Petroleum Rock Mechanics

Petroleum Rock Mechanics, 1st Edition

Drilling Operations and Well Design

Petroleum Rock Mechanics, 1st Edition,Bernt Aadnoy,Reza Looyeh,ISBN9780123855466


Gulf Professional Publishing




229 X 152

This book, a vital tool for ensuring economic benefits in all phases of petroleum reservoir development, explains the fundamentals and applies them to oil-and gas-related drilling and well operation and completion problems.

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Key Features

Clearly applies rock mechanics to on and off shore oil and gas drilling

Step by Step approach to the analyze wellbore instabilities

Provides worked out examples with solutions to everyday problems


Petroleum Rock Mechanics: Drilling Operations and Well Design covers the fundamentals of solid mechanics and petroleum rock mechanics and their application to oil and gas-related drilling operations and well design. More specifically, it examines the role of formation, strength of rock materials, and wellbore mechanics, along with the impact of in-situ stress changes on wellbore and borehole behavior. Practical examples with solutions and a comprehensive glossary of terminologies are provided. Equations are incorporated into well-known failure criteria to predict stresses and to analyze a range of failure scenarios throughout drilling, well operation, and well completion processes. The book also discusses stress and strain components, principal and deviatoric stresses and strains, materials behavior, the theories of elasticity and inelasticity, probabilistic analysis of stress data, the tensile and shear strength of rocks, wellbore stability, and fracture and collapse behavior for both single and multi-lateral wells. Both inexperienced university students and experienced engineers will find this book extremely useful.


Reservoir Engineers, Production Engineer, Drilling Engineers, Exploration Geophysicists

Bernt Aadnoy

Department of Petroleum Engineering, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Petroleum Engineering, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway

Reza Looyeh

Affiliations and Expertise

Lead Engineer, Chevron Limited, Pembroke Refinery, UK

Petroleum Rock Mechanics, 1st Edition

Preface Acknowledgements About the Authors List of Symbols Part One - Fundamentals of Solid Mechanics     1 Stress/Strain Definitions and Components          1.1 General Concept          1.2 Definition of Stress          1.3 Stress Components          1.4 Definition of Strain          1.5 Strain Components          Example          Problems     2 Stress and Strain Transformation          2.1 Introduction          2.2 Transformation Principles          2.3 Two-Dimensional Stress Transformation          2.4 Stress Transformation in Space          2.5 Tensor of Stress Components          2.6 Strain Transformation in Space          Example          Problems     3 Principal and Deviatoric Stresses and Strains          3.1 Introduction          3.2 Principal Stresses          3.3 Average and Deviatoric Stresses          3.4 General Interpretation of Principal Stresses          3.5 Two-Dimensional Stress Analysis          3.6 Properties of Strain          Examples          Problems     4 Theory of Elasticity          4.1 Introduction          4.2 Materials Behavior          4.3 Hooke’s Law          4.4 Hooke’s Law in Shear          4.5 Analysis of Structures          4.6 Theory of Inelasticity          4.7 Constitutive Relation for Rocks          Example          Problems     5 Failure Criteria          5.1 Introduction          5.2 Failure Criteria for Rock Materials          5.3 The Von-Mises Failure Criterion          5.4 Mohr-Coulomb Failure Criterion          5.5 The Griffith Failure Criterion          5.6 Hoek-Brown Failure Criterion          5.7 Druker-Prager Failure Criterion          5.8 Mogi-Coulomb Failure Criterion          Example          Problems Part Two - Petroleum Rock Mechanics     6 Introduction to Petroleum Rock Mechanics          6.1 Introduction          6.2 Definition and Classification of Rocks          6.3 Petroleum Rock Mechanics          6.4 Why Study Stress in Rocks?          6.5 Units of Measurement          Example          Problems     7 Porous Rocks and Effective Stresses          7.1 Introduction          7.2 Anisotropy and Inhomogeneity          7.3 Anisotropic Rocks, Transversal Isotropy          7.4 Porous Rock          7.5 Formation Pore Pressure          7.6 Effective Stress          7.7 Formation Porosity and Permeability          Example          Problems     8 In-situ Stress          8.1 Introduction          8.2 Definitions          8.3 In-situ Principal Stresses          8.4 Measurement and Estimation of In-Situ Stresses          8.5 Probabilistic Analysis of Stress Data          8.6 Bounds on In-situ Stresses          8.7 Stress Directions from Fracture Traces          Examples          Problems     9 Rock Strength and Rock Failure          9.1 Introduction          9.2 Strength of Rock Material          9.3 Empirical Correlations          9.4 Formation Fracture Gradient          9.5 Laboratory Testing of Intact Rocks          9.6 Rock Tensile Strength          9.7 Rock Shear Strength          Examples          Problems     10 Stresses Around a Wellbore          10.1 Introduction          10.2 State of Stresses Around a Wellbore          10.3 Properties of Rock Formation Around a Wellbore          10.4 Equations Governing Stress Analysis          10.5 Analysis of Stresses Around a Wellbore          10.6 Isotropic Solution          10.7 Anisotropic Solution          Examples          Problems     11 Wellbore Instability Analysis          11.1 Introduction          11.2 Analysis Procedure          11.3 Wellbore Fracturing Pressure          11.4 Wellbore Collapse Pressure          11.5 Instability Analysis of Multi-lateral Boreholes          11.6 Instability Analysis of Adjacent Boreholes          11.7 Instability Analysis of Underbalanced Drilling          11.8 Shallow Fracturing          11.9 General Fracturing Model          11.10 Compaction Analysis for High-Pressure High-Temperature Reservoirs          11.11 Breakthrough of a Relief Well into a Blowing Well          11.12 Fracture Model for Load History and Temperature          11.13 Effects of Flow Induced Stresses          11.14 Sand Production Modeling          Examples          Problems     12 Wellbore Instability Analysis Using Inversion Technique          12.1 Introduction          12.2 Definitions          12.3 The Inversion Technique          12.4 Geological Aspects          12.5 Analysis Constraints          12.6 Inversion from Fracture Data and Image Logs          Examples          Problems     13 Wellbore Instability Analysis Using Quantitative Risk Assessment          13.1 Introduction          13.2 Deterministic Analysis Versus Probabilistic Assessment          13.3 Why Probabilistic Assessment?          13.4 Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA)          13.5 Quantitative Risk Assessment of Underbalanced Drilling          Example          Problems     14 The Effect of Mud Losses on Wellbore Stability          14.1 Introduction          14.2 Mud Losses During Drilling          14.3 Interpretation of the Leak-off Tests          14.4 Future Development for Wellbore Stability          Examples          Problems References Appendix A - Mechanical Properties of Rocks Appendix B - The Poisson’s Ratio Effect Appendix C - Model for the Stress Bridge Appendix D - Glossary of Terms Index
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