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Human Osteology
 
 

Human Osteology, 3rd Edition

 
Human Osteology, 3rd Edition,Tim White,Michael Black,Pieter Folkens,ISBN9780123741349
 
 
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Key Features

KEY FEATURES:
* From the world renowned and bestselling team of osteologist Tim D. White, Michael T. Black and photographer Pieter A. Folkens
* Includes hundreds of exceptional photographs in exquisite detail showing the maximum amount of anatomical information
* Features updated and expanded coverage including forensic damage to bone and updated case study examples
* Presents life sized images of skeletal parts for ease of study and reference

Description

A classic in its field, Human Osteology has been used by students and professionals through nearly two decades. Now revised and updated for a third edition, the book continues to build on its foundation of detailed photographs and practical real-world application of science. New information, expanded coverage of existing chapters, and additional supportive photographs keep this book current and valuable for both classroom and field work.

Osteologists, archaeologists, anatomists, forensic scientists and paleontologists will all find practical information on accurately identifying, recovering, and analyzing and reporting on human skeletal remains and on making correct deductions from those remains.

Readership

Undergraduate and graduate students studying human skeletal anatomy in physical anthropology, archaeology, and medical school courses aimed at the needs of coroners and forensic pathologists; essential basic reference and field manual for professional osteologists and anatomists, forensic scientists, paleontologists, and archaeologists.

Tim White

Affiliations and Expertise

Human Evolution Research Center (HERC), and The Department of Integrative Biology, The University of California at Berkeley, CA, USA

Michael Black

Affiliations and Expertise

University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA

Pieter Folkens

Affiliations and Expertise

"A Higher Porpoise", Benicia, CA, USA

Human Osteology, 3rd Edition

Preface to the Third Edition

Preface to the Second Edition

Preface to the First Edition

Chapter 1. Introduction

1.1. Human Osteology

1.2. A Guide to the Text

1.3. Teaching Osteology

1.4. Resources for the Osteologist

1.5. Studying Osteology

1.6. Working with Human Bones

Chapter 2. Anatomical Terminology

2.1. Planes of Reference

2.2. Directional Terms

2.3. Motions of the Body

2.4. General Bone Features

2.5. Useful Prefixes and Suffixes

2.6. Anatomical Regions

2.7. Shape-related Terms

Chapter 3. Bone Biology and Variation

3.1. Variation

3.2. A Few Facts about Bone

3.3. Bones as Elements of the Musculoskeletal System

3.4. Gross Anatomy of Bones

3.5. Molecular Structure of Bone

3.6. Histology and Metabolism of Bone

3.7. Bone Growth

3.8. Morphogenesis

3.9. Bone Repair

Chapter 4. Skull

4.1. Handling the Skull

4.2. Elements of the Skull

4.3. Growth and Architecture, Sutures and Sinuses

4.4. Skull Orientation

4.5. Craniometric Landmarks

4.6. Learning Cranial Skeletal Anatomy

4.7. Frontal (Figures 4.13–4.16)

4.8. Parietals (Figures 4.17–4.18)

4.9. Temporals (Figures 4.19–4.21)

4.10. Auditory Ossicles (Figure 4.22)

4.11. Occipital (Figures 4.23–4.24)

4.12. Maxillae (Figure 4.25)

4.13. Palatines (Figure 4.26)

4.14. Vomer (Figure 4.27)

4.15. Inferior Nasal Conchae (Figure 4.28)

4.16. Ethmoid (Figure 4.29)

4.17. Lacrimals (Figure 4.30)

4.18. Nasals (Figure 4.31)

4.19. Zygomatics (Figure 4.32)

4.20. Sphenoid (Figures 4.33–4.36)

4.21. Mandible (Figures 4.37–4.39)

4.22. Measurements of the Skull: Craniometrics

4.23. Cranial Nonmetric Traits

4.24. Mastication

Chapter 5. Teeth

5.1. Dental Form and Function

5.2. Dental Terminology

5.3. Anatomy of a Tooth

5.4. Dental Development

5.5. Tooth Identification

5.6. To Which Category Does the Tooth Belong? (Figure 5.5)

5.7. Is the Tooth Permanent or Deciduous? (Figure 5.6)

5.8. Is the Tooth an Upper or a Lower?

5.9. What is the Position of the Tooth?

5.10. Is the Tooth from the Right or the Left Side?

5.11. Dental Measurements: Odontometrics (Figure 5.21)

5.12. Dental Nonmetric Traits

Chapter 6. Hyoid and Vertebrae

6.1. Hyoid (Figure 6.1)

6.2. General Characteristics of Vertebrae

6.3. Cervical Vertebrae (n = 7) (Figures 6.2 and 6.6)

6.4. Thoracic Vertebrae (n = 12) (Figures 6.3 and 6.8)

6.5. Lumbar Vertebrae (n = 5) (Figures 6.4, 6.10, and 6.11)

6.6. Vertebral Measurements (Figure 6.12)

6.7. Vertebral Nonmetric Traits

6.8. Functional Aspects of the Vertebrae

Chapter 7. Thorax

7.1. Sternum (Figures 7.1–7.2)

7.2. Ribs (Figures 7.3–7.6)

7.3. Functional Aspects of the Thoracic Skeleton

Chapter 8. Shoulder Girdle

8.1. Clavicle (Figures 8.1–8.5, 8.10)

8.2. Scapula (Figures 8.6–8.11)

8.3. Functional Aspects of the Shoulder Girdle

Chapter 9. Arm

9.1. Humerus (Figures 9.1–9.8)

9.2. Radius (Figures 9.7, 9.9–9.15)

9.3. Ulna (Figures 9.7, 9.16–9.22)

9.4. Functional Aspects of the Elbow and Wrist

Chapter 10. Hand

10.1. Carpals (Figures 10.4–10.11)

10.2. Metacarpals (Figures 10.12–10.18)

10.3. Hand Phalanges (Figures 10.12–10.14, 10.19–10.21)

10.4. Functional Aspects of the Hand

Chapter 11. Pelvis

11.1. Sacrum (Figures 11.1–1.5)

11.2. Coccyx (Figure 11.6)

11.3. Os Coxae (vav–11.12)

11.4. Pelvis (Figures 11.13–11.14)

11.5. Functional Aspects of the Pelvic Girdle

Chapter 12. Leg

12.1. Femur (Figures 12.1–12.8)

12.2. Patella (Figures 12.9–12.10)

12.3. Tibia (Figures 12.11–12.17)

12.4. Fibula (Figures 12.18–12.23)

12.5. Functional Aspects of the Knee and Ankle

Chapter 13. Foot

13.1. Tarsals

13.2. Metatarsals (Figures 13.18–13.22)

13.3. Foot Phalanges (Figures 13.18–13.20, 13.26–13.27)

13.4. Functional Aspects of the Foot

Chapter 14. Anatomical and Biomechanical Context

14.1. Anatomical Conventions

14.2. Biomechanical Conventions

14.3. Interpreting the Figures

14.4. Cranium and Mandible

14.5. Clavicle

14.6. Humerus

14.7. Radius

14.8. Ulna

14.9. Os Coxae

14.10. Femur

14.11. Tibia

14.12. Fibula

Chapter 15. Field Procedures for Skeletal Remains

15.1. Search

15.2. Discovery

15.3. Excavation and Retrieval

15.4. Transport

Chapter 16. Laboratory Procedures and Reporting

16.1. Setting

16.2. Stabilization

16.3. Preparation

16.4. Restoration

16.5. Sorting

16.6. Metric Acquisition and Analysis

16.7. Photography

16.8. Radiography

16.9. Microscopy

16.10. Molding and Casting

16.11. Computing

16.12. Reporting

16.13. Curation

Chapter 17. Ethics in Osteology

17.1. Ethics and the Law

17.2. Respecting the Dead: Appropriate Individual Behavior

17.3. Speaking for the Dead: Ethics in Forensic Osteology

17.4. Caring for the Dead: Considerations in the Curation of Remains

17.5. Custody of the Dead: “Repatriation” and the U.S. Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act

17.6. Ethics in Human Paleontology

17.7. Relevant Codes of Ethics and Ethical Statements

Chapter 18. Assessment of Age, Sex, Stature, Ancestry, and Identity of the Individual

18.1. Accuracy, Precision, and Reliability of Determinations

18.2. From Known to Unknown: Using Standard Series

18.3. Estimation of Age

18.4. Determination of Sex

18.5. Estimation of Stature

18.6. Estimation of Ancestry

18.7. Identifying the Individual

Chapter 19. Osteological and Dental Pathology

19.1. Description and Diagnosis

19.2. Skeletal Trauma

19.3. Congenital Disorders

19.4. Circulatory Disorders

19.5. Joint Diseases

19.6. Infectious Diseases and Associated Manifestations

19.7. Metabolic Diseases

19.8. Endocrine Disorders

19.9. Hematopoietic and Hematological Disorders

19.10. Skeletal Dysplasias

19.11. Neoplastic Conditions

19.12. Diseases of the Dentition

19.13. Musculoskeletal Stress Markers

Chapter 20. Postmortem Skeletal Modification

20.1. Bone Fracture

20.2. Bone Modification by Physical Agents

20.3. Bone Modification by Nonhuman Biological Agents

20.4. Bone Modification by Humans

Chapter 21. The Biology of Skeletal Populations

21.1. Nonmetric Variation

21.2. Estimating Biological Distance

21.3. Diet

21.4. Disease and Demography

Chapter 22. Molecular Osteology

22.1. Sampling

22.2. DNA

22.3. Amino Acids

22.4. Isotopes

Chapter 23. Forensic Case Study

23.1. A Disappearance in Cleveland

23.2. Investigation

23.3. Inventory

23.4. Identification

23.5. Conclusion

Chapter 24. Forensic Case Study

24.1. Child Abuse and the Skeleton

24.2. A Missing Child Found

24.3. Analysis

24.4. The Result

Chapter 25. Archaeological Case Study

25.1. Background

25.2. Geography of the Carson Sink

25.3. Exposure and Recovery

25.4. Analysis

25.5. Affinity

25.6. Osteoarthritis

25.7. Limb Shaft Cross-Sectional Anatomy

25.8. Physiological Stress

25.9. Dietary Reconstruction

25.10. The Future

Chapter 26. Archaeological Case Study

26.1. Cannibalism and Archaeology

26.2. Cottonwood Canyon Site 42SA12209

26.3. Discovery

26.4. Analysis

26.5. What Happened? The Osteological Contribution

Chapter 27. Paleontological Case Study

27.1. Atapuerca

27.2. Discovery

27.3. Recovery

27.4. Paleodemography

27.5. Paleopathology

27.6. Functional and Phylogenetic Assessment

27.7. Continuing Mysteries

Chapter 28. Paleontological Case Study

28.1. Background

28.2. Finding Fossils

28.3. The Geography, Geology, and Geochronology of Aramis

28.4. Discovering “Ardi”

28.5. Recovering “Ardi”

28.6. Restoring “Ardi”

28.7. Documenting “Ardi”

28.8. Studying “Ardi”

28.9. Publishing “Ardi”

Appendix 1. Imaging Methodology

Appendix 2. A Decision Tree (“Key”) Approach to Tooth Identification

Appendix 3. Online Resources for Human Osteology

Glossary

Bibliography

Index

 
 
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