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Nanomaterials for Medical Applications
 
 

Nanomaterials for Medical Applications, 1st Edition

 
Nanomaterials for Medical Applications, 1st Edition,Zoraida Aguilar,ISBN9780123850898
 
 
 

  

Elsevier

9780123850898

9780123850904

544

229 X 152

Authoritative analysis of nanomaterials designed for biomedical application, as they emerge from pure research into monetized commercial usage

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Key Features

  • Discusses the most important biomedical applications and devices of nanomaterials: drug delivery, medical imaging, gene therapy, nanorobots, biosensors and diagnostics
  • Focuses on current commercialized techniques and applications, ensuring the work is entirely relevant to a rapidly evolving field
  • Reviews the most recent studies on nanomaterial toxicity, thereby responding to the widescale private, policy and public interest in nanoscience

Description

This title covers recent advances in a variety of biomedical applications of nanostructured materials, as the field evolves from prototype device to real-world application. It presents the main types of nanomaterial used in medical application today: semiconductor nanomaterials, Magnetic nanomaterials, metal nanoparticles, Carbon nanomaterials, Hydrogel nanocomposites, Liposomes, Dendrimers, Polymer nanocomposites, and Biodegradable polymers.

Structurally the work is demarcated into the six most popular areas of research:
(1) biocompatibility of nanomaterials with living organisms in their various manifestations
(2) nanobiosensors for clinical diagnostics, detecting biomolecules which are useful in the clinical diagnosis of genetic, metabolically acquired, induced or infectious disease
(3) targeted drug delivery for nanomaterials in their various modifications
(4) nanomedical devices and structures which are used in the development of implantable medical devices and structures such as nanorobots
(5) nanopharmacology, as novel nanoparticles are increasingly engineered to diagnose conditions and recognize pathogens, identify ideal pharmaceutical agents to treat the condition or pathogens,fuel high-yield production of matched pharmaceuticals (potentially in vivo), locate, attach or enter target tissue, structures or pathogens; and dispense the ideal mass of matched biological compound to the target regions
(6) nanotoxicology and remediation, which focuses on finished and on-going various toxicity evaluations on various nanomaterials that are used and currently being developed for medical applications

Readership

This reference is principally for use by grad students and above researching aspects of nanomaterial science, either currently being used or being studied for medical applications, including drug delivery, medical imaging, gene therapy, nanorobots, biosensors, and diagnostics. The work will also be of use to nanotech professionals and some policy makers looking for synthesis of existing approaches.

Zoraida Aguilar

Director of Research and Development at Ocean Nanotech, LLC, Springdale, Arkansas

Affiliations and Expertise

Director of Research and Development at Ocean Nanotech, LLC, Springdale, Arkansas

Nanomaterials for Medical Applications, 1st Edition

Introduction: general overview of nanomaterials and their medical applications

Typologies-introduction of the various properties and characteristics of nanomaterials that are currently used or being developed for medical applications

    1. Semiconductor nanomaterials
    2. Magnetic nanomaterials
    3. Metal nanoparticles
    4. Carbon nanomaterials
    5. Hydrogel nanocomposites
    6. Liposomes
    7. Dendrimers
    8. Polymer nanocomposites
    9. Biodegradable polymers

Biocompatibility-discussion of the various modifications on nanomaterials to make them biocompatible with

    1. Human cell lines
    2. Microorganisms
    3. Plants
    4. Animals
    5. Proteins
    6. DNA

Nanobiosensors for clinical diagnostics-biosensor applications of nanomaterials for detection various biomolecules that are useful in the clinical diagnosis of different types of diseases. These diseases may be genetic, metabolically acquired, induced, or caused by infectious disease causing agents.

    1. Whole cell and whole microorganisms
    2. Protein
    3. Nucleic acid

Targeted drug delivery-this chapter presents the various ways of modifying nanomaterials for targeted drug delivery. Various nanomaterials that are currently used or being developed for targeted drug delivery will be included.

      1. Liposomes
      2. Dendrimers
      3. Magnetic nanoparticles
      4. Hydrogels
      5. Biodegradable polymers

Nanomedical devices--this chapter will focus on nanomaterials that are used in the development of implantable medical devices and structures such as nanorobots.

    1. Nanorobots
    2. Nanochips and nano implants
    3. Prostheses
    4. Tissue engineering
    5. Cell repair

Nanopharmacology-nanoparticles can be engineered to diagnose conditions and recognize pathogens; identify ideal pharmaceutical agents to treat the condition or pathogens; fuel high-yield production of matched pharmaceuticals (potentially in vivo); locate, attach or enter target tissue, structures or pathogens; and dispense the ideal mass of matched biological compound to the target regions. 

    1. Nano genetherapy
    2. Nanoimmunotherapy

Nanotoxicology and remediation-this will focus on finished and on-going various toxicity evaluations on various nanomaterials that are used and currently being developed for medical applications

    1. Influence of size, shape, and composition on toxicity
    2. Mechanism of toxicity in the cellular, tissue, and organism level
    3. Site specific nanotoxicity
    4. Remediation and clean-up of nanomaterials spills and environmental contamination

Conclusions

Index

 

Quotes and reviews

"…this ambitious volume succeeds in highlighting many of the current areas of interest in the field of nanomedicine, and benefits from a multi-disciplinary perspective and a balanced discussion of the many promises of nanomaterials in medicine as well the attendant safety issues. The book is recommended to young scientists entering into this exciting new field."--MaterialsViews.com, February 27, 2014
"Aguilar…presents a broad review of nanomaterials and their application in medicine, from their properties and synthesis to existing and future commercial products."--Reference and Research Book News, February 2013

 
 
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