Encyclopedia of Body Image and Human Appearance

Encyclopedia of Body Image and Human Appearance, 1st Edition

Encyclopedia of Body Image and Human Appearance, 1st Edition,Thomas Cash,ISBN9780123849250

T Cash   

Academic Press




A unique, single-source reference for a growing area of scientific inquiry that brings together research from experts in a variety of fields examining the psychological and sociological phenonmenon of body image.

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Key Features

The Encyclopedia of Body Image and Human Appearance is a unique

reference for a growing area of scientific inquiry. It brings together in one source the research from

experts in a variety of fields examining this psychological and sociological phenomenon. The breadth of

topics covered, and the current fascination with this subject area ensure this reference will be of interest

to researchers and a lay audience alike.


This scholarly work is the most comprehensive existing resource on human physical appearance—how people’s outer physical characteristics and their inner perceptions and attitudes about their own appearance (body image) affect their lives. The encyclopedia’s 117 full-length chapters are composed and edited by the world’s experts from a range of disciplines—social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. The extensive topical coverage in this valuable reference work includes: (1) Important theories, perspectives, and concepts for understanding body image and appearance; (2) Scientific measurement of body image and physical attributes (anthropometry); (3) The development and determinants of human appearance and body image over the lifespan: (4) How culture and society influences the meanings of human appearance; (5) The psychosocial effects of appearance-altering disease, damage, and visible differences; (6) Appearance self-change and self-management; (7) The prevention and treatment of body image problems, including psychosocial and medical interventions. Chapters are written in a manner that is accessible and informative to a wide audience, including the educated public, college and graduate students, and scientists and clinical practitioners. Each well-organized chapter provides a glossary of definitions of any technical terms and a Further Reading section of recommended sources for continued learning about the topic.

Available online via ScienceDirect or in a limited-release print version.


undergraduate students, graduate students, researchers, and interested public libraries

Thomas Cash

Affiliations and Expertise

Fellow, Association for Psychological Science, Professor Emeritus of Psychology, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA

Encyclopedia of Body Image and Human Appearance, 1st Edition

Amputations and Prosthetic Devices

Anorexia Nervosa

Anthropological Perspectives (Physical Appearance)


Anti-dieting Approaches to Change and Prevention

Appearance Discrimination and the Law

Bariatric Surgery for Weight Loss

Beauty over the Centuries-Female

Beauty over the Centuries-Male

Body Art: Tattooing and Piercing

Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Body Height

Body Image among Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexuals

Body Image among the Elderly

Body Image and "Fat Talk"

Body Image and Athleticism (Sports)

Body Image and Gender-Role Attitudes/Identity

Body Image and Personality

Body Image and Self-Esteem

Body Image and Sexual Functioning

Body Image and Social Functioning

Body Image and Socioeconomic Class

Body Image Behaviors: Checking, Fixing, and Avoiding

Body Image Change and Prevention, Dissonance-based Approaches to

Body Image Change, Self-Help Approaches to

Body Image Development—Adolescent Boys

Body Image Development—Adolescent Girls

Body Image Development—Adult Men

Body Image Development—Adult Women

Body Image Development—Boy Children

Body Image Development—Girl Children

Body Image of Dance and Aesthetic Sports

Body Image in Mood and Psychotic Disorders

Body Image in Non-Western Cultures

Body Image, African American

Body Image, Asian American

Body Image, Familial Influences on

Body Image, Hispanic/Latino

Body Image, Peer Influences on

Body Mutilation, cultural practices

Body Weight and Body Image in Adults

Body Weight and Body Image in Children and Adolescents


Breast Size

Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder

Burn Injuries


Children's Media Influences (e.g. Animation Films)

Clothing and Adornment, Social Psychology of

Cognitive-Behavioral Body Image Therapy

Cognitive-Behavioral Perspectives (Body Image)

Congenital Craniofacial and Maxillofacial Malformations

Cosmetic Surgeries for the Face

Cosmetic Surgeries of the Body

Cosmetics Use, Psychology of

Dental and Orthodontic Treatments

Dieting, Compulsive

Dolls and Action Figures

Drug Use, Appearance and Performance-Enhancing

Endocrine Conditions

Evolutionary Perspectives (Physical Appearance)

Exercise, Effects on Body Image

Experiential and Somatopsychic Approaches to Body Image Change

Face and Body in Motion: Nonverbal Communication

Facial Transplants

Feminist Perspectives (Body Image)

Gender Identity Disorder, Transgender and Transsexualism

Genetics and Human Appearance


Gynecologic Conditions

Hair Loss, Effects and Surgical/Drug Treatments for the Alopecias

Hair Styling and Coloring

Hair, Body and Facial

History of the Science of Physical Appearance and Body Image

Internalization of Thin-ideal and Muscular-ideal

Measurement and Stability of Physical Attractiveness

Measurement of Body Image in Adolescence and Adulthood

Measurement of Body Image in Childhood

Measurement of Perceptual Body Image

Measurement of Physical Self-Confidence/Competence

Media Influences on Female Body Image

Media Influences on Male Body Image

Medically Induced (Iatrogenic) Adverse Changes in Appearance

Muscularity and Body Image

Neuroscientific Perspectives (Body Image)

Objectification and Self-Objectification Theory (Body Image)

Occupational and Economic Consequences of Physical Attractiveness

Physical Appearance and Stigma

Physical Appearance Changes across Adulthood—Men

Physical Appearance Changes across Adulthood—Women

Physical Appearance Changes in Childhood and Adolescence—Boys

Physical Appearance Changes in Childhood and Adolescence—Girls

Physical Attractiveness and Personality

Physical Attractiveness Stereotyping

Physical Attractiveness: Dating, Mating, and Social Interaction

Physical Disability and Body Image in Adults

Physical Disability and Body Image in Children

Plastic Surgery: Breast Reconstruction and Breast Reduction

Positive Psychology Perspectives (Body Image)

Pregnancy, Physical and Body Image Changes during

Preventing Body Image Problems, Computer/Web-based Approaches to

Preventing Body Image Problems, Ecological and Activism Approaches to

Preventing Body Image Problems, Public Policy Approaches to

Preventing Body Image Problems, School-based Approaches to

Psychodynamic Perspectives (Body Image)

Race, Ethnicity, and Human Appearance

Self-Discrepancy Theory (Body Image)

Self-Guided Weight Loss

Self-Mutilation and excoriation

Sexual Abuse and Body Image

Skin Color/Tone

Skin Diseases

Smoking and Body Image

Social Comparison Theory (Body Image)

Sociocultural Perspectives on Body Image

Surveys and the Epidemiology of Body Image

Tanning, Natural and Artificial

Teasing, Appearance-Related

Traumatic Injuries and Body Image

Weight-Loss Programs, Commercial and Popular Diets

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