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Encyclopedia of Adolescence
 
 

Encyclopedia of Adolescence, 1st Edition

 
Encyclopedia of Adolescence, 1st Edition,B. Bradford Brown,Mitchell Prinstein,ISBN9780123739155
 
 
 

Brown   &   Prinstein   

Academic Press

9780123739155

9780123739513

1294

279 X 216

One-stop collection of current research on adolescence.

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Key Features

  • Winner of the 2011 PROSE Award for Multivolume Reference in Humanities & Social Science from the Association of American Publishers; and named a 2012 Outstanding Academic Title by the American Library Association's Choice publication
  • Brings together cross-disciplinary contributors, including developmental psychologists, educational psychologists, clinical psychologists, biologists, psychiatrists, sociologists, anthropologists and public policy experts
  • Published both in print and via Elsevier's ScienceDirect™ online platform

Description

The period of adolescence involves growth, adaptation, and dramatic reorganization in almost every aspect of social and psychological development. The Encyclopedia of Adolescence offers an exhaustive and comprehensive review of current theory and research findings pertaining to this critical decade of life. Leading scientists offer accessible and easily readable reviews of biological, social, educational, occupational, and cultural factors that shape adolescent development. Issues in normative development, individual differences, and psychopathology/maladjustment are reviewed. Over 130 chapters are included, each covering a specific aspect or issue of adolescence. The chapters trace differences in the course of adolescence in different nations and among youth with different backgrounds.

The encyclopedia brings together cross-disciplinary contributors, including academic researchers, biologists, psychiatrists, sociologists, anthropologists and public policy experts, and will include authors from around the world. Each article features an in-depth analysis of current information on the topic, along with a glossary, suggested readings for further information, and cross-references to related encyclopedia articles. The volumes offer an unprecedented resource for all audiences, providing a more comprehensive understanding of general topics compared to other reference works on the subject.

Available both in print and online via SciVerse Science Direct.

Readership

Post-graduate researchers and practitioners in psychiatry, psychology, medicine and pediatrics, and advanced undergraduates.

B. Bradford Brown

Dr. Bradford Brown is Professor of Human Development and former Chair of the Department of Educational Psychology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He received an A.B. in sociology from Princeton University and Ph.D. in human development from the University of Chicago before joining the faculty of the University of Wisconsin in 1979. Dr. Brown's research has focused on adolescent peer relations. He is especially well known for his work on teenage peer groups and peer pressure and their influence on school achievement, social interaction pasterns, and social adjustment. He is the former Editor of the Journal of Research on Adolescence and a past member of the Executive Council of the Society for Research on Adolescence. He also chaired (2006-2008) the SRA Study Group on Parental Involvement in Adolescent Peer Relations. He is the co-editor or co-author of five books, including The Development of Romantic Relationships in Adolescence (with Wyndol Furman and Candice Feiring), The World's Youth: Adolescence in 8 Regions of the Globe (with Reed Larson and T. S. Saraswathi), and Linking Parents and Family to Adolescent Peer Relations: Ethnic and Cultural Considerations (with Nina Mounts). Dr. Brown has served as a consultant for numerous groups, including the Carnegie Council on Adolescent Development, the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, the National Academy of Sciences Board on Science Education as well as the Board on Children, Youth and Families, and the Blue Ribbons Schools program of the U.S. Department of Education.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Wisconsin-Madison - USA

Mitchell Prinstein

Mitchell J. Prinstein, Ph.D. is a Bowman and Gordon Gray Distinguished Term Professor and the Director of Clinical Psychology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He received his Ph.D. in clinical psychology from the University of Miami and completed his internship and postdoctoral fellowship at the Brown University Clinical Psychology Training Consortium. Dr. Prinstein's research examines interpersonal models of internalizing symptoms and health risk behaviors among adolescents, with a specific focus on the unique role of peer relationships in the developmental psychopathology of depression and self-injury. He is the PI on several past and active grants from the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Institute of Child and Human Development, and several private foundations. He has served as an Associate Editor for the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, an editorial board member for several developmental psychopathology journals, and a member of the NIH Study Section on Psychosocial Development, Risk, and Prevention. Mitch has received several national and university-based awards recognizing his contributions to research (American Psychological Association Society of Clinical Psychology Theodore Blau Early Career Award, Columbia University/Brickell Award for research on suicidality, APA Fellow of the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology), teaching (UNC Chapel Hill Tanner Award for Undergraduate Teaching), and professional development of graduate students (American Psychological Association of Graduate Students Raymond D. Fowler Award).

Affiliations and Expertise

University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill - USA

Encyclopedia of Adolescence, 1st Edition

  • Editor Biographies
  • Editorial Advisory Board
  • Permission Acknowledgments
  • Preface
  • Article Titles
    • A
      • Academic Achievement
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Measures of Academic Achievement: Strengths and Weaknesses
        • Age Trends in Achievement by Subject Area
        • Factors Predictive of Achievement
        • Gender, Racial, and Ethnic Differences in Achievement
        • Implications for Improving Achievement
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Achievement Motivation
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Current Achievement Motivation Theories and Constructs
        • Development of Achievement Motivation
        • Group Differences in Motivation
        • Parental Influences
        • School Influences
        • Peers and Motivation During Adolescence
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Addictions in Adolescence
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Prevalence and Epidemiology
        • Consequences of Use
        • Risk Factors for Addiction
        • Efforts to Prevent Addiction
        • Addiction Treatment
        • Conclusions and Future Developments
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Adolescence, Theories of
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Families of Theories
        • Why So Many Theories?
        • Evolving Need for New Theoretical Approaches That Address Emerging Knowledge and the Questions That Such Knowledge Inspire
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Adolescent Decision-Making
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • What Is Competent Decision-Making?
        • Judgment and Decision-Making
        • Factors Influencing Adolescent Decision-Making
        • Summary and Implications
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Adolescent Driving Behavior: A Developmental Challenge
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Adolescent Driving as a Public Health Problem
        • Safe Driving as a Developmental Challenge
        • Solutions to the Problem
        • Summary
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Adolescent Gambling
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Adolescent Gambling
        • Prevalence of Gambling and Problem Gambling in Adolescents
        • Factors in Adolescent Gambling Addiction: A Biopsychosocial Approach
        • Adolescent Gambling on the Internet and Other Remote Media
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Adolescent Moral Development
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Theories of Moral Development
        • Moral Reasoning
        • Prosocial Behavior and Volunteering
        • Moral Emotions
        • Moral Identity
        • Socialization Influences
        • Moral Development and Adjustment
        • Intervention and Prevention Programs
        • Conclusion and Future Directions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Adolescent Sibling Relations
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Enduring Relationships that Play a Significant Role in Determining Who We Are
        • The Developmental Course of Sibling Relationships
        • Variations in Sibling Relationship Quality
        • But My Sister Is Nothing Like Me: Why Are Siblings so Different?
        • Methods for Fostering Prosocial Sibling Relationships
        • Future Directions
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Adolescent Sleep
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • The Architecture of Adolescent Sleep
        • Adolescent Sleep Patterns and Needs
        • Consequences of Insufficient Sleep Among Adolescents
        • Adolescent Sleep Disorders
        • Factors Promoting Healthy Adolescent Sleep
        • Creating Sleep-Friendly Schools
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Adolescent Specific Learning Disabilities
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Relevant Historical Background
        • Definitions of Specific Learning Disabilities
        • Heterogeneity and Comorbidity with Other Conditions
        • Prevalence and Impact on Individuals and Society
        • Developmental and Adolescent-Specific Issues
        • Current Knowledge and Unresolved Issues
        • Future Directions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Adolescents' Experience of Parental Divorce
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • How Divorce Affects Adolescents: Stress, Risk, and Resilience
        • Psychological Pain
        • Adolescent Autonomy: Too Much and Too Little
        • Parental Divorce and the Adolescent's Romantic Relationships
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • References
        • Relevant Websites
      • AIDS
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Structural and Developmental Risk Factors
        • Prevention
        • Summary
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Alcohol Use
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Article Overview
        • Epidemiology: Prevalence of Adolescent Alcohol Involvement
        • Initiation of Alcohol Use
        • Developmental Course of Drinking
        • Risk and Protective Factors for Adolescent Drinking
        • Implications for Prevention, Screening and Outreach, and Treatment
        • Summary
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Anxiety Disorders
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Anxiety
        • Disordered Anxiety
        • Cognition and Anxiety Disorders
        • Biology and Anxiety Disorders
        • The Importance of Adolescence to Anxiety Disorders
        • Common Anxiety Disorders in Adolescence
        • Assessment
        • Treatment of Anxiety Disorders in Adolescence
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Attachment
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Behavioral Systems: The Formation and Maintenance of Attachment Bonds
        • Adolescence and Transformations in Attachment Bonds with Caregivers
        • The Emergence of Affectional Bonds to Close Friends and Sexual Partners
        • Organizing Attachment Bonds with Parents and Peers
        • Attachment-Related Aspects of Adolescent Personality
        • Behavioral Systems in Adolescence and Risky Behaviors
        • States of Mind, Disrupted Bonds, and Psychopathology
        • Summary
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • ADHD Symptoms/DSM-IV Diagnostic Criteria
        • Change/Persistence of Symptoms from Childhood into Adolescence
        • Psychiatric Comorbidities of ADHD in Adolescence
        • Treatment of Adolescent ADHD
        • Summary/Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Autism and Aspergers
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Definition and Differential Diagnosis
        • Clinical Features
        • Etiology
        • Clinical Assessment
        • Treatment
        • Course
        • Long-Term Outcome
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Autonomy, Development of
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Theoretical Views of Autonomy and Autonomy Development
        • Comparing and Contrasting Theories of Autonomy
        • The Important Role of Parents in Adolescent Autonomy Development
        • Other Relational Foundations of Adolescent Autonomy
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
    • B
      • Bereavement
        • Abstract
        • Acknowledgments
        • Introduction
        • Conceptualization of Grief
        • DSM Classification
        • Complicated Grief
        • Bereavement in Children and Adolescents
        • Predictors of Bereavement Outcomes
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Bipolar Disorder
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Types of Bipolar Disorder
        • Assessment
        • Epidemiology: How Common is Bipolar Disorder?
        • Age of Onset: When Does Bipolar Disorder Usually Start?
        • Temperament and Adolescent Behavior
        • Sleep Disturbance
        • Suicide
        • Treatment
        • Creativity and Productivity
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Body Dysmorphic Disorder
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Theories of BDD Development
        • Comorbidities and Personality Factors Associated with BDD
        • BDD and Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms/Spectrum
        • Treatment for BDD in Adolescents
        • Future Research Directions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Body Image during Adolescence: A Developmental Perspective
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • The Development of Body Image Dissatisfaction
        • Factors Related to Development of Body Image
        • Interventions
        • Summary
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Brain Development
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Brain Development and the Biological Roots of Adolescence
        • Characteristic Developmental Transformations of the Adolescent Brain
        • Regional Differences in Brain Development
        • Functional Implications of Adolescent Brain Development
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Bully/Victim Problems during Adolescence
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Defining Bullying
        • Individual Differences and the Persistently Bullied Adolescent
        • Correlates of Persistent Victimization by Peers
        • The Impact of Peer Victimization on Adjustment
        • Aggressive and Nonaggressive Victims
        • Peer Victimization in the Adolescent Context
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
    • C
      • Career Development
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Theoretical Perspectives on Career Development and Choice
        • Transition as a Challenge
        • Individual Differences in Career Development
        • The Social Context of Career Development
        • The Institutional Context of Career Development
        • Vocational Guidance: Counseling and Policy Implications
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Chronic Illness
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Trajectories of Chronic Illnesses and Their Impact on Families
        • Developmental Issues
        • Adolescent and Family Functioning
        • Adherence
        • Pain
        • Patient-Reported Outcomes: Health-Related Quality of Life
        • Summary
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Civic and Political Engagement
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Social Contract
        • Mediating Institutions
        • Collective Identity
        • Recent History of the Field
        • Developmental Changes During Adolescence
        • Generational Replacement: Age, Period, and Cohort Effects
        • The Youth Bulge
        • Civic and Political Exploration and the Consolidation of Identity
        • Concurrent Predictors of Civic and Political Engagement
        • Forms of Civic and Political Engagement
        • Discrimination and Social Exclusion: Implications for Civic and Political Engagement
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Cognitive Development
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Development of Reasoning
        • Competing Accounts: Process, Content, and Context
        • Development of Cognitive Abilities in Adolescence
        • Integrative Approaches to Adolescent Cognitive Development
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Adolescents
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Theoretical Background
        • The CBT Approach
        • CBT for Specific Problems in Adolescence
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Coping
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Conceptualization of Coping
        • Correlates of Coping
        • Coping as a Moderator or Mediator of the Relation between Stressors and Adjustment in Adolescents
        • Coping Interventions for Adolescents
        • Future Directions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Creativity in Adolescence
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Historical Conceptions of Creativity
        • Creativity in Adolescence: The Four Ps of Creativity
        • The Relationship between Creativity and Intelligence
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Cultural Influences on Adolescent Development
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Key Terms
        • Immigration and Acculturation
        • Cultural Influence and Behavioral Outcomes
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
    • D
      • Dating Abuse
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • History of Adolescent Dating Abuse Research
        • What Is Adolescent Dating Abuse?
        • Issues with Measuring Adolescent Dating Abuse
        • How Common Is Adolescent Dating Abuse?
        • Gender-Related Issues in Adolescent Dating Abuse
        • The Development of Dating Abuse Over Time
        • Developmental Consequences of Dating Abuse
        • Who Becomes a Dating Abuse Perpetrator?
        • Who Becomes a Dating Abuse Victim?
        • Theoretical Perspectives on Adolescent Dating Abuse
        • Preventing Adolescent Dating Abuse
        • Summary and Future Research Directions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Website
      • Depression and Depressive Disorders
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Description of Adolescent Depressive Disorders
        • Occurrence of Adolescent Depressive Disorders
        • Etiology of Adolescent Depressive Disorders
        • Assessment of Adolescent Depressive Disorders
        • Treatment of Adolescent Depressive Disorders
        • Early Intervention and Prevention of Adolescent Depressive Disorders
        • Conclusions and Future Directions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Developmental Psychopathology
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Some General Principles of the Developmental Psychopathology Perspective
        • Adolescence as a Period of Heightened Vulnerability
        • Prevention and Treatment of Psychopathology in Adolescence
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Disabilities, Physical
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Environmental Contextual Factors
        • Personal Contextual Factors, Mental Health, and Quality of Life
        • Beyond Adolescence: An Uncharted Future
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Discrimination, Racial and Ethnic
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Historical Context and Significance
        • Definitional and Conceptual Issues
        • ‘Epidemiology’ of Racial and Ethnic Discrimination
        • Racial and Ethnic Discrimination and Adolescent Developmental Outcomes
        • Resilience Factors in the Relationship Between Discrimination and Adolescent Development
        • Summary and Future Directions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Disruptive Behaviors and Aggression
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Inattention
        • Hyperactivity and Impulsivity
        • Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
        • Oppositionality
        • Oppositional Defiant Disorder
        • Conduct Problems and Antisocial Behaviors
        • Conduct Disorder
        • Age of Onset and Course of Aggression and Disruptive Behavior
        • Causes of Disruptive Behavior Disorders
        • Cross-Cultural Differences in Disruptive Behavior Disorders
        • Assessment of Aggression and Disruptive Behaviors
        • Treatments for Aggression and Disruptive Behaviors
        • Summary
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
    • E
      • Eating Disorders
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Anorexia Nervosa
        • Bulimia Nervosa
        • Binge Eating Disorder
        • EDNOS
        • Future Directions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Emotion Dysregulation
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Processes of Emotion Regulation and Dysregulation
        • Early Development
        • Adolescence
        • Forms of Emotion Dysregulation in Adolescence
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Emotional Development
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Definition of Emotions
        • Adolescence and the Development of Emotions
        • Nominal Categories and Structures of Emotions
        • Behavioral Consequences of Emotion
        • Genetic and Environmental Influences on Emotion Development
        • Emotion and Psychopathology
        • Sex Differences in Emotional Development
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Employment
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Working Teens: A Comparative Look
        • The Costs and Benefits of Adolescent Employment
        • Linking School and Work
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Ethnic/Racial Identity among Minority Youth
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Theoretical Formulations
        • Empirical Research on Ethnic/Racial Identity
        • Implications
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Executive Function
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Background, Concepts, and Definitions
        • Development of Executive Skills
        • Risks and Vulnerabilities
        • Concluding Remarks
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
    • F
      • Family Organization and Adolescent Development
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Parent–Child Relationships and Adolescent Development
        • Sibling Relationships and Adolescent Development
        • Broader Family Relationships as Context for Parent–Child Relationships: Marital Hostility and Conflict and Parental Depression
        • Family Relationships in the Broader Environment Context
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Family Relationships
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • The Parent–Adolescent Relationship
        • The Interparental Relationship
        • Adolescent–Sibling Relationships
        • Adolescent Development in the Broader Family System
        • Transactional Models of Adolescent Development in the Family
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Foster Care
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • A Portrait of Youth and Foster Care
        • Foster Care as a Setting for Youth
        • Youth Functioning in Care
        • Policies and Foster Care
        • Treatment Interventions Targeting Youth in Foster Care
        • Summary
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
    • G
      • Gender Issues
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Factors Influencing the Salience of Gender During Adolescence
        • Gender-Related Beliefs
        • Academic Achievement
        • Athletic Participation
        • Body Image
        • Sexuality and Sexual Orientation
        • Friendship Intimacy
        • Aggression and Violence
        • Summary
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Gender Roles
        • Abstract
        • Acknowledgment
        • Introduction
        • Theories of Gender-Role Development in Adolescence
        • Empirical Evidence Regarding Adolescent Gender-Role Development
        • Concluding Remarks
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Genetics
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Genetic Approaches to Behavior
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Website
      • Globalization and Adolescence
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • The Multiple Facets of Globalization: Recent Trends and Developments
        • Consequences of Globalization in Different Developmental Contexts of Adolescents
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
    • H
      • High School
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • The Growth of the High School
        • Adolescents' Experiences in High School
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • The History of the Study of Adolescence
        • Abstract
        • Acknowledgments
        • Introduction
        • The First Phase of the Scientific Study of Adolescence
        • The Second Phase of the Scientific Study of Adolescence
        • The Third Phase of the Scientific Study of Adolescence
        • The Future History of the Developmental Science of Adolescence
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Home Environment
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Stimulation
        • Socioemotional Support
        • Monitoring
        • Structure
        • Social Connections
        • Physical Environment
        • Culture
        • Epilogue
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Website
      • Homelessness
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Typology of Homeless Adolescents
        • Risk and Protective Factors
        • Pathways out of Homelessness
        • EBI Programs
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Hormones and Behavior
        • Abstract
        • Abbreviations
        • Introduction
        • A Brief Global Epidemiology of Adolescence
        • Hormones in Developmental Processes
        • Hormone–Behavior Interactions in Puberty and Adolescence
        • Translation to Adolescent Mental Health: The Case of Depression
        • Conclusions
        • Global Perspectives
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
    • I
      • Immigrant Issues
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Variation in Immigrant Adolescents’ Experiences
        • Acculturation and Identity
        • Issues in Major Life Domains
        • Legal and Policy Issues
        • Methodological Issues in the Study of Immigrant Adolescents
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Impulsivity and Adolescence
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Impulsivity Defined
        • Impulsivity Measured
        • The Biology of Impulsivity
        • The Adolescent Brain, Development, and Impulsivity
        • Environmental Aspects of Impulsivity
        • Adolescent Impulsivity: Opportunities and Vulnerabilities
        • Reducing the Effects of Impulsivity with Treatment
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Initiation Ceremonies and Rites of Passage
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Overview of Initiations and Rites of Passage
        • Phases of Rites of Passage
        • Purpose and Functions of Adolescent Initiations and Rites of Passage
        • Distinctions According to Timing
        • Distinctions According to Gender
        • Initiations and Rites of Passage in Western Societies
        • Adolescent Initiations in the Twenty-First Century
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Intellectual Disabilities (Mental Retardation)
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Diagnosing and Classifying Adolescents with Intellectual Disabilities
        • Social Concerns Related to Adolescents with ID
        • Transition Issues Concerning Adolescents with ID
        • Issues Related to Families of Adolescents with ID
        • Mental Health Concerns Related to Adolescents with ID
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Internet and Other Interactive Media
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Media Functions: Mapping the Digital Landscape
        • Interactive Digital Media and Adolescent Development
        • Concluding Comments
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Depressed Adolescents
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Depressed Adolescents
        • Description of the Intervention
        • Empirical Support
        • Training Clinicians in IPT-A
        • Comparisons to Other Treatments
        • Recent Adaptations
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
    • L
      • Leisure
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Defining Leisure
        • Understanding Leisure Through the Leisure Activities-Context-Experience Model
        • Leisure and Adolescent Developmental Outcomes
        • Additional Influences on Adolescent Leisure: Parents and Brain Development
        • Health Implications of Adolescent Leisure Participation
        • Constraints to Leisure
        • Concluding Remarks
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Literacy and Reading Behavior
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Reading and Literacy
        • Literacy and Reading Skills in Adolescence
        • Adolescent Literacy Facts Around the Globe
        • Adolescent Literacy Crisis
        • Conclusion: ‘Reading Wars’ for the Twenty-first Century
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Loneliness
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Perspectives on Loneliness
        • Assessment of Loneliness
        • Loneliness and Adolescent Development
        • Peer Relationships and Loneliness
        • Family Relationships and Loneliness
        • Behavioral Characteristics of Lonely Children and Adolescents
        • Cognitive Styles of Lonely Children and Adolescents
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
    • M
      • Maltreatment and Adolescence
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Definitions of Maltreatment
        • Incidence and Prevalence
        • Maltreatment over the Course of Development
        • Types of Maltreatment Common During Adolescence
        • Etiology from an Ecological Perspective
        • Risk Factors
        • Protective Factors
        • Treatment Approaches for Adolescent Maltreatment
        • Prevention of Adolescent Maltreatment
        • Summary
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Media, Influence of
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Patterns of Use
        • Academic Achievement
        • Prosocial Content
        • Theoretical Perspectives
        • Media Content Domains
        • Summary
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Memory
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Models of Memory
        • Development of Implicit Memory
        • Development of Verbal Explicit Memory
        • Development of Visuo-Spatial Memory
        • Memory and Brain Development
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Mentor Relationships
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Different Approaches to Youth Mentoring
        • Overall Effectiveness of Youth Mentoring
        • Predicting Variation
        • Processes
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Metacognition and Self-regulated Learning
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Metacognition
        • Self-Regulation and Self-Regulated Learning
        • Self-Regulated Learning Interventions as a Means of Promoting Skill Development
        • Component Competencies of Self-Regulated Learning in Adolescents
        • Summary
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Middle School
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • The Beginnings of the Middle School Movement
        • Middle Schools in the United States
        • International Early Adolescent Schools
        • Asia
        • Europe
        • Oceania
        • Professional Preparation of Middle-Level Educators
        • Middle-School Issues
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Modes of Intervention
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Internalizing Problems in Adolescence
        • Externalizing Problems in Adolescence
        • Summary
        • New Frontiers in Treatment Development
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Motivation
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • What Is Motivation?
        • Why Do We Have These Motivational Systems?
        • The Role of Consciousness in Adolescent Motivation
        • Personal Goals
        • Personal Agency Beliefs
        • Personal Agency Belief Patterns
        • Emotions
        • Thriving with Social Purpose
        • Thriving Motivational Patterns
        • Social Purpose
        • Developmental Implications of TSP Motivational Functioning
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Multisystemic Therapy
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Characteristics of the MST Model
        • Characteristics of MST Clinical Implementation
        • Empirical Support for MST
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Music Listening in Adolescence
        • Abstract
        • Acknowledgments
        • Introduction
        • Our Musical Brain
        • The Evolutionary Function of Music
        • Music Listening Among Adolescents
        • Music Taste and Its Origins
        • Music Taste and Problem Behavior
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
    • N
      • Neighborhoods and Adolescence
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Definitions and Conceptual Issues
        • Review of Associations Between Neighborhood SES and Adolescent Development
        • Empirical Evidence for Pathways of Neighborhood SES Effects on Adolescent Development
        • Methodological Issues in Neighborhood Research
        • Future Directions and Policy Implications
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Nonsuicidal Self-Injury
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Definition
        • Classification
        • Characteristics
        • Prevalence
        • Assessment
        • Why Do People Engage in NSSI?
        • Risk Factors
        • Protective Factors
        • Treatment and Prevention
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Website
      • Nutrition in Adolescence
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Nutrition and Development
        • Elements of Good Nutrition
        • Eating Patterns in Adolescence
        • Eating as a Social and Cultural Event
        • Improving Adolescent Nutrition
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
    • O
      • Out-of-School Activities
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Cultural and Historical Trends in Extracurricular Activity Programming
        • Conceptualizing Out-of-School Activities
        • Self-Care and Unconstructive Activities
        • Constructive Unorganized Activities
        • Constructive Organized Activities
        • Outcomes by Level of Participation
        • Participation Rates by Socioeconomic Status, Race, Gender, and Age
        • Influences on Youth Participation
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Overweight/Obesity
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Rates of and Trends Associated with Overweight
        • Consequences Associated with Adolescent Overweight
        • Protective Factors
        • Risk Factors for Adolescent Overweight
        • Protective Factors Reducing Risk for Adolescent Overweight
        • Treatment and Intervention Approaches for Adolescent Overweight
        • Conclusions and Future Directions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
    • P
      • Parent–Child Relationship
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Theoretical Accounts of the Impact of Adolescent Development on Parent–Child Relationships
        • Theoretical Accounts of the Impact of Parent–Child Relationships on Adolescent Development
        • Continuity and Change in Parent–Adolescent Closeness
        • Continuity and Change in Parent–Adolescent Conflict
        • The Impact of Closeness and Conflict on Adolescent Outcomes
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Parenting Practices and Styles
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Parenting Frameworks
        • Correlates and Consequences of Parenting
        • Cultural and Ecological Variations in Parenting
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Peer Influence
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Homophily
        • Contexts of Peer Influence
        • Peer Influence Mechanisms
        • Social Network Analysis
        • Moderators of Peer Influence
        • Peer Influence in Interventions
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Peer Relations
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Importance of Peer Relations
        • Dual Role of Peers
        • Biological, Cognitive, and Social Changes
        • Different Levels of Peer Relations
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Personality Traits in Adolescence
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Definitions of Personality
        • Stability and Change of Personality During Adolescence
        • Personality and Adaptation in Adolescence
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Physical Attractiveness
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Defining Terms
        • Standards for Attractiveness
        • Gender Differences
        • Sociocultural Influences on Boys and Girls
        • Attractiveness and Self-Concept During Adolescence
        • Attractiveness and Relationships with Others During Adolescence
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Popularity and Social Status
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Importance of Popularity and Social Status in Adolescence
        • Measurement of Popularity and Social Status
        • Two Definitions of Popularity
        • Association Between Popularity and Likeability
        • Stability of Popularity and Preference
        • Unique Correlates of Popularity and Preference
        • Complex Association with Peer Influence
        • Underlying Model of Social Competence
        • Developmental Antecedents
        • Developmental Consequences
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Poverty and Adolescent Development
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Poverty as a Multifaceted Construct
        • Timing Matters
        • The Correlates of Poverty
        • Adolescence
        • Persistent Poverty During Adolescence
        • Sudden Poverty During Adolescence
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
      • Pregnancy in Adolescence
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Epidemiology
        • Risk and Protective Factors for Teenage Pregnancy
        • Sexual Activity Among Adolescents
        • Use of Contraception and Condoms by Teenagers
        • Access to Contraceptive Services
        • Adolescents and Abortion
        • The Father of the Baby
        • Entry into Prenatal Care
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Psychopathology, Models of
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • The Medical Model
        • Psychoanalytic Models
        • The Behavioral Model
        • Humanistic Models
        • Cognitive Models
        • Family Systems Theory
        • The Biobehavioral Model
        • Developmental Psychopathology
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Psychopharmacology in Adolescents
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Fundamentals of Adolescent Psychopharmacology
        • Externalizing Disorders
        • Internalizing Disorders
        • Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders
        • Pervasive Developmental Disorders
        • Summary and Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Puberty and Adolescence: An Evolutionary Perspective
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Puberty Defined
        • Biology of Puberty
        • Human Adolescence
        • Biocultural Perspective on Human Adolescence
        • Genetic and Environmental Influences on Puberty
        • Risks of Puberty and Adolescence
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
    • Q
      • Quantitative Research Methods
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Design Issues
        • Measurement Issues
        • Analysis Issue
        • Concluding Thoughts
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Website
    • R
      • Religious Involvement
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Definitions of Religion and Spirituality
        • Demographics of Religious Involvement
        • Ecology of Religious Involvement
        • Resources Available Through Religious Involvement
        • Correlates of Religious Involvement
        • Religious Involvement Gone Awry
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Resilience
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Resilience Defined
        • History of Resilience in Developmental Science
        • Longitudinal Research on Resilience
        • Protective Processes
        • Discontinuities in Research
        • Distress Among Resilient Youth
        • Promoting Resilience in Youth
        • Future Research
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Risk-Taking Behavior
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • What Is Adolescent Risk Taking?
        • Traditional Theories of Adolescent Risk Taking
        • Individual-Level Influences
        • Interpersonal-Level Influences
        • Community-Level Influences
        • Policy/Legal Influences
        • Conclusions and Future Directions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Risky Sexual Behavior
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Adolescent Sexual Activity
        • Use of Condoms and Other Forms of Contraception
        • Teen Pregnancy Rates
        • Teen STI Rates
        • Possible Behaviors to be Addressed
        • Behaviors That Reduce Teen Pregnancy
        • Behaviors That Reduce Sexually Transmitted Disease
        • Selecting the Sexual Behaviors to Target
        • Possible Combinations of Behaviors
        • Factors Affecting Adolescent Sexual Behavior and Contraceptive Use
        • Environmental Factors
        • Individual Factors
        • Dominant Themes
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Romantic Relationships
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Romance During Adolescence: A New Experience
        • Adolescent Romance: Historical and Cultural Perspectives
        • The Transition from Gender Segregation to Romantic Attraction and Romantic Involvements
        • The Transition from Romantic Involvements to Romantic Relationships: Prevalence, Duration, Age Differences
        • Romantic Relationship Frequency
        • Sexual Minority Youth
        • Unique Domains and Processes of Romantic Relationships
        • The Role of Peers and Family in Adolescent Romantic Relationships
        • Romantic Involvements and Psychological Adjustment
        • Summary and Future Directions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Runaway Teens
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Runaways Through Time
        • Definitions of Runaway Teens
        • Reasons for Leaving Home
        • Characteristics of Runaway Teens
        • Characteristics of Families of Runaway Teens
        • Where Do Runaways Go?
        • Rights of Runaways
        • Intervention
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
    • S
      • Schizophrenia
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • What Is Schizophrenia?
        • Our Current Understanding of Factors that Contribute to the Development of Schizophrenia
        • Risk for Psychosis and Early Signs/Illness Precursors
        • Why Is Onset Typically in Late Adolescence or Early Adulthood?
        • Treatment of Schizophrenia
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • School-to-Work Transitions
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Dimensions of the School-to-Work Transition
        • Trends in the School-to-Work Transition in Recent Decades
        • Theoretical and Methodological Considerations
        • Institutional Embeddedness of the School-to-Work Transition
        • School-to-Work Transition – A Status Passage in the Institutionalized Life Course
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Schools and Schooling
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • School as Context of Adolescent Development
        • Research Paradigms
        • Cognitive Development
        • Psychosocial Development
        • Learning Motivation and Career Decisions
        • Interest and Achievement
        • Improving Schools as Learning Environment for Youth
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Self-Development During Adolescence
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • The I-Self and the Me-Self
        • Developmental Differences in Self-Representations During Adolescence
        • Early Adolescence
        • Middle Adolescence
        • Late Adolescence
        • Concluding Observations
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Self-Esteem
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • What Is Self-Esteem?
        • Development of Self-Esteem
        • Antecedents of Self-Esteem
        • Consequences of Self-Esteem
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Sexual Orientation
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Terminology and Historical Perspectives
        • Defining and Measuring Sexual Orientation
        • Sexual Orientation Development
        • Sexual Orientation and Contemporary Adolescence
        • Conclusions: Possibilities
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Sexuality Education
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Developmental Foundations
        • Sex and Sexuality
        • School-Based Sex and Sexuality Education
        • Sexuality Education in the Family
        • Meeting the Needs of Underserved Youth
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Sexuality
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Sexual Desire
        • Sexual Motives
        • Sexual Behavior
        • Prevention of Pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Infections
        • Same-Sex Sexuality
        • The Interpersonal Context of Adolescent Sexuality
        • Adolescent Sexual Coercion
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Sexually Transmitted Infections
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Epidemiology of STIs/HIV
        • Diagnosis and Treatment of STIs/HIV
        • Populations at Risk
        • Risk and Protective Factors
        • Living with HIV
        • STI/HIV Prevention Interventions
        • Conclusions/Future Directions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Sleep Patterns and Challenges
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Sleep–Wake Regulation
        • Developmental Changes to Sleep–Wake Patterns
        • Developmental Changes to Sleep–Wake Regulatory Systems
        • Environmental Factors Affecting Adolescents' Sleep Patterns
        • Consequences of Insufficient Sleep
        • Sleep Disorders in Adolescence
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Social Cognition
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Definitional Issues and Scope
        • Reasoning about Interpersonal Relationships
        • Reasoning About Government, Society, and Politics
        • The Self and Personal Issues
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Website
      • Social Competence
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Definitions of Social Competence
        • Theoretical Models of Social Competence
        • Research on Social Competence
        • Promoting Social Competence
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Social Intelligence
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Attempts to Measure Social Intelligence
        • Summarizing the Problems with the Construct of Social Intelligence
        • Social Intelligence in Adolescence
        • Relationships with EI
        • Trait EI
        • Trait Social Intelligence
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Social Support
        • Abstract
        • Acknowledgments
        • Introduction
        • Definitions and Sources of Social Support
        • The Scope of Research on Understanding Social Support
        • Measuring Social Support
        • Research Examples Using Social Support to Explore Developmental Outcomes
        • Social Support Interventions
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Socialization
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Processes
        • Socialization Agents
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Spirituality, Religion and Healthy Development in Adolescents
        • Abstract
        • Indroduction
        • The Problem of Defining Spirituality
        • Measurement Tools
        • Defining the Adolescent Population
        • Understanding Spiritual Development
        • Rites of Passages
        • Models of Spiritual and Religious Development
        • Parenting, Peers, and Spirituality
        • Adolescent Morbidity and Mortality
        • Spirituality as a Protective Factor for Adolescents
        • Areas for Future Study
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
      • Sport Participation
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Sport and Health
        • Participation and Dropout
        • Affective Outcomes
        • Social Influences
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Stages of Adolescence
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Stages of Adolescence from Different Perspectives
        • Emerging Adulthood
        • Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Stress
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Defining Stress in Adolescence
        • Assessing Stressors in Adolescents
        • Rates and Types of Stressors Affecting Adolescents
        • Effects of Stressors on Adolescent Mental Health
        • Associations Between Stressors and Other Outcomes in Adolescence
        • Summary and Conclusion
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
      • Suicide
        • Abstract
        • Introduction
        • Epidemiology
        • Theories of Suicide
        • Risk Factors
        • Assessment
        • Intervention
        • Conclusions
        • See also
        • Glossary
        • Further Reading
        • Relevant Websites
    • T
    • Tobacco use
      • Abstract
      • Introduction
      • Epidemiology of Tobacco Use
      • Influences on Tobacco Use
      • Reducing Tobacco Use
      • Conclusion
      • See also
      • Glossary
      • Further Reading
      • Relevant Websites
    • Transitions into Adolescence
      • Abstract
      • Introduction
      • Transitioning into Adolescence: Developmental Milestones and Social Contexts
      • Developmental Milestones
      • Contemporary Challenges in the Transition into Adolescence
      • Conclusions
      • See also
      • Glossary
      • Further Reading
    • Transitions to Adulthood
      • Abstract
      • Introduction
      • Making the Transition
      • Education and Work in the Transition to Adulthood
      • Relations with Parents in the Transition to Adulthood
      • Intimacy and Relationships in the Transition to Adulthood
      • Risky Behaviors and Mental Health in the Transition to Adulthood
      • Continuities in Adaptation from Childhood Through Young Adulthood
      • Conclusion
      • See also
      • Glossary
      • Further Reading
      • Relevant Websites
  • V
    • Vocational Training
      • Abstract
      • Introduction
      • Purposes of Vocational Training for Young People
      • Vocational Training and National Systems of Education
      • Apprenticeship as a Model of Learning
      • Transfer, Situated Learning, and a Radical Approach to Vocational Training
      • Vocational Training Practitioners
      • Vocational Training and Identity Formation
      • Conclusions
      • See also
      • Glossary
      • Further Reading
  • Y
    • Youth Gangs
      • Abstract
      • Introduction
      • Prevalence of Youth Gangs and Gang Membership
      • Correlates and Causes of Youth Gang Membership
      • Gangs, Violence, and Victimization
      • Reasons for Joining the Gang
      • Leaving the Gang
      • Responses to Youth Gangs and Gang Violence
      • See also
      • Glossary
      • Further Reading
      • Relevant Websites
  • Subject Index
  • Author Index

Quotes and reviews

"2011 PROSE Award Winner for Multivolume Reference/Humanities & Social Science"

Academic Press/Elsevier Science & Technology

Encyclopedia of Adolescence, Editors-in-Chief: B. Bradford Brown and Mitchell J. Prinstein

"Organizing any reference work is a demanding task, especially when providing a worldwide overview of what is known about adolescence. This innovative encyclopedia, organized around adolescent issues and experiences, uses a three-pronged framework for its 125 broad topical essays… The detailed index points to specific terms within the topics. The highly accomplished contributors come from all relevant disciplines and many countries. The comprehensive essays are logically presented and clearly written. They will serve as excellent introductions for a wide range of readers. This set is also available electronically on the ScienceDirect platform (CH, Sep'06, 44-0034). Summing Up: Highly recommended. Lower-level undergraduates and above; general readers."--CHOICE

 
 
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