Chemical Process Equipment

Chemical Process Equipment, 3rd Edition

Selection and Design

Chemical Process Equipment, 3rd Edition,James R. Couper,W. Roy Penney,James R. Fair, PhD,ISBN9780123969590

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276 X 216

The leading single volume reference for engineers who specify, design, maintain or run chemical and process plant: chemical engineers turn to Couper for results-oriented practical guidance.  

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Key Features

    • Legacy reference for chemical and related engineers who work with vendors to design, specify and make final equipment selection decisions.
    • Copious examples of successful applications, with supporting schematics and data to illustrate the functioning and performance of equipment.
    • Provides equipment rating forms and manufacturers’ data, worked examples, valuable shortcut methods, and rules of thumb to demonstrate and support the design process.
    • Heavily illustrated with line drawings and schematics to aid understanding, as well as graphs and tables to illustrate performance data.


    Chemical Process Equipment is a results-oriented reference for engineers who specify, design, maintain or run chemical and process plants. This book delivers information on the selection, sizing and operation of process equipment in a format that enables quick and accurate decision making on standard process and equipment choices, saving time, improving productivity, and building understanding. Coverage emphasizes common real-world equipment design rather than experimental or esoteric and focuses on maximizing performance.


    Chemical and process engineers. Industrial and plant engineers.

    James R. Couper

    James R. Couper, D.Sc. is Professor Emeritus, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Unviersity of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, USA

    W. Roy Penney

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Professor Emeritus, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, USA

    James R. Fair, PhD

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Professor Emeritus, Department of Chemical Engineering, UT Austin, USA

    Chemical Process Equipment, 3rd Edition


    Preface to the Third Edition

    Preface to the Second Edition

    Preface to the First Edition


    0. Rules of Thumb: Summary

    Compressors and Vacuum Pumps

    Conveyors for Particulate Solids

    Cooling Towers

    Crystallization From Solution


    Distillation and Gas Absorption

    Drivers and Power Recovery Equipment

    Drying of Solids


    Extraction, Liquid-Liquid


    Fluidization of Particles with Gases

    Heat Exchangers


    Mixing and Agitation

    Particle Size Enlargement





    Size Separation of Particles

    Utilities: Common Specifications

    Vessels (Drums)

    Vessels (Pressure)

    Vessels (Storage Tanks)

    Membrane Separations

    Materials of Construction



    1. Introduction

    1.1 Process Design

    1.2 Equipment

    1.3 Categories of Engineering Practice

    1.4 Sources of Information for Process Design

    1.5 Codes, Standards, and Recommended Practices

    1.6 Material and Energy Balances

    1.7 Economic Balance

    1.8 Design Safety Factors

    1.9 Safety of Plant and Environment

    1.10 Steam and Power Supply

    1.11 Design Basis

    1.12 Laboratory and Pilot Plant Work

    Other Sources of Information

    1.1 Process Design

    1.2 Process Equipment

    2. Flowsheets

    2.1 Block Flowsheets

    2.2 Process Flowsheets

    2.3 Process and Instrumentation Diagrams (P&ID)

    2.4 Utility Flowsheets

    2.5 Drawing of Flowsheets


    3. Process Control

    3.1 The Feedback Control Loop

    3.2 Control Loop Performance and Tuning Procedures

    3.3 Single Stream Control

    3.4 Unit Operation Control


    4. Drivers for Moving Equipment

    4.1 Motors

    4.2 Steam Turbines and Gas Expanders

    4.3 Combustion Gas Turbines and Engines


    5. Transfer of Solids

    5.1 Slurry Transport

    5.2 Pneumatic Conveying

    5.3 Mechanical Conveyors and Elevators

    5.4 Chutes

    5.5 Solids Feeders


    6. Flow of Fluids

    6.1 Properties and Units

    6.2 Energy Balance of a Flowing Fluid

    6.3 Liquids

    6.4 Pipeline Networks

    6.5 Optimum Pipe Diameter

    6.6 Non-Newtonian Liquids

    6.7 Gases

    6.8 Liquid-Gas Flow in Pipelines

    6.9 Granular and Packed Beds

    6.10 Gas-Solid Transfer

    6.11 Fluidization of Beds of Particles with Gases


    7. Fluid Transport Equipment

    7.1 Piping

    7.2 Pump Theory

    7.3 Pump Characteristics

    7.4 Criteria for Selection of Pumps

    7.5 Equipment for Gas Transport

    7.6 Theory and Calculations of Gas Compression

    7.7 Ejector and Vacuum Systems

    Glossary for Chapter 7

    Terms Concerning Centrifugal And Related Pumps


    8. Heat Transfer and Heat Exchangers

    8.1 Conduction of Heat

    8.2 Mean Temperature Difference

    8.3 Heat Transfer Coefficients

    8.4 Data of Heat Transfer Coefficients

    8.5 Pressure Drop in Heat Exchangers

    8.6 Types of Heat Exchangers

    8.7 Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers

    8.8 Condensers

    8.9 Reboilers

    8.10 Evaporators

    8.11 Fired Heaters

    8.12 Insulation of Equipment

    8.13 Refrigeration


    9. Dryers and Cooling Towers

    9.1 Interaction of Air and Water

    9.2 Rate of Drying

    9.3 Classification and General Characteristics of Dryers

    9.4 Batch Dryers

    9.5 Continuous Tray and Conveyor Belt Dryers

    9.6 Rotary Cylindrical Dryers

    9.7 Drum Dryers for Solutions and Slurries

    9.8 Pneumatic Conveying Dryers

    9.9 Flash and Ring Dryers

    9.10 Fluidized Bed Dryers

    9.11 Spray Dryers

    9.12 Cooling Towers


    10. Mixing and Agitation

    10.1 A Basic Stirred Tank Design

    10.2 Vessel Flow Patterns

    10.3 Agitator Power Requirements

    10.4 Impeller Pumping

    10.5 Tank Blending

    10.6 Heat Transfer

    10.7 Vortex Depth

    10.8 Solid Suspension

    10.9 Solids Dissolving

    10.10 Gas-Liquid Dispersions

    10.11 Liquid-Liquid (L-L) Dispersions

    10.12 Pipeline Mixers

    10.13 Compartmented Columns

    10.14 Fast Competitive/Consecutive (C/C) Reactions

    10.15 Scale-Up



    11. Solid-Liquid Separation

    11.1 Processes and Equipment

    11.2 Liquid-Particle Characteristics

    11.3 Theory of Filtration

    11.4 Resistance to Filtration

    11.5 Thickening and Clarifying

    11.6 Laboratory Testing and Scale-Up

    11.7 Illustrations of Equipment

    11.8 Applications and Performance of Equipment


    12. Disintegration, Agglomeration, and Size Separation of Particulate Solids

    12.1 Screening

    12.2 Commercial Classification with Streams of Air or Water

    12.3 Size Reduction

    12.4 Equipment for Size Reduction

    12.5 Particle Size Enlargement (Agglomeration)



    13. Distillation and Gas Absorption

    13.0 Introduction

    13.1 Vapor-Liquid Equilibria

    13.2 Single-Stage Flash Calculations

    13.3 Evaporation or Simple Distillation

    13.4 Binary Distillation

    13.5 Batch Distillation

    13.6 Multicomponent Separation: General Considerations

    13.7 Estimation of Reflux and Number of Trays (Fenske-Underwood-Gilliland Method (1932, 1948, 1940))

    13.8 Absorption Factor Shortcut Method of Edmister (1947–1949)

    13.9 Separations in Packed Towers

    13.10 Basis for Computer Evaluation of Multicomponent Separations

    13.11 Special Kinds of Distillation Processes

    13.12 Tray Towers

    13.13 Packed Towers

    13.14 Efficiences of Trays and Packings

    13.15 Energy Considerations


    14. Extraction and Leaching

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Equilibrium Relations

    14.3 Calculation of Stage Requirements

    14.4 Countercurrent Operation

    14.5 Leaching of Solids

    14.6 Numerical Calculation of Multicomponent Extraction

    14.7 Equipment for Extraction

    14.8 Pilot-Testing


    15. Adsorption and Ion Exchange

    15.1 Adsorption Processes

    15.2 Adsorbents

    15.3 Adsorption Behavior in Packed Beds

    15.4 Regeneration

    15.5 Gas Adsorption Cycles

    15.6 Adsorption Design and Operating Practices

    15.7 Parametric Pumping

    15.8 Ion Exchange Processes

    15.9 Production Scale Chromatography

    General References

    16. Crystallization from Solutions and Melts

    16.1 Some General Crystallization Concepts

    16.2 Importance of the Solubility Curve in Crystallizer Design

    16.3 Solubilities and Equilibria

    16.4 Crystal Size Distribution

    16.5 The Process of Crystallization

    16.6 The Ideal Stirred Tank

    16.7 Kinds of Crystallizers

    16.8 Melt Crystallization and Purification


    17. Chemical Reactors

    17.1 Design Basis and Space Velocity

    17.2 Rate Equations and Operating Modes

    17.3 Material and Energy Balances of Reactions

    17.4 Nonideal Flow Patterns

    17.5 Selection of Catalysts

    17.6 Types and Examples of Reactors

    17.7 Heat Transfer in Reactors

    17.8 Classes of Reaction Processes and Their Equipment

    17.9 Biochemical Reactors and Processes


    18. Process Vessels

    18.1 Drums

    18.2 Fractionator Reflux Drums

    18.3 Liquid-Liquid Separators

    18.4 Gas-Liquid Separators

    18.5 Storage Tanks

    18.6 Mechanical Design of Process Vessels

    18.7 Bins and Hoppers


    19. Membrane Separations

    19.1 Membrane Processes

    19.2 Liquid-Phase Separations

    19.3 Gas Permeation

    19.4 Membrane Materials and Applications

    19.5 Membrane Cells and Equipment Configurations

    19.6 Industrial Applications

    19.7 Subquality Natural Gas

    19.8 The Enhancement of Separation

    19.9 Permeability Units

    19.10 Derivations and Calculations for Single-Stage Membrane Separations

    19.11 Representation of Multistage Membrane Calculations for a Binary System

    19.12 Potential Large-Scale Commercialization


    20. Gas-Solid Separations

    20.1 Gas-Solid Separations

    20.2 Foam Separation and Froth Flotation

    20.3 Sublimation and Freeze Drying

    20.4 Separations by Thermal Diffusion

    20.5 Electrochemical Syntheses


    21. Costs of Individual Equipment


    APPENDIX A: Units, Notation, and General Data

    APPENDIX B: Equipment Specification Forms

    APPENDIX C: Questionnaires Of Equipment Suppliers


    Quotes and reviews

    "They guide especially new engineers in the design and specification of equipment in preparation for buying it, providing only the material they and their collaborators have found of practical use."--Reference and Research Book News, December 2012

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