Functional Materials, 1st Edition

Preparation, Processing and Applications

Functional Materials, 1st Edition,S Banerjee,A.K. Tyagi,ISBN9780123851420

Banerjee   &   Tyagi   





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Covers a wide range of functional materials

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Key Features

  • Serves as a ready reference for Chemistry, Physics and Materials Science researchers by covering a wide range of functional materials in one book
  • Aids in the design of new materials by emphasizing structure or microstructure – property correlation
  • Covers the processing of functional materials in detail, which helps in conceptualizing the applications of them


Functional materials have assumed a very prominent position in several high-tech areas. Such materials are not being classified on the basis of their origin, nature of bonding or processing techniques but are classified on the basis of the functions they can perform. This is a significant departure from the earlier schemes in which materials were described as metals, alloys, ceramics, polymers, glass materials etc. Several new processing techniques have also evolved in the recent past. Because of the diversity of materials and their functions it has become extremely difficult to obtain information from single source. Functional Materials: Preparation, Processing and Applications provides a comprehensive review of the latest developments.


Chemistry, Physics and Materials Science researchers working on functional-materials

S Banerjee

Dr. Srikumar Banerjee is presently DAE Homi Bhabha Chair Professor at BARC. He did his BTech (Metallurgical Engineering) from Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur in 1967. He joined the erstwhile Metallurgy Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai, in the year 1968 after graduating from 11th batch of BARC training School. He obtained his PhD in 1974 from IIT, Kharagpur. He occupied several important positions such as Head, Metallurgy Division, BARC, Director, Materials Group, BARC and Director, BARC and subsequently became Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission, India in Nov. 2009, and superannuated in April 2012. He has done pioneering work in the field of martensitic transformations, rapid solidification, omega transformation, quasi-crystalline solids and shape memory alloys. He was a senior visiting Fellow at the University of Sussex, UK, Humboldt Foundation Fellow at Max-Planck Institute for Metallforschung, Stuttgart, Germany, and a visiting Professor at Ohio State University, Columbus, USA. In recognition of his seminal contribution to the field of Materials Science, he has been conferred with numerous National and International prestigious awards such as INSA Young Scientist Award (1976); National Metallurgists' Day Award (1981); Acta Metallurgica Outstanding paper Award (1984); Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar Prize in Engineering Sciences from Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (1989); GD Birla Gold Medal of The Indian Institute of Metals (1997); INSA Prize for Materials Science; MRSI - Superconductivity and Material Science Prize (2003); Indian Nuclear Society Award (2003); Alexander von Humboldt Research Award (2004); Prof. Brahm Prakash Memorial Medal (2004) from INSA; Padma Shri from Government of India (2005), Distinguished Materials Scientist Award from MRSI (2008), Indian Science Congress Association’s Excellence in Science and Technology Award (2009), and Ram Mohun Puraskar of Rammohun Mission for outstanding contribution to Nuclear Science (2010), CNR Rao Prize Lecture in Advanced Materials (2011) and M. N. Saha Birth Centenary Award (2012) from Indian Science Association Congress. He has been conferred with several Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa) degrees from various Universities and Institutions such as Sathyabama University, Chennai; Bengal Engineering and Science University, Shibpur; Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur; Guru Ghasidas University, Chattisgarh and University of Calcutta. He is an elected Fellow of Indian Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Sciences, India, Indian National Science Academy, Indian National Academy of Engineering, and Third World Academy of Sciences.

Affiliations and Expertise

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India

A.K. Tyagi

Dr. A.K. Tyagi joined Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai in 1986 through BARC-Training School. Since then he has been working in the field of Chemistry of nanomaterials, functional materials and nuclear materials. He was a Max-Planck Fellow at MPI, Stuttgart, Germany during 1995-96. Presently he is Head, Solid State Chemistry Section, Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai and also a Professor (Chemistry) at Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI). He has to his credit about 450 papers in international journals, two books, twelve book chapters and one patent. In recognition of his work, he has been conferred with several prestigious awards such as Homi Bhabha Science & Technology Award, Gold Medal of Indian Nuclear Society, MRSI Medal, CRSI Medal, Dr. Laxmi Award by ISCAS, Rheometric Scientific-ITAS Award, and IANCAS-Dr.Tarun Datta Memorial Award, RD Desai Memorial Award of ICS, Rajib Goyal Prize in Chemical Sciences, DAE-SRC Outstanding Researcher Award, CRSI-Prof. CNR Rao National Prize for Chemical Sciences and ISCB Award for Excellence in Chemical Sciences. He is a Fellow of Royal Society of Chemistry, UK (FRSC), National Academy of Sciences, India (FNASc), Indian Academy of Sciences (FASc) and Maharashtra Academy of Sciences (FMASc). He has been a visiting scientist to several countries like Germany, USA, Canada, France, Spain, Sweden, Portugal, Russia, Japan, Israel, China, Singapore, Malaysia and Australia.

Affiliations and Expertise

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India

Functional Materials, 1st Edition


About the Editors


1. Soft Materials — Properties and Applications

1.1. Introduction to Soft Matter

1.2. Intermolecular Interactions in Soft Materials

1.3. Colloids

1.4. Surfactant Assemblies

1.5. Polymer Solutions

1.6. Experimental Techniques in Soft Matter

1.7. Applications of Soft Matter

2. Conducting Polymer Sensors, Actuators and Field-Effect Transistors

2.1. Introduction

2.2. Synthesis of Conducting Polymers

2.3. Conducting Polymer Gas Sensors

2.4. Electrochemical Actuators

2.5. Conducting Polymer FETs

2.6. Summary

3. Functional Magnetic Materials

3.1. Introduction

3.2. Magnetocaloric Effect

3.3. Molecular Magnetic Materials

3.4. Magnetic Nanoparticles

3.5. CMR Manganites

3.6. Summary and Conclusion

4. Multiferroic Materials

4.1. Introduction

4.2. Origin of Ferro- and Antiferromagnetism

4.3. Origin of Ferroelectricity

4.4. Mutually Exclusive Reason for Multiferroicity

4.5. Types of Multiferroic Material

4.6. Observation of Multiferroic Properties

4.7. Examples

4.8. Applications

4.9. Summary

5. Spintronic Materials, Synthesis, Processing and Applications

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Ferromagnetic Semiconductors or Dilute Magnetic Semiconductors

5.3. Spintronics

5.4. Overview of some Major Spintronic Materials

5.5. Oxide Semiconductors

5.6. Material Synthesis, Processing and Characterization

5.7. Characterization

5.8. Recent Results

5.9. One-Dimensional Structures of ZnO-Based Materials

5.10. Applications (Spintronic Devices)

6. Functionalized Magnetic Nanoparticles


6.1. Introduction

6.2. Methods of Preparation of Nanoparticles

6.3. Characterization of Magnetic Nanoparticles

6.4. Magnetic Properties of Nanoparticles

6.5. Induction Heating Behaviour of Particles

6.6. Therapeutic Efficacy of Magnetic Nanoparticles in Human Cancer Cells

6.7. Future Perspectives

7. Functional Superconducting Materials

7.1. Background

7.2. Niobium Titanium (NbTi)

7.3. A15 Superconductors and Nb3Sn

7.4. Chevrel-Phase Superconductors

7.5. High-Tc Superconductors

7.6. MgB2

7.7. Borocarbides

7.8. Iron Arsenide Superconductors

7.9. Conclusions

8. Optical Materials

8.1. Introduction

8.2. Origin of Different Types of Optical Material and their Applications

8.3. Optical Parameters

8.4. Optical Properties of Metals

8.5. Optical Properties of Insulators

8.6. Optical Properties of Nanomaterials

8.7. Nonlinear Optical Materials

8.8. Organic Optical Materials

8.9. Photonic Band-Gap Materials

9. Glass and Glass-Ceramics

9.1. Introduction

9.2. Glasses

9.3. Glass-Ceramics

9.4. Preparation of Glass and Glass-Ceramics

9.5. Characterization

9.6. Mechanical Properties

9.7. Wetting Property

9.8. Some Useful Properties

9.9. Some Important Functionalities

9.10. Transparency

9.11. Conclusion

10. Nuclear Fuels

10.1. Introduction

10.2. Types of Fuel Material

10.3. Phase Diagrams

10.4. Fission Gas Release

10.5. Vapourisation of the Fuel

10.6. Swelling Due to Gas Bubbles

10.7. Swelling Due to Solid Fission Products

10.8. Pore Migration

10.9. Restructuring

10.10. Mechanical Phenomenon

10.11. Temperature Distribution

10.12. Fuel Modelling

10.13. Conclusions

11. Super-Strong, Super-Modulus Materials

11.1. Introduction

11.2. Origin of Modulus

11.3. Strength of Materials

11.4. Ultra-strength

11.5. Summary

12. Corrosion-Resistant Materials

12.1. Introduction

12.2. Materials Resistant to Uniform Corrosion

12.3. Materials Resistant to Localized Corrosion

13. Nafion Perfluorosulphonate Membrane

13.1. Introduction

13.2. Synthesis and Characterization

13.3. Properties of Nafion Membranes

13.4. Applications

13.5. Conclusions

14. Fundamentals and Applications of the Photocatalytic Water Splitting Reaction

14.1. Introduction

14.2. Basis of Photocatalytic Water Splitting

14.3. Experimental Method for Water Splitting

14.4. Some Heterogeneous Photocatalyst Materials Used for Water Splitting

14.5. Conclusions

15. Hydrogen Storage Materials

15.1. Introduction

15.2. Experimental Techniques

15.3. Examples of Hydrogen Storage Materials and Their Properties

15.4. Applications

15.5. Conclusions

16. Electroceramics for Fuel Cells, Batteries and Sensors

16.1. Introduction

16.2. Preparation and Processing of Electroceramics

16.3. Electrochemical and Microstructural Characterization

16.4. Applications

17. Nanocrystalline and Disordered Carbon Materials

17.1. Introduction

17.2. Fullerene

17.3. CNTs

17.4. Graphene: The Slimmest Carbon

17.5. Nano-Diamond

17.6. Carbon Nanofoam

17.7. Amorphous Carbon

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