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Principles of Environmental Physics
 
 

Principles of Environmental Physics, 4th Edition

Plants, Animals, and the Atmosphere

 
Principles of Environmental Physics, 4th Edition,John Monteith,Mike Unsworth,ISBN9780123869104
 
 
 

  &      

Academic Press

9780123869104

422

229 X 152

Principles of Environmental Physics provides a basis for understanding the complex physical interactions of plants and animals with their natural environment.

Print Book

Hardcover

In Stock

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USD 99.95
 
 

Key Features

  • Presents a unique synthesis of micrometeorology and ecology in its widest sense
  • Deals quantitatively with the impact of weather on living systems but also with the interactions between organisms and the atmosphere that are a central feature of life on earth
  • Offers numerous worked examples and problems with solutions
  • Provides many examples of laboratory and field measurements and their interpretation
  • Includes an up-to-date bibliography and review of recent micrometeorological applications in forestry, ecology, hydrology, and agriculture

Description

Principles of Environmental Physics: Plants, Animals, and the Atmosphere, 4e, provides a basis for understanding the complex physical interactions of plants and animals with their natural environment. It is the essential reference to provide environmental and ecological scientists and researchers with the physical principles, analytic tools, and data analysis methods they need to solve problems. This book describes the principles by which radiative energy reaches the earth’s surface and reviews the latest knowledge concerning the surface radiation budget. The processes of radiation, convection, conduction, evaporation, and carbon dioxide exchange are analyzed. Many applications of environmental physics principles are reviewed, including the roles of surface albedo and atmospheric aerosols in modifying microclimate and climate, remote sensing of vegetation properties, wind forces on trees and crops, dispersion of pathogens and aerosols, controls of evaporation from vegetation and soil (including implications of changing weather and climate), and interpretation of micrometeorological measurements of carbon dioxide and other trace gas fluxes.

Readership

Advanced undergraduate and graduate students in university departments of physics, atmospheric sciences, biological and environmental sciences, research scientists in agriculture, forestry, hydrology and ecology in academia, government research and industry, natural resource managers, environmental consultants and advisers in non-governmental organizations.

John Monteith

Affiliations and Expertise

Emeritus Professor of Environmental Physics, University of Nottingham, UK

Mike Unsworth

Affiliations and Expertise

Oregon State University, Corvallis, USA

Principles of Environmental Physics, 4th Edition

PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION
LIST OF SYMBOLS
1. SCOPE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS
2. GAS LAWS
Pressure, volume and temperature
Specific heats
Lapse rate
Water and water vapour
Other gases
3. TRANSPORT LAWS
General transfer equation
Molecular transfer processes
Diffusion coefficients
Radiation laws
4. RADIATION ENVIRONMENT
Solar radiation
Terrestrial radiation
Net radiation
5. MICROCLIMATOLOGY OF RADIATION
(i) Interception
Direct solar radiation
Diffuse radiation
Radiation in crop canopies
6. MICROCLIMATOLOGY OF RADIATION
(ii) Absorption and reflection
Radiative properties of natural materials
Net radiation
7. MOMENTUM TRANSFER
Boundary layers
Wind profiles and drag on uniform surfaces
Lodging and windthrow
8. HEAT TRANSFER
Convection
Non-dimensional groups
Measurements of convection
Conduction
Insulation of animals
9. MASS TRANSFER
(i) Gases and water vapour
Non-dimensional groups
Measurement of mass transfer
Ventilation
Mass transfer through pores
Coats and clothing
10.MASS TRANSFER (ii) Particles
Steady motion
11.STEADY STATE HEAT BALANCE
(i) Water surfaces and vegetation
Heat balance equation
Heat balance of thermometers
Heat balance of surfaces
Developments from the Penman Equation
12.STEADY STATE HEAT BALANCE
(ii) Animals
Heat balance components
The thermo-neutral diagram
Specification of the environment
Case studies
13.TRANSIENT HEAT BALANCE
Time constant
General cases
Heat flow in soil
14.CROP MICROMETEOROLOGY
(i) Profiles and fluxes
Profiles
Profile equations and stability
Measurement of flux above the canopy
15.CROP MICROMETEOROLOGY
(ii) Interpretation of measurements
Resistance analogues
Case studies:
Water vapour and transpiration
Carbon dioxide and growth
Sulphur dioxide and pollutant fluxes
to crops
Transport within canopies
APPENDIX
BIBLIOGRAPHY
REFERENCES
INDEX

Quotes and reviews

"This compact overview of environmental physics…serves as an excellent introduction to the subject. Its pioneering approach to the application of physics to the study and analysis of biological processes is still unsurpassed...The range of subjects covered is wide…and the new edition reorganizes and updates core material and improves on presentation...Rigorous but accessible, this is a wonderful text, and contains an extensive bibliography and a list of references."--ProtoView.com, January 2014

 
 

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