation and Conduction
22.3 Melting and Solidification with Internal Radiation
22.4 Combined Radiation and Convection in Boundary Layers
22.5 Combined Radiation and Free Convection
22.6 Combined Radiation and Convection in Internal Flow
22.7 Combined Radiation and Combustion
22.8 Interfacing Between Turbulent Flow Fields and Radiation
22.9 Interaction of Radiation with Turbulence
22.10 Radiation in Concentrating Solar Energy Systems

23 Inverse Radiative Heat Transfer
23.1 Introduction
23.2 Solution Methods
23.3 Regularization
23.4 Gradient-Based Optimization
23.5 Metaheuristics
23.6 Summary of Inverse Radiation Research

24 Nanoscale Radiative Transfer
24.1 Introduction
24.2 Coherence of Light
24.3 EvanescentWaves
24.4 Radiation Tunneling
24.5 SurfaceWaves (Polaritons)
24.6 Fluctuational Electrodynamics
24.7 Heat Transfer Between Parallel Plates
24.8 Experiments on Nanoscale Radiation

A Constants and Conversion Factors
B Tables for Radiative Properties of Opaque Surfaces
C Blackbody Emissive Power Table
D View Factor Catalogue
E Exponential Integral Functions
F Computer Codes

Quotes and reviews

Jennifer X. Wen, Kingston University, UK:

"This book can simply be summed up as the 'bible' for thermal radiation and its calculation methods."

"I expect to see it on the bookshelf of every university and major research laboratory."

"Because of the level of details the book has gone into in each specific topic, this book will be especially suitable for occasions where students are expected to read extensively outside the classroom as part of the syllabus."

Andrei Fedorov, Georgia Tech:

"The book is up-to-date and provides excellent coverage."

"Excellent writing style with nice historical highlights. The most important asset of the book is its clear and consistent notation used throughout the manuscript. It is probably the most comprehensive treatment of the topic that is currently in existence. It has up-to-date bibliography and very sound treatment of electromagnetism foundation of thermal radiation."

Peter Wong, Tufts University:

"Modest has compiled together a comprehensive and detailed understanding in thermal radiative heat transfer for graduate students and practicing engineers."

Yildiz Bayazitoglu, Rice University:

"Very much up to date and has a good selection of topics."
"Comprehensive, detailed, but simplified."

"The author presented the radiative heat transfer and its interactions with other modes of heat transfer in a coherent and integrated manner emphasizing the fundamentals...The book is directed towards the graduate level students as well as towards the scientists and engineers already engaged in subject matter."
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