The Science of Grapevines, 2nd Edition

Anatomy and Physiology

 
The Science of Grapevines, 2nd Edition,Markus Keller,ISBN9780124199873
 
 
 

  

Academic Press

9780124199873

9780124200081

522

235 X 191

WINNER of the 2010 Jury Award from the Organisation Internationale de la Vigne et du Vin (OIV) for best viticulture book of the year, now fully revised and updated

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Key Features

  • Chapter 7 broken into two chapters, now "Environmental Constraints and Stress Physiology and Chapter 8 "Living with Other Organisms" to better reflect specific concepts
  • Integration of new research results including:
    • Latest research on implementing drip irrigation to maximize sugar accumulation within grapes
    • Effect of drought stress on grapevine’s hydraulic system and options for optimum plant maintenance in drought conditions
    • The recently discovered plant hormone - strigolactones - and their contribution of apical dominance that has suddenly outdated dogma on apical dominance control
  • Chapter summaries added
  • Key literature references missed in the first edition as well as references to research completed since the 1e publication will be added

Description

The Science of Grapevines: Anatomy and Physiology is an introduction to the physical structure of the grapevine, its various organs, their functions and their interactions with the environment. Beginning with a brief overview of the botanical classification (including an introduction to the concepts of species, cultivars, clones, and rootstocks), plant morphology and anatomy, and growth cycles of grapevines, The Science of Grapevines covers the basic concepts in growth and development, water relations, photosynthesis and respiration, mineral uptake and utilization, and carbon partitioning.

These concepts are put to use to understand plant-environment interactions including canopy dynamics, yield formation, and fruit composition, and concludes with an introduction to stress physiology, including water stress (drought and flooding), nutrient deficiency and excess, extreme temperatures (heat and cold), and the impact and response to of other organisms.

Based on the author’s years of teaching grapevine anatomy as well as his research experience with grapevines and practical experience growing grapes, this book provides an important guide to understanding the entire plant.

Readership

Vineyard and/or winery owners, growers, vineyard managers, technical viticulturists, winemakers, students, consultants, and wine journalists

Markus Keller

Dr. Keller received his master's degree in agronomy (plant science) and doctorate in natural sciences from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich. He has taught and conducted research in viticulture and grapevine physiology in three continents and is the author of numerous scientific and technical papers and industry articles in addition to being a frequent speaker at scientific conferences and industry meetings and workshops. He also has extensive practical experience in both the vineyard and winery as a result of work in the family enterprise and was awarded the Swiss AgroPrize for innovative contributions to Switzerland's agricultural industry.

Affiliations and Expertise

Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Washington State University, Prosser, WA, USA

The Science of Grapevines, 2nd Edition

  • About the Author
  • Preface to the Second Edition
  • Chapter 1. Botany and Anatomy
    • 1.1 Botanical Classification and Geographical Distribution
    • 1.2 Cultivars, Clones, and Rootstocks
    • 1.3 Morphology and Anatomy
  • Chapter 2. Phenology and Growth Cycle
    • 2.1 Seasons and Day Length
    • 2.2 Vegetative Cycle
    • 2.3 Reproductive Cycle
  • Chapter 3. Water Relations and Nutrient Uptake
    • 3.1 Osmosis, Water Potential, and Cell Expansion
    • 3.2 Transpiration and Stomatal Action
    • 3.3 Water and Nutrient Uptake and Transport
  • Chapter 4. Photosynthesis and Respiration
    • 4.1 Light Absorption and Energy Capture
    • 4.2 Carbon Uptake and Assimilation
    • 4.3 Photorespiration
    • 4.4 Respiration
    • 4.5 From Cells to Plants
  • Chapter 5. Partitioning of Assimilates
    • 5.1 Photosynthate Translocation and Distribution
    • 5.2 Canopy–Environment Interactions
    • 5.3 Nitrogen Assimilation and Interaction with Carbon Metabolism
  • Chapter 6. Developmental Physiology
    • 6.1 Yield Formation
    • 6.2 Grape Composition and Fruit Quality
    • 6.3 Sources of Variation in Fruit Composition
  • Chapter 7. Environmental Constraints and Stress Physiology
    • 7.1 Responses to Abiotic Stress
    • 7.2 Water: Too Much or Too Little
    • 7.3 Nutrients: Deficiency and Excess
    • 7.4 Temperature: Too Cold or Too Warm
  • Chapter 8. Living with Other Organisms
    • 8.1 Biotic Stress and Evolutionary Arms Races
    • 8.2 Pathogens: Defense and Damage
  • Abbreviations and Symbols
  • Glossary
  • References
  • Internet Resources
  • Index
 
 
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