MIMO Wireless Networks

MIMO Wireless Networks, 2nd Edition

Channels, Techniques and Standards for Multi-Antenna, Multi-User and Multi-Cell Systems

MIMO Wireless Networks, 2nd Edition,Bruno Clerckx,Claude Oestges,ISBN9780123850553


Academic Press




235 X 191

Unique in explaining the principles of MIMO networks at both link and system levels: now updated to include the latest developments in multi-user and multi-cell ???? channels and techniques, key developments for the developments of 4G networks!

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Key Features

  • Extended introduction to multi-dimensional propagation, including polarization aspects
  • Detailed and comparative description of physical models and analytical representations of single- and multi-link MIMO channels, covering the latest standardized models
  • Thorough overview of space-time coding techniques, covering both classical and more recent schemes under information theory and error probability perspectives
  • Intuitive illustration of how real-world propagation affects the capacity and the error performance of MIMO transmission schemes
  • Detailed information theoretic analysis of multiple access, broadcast and interference channels
  • In-depth presentation of multi-user diversity, resource allocation and (non-)linear MU-MIMO precoding techniques with perfect and imperfect channel knowledge
  • Extensive coverage of cooperative multi-cell MIMO-OFDMA networks, including network resource allocation optimization, coordinated scheduling, beamforming and power control, interference alignment, joint processing, massive and network MIMO
  • Applications of MIMO and Coordinated Multi-Point (CoMP) in LTE, LTE-A and WiMAX
  • Theoretical derivations and results contrasted with practical system level evaluations highlighting the performance of single- and multi-cell MIMO techniques in realistic deployments


This book is unique in presenting channels, techniques and standards for the next generation of MIMO wireless networks. Through a unified framework, it emphasizes how propagation mechanisms impact the system performance under realistic power constraints. Combining a solid mathematical analysis with a physical and intuitive approach to space-time signal processing, the book progressively derives innovative designs for space-time coding and precoding as well as multi-user and multi-cell techniques, taking into consideration that MIMO channels are often far from ideal.

Reflecting developments since the first edition was published, this book has been thoroughly revised, and now includes new sections and five new chapters, respectively dealing with receiver design, multi-user MIMO, multi-cell MIMO, MIMO implementation in standards, and MIMO system-level evaluation.


Wireless communications R&D engineers and graduate students

Bruno Clerckx

Bruno Clerckx is Assistant Professor (Lecturer) at Imperial College London. He held research or visiting positions at Université catholique de Louvain, Stanford University, EURECOM and Samsung Electronics. His research interests cover wireless communications. He is the author of books, numerous scientific papers, standard contributions (3GPPLTE/LTE-A and IEEE802.16m) and patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Imperial College, London, UK

Claude Oestges

Claude Oestges is Associate Professor with the Institute for Information and Communication Technologies, Electronics and Applied Mathematics (Université catholique de Louvain). His research interests cover wireless and satellite communications, with a specific focus on channel characterization and modeling. He is the author or co-author of two books and more than 170 scientific papers in international journals and conference proceedings.

Affiliations and Expertise

Université catholique de Louvain, Belgium

View additional works by Claude Oestges

MIMO Wireless Networks, 2nd Edition


List of Figures

List of Tables


List of Abbreviations

List of Symbols

About The Author

Chapter 1. Introduction to Multi-Antenna Communications

1.1 Brief history of array processing

1.2 Space-time wireless channels for multi-antenna systems

1.3 Exploiting multiple antennas in wireless systems

1.4 Single-input multiple-output systems

1.5 Multiple-input single-output systems

1.6 Multiple-input multiple-output systems

1.7 Multi-link MIMO networks: from multi-user to multi-cell MIMO

1.8 MIMO techniques in commercial wireless systems


Chapter 2. From Multi-Dimensional Propagation to Multi-Link MIMO Channels

2.1 Double-Directional Channel Modeling

2.2 The Mimo Channel Matrix

2.3 Statistical Properties Of The Mimo Channel Matrix

2.4 Multi-Link Mimo Propagation

2.5 Impact Of Antenna Arrays On Mimo Channels

2.6 Towards Mimo Channel Modeling


Chapter 3. Analytical MIMO Channel Representations for System Design

3.1 Propagation-Motivated MIMO Metrics

3.2 Analytical Single-Link Representations of Narrowband Correlated MIMO Channels

3.3 Dual-Polarized Channels

3.4 Separable Representations of Gaussian MIMO Channels

3.5 Frequency Selective MIMO Channels

3.6 Analytical Multi-Link Representations of MIMO Channels


Chapter 4. Physical MIMO Channel Models For Performance Simulation

4.1 Electromagnetic Models

4.2 Geometry-Based Stochastic Models

4.3 Empirical Channel Models

4.4 Standardized Mimo Channel Models


Chapter 5. Capacity of Single-Link MIMO Channels

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Capacity of Deterministic MIMO Channels

5.3 Ergodic Capacity of Fast Fading Channels

5.4 I.I.D. Rayleigh Fast Fading Channels

5.5 Correlated Rayleigh Fast Fading Channels

5.6 Ricean Fast Fading Channels

5.7 Outage Capacity and Probability and Diversity-Multiplexing Trade-Off in Slow Fading Channels

5.8 I.I.D. Rayleigh Slow Fading Channels

5.9 Correlated Rayleigh and Ricean Slow Fading Channels


Chapter 6. Space-Time Coding Over I.I.D. Rayleigh Flat Fading Channels

6.1 Overview of a Space-Time Encoder

6.2 System Model

6.3 Error Probability Motivated Design Methodology

6.4 Information Theory Motivated Design Methodology

6.5 Space-Time Block Coding

6.6 Space-Time Trellis Coding


Chapter 7. MIMO Receiver Design: Detection and Channel Estimation

7.1 Reminder: System Model

7.2 Mimo Receivers For Uncoded Transmissions

7.1 Mimo Receivers For Coded Transmissions

7.2 Mimo Channel Estimation


Chapter 8. Error Probability in Real-World MIMO Channels

8.1 A Conditional Pairwise Error Probability Approach

8.2 Introduction to an Average Pairwise Error Probability Approach

8.3 Average Pairwise Error Probability in Rayleigh Fading Channels

8.4 Average Pairwise Error Probability in Ricean Fading Channels

8.5 Perspectives on the Space-Time Code Design in Realistic Channels


Chapter 9. Space-Time Coding over Real-World MIMO Channels with No Transmit Channel Knowledge

9.1 Information Theory Motivated Design Methodology

9.2 Information Theory Motivated Code Design in Slow Fading Channels

9.3 Error Probability Motivated Design Methodology

9.4 Error Probability Motivated Code Design in Slow Fading Channels



Chapter 10. Space-Time Coding with Partial Transmit Channel Knowledge

Exploiting Channel Statistics at the Transmitter

Exploiting a Limited Amount of Feedback at the Transmitter

A General Framework

10.1 Introduction to Channel Statistics Based Precoding Techniques

10.2 Channel Statistics Based Precoding for Orthogonal Space-Time Block Coding

10.3 Channel Statistics Based Precoding for Codes With Non-Identity Error Matrices

10.4 Channel Statistics Based Precoding for Spatial Multiplexing

10.5 Introduction to Quantized Precoding and Antenna Selection Techniques

10.6 Quantized Precoding and Antenna Selection for Dominant Eigenmode Transmissions

10.7 Quantized Precoding and Antenna Selection for Orthogonal Space-Time Block Coding

10.8 Quantized Precoding and Antenna Selection for Spatial Multiplexing

10.9 Information Theory Motivated Quantized Precoding


Chapter 11. Space-Time Coding for Frequency Selective Channels

11.1 Single-Carrier Vs. Multi-Carrier Transmissions

11.2 Information Theoretic Aspects For Frequency Selective Mimo Channels

11.3 Average Pairwise Error Probability

11.4 Code Design Criteria For Single-Carrier Transmissions In Rayleigh Fading Channels

11.5 Code Design Criteria For Space-Frequency Coded Mimo-Ofdm Transmissions In Rayleigh Fading Channels

11.6 On The Robustness Of Codes In Spatially Correlated Frequency Selective Channels


Chapter 12. Multi-User MIMO

12.1 System Model

12.2 Capacity of Multiple-Access Channels (MAC)

12.3 Capacity of Broadcast Channels (BC)

12.4 BC-MAC Duality

12.5 Multi-User Diversity, Resource Allocation and Scheduling

12.6 Sum-Rate Scaling Laws

12.7 Uplink Multi-User Mimo

12.8 Downlink Multi-user Mimo Precoding with Perfect Transmit Channel Knowlede

12.9 Downlink Multi-user Mimo Precoding with Partial Transmit Channel Knowledge


Chapter 13. Multi-Cell MIMO

13.1 Interference in Wireless Networks

13.2 System Model

13.3 Network Architecture

13.4 Capacity of Multi-Cell Mimo Channels

13.5 Multi-Cell Diversity and Resource Allocation

13.6 Coordinated Power Control

13.7 Coordinated Beamforming

13.8 Coordinated Scheduling, Beamforming and Power Control

13.9 Coding for Multi-Cell Coordination

13.10 Network MIMO


Chapter 14. MIMO in LTE, LTE-Advanced and WiMAX

14.1 Design Targets and Key Technologies

14.2 Antenna and Network Deployments

14.3 Reference Signals

14.4 Single-User MIMO

14.5 Multi-User Mimo

14.6 Multi-Cell MIMO

14.7 Channel State Information (CSI) Feedback

14.8 Beyond lte-a: Massive Multi-Cell and Massive Multi-Antenna Networks


Chapter 15. MIMO-OFDMA System Level Evaluation

15.1 Single-User Mimo

15.2 Multi-User Mimo

15.3 User Dropping and Cell Clustering in Homogeneous Networks

15.4 Coordinated Scheduling and Beamforming in Homogeneous Networks

15.5 Coordinated Scheduling and Power Control in Heterogeneous Networks

15.6 Concluding Remarks


Appendix A. Useful Mathematical and Matrix Properties


Appendix B. Complex Gaussian Random Variables and Matrices

B.1 Some Useful Probability Distributions

B.2 Eigenvalues of Wishart Matrices


Appendix C. Antenna Coupling Model

C.1 Minimum Scatterers W.R.T. Impedance Parameters

C.2 Minimum Scatterers W.R.T. Admittance Parameters


Appendix D. Derivation of the Average Pairwise Error Probability

D.1 Joint Space-Time Correlated Ricean Fading Channels

D.2 Space Correlated Ricean Slow Fading Channels

D.3 Joint Space-Time Correlated Ricean Block Fading Channels

D.4 I.I.D. Rayleigh Slow and Fast Fading Channels




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