Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology, 1st Edition

From Genome to Environment

Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology, 1st Edition,ISBN9780123745453

Academic Press




285 X 216

A comprehensive source of information on fish physiology with topic coverage from fish genomics through behavior.

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Key Features

  • Winner of a 2011 PROSE Award Honorable Mention for Multivolume Science Reference from the Association of American Publishers
  • The definitive encyclopedia for the field of fish physiology
  • Three volumes which comprehensively cover the entire field in over 300 entries written by experts
  • Detailed coverage of basic functional physiology of fishes, physiological themes in fish biology and comparative physiology amongst taxonomic Groups
  • Describes the genomic bases of fish physiology and biology and the use of fish as model organisms in human physiological research
  • Includes a glossary of terms
  • Available online in indexed searchable format


Fish form an extremely diverse group of vertebrates. At a conservative estimate at least 40% of the world's vertebrates are fish. On the one hand they are united by their adaptations to an aquatic environment and on the other they show a variety of adaptations to differing environmental conditions - often to extremes of temperature, salinity, oxygen level and water chemistry. They exhibit an array of behavioural and reproductive systems. Interesting in their own right, this suite of adaptive physiologies provides many model systems for both comparative vertebrate and human physiologists.

This four volume encyclopedia covers the diversity of fish physiology in over 300 articles and provides entry level information for students and summary overviews for researchers alike.

Broadly organised into four themes, articles cover Functional, Thematic, and Phylogenetic Physiology, and Fish Genomics

Functional articles address the traditional aspects of fish physiology that are common to all areas of vertebrate physiology including: Reproduction, Respiration, Neural (Sensory, Central, Effector), Endocrinology, Renal, Cardiovascular, Acid-base Balance, Osmoregulation, Ionoregulation, Digestion, Metabolism, Locomotion, and so on.

Thematic Physiology articles are carefully selected and fewer in number. They provide a level of integration that goes beyond the coverage in the Functional Physiology topics and include discussions of Toxicology, Air-breathing, Migrations, Temperature, Endothermy, etc.

Phylogenetic Physiology articles bring together information that bridges the physiology of certain groupings of fishes where the knowledge base has a sufficient depth and breadth and include articles on Ancient Fishes, Tunas, Sharks, etc.

Genomics articles describe the underlying genetic component of fish physiology and high light their suitability and use as model organisms for the study of disease, stress and physiological adaptations and reactions to external conditions.


* Undergraduate and Post-graduate students and Research scientists studying the physiology of fishes.
* Comparative vertebrate physiologists
* Biomedical physiologists using fish as animal models of human physiology and genetics

Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology, 1st Edition

Functional Morphology of the Nervous System: An Introduction
Cranial and Spinal Nerves of Fishes: Evolution of the Craniate Pattern
Functional Morphology of the Brains of Agnathans
Functional Morphology of the Brains of Cartilaginous Fishes
Functional Morphology of the Brains of Ray-Finned Fishes
Functional Morphology of the Brains of Sarcopterygian Fishes: Lungfishes and Latimeria
Motor Control Systems of Fish
Physiology of the Mauthner Cell: Discovery and Properties
Physiology of the Mauthner Cell: Function
Autonomic Nervous System of Fishes
Opioids and Opioid Receptors in Fishes
Vision in Fishes: An Introduction
Physiological Optics in Fishes
Photoreceptors and Visual Pigments
Adaptations of Photoreceptors and Visual Pigments
Inner Retina and Ganglion Cells
Optic Tectum
Behavioral Assessment of the Visual Capabilities of Fish
Color Vision and Color Communication in Reef Fish
Extraretinal Photoreception
Visual Adaptations to the Deep Sea
Chemoreception (Smell and Taste): An Introduction
Morphology of the Gustatory (Taste) System in Fishes
Morphology of the Olfactory (Smell) System in Fishes
Neurophysiology of Olfaction
Neurophysiology of Gustation
Chemosensory Behavior
Fish Bioacoustics: An Introduction
Vestibular System Anatomy and Physiology
Auditory System Morphology
The Ear and Hearing in Sharks, Skates, and Rays
Biomechanics of the Inner Ear in Fishes
Psychoacoustics: What Fish Hear
Auditory/Lateral Line CNS: Anatomy
Physiology of the Ear and Brain: How Fish Hear
Sound Source Localization and Directional Hearing in Fishes
Effects of Human-Generated Sound on Fish
Acoustic Behavior
Vocal Behavior of Fishes: Anatomy and Physiology
Lateral Line Neuroethology
Lateral Line Structure
Detection and Generation of Electric Signals in Fishes: An Introduction
Morphology of Electroreceptive Sensory Organs
Physiology of Ampullary Electrosensory Systems
Physiology of Tuberous Electrosensory Systems
Active Electrolocation
Electric Organs
Generation of Electric Signals
Development of Electroreceptors and Electric Organs
Functional Anatomy of Bones, Muscle, and Skin: An Introduction
Cartilaginous Fish Skeletal Anatomy
Cartilaginous Fish Skeletal Tissues
Bony Fish Skeleton
Cartilaginous Fishes Cranial Muscles
Bony Fish Cranial Muscles
The Many Functions of Fish Integument
Functional Morphology of the Integumentary System in Fishes
Coloration and Chromatophores in Fishes
Bioluminescence in Fishes
Hagfish Slime
Buoyancy, Locomotion, and Movement in Fishes: An Introduction
Bouyancy in Fishes
Swimbladder Function and Buoyancy Control in Fishes
Experimental Hydrodynamics
Undulatory Swimming
Functional Properties of Skeletal Muscle: Work Loops
Paired Fin Swimming
Stability and Turbulence
Fast Start
Feeding Mechanics
Biomimetics: Robotics Based on Fish Swimming
The Diversity of Fish Reproduction:  An Introduction
Anatomy and Histology of Fish Testis
Regulation of Spermatogenesis
Vitellogenesis in Fishes
Linking Fish Behavior and Physiology: An Introduction
Dominance Behaviors
Sexual Behavior in Fish
Socially Controlled Sex Change in Fishes
Parental Care in Fishes
Nutritional Provision During Parental Care
How Fishes Use Sound: Quiet to Loud and Simple to Complex Signalling
Communication Behavior: Visual Signals
Shocking Comments: Electrocommunication in Teleost Fish
Fish Learning and Memory
Nociception or Pain in Fish
Spatial Orientation: How do Fish Find their Way Around?
Magnetic Sense in Fishes
Circadian Rhythms in Fish
A Survival Guide for Fishes: How to Obtain Food While Avoiding Being Food
Effects of Compensatory Growth on Fish Behavior
Temperature Preference: Behavioral Responses to Temperature in Fishes
Behavioral Responses to Hypoxia
Sleep in Fish
Manipulation of Fish Phenotype by Parasites
Anthropogenic Influences on Fish Behavior
Respiration: An Introduction
Plasticity in Gill Morphology
Gill Respiratory Morphometrics
The Effect of Exercise on Respiration
Efficiency of Gas Exchange Organs
Respiratory Gas Exchange During Development: Models and Mechanisms
Respiratory Gas Exchange During Development: Respiratory Transitions
Techniques in Whole Animal Respiratory Physiology
Generation of the Respiratory Rhythm in Fish
The Ventilatory Response to CO2/H+
Oxygen Sensing in Fish
Red Blood Cell Function
O2 Uptake and Transport: The Optimal P50
Carbonic Anhydrase in Gas Transport and Exchange
Carbon Dioxide Transport and Excretion
Gas Transport and Exchange: Interaction Between O2 and CO2 Exchange
Evolution of the Bohr Effect
Root Effect: Root Effect Definition, Functional Role in Oxygen Delivery to the Eye and Swimbladder
Root Effect: Molecular Basis, Evolution of the Root Effect and Rete Systems
Hemoglobin Differentiation in Fishes
Cellular Respiration
Mitochondrial Respiration
Specializations in Mitochondrial Respiration of Fish
The Circulatory System: An Introduction
Circulatory System Design: Roles and Principles
Cellular Composition of the Blood
Erythropoiesis in Fishes
Cardiac Anatomy in Fishes
Cellular Ultrastructure of Cardiac Cells in Fishes
The Outflow Tract from the Heart
Physiology of Cardiac Pumping
Action Potential of the Fish Heart
Cardiac Excitation-Contraction Coupling: Routes of Cellular Calcium Flux
Cardiac Excitation-Contraction Coupling: Calcium and the Contractile Clement
Cardiac Cellular Length-Tension Relationship
Intracardiac Neurons and Neurotransmitters in Fish
Accessory Hearts in Fishes
The Coronary Circulation
Anatomical Pathways and Patterns
Branchial Anatomy
Physiology of Resistance Vessels
Physiology of Capacitance Vessels
The Retia
The Gastrointestinal Circulation
Capillaries, Capillarity, and Angiogenesis
Circulatory Fluid Balance and Transcapillary Exchange
Secondary Circulation and Lymphatic Anatomy
Integrated Control of the Circulatory System
Central Control of Cardiorespiratory Interactions in Fish
Hormone Metabolism in the Circulation
Integrated Responses of the Circulatory System to Temperature
Integrated Responses of the Circulatory System to Digestion
Integrated Cardiovascular Responses of Fish to Swimming
Integrated Responses of the Circulatory System to Hypoxia
The Gastrointestinal Tract: An Introduction
Gut Anatomy
Development of Fish Gut
Gut Motility
Gut Secretion and Digestion
Intestinal Absorption
Barrier Function of the Gut
Nervous System of the Gut
Endocrine Systems of the Gut
Osmoregulation in Fishes: An Introduction
Mechanisms of Gill Salt Secretion in Marine Teleosts
Mechanisms of Ion Transport in Freshwater Fishes
Water Balance and Aquaporin
Morphology of Branchial Ionocytes
The Osmorespiratory Compromise
Histology of the Kidney
 The Kidney
Gut Ion, Osmotic, and Acid-Base Regulation
Dogfish Rectal Gland
Excretion of Ammonia
Development of the Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Interrenal Axis
Pituitary Gland or Hypophysis
The Hormonal Control of Osmoregulation in Teleost Fish
Endocrinology of Fish Growth
Endocrine Control of Sex Differentiation in Fish
Endocrine Regulation of Fish Reproduction
Control of Appetite in Fish
Hormone Response to Stress
Stress Effect on Growth and Metabolism
Impact of Stress in Health and Reproduction
Hormonal Pheromones
Energetics: An Introduction
General Energy Metabolism
Physiological Functions that Scale to Body Mass in Fish
Energetics of Prey Capture: From Foraging Theory to Functional Morphology
Energetics of Foraging Decisions and Prey Handling
Digestive Efficiency
Cost of Digestion and Assimilation
Dietary Requirements of Fish Under Culture Conditions
Energetics of Growth
Growth: Environmental Effects
Energetics of Fish Swimming
Cellular Energy Utilization: Environmental Influences on Metabolism
Applied Aspects of Fish Swimming Performance
Bioenergetic Models in Aquaculture Settings
Bioenergetic Models in Ecosystems
General Principles of Biochemical Adaptations
Effects of Temperature: An Introduction
Measures of Thermal Tolerance
Proteins and Temperature
Mitochondria and Temperature
Temperature and Excitable Membranes
Membranes and Temperature: Homeoviscous Adaptation
Heat Shock Proteins and Temperature
Effects of Climate Change
The Expanding Hypoxic Environment
Respiratory Responses to Hypoxia in Fishes
Anaerobic Metabolism In Fish
Metabolic Rate Suppression as a Mechanism for Surviving Hypoxia
Lampreys: Energetics and Development
Lampreys: Environmental Physiology
Physiology of Sturgeon
Physiology of Sharks, Skates, and Rays
Crucian Carp
Life in Hot Water: The Desert Pupfish
Blind Cavefish
The Biology, Diversity, and Natural History of Air-Breathing Fishes: An Introduction
Respiratory Adaptations for Air-Breathing Fishes
Circulatory Adaptations for Air-Breathing Fishes
An Introduction to the Biology of Pelagic Fishes
Physiology of Tuna
Endothermy in Tunas, Billfishes, and Sharks
The Biology of Fish Migration
Tracking Oceanic Fish
Eel Migrations
Pacific Salmon Migration: Completing the Cycle
Deep-Sea Fishes
Intertidal Habitats
Culture of Fish Cell Lines
Pigment Genes and Cancer Genes
Evolution of Fish Genomes
Fish as Model Organisms for Medical Research
Transgenesis and Chromosome Manipulation in Fish
Physiology of Triploid Fish
Growth Hormone Overexpression in Transgenic Fish
Molecular and Chromosomal Aspects of Sex Determination
Molecular Fish Pathology (Virology)
Germ Cell Migration and Trans Sex
Global Gene Expression Profiling in Fish
The Toxicology of Metals in Fishes
The Toxicology of Organics in Fishes
The Effects of Toxicants on Olfaction in Fishes
Physiology of Fish in Culture Environments

Quotes and reviews

"2011 PROSE Award Winner for Multivolume Reference/Science"

Academic Press/Elsevier Science and Technology

Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology, Anthony P. Farrell

"The individual articles in each volume are concise, authoritative, and beautifully illustrated with color photographs and drawings. A practical advantage of this encyclopedia is that it brings everything together into three volumes, providing a comprehensive reference work. Readers should note that this set is arranged thematically rather than alphabetically… This encyclopedia will be most suitable for graduate students and professionals. Summing Up: Recommended. Graduate students and above."--CHOICE

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