Fiber Optic Measurement Techniques, 1st Edition

 
Fiber Optic Measurement Techniques, 1st Edition,Rongqing Hui,Maurice O'Sullivan,ISBN9780123738653
 
 
 

  &      

Academic Press

9780123738653

9780080920436

672

229 X 152

The most up-to-date, practical resource on optical measurement techniques for use in developing photonic systems!

Print Book + eBook

USD 142.20
USD 237.00

Buy both together and save 40%

Print Book

Hardcover

In Stock

Estimated Delivery Time
USD 121.00

eBook
eBook Overview

VST format:

DRM Free included formats: EPub, Mobi, PDF

USD 116.00
Add to Cart
 
 

Key Features

* The only book to combine explanations of the basic principles with latest techniques to enable the engineer to develop photonic systems of the future
* Careful and systematic presentation of measurement methods to help engineers to choose the most appropriate for their application
* The latest methods covered, such as real-time optical monitoring and phase coded systems and subsystems, making this the most up-to-date guide to fiber optic measurement on the market

Description

Fiber Optic Measurement Techniques is an indispensable collection of key optical measurement techniques essential for developing and characterizing today’s photonic devices and fiber optic systems. The book gives comprehensive and systematic descriptions of various fiber optic measurement methods with the emphasis on the understanding of optoelectronic signal processing methodologies, helping the reader to weigh up the pros and cons of each technique and establish their suitability for the task at hand.

Carefully balancing descriptions of principle, operations and optoelectronic circuit implementation, this indispensable resource will enable the engineer to:

• Understand the implications of various measurement results and system performance qualifications
• Characterize modern optical systems and devices
• Select optical devices and subsystems in optical network design and implementation
• Design innovative instrumentations for fiber optic systems

This book brings together in one volume the fundamental principles with the latest techniques, making it a complete resource for the optical and communications engineer developing future optical devices and fiber optic systems.

"Optical fiber communication systems and networks constitute the core of the telecom infrastructure of the information society worldwide. Accurate knowledge of the properties of the contituent components, and of the performance of the subsystems and systems must be obtained in order to ensure reliable transmission, distribution, and delivery of information. This book is an authoritative and comprehensive treatment of fiber-optic measurement techniques, including not only fundamental principles and methodologies but also various instrumentations and practical implementations. It is an excellent up-to-date resource and reference for the academic and industrial researcher as well as the field engineer in manufacturing and network operations." – Dr. Tingye Li, AT&T Labs (retired)

Rongqing Hui received his PhD in Electrical Engineering from Politecnico di Torino, Italy in 1993. He is currently a tenured professor in the department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Kansas. He has published more than 90 refereed technical papers in the area of fiber-optic communications and holds 13 patents. Dr. Hui currently serves as an Associate Editor of IEEE Transactions on Communications.

Maurice O'Sullivan has worked for Nortel for a score of years, at first in the optical cable business, developing factory-tailored metrology for optical fiber, but, in the main, in the optical transmission business developing, modeling and verifying physical layer designs & performance of Nortel's line and highest rate transmission product including OC-192, MOR, MOR+, LH1600G, eDCO and eDC40G. He holds a Ph.D. in physics (high resolution spectroscopy) from the University of Toronto, is a Nortel Fellow and has been granted more than 30 patents.

Readership

Optical and photonic engineers, R&D engineers, communications engineers, graduate students

Rongqing Hui

Maurice O'Sullivan

Fiber Optic Measurement Techniques, 1st Edition

Introduction

Chapter 1: Fundamentals of optical devices
1.1 Laser diodes and LEDs
1.1.1 pn junction and energy diagram
1.1.2 Direct and indirect semiconductors
1.1.3 Carrier confinement
1.1.4 Spontaneous emission and stimulated emission
1.1.5 Light Emitting Diodes (LED)
1.1.6 Laser Diodes (LD)
1.1.7 Single frequency semiconductor lasers
1.2 Photodetectors
1.2.1 PN-junction photodiodes
1.2.2 Responsivity and bandwidth
1.2.3 Electrical Characteristics of a photodiode
1.2.4 Photo-detector noise and SNR
1.2.5 Avalanche photodiodes (APD)
1.3 Optical fibers
1.3.1 Reflection and refraction
1.3.2 Propagation modes in optical fibers
1.3.3 Optical fiber attenuation
1.3.4 Group velocity and dispersion
1.3.5 Nonlinear effects in an optical fiber
1.4 Optical amplifiers
1.4.1 Optical gain, gain bandwidth and saturation
1.4.2 Semiconductor optical amplifiers
1.4.3 Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFA)
1.5 External electro-optic modulator
1.5.1 Basic operation principle of electro-optic modulators
1.5.2 Frequency doubling and duo-binary modulation
1.5.3 Optical single-side modulation
1.5.4 Optical modulators using electro-absorption effect

Chapter 2: Basic instrumentation for optical measurement
2.1 Grating-base optical spectrum analyzer
2.1.1 General specifications
2.1.2 Fundamentals of diffraction gratings
2.1.3 Basic OSA configurations
2.2 Scanning FP interferometer
2.2.1 Basic FPI configuration and transfer function
2.2.2 Scanning FPI spectrum analyzer
2.2.3 Scanning FPI basic optical configurations
2.2.4 Optical spectrum analyzer using the combination of grating and FPI
2.3 Mach-zehnder interferometer
2.3.1 Transfer matrix of a 2x2 optical coupler
2.3.2 Transfer function of an MZI
2.3.3 MZI used as an optical filter
2.4 Michelson interferometer
2.4.1 Operation principle of a Michelson interferometer
2.4.2 Measurement and characterization of Michelson interferometers
2.4.3 Techniques to increase frequency selectivity
2.5 Optical wavelength meter
2.5.1 Operation principle of a wavelength meter based on Michelson interferometer
2.5.2 Wavelength coverage and spectral resolution
2.5.3 wavelength calibration
2.5.4 Wavelength meter based on Fizeau wedge interferometer
2.6 Optical Polarimeter
2.6.1 General description of lightwave polarization
2.6.2 The Stokes Parameters and the Poincare sphere
2.6.3 Optical Polarimeter implementations
2.7 Measurement based on coherent optical detection
2.7.1 Basic principle of coherent detection
2.7.2 Receiver SNR calculation of coherent detection
2.7.3 Balanced coherent detection and polarization diversity
2.7.4 Phase diversity in coherent homodyne detection
2.7.5 Coherent OSA based on swept frequency laser
2.8 Waveform Measurement
2.8.1 Oscilloscope operation principle
2.8.2 Digital sampling oscilloscope
2.8.3 High-speed sampling of optical signal
2.8.4 High-speed electric ADC using optical techniques
2.8.5 Short optical pulse measurement using an autocorrelator
2.9 Optical Low-coherent interferometry
2.9.1 Optical low-coherence reflectometry
2.9.2 Fourier-domain reflectometry
2.10 Optical network analyzer
2.10.1 S-parameters and RF network analyzer
2.10.2 Optical network analyzer

Chapter 3: Characterization of optical devices
3.1 Characterization of RIN and linewidth of semiconductor lasers
3.1.1 Measurement of relative intensity noise (RIN)
3.1.2 Measurement of laser phase noise and linewidth
3.2 Measurement of electro-optic modulation response
3.2.1 Characterization of intensity modulation response
3.2.2 Measurement of frequency chirp
3.2.3 Time-domain measurement of modulation-induced chirp
3.3 Wide-band characterization of an optical receiver
3.3.1 Characterization of photodetector responsivity and linearity
3.3.2 Frequency domain characterization of photodetector response
3.3.3 Photodetector bandwidth characterization using source spontaneousspontaneous
beat noise
3.3.4 Photodetector characterization using short optical pulses
3.4 Characterization of optical amplifiers
3.4.1 Measurement of amplifier optical gain
3.4.2 Measurement of static and dynamic gain tilt
3.4.3 Optical amplifier noise
3.4.4 Optical domain characterization of ASE noise
3.4.5 Impact of ASE noise in electrical domain
3.4.6 Noise Figure definition and its measurement
3.4.7 Time domain characteristics of EDFA
3.5 Characterization of passive optical components
3.5.1 Fiber-optic couplers
3.5.2 Fiber Bragg-grating filters
3.5.3 WDM multiplexers and demultiplers
3.5.4 Optical isolators and circulators

Chapter 4: Optical fiber measurement
4.1 Classification of fiber types
4.2 Measurement of fiber mode-field distribution
4.2.1 Near-field, far-field and mode field diameter
4.2.2 The far-field measurement techniques
4.2.3 The near-field measurement techniques
4.3 Fiber attenuation measurement and OTDR
4.3.1 Cutback technique
4.3.2 Optical time-domain reflectometer
4.3.3 Improvement considerations of OTDR
4.4 Fiber dispersion measurements
4.4.1 Intermodal dispersion and its measurement
(1) Pulse distortion method
(2) Frequency domain measurement
4.4.2 Chromatic dispersion and its measurement
(1) Modulation phase shift method
(2) Baseband AM response method
(3) Interferometric method
4.5 Polarization Mode Dispersion (PMD) Measurement
4.5.1 Representation fiber birefringence and PMD parameter
4.5.2 Pulse delay method
4.5.3 The Interferometric method
4.5.4 Poincare Arc method
4.5.5 Fixed Analyzer method
4.5.6 The Jones-Matrix method
4.5.7 The Mueller-Matrix method
4.6 Determination of polarization-dependent loss
4.7 PMD sources and emulators
4.8 Measurement of fiber nonlinearity
4.7.1 Measurement of Stimulated Brilliouin Scattering Coefficient
4.7.2 Measurement of Stimulated Raman Scattering Coefficient
4.7.3 Measurement of Kerr-effect nonlinearity

Chapter 5: Optical System Performance Measurements
5.1 Overview of fiber-optic transmission systems
5.1.1 Optical system performance considerations
5.1.2 Receiver BER and Q
5.1.3 System Q estimation based on eye diagram parameterization
5.1.4 Bit Error-rate Testing
5.2 Receiver sensitivity measurement and OSNR tolerance
5.2.1 Receiver sensitivity and power margin
5.2.2 OSNR margin and required OSNR (R-OSNR)
5.2.3 BER vs. decision threshold measurement
5.3 Waveform distortion measurements
5.4 Time jitter measurement
5.4.1 Basic jitter parameters and definitions
5.4.2 Jitter detection techniques
5.5 In-situ monitoring techniques of fiber-optic systems
5.5.1 In-situ monitoring of chromatic dispersion
5.5.2 In-situ PMD monitoring
5.5.3 In-situ PDL monitoring
5.6 Measurement of nonlinear crosstalk in multi-span WDM systems
5.6.1 XPM-induced intensity modulation in IMDD optical systems
5.6.2 XPM-induced phase modulation
5.6.3 FWM-induced crosstalk in IMDD optical systems
5.6.4 Characterization of Raman crosstalk with wide channel separation
5.7 Modulation instability and its impact in WDM optical systems
5.7.1 Modulation-instability and transfer matrix formulation
5.7.2 Impact of modulation-instability in amplified multi-span fiber systems
5.7.3 Characterization of modulation instability in fiber-optic systems
5.8 System degradation measurements based on the required OSNR
5.8.1 Measurement of R-SNR due to chromatic dispersion
5.8.2 Measurement of R-SNR due to fiber nonlinearity
5.8.3 Measurement of R-SNR due to optical filter misalignment
5.9 Optical re-circulating loop
5.9.1 Operation principle of a recirculating loop
5.9.2 Measurement procedure and time control
5.9.3 Optical gain adjustment in the loop

Quotes and reviews

"Optical fiber communication systems and networks constitute the core of the telecom infrastructure of the information society worldwide. Accurate knowledge of the properties of the contituent components, and of the performance of the subsystems and systems must be obtained in order to ensure reliable transmission, distribution, and delivery of information. This book is an authoritative and comprehensive treatment of fiber-optic measurement techniques, including not only fundamental principles and methodologies but also various instrumentations and practical implementations. It is an excellent up-to-date resource and reference for the academic and industrial researcher as well as the field engineer in manufacturing and network operations." – Dr. Tingye Li, AT&T Labs (retired)
 
 

Elsevier|Free Shipping

Shop with Confidence

Free Shipping around the world
▪ Broad range of products
▪ 30 days return policy
FAQ

Contact Us