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Chemical Process Equipment
 
 

Chemical Process Equipment, 3rd Edition

Selection and Design

 
Chemical Process Equipment, 3rd Edition,James R. Couper,W. Roy Penney,James R. Fair, PhD,ISBN9780123969590
 
 
 

  &      &      

Butterworth-Heinemann

9780123969590

9780123972361

864

276 X 216

The leading single volume reference for engineers who specify, design, maintain or run chemical and process plant: chemical engineers turn to Couper for results-oriented practical guidance.  

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Key Features

    • Legacy reference for chemical and related engineers who work with vendors to design, specify and make final equipment selection decisions.
    • Copious examples of successful applications, with supporting schematics and data to illustrate the functioning and performance of equipment.
    • Provides equipment rating forms and manufacturers’ data, worked examples, valuable shortcut methods, and rules of thumb to demonstrate and support the design process.
    • Heavily illustrated with line drawings and schematics to aid understanding, as well as graphs and tables to illustrate performance data.

    Description

    Chemical Process Equipment is a results-oriented reference for engineers who specify, design, maintain or run chemical and process plants. This book delivers information on the selection, sizing and operation of process equipment in a format that enables quick and accurate decision making on standard process and equipment choices, saving time, improving productivity, and building understanding. Coverage emphasizes common real-world equipment design rather than experimental or esoteric and focuses on maximizing performance.

    Readership

    Chemical and process engineers. Industrial and plant engineers.

    James R. Couper

    James R. Couper, D.Sc. is Professor Emeritus, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Unviersity of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, USA

    W. Roy Penney

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Professor Emeritus, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, USA

    James R. Fair, PhD

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Professor Emeritus, Department of Chemical Engineering, UT Austin, USA

    Chemical Process Equipment, 3rd Edition

    PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION

    PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION

    CONTRIBUTORS

    CHAPTER 0 RULES OF THUMB: SUMMARY

    CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

    1.1. Process Design
    1.2. Equipment
    1.3. Categories of Engineering Practice
    1.4. Sources of Information for Process Design
    1.5. Codes, Standards, and Recommended Practices
    1.6. Material and Energy Balances
    1.7. Economic Balance
    1.8. Design Safety Factors
    1.9. Safety of Plant and Environment
    1.10. Steam and Power Supply
    1.11. Design Basis
    1.12. Laboratory and Pilot Plant Work
    References

    CHAPTER 2 FLOWSHEETS

    2.1. Block Flowsheets
    2.2. Process Flowsheets
    2.3. Process and Instrumentation Diagrams (Pamp;ID)
    2.4. Utility Flowsheets
    2.5. Drawing of Flowsheets
    References

    CHAPTER 3 PROCESS CONTROL

    3.1. The Feedback Control Loop
    3.2. Control Loop Performance and Tuning Procedures
    3.3. Single Stream Control
    3.4. Unit Operation Control
    References

    CHAPTER 4 DRIVERS FOR MOVING EQUIPMENT

    4.1. Motors
    4.2. Steam Turbines and Gas Expanders
    4.3. Combustion Gas Turbines and Engines
    References

    CHAPTER 5 TRANSFER OF SOLIDS

    5.1. Slurry Transport
    5.2. Pneumatic Conveying
    5.3. Mechanical Conveyors and Elevators
    5.4. Chutes
    5.5. Solids Feeders
    References

    CHAPTER 6 FLOW OF FLUIDS

    6.1. Properties and Units
    6.2. Energy Balance of a Flowing Fluid
    6.3. Liquids
    6.4. Pipeline Networks
    6.5. Optimum Pipe Diameter
    6.6. Non-Newtonian Fluids
    6.7. Gases
    6.8. Liquid-Gas Flow in Pipelines
    6.9. Granular and Packed Beds
    6.10. Gas-Solid Transfer
    6.11. Fluidization of Beds of Particles with Gases
    References

    CHAPTER 7 FLUID TRANSPORT EQUIPMENT

    7.1. Piping
    7.2. Pump Theory
    7.3. Pump Characteristics
    7.4. Criteria for Selection of Pumps
    7.5. Equipment for Gas Transport
    7.6. Theory and Calculations of Gas Compression
    7.7. Ejector and Vacuum Systems
    References

    CHAPTER 8 HEAT TRANSFER AND HEAT EXCHANGERS 159

    8.1. Conduction of Heat
    8.2. Mean Temperature Difference
    8.3. Heat Transfer Coefficients
    8.4. Data of Heat Transfer Coefficients
    8.5. Pressure Drop in Heat Exchangers
    8.6. Types of Heat Exchangers
    8.7. Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers
    8.8. Condensers
    8.9. Reboilers
    8.10. Evaporators
    8.11. Fired Heaters
    8.12. Insulation of Equipment
    8.13. Refrigeration
    References

    CHAPTER 9 DRYERS AND COOLING TOWERS

    9.1. Interaction of Air and Water
    9.2. Rate of Drying
    9.3. Classification and General Characteristics of Dryers
    9.4. Batch Dryers
    9.5. Continuous Tray and Conveyor Belt Dryers
    9.6. Rotary Cylindrical Dryers
    9.7. Drum Dryers for Solutions and Slurries
    9.8. Pneumatic Conveying Dryers
    9.9. Flash and Ring Dryers
    9.10. Fluidized Bed Dryers
    9.11. Spray Dryers
    9.12. Cooling Towers
    References

    CHAPTER 10 MIXING AND AGITATION

    10.1. A Basic Stirred Tank Design
    10.2. Vessel Flow Patterns
    10.3. Agitator Power Requirements
    10.4. Impeller Pumping
    10.5. Tank Blending
    10.6. Heat Transfer
    10.7. Vortex Depth
    10.8. Solid Suspension
    10.9. Solids Dissolving
    10.10. Gas-Liquid Dispersions
    10.11. Liquid-Liquid (L-L) Dispersions
    10.12. Pipeline Mixers
    10.13. Compartmented Columns
    10.14. Fast Competitive/Consecutive (C/C) Reactions
    10.15. Scale-Up
    Nomenclature
    References

    CHAPTER 11 SOLID-LIQUID SEPARATION

    11.1. Processes and Equipment
    11.2. Liquid-Particle Characteristics
    11.3. Theory of Filtration
    11.4. Resistance to Filtration
    11.5. Thickening and Clarifying
    11.6. Laboratory Testing and Scale-Up
    11.7. Illustrations of Equipment
    11.8. Applications and Performance of Equipment
    References

    CHAPTER 12 DISINTEGRATION, AGGLOMERATION, AND SIZE SEPARATION OF PARTICULATE SOLIDS

    12.1. Screening
    12.2. Commercial Classification with Streams of Air or Water
    12.3. Size Reduction
    12.4. Equipment for Size Reduction
    12.5. Particle Size Enlargement (Agglomeration)
    References

    CHAPTER 13 DISTILLATION AND GAS ABSORPTION

    13.1. Vapor-Liquid Equilibria
    13.2. Single-Stage Flash Calculations
    13.3. Evaporation or Simple Distillation
    13.4. Binary Distillation
    13.5. Batch Distillation
    13.6. Multicomponent Separation: General Considerations
    13.7. Estimation of Reflux and Number of Trays (Fenske-Underwood-Gilliland Method)
    13.8. Absorption Factor Shortcut Method of Edmister
    13.9. Separations in Packed Towers
    13.10. Basis for Computer Evaluation of Multicomponent Separations
    13.11. Special Kinds of Distillation Processes
    13.12. Tray Towers
    13.13. Packed Towers
    13.14. Efficiencies of Trays and Packings
    References

    CHAPTER 14 EXTRACTION AND LEACHING

    14.1. Introduction
    14.2. Equilibrium Relations
    14.3. Calculation of Stage Requirements
    14.4. Countercurrent Operation
    14.5. Leaching of Solids
    14.6. Numerical Calculation of Multicomponent Extraction
    14.7. Equipment for Extraction
    14.8. Pilot Testing
    References

    CHAPTER 15 ADSORPTION AND ION EXCHANGE

    15.1. Adsorption Equilibria
    15.2. Ion Exchange Equilibria
    15.3. Adsorption Behavior in Packed Beds
    15.4. Gas Adsorption Cycles
    15.5. Adsorption Design and Operating Practices
    15.6. Parametric Pumping
    15.7. Ion Exchange Design and Operating Practices
    15.8. Production Scale Chromatography
    15.9. Equipment and Processes
    References

    CHAPTER 16 CRYSTALLIZATION FROM SOLUTIONS AND MELTS

    16.1. Some General Crystallization Concepts
    16.2. Importance of the Solubility Curve in Crystallizer Design
    16.3. Solubilities and Equilibria
    16.4. Crystal Size Distribution
    16.5. The Process of Crystallization
    16.6. The Ideal Stirred Tank
    16.7. Kinds of Crystallizers
    16.8. Melt Crystallization and Purification
    References

    CHAPTER 17 CHEMICAL REACTORS

    17.1. Design Basis and Space Velocity
    17.2. Rate Equations and Operating Modes
    17.3. Material and Energy Balances of Reactors
    17.4. Nonideal Flow Patterns
    17.5. Selection of Catalysts
    17.6. Types and Examples of Reactors
    17.7. Heat Transfer in Reactors
    17.8. Classes of Reaction Processes and Their Equipment
    References

    CHAPTER 18 PROCESS VESSELS

    18.1. Drums
    18.2. Fractionator Reflux Drums
    18.3. Liquid-Liquid Separators
    18.4. Gas-Liquid Separators
    18.5. Storage Tanks
    18.6. Mechanical Design of Process Vessels
    18.7. Bins and Hoppers
    References

    CHAPTER 19 MEMBRANE SEPARATIONS

    19.1. Membrane Processes
    19.2. Liquid-Phase Separations
    19.3. Gas Permeation
    19.4. Membrane Materials and Applications
    19.5. Membrane Cells and Equipment Configurations
    19.6. Industrial Applications
    19.7. Subquality Natural Gas
    19.8. The Enhancement of Separation
    19.9. Permeability Units
    19.10. Derivations and Calculations for Single-Stage Membrane Separations
    References

    CHAPTER 20 GAS-SOLID SEPARATIONS

    20.1. Gas-Solid Separations
    20.2. Foam Separation and Froth Flotation
    20.3. Sublimation and Freeze Drying
    20.4. Separations by Thermal Diffusion
    20.5. Electrochemical Synthesis
    20.6. Fermentation Processing
    References

    CHAPTER 21 COSTS OF INDIVIDUAL EQUIPMENT

    APPENDIX A UNITS, NOTATION, AND GENERAL DATA

    APPENDIX B EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATION FORMS

    APPENDIX C QUESTIONNAIRES OF EQUIPMENT SUPPLIERS

    INDEX

    Quotes and reviews

    "They guide especially new engineers in the design and specification of equipment in preparation for buying it, providing only the material they and their collaborators have found of practical use."--Reference and Research Book News, December 2012

     
     

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