High-Arctic Ecosystem Dynamics in a Changing Climate

High-Arctic Ecosystem Dynamics in a Changing Climate, 1st Edition

High-Arctic Ecosystem Dynamics in a Changing Climate, 1st Edition,Hans Meltofte,Torben Christensen,Bo Elberling,Mads Forchhammer,Morten Rasch,ISBN9780123736659

Advances in Ecological Research

Meltofte   &   Christensen   &   Elberling   &   Forchhammer   &   Rasch   

Academic Press




229 X 152

Ten years of monitoring research at Zackenberg Research Station, Northeast Greenland

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Key Features

* The latest research on the functioning of Arctic ecosystems
* Supplements current books on arctic climate impact assessment as a case study for ecological specialists
* Discusses the complex perpetuating effects on Earth
* Vital information on modeling ecosystem responses to understand future climates


The book is based on data collected during the past 10 years by Zackenberg Ecological Research Operations (ZERO) at Zackenberg Research Station in Northeast Greenland. This volume covers the function of Arctic ecosystems based on the most comprehensive long-term data set in the world from a well-defined Arctic ecosystem. Editors offer a comprehensive and authoritative analysis of how climate variability is influencing an Arctic ecosystem and how the Arctic ecosystems have inherent feedback mechanisms interacting with climate variability or change.


Ecologists, environmentalists, terrestrial ecologists

Hans Meltofte

Affiliations and Expertise

National Environmental Research Institute, Department of Arctic Environment, Denmark

Torben Christensen

Affiliations and Expertise

GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Physical Geography and Ecosystems Analysis, Lund University, Sweden

Bo Elberling

Affiliations and Expertise

National Environmental Research Institute, Department of Arctic Environment, University of Aarhus, Roskilde, Denmark

Mads Forchhammer

Affiliations and Expertise

National Environmental Research Institute, Department of Arctic Environment, Centre for Integrated Population Ecology, University of Aarhus, Roskilde, Denmark

Morten Rasch

Affiliations and Expertise

Danish Polar Center, Copenhagen, Denmark

High-Arctic Ecosystem Dynamics in a Changing Climate, 1st Edition


1 Introduction
By Hans Meltofte, Torben R. Christensen, Bo Elberling, Mads C. Forchhammer & Morten Rasch

2 Climate and climate change with an arctic perspective
By Martin Stendel, Jens Hesselbjerg Christensen & Dorthe Petersen

3 Late Quaternary geology, biology and archaeology of the Wollaston Forland region, East Greenland
By Ole Bennike, Claus Andreassen,, Louis Beyens, Jens Böcher, Hanne H. Christiansen, Bent Fredskild, Ole Humlum, Bjarne Holm Jacobsen, Erik Jeppesen, David R. Klein, Mikkel Sørensen & Pieter Ledeganck

4 Adaptations, invasions, dispersal and pollination
By David R. Klein, Mads C. Forchhammer, Rebekka Lundgren, Hans Henrik Bruun & Kirsten Christoffersen

5 The study area
By Hans Meltofte & Morten Rasch


6 The present climate

By Birger Ulf Hansen, Charlotte Sigsgaard, Dorthe Petersen, Sebastian Haugaard Mernild & Morten Rasch

7 Permafrost and periglacial geomorphology
By Hanne H. Christiansen, Ole Humlum, Charlotte Sigsgaard, Birger Ulf Hansen, Bent Hasholt & Morten Rasch

8 Snow distribution and melt
By Birger Ulf Hansen, Jørgen Hinkler, Mikkel Tamstorf, Hanne H. Christiansen & Dorthe Petersen

9 Hydrological processes
By Bent Hasholt, Dorthe Petersen, Sebastian Haugaard Mernild, Morten Rasch, Bjarne Holm Jakobsen, Charlotte Sigsgaard, Jørgen Hinkler, Birger Ulf Hansen, Bo Elberling & Søren Rysgaard


10 Soil and plant community characteristics
By Bo Elberling, Anders Michelsen, Bjarne Holm Jakobsen, Mikkel Tamstorf, Charlotte Sigsgaard, Christian Bay, Lotte Illeris, Louis Beyens, Birger Ulf Hansen & Morten Rasch

11 Inter-annual variability of plant phenology and productivity
By Susanne M. König, Lotte Illeris, Anders Michelsen, Mikkel Tamstorf & Birger Ulf Hansen

12 Plant-herbivore interactions
By Thomas B. Berg, Mads C. Forchhammer, Peter J. Aastrup, Toke T. Høye & David R. Klein

13 Invertebrates and climate: spatio-temporal changes in phenology, dynamics and diversity
By Toke T. Høye & Mads C. Forchhammer

14 Effects of food availability, climate and predation on breeding performance of waders
By Hans Meltofte, Toke T. Høye, Niels M. Schmidt, Mads C. Forchhammer, Jannik Hansen & Ditte Katrine Hendrichsen

15 Vertebrate predator-prey interactions
By Niels M. Schmidt, Thomas B. Berg, Mads C. Forchhammer, Toke T. Høye, Line A. Kyhn, Hans Meltofte & Hans Pedersen

16 Lake flora and fauna in relation to ice-melt, water temperature and chemistry
By Kirsten Christoffersen & Erik Jeppesen

17 Interspecific variation in population dynamical responses to climate change
By Mads C. Forchhammer, Niels M. Schmidt, Toke T. Høye & Erik Jeppesen

18 Solar ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B) in Zackenberg: inter-annual variability and the impact on higher plants and microbial communities
By Kristian Albert, Linda Bredahl, Paul Eriksen, Kirsten B. Håkansson, Teis N. Mikkelsen, Riikka Rinan & Helge Ro-Poulsen

19 Control of soil CO2 and CH4 production by soil temperatures, freezing and snowmelt
By Bo Elberling, Claus Nordstrøm, Louise Grøndahl, Henrik Søgaard, Thomas Friborg & Torben R. Christensen

20 Spatial and inter-annual variability of trace gas fluxes in a heterogeneous landscape
By Louise Grøndahl, Thomas Friborg, Torben R. Christensen, Anna Ekberg, Bo Elberling, Nanna Høegh, Lotte Illeris, Fleur Marchand, Ivan Nijs, Claus Nordstrøm, Charlotte Sigsgaard & Henrik Søgaard


21 Zackenberg in a circumpolar context: the behaviour of selected ecosystem elements in relation to changes in large-scale climate
By Mads C. Forchhammer, Torben R. Christensen, Birger Ulf Hansen, Mikkel P. Tamstorf, Jørgen Hinkler, Niels M. Schmidt & Toke T. Høye

22 Modelling ecosystem responses to future climate: a first step
Mads C. Forchhammer & Torben R. Christensen
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