Bioenergy - Realizing the Potential

Bioenergy - Realizing the Potential, 1st Edition

Bioenergy - Realizing the Potential, 1st Edition,Dr. Semida Silveira,ISBN9780080446615

D Silveira   

Elsevier Science




240 X 165

Integrating the key technical, policy and economic issues surrounding bioenergy projects...

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Modern bioenergy has gained increased attention in the past decade. Not only does it provide an effective option for the provision of energy services from the technical point of view, but it is based on resources that can be utilized on a sustainable basis all around the globe. In addition, the benefits accrued go beyond energy provision, creating unique opportunities for regional development. Today, biomass is seen as one of the most promising renewable sources of modern energy services in the medium term. Know-how and experiences from different countries pave the way to further development of bioenergy systems.

Bioenergy: Realising the Potential integrates the key technical, policy and economic issues surrounding bioenergy projects in industrialised and developing countries, with a critical focus on four major topics:

• The biomass resource availability and potential
• The institutions and markets development
• Technical and economic enhancements
• Successful examples from Europe and developing countries


Scientists, students, researchers in the energy field. Anyone with an interest in renewable energy resources.

Dr. Semida Silveira

Affiliations and Expertise

Swedish Energy Agency, Eskilstuna, Sweden

Bioenergy - Realizing the Potential, 1st Edition

PART I Exploring the Bioenergy Potential

Chapter 1: How to realise the bioenergy prospects?

1.1 What is the news?
1.2 This book
1.3 Bioenergy as part of the renewable basket
1.4 The turning point
1.5 Taking the leap towards bioenergy

Chapter 2: Biomass in Europe

2.1 Is biomass important to Europe?
2.2 Biomass resources and conversion technologies
2.3 The role of biomass in climate change mitigation
2.4 The EU energy and agriculture policies
2.5 Examples of country policies within the EU
2.6 Concluding remarks

Chapter 3: New challenges for bioenergy in Sweden

3.1 Bioenergy in transition
3.2 Biomass utilization in Sweden
3.3 Important drives affecting bioenergy utilization
3.4 Four major tasks in the development of bioenergy in Sweden
3.5 Concluding remarks

Chapter 4: Dissemination of biomass district heating systems in Austria: lessons learned

4.1 District heating in Austria
4.2 The diffusion of BMDH in Austrian villages
4.3 Technology performance and qualification of professionals
4.4 The socio-economic conditions of villages
4.5 Economic aspects of plants
4.6 The socio-cultural context
4.7 The role of policies in supporting technology introduction
4.8 Conclusions

PART II Managing Resources and Enhancing Biomass Production

Chapter 5: Managing fuelwood supply in the Himalayan Mountain Forests

5.1 The importance of the forest sector in mountain areas
5.2 Energy services in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region
5.3 Fuel from mountain forest
5.4 Major issues pertaining to fuelwood
5.4 Future directions for wood energy development in the HKH region

Chapter 6: Modernizing cane production to enhance the biomass base in Brazil

6.1 Biomass availability can be enhanced in Brazil
6.2 The sugarcane industry as energy producer
6.3 Research and technology development in sugarcane agriculture
6.4 From cane burning to mechanical harvesting
6.5 Towards mechanized green cane harvesting in Brazil
6.6 Trash and bagasse – same source but different features
6.7 Using trash and bagasse for energy purposes in different industries
6.8 Realising the biomass potential in the sugar-ethanol segment

Chapter 7: Integrating forestry and energy activities in Lithuania using Swedish know-how

7.1 Bi-lateral co-operation for know-how and technology transfer
7.2 Forest management in Lithuania
7.3 Fuelwood utilization in Lithuania
7.4 Demonstration projects in Rokiskis forests
7.5 New technologies and management practices for higher productivity and reduced costs
7.6 Continuing efforts in the Baltic Sea Region

PART III Promoting Bioenergy Utilization

Chapter 8: Potential for small-scale bio-fuelled district heating and CHPs in Sweden

8.1 Aiming at sustainable energy systems
8.2 A method to estimate the heat demand
8.3 Potential for small-scale district heating and CHP in a small region
8.4 Potential for small-scale district heating in the counties of Kalmar, Örebro and Västernorrland
8.5 The potential for small-scale district heating and CHP in Sweden
8.6 The benefits

Chapter 9: Co-firing biomass and natural gas – boosting power production from sugarcane residues

9.1 Why co-firing?
9.2 The rationale
9.3 Cases and hypotheses for simulation
9.4 Simulation and feasibility results
9.5 Comparison of alternatives
9.7 Final remarks

Chapter 10: Techno-economic feasibility of biomass-based electricity generation in Sri Lanka

10.1 Introduction
10.2 Land availability
10.3 Energy plantations in Sri Lanka
10.4 Technology options
10.5 Economic analysis
10.6 Conclusions

Chapter 11: Classification of solid biofuels as a tool for market development

11.1 The need for a solid biofuel standardisation
11.2 What should be standardised?
11.3 Building a solid biofuel standardisation practice in Europe
11.4 Quality assurance – example of straw quality improvement
11.5 Final remarks

PART IV Exploring Opportunities through the Clean Development Mechanism

Chapter 12: The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

12.1 The challenge of mitigating climate change
12.2 The concept of CDM
12.3 The CDM project cycle and institutional framework
12.4 Who will participate in CDM projects and why?
12.5 CDM and bioenergy options

Chapter 13: Carbon certificates as a financial tool for projects in developing countries

13.1 Introduction
13.2 The behaviour of a developing country economy
13.3 How financial institutions analyse risks
13.4 Carbon-certificates as a risk-mitigating tool – the Plantar deal
14.5 Final remarks

Chapter 14: Cultivated biomass for the pig iron industry in Brazil

14.1 The Plantar project
14.2 Overview of the pig iron and steel sectors in Brazil
14.3 Baselines
14.4 Project boundaries and leakage
14.5 Environmental issues
14.6 Socio-economic issues

Chapter 15: Carbon credits from co-generation with bagasse

15.1 The context of the Santa Elisa bagasse co-generation project
15.2 Emerging carbon markets
15.3 Co-generating with bagasse – the project milestones
15.4 Additionality
15.5 Project baselines
15.6 Quantifying baseline carbon intensity
15.7 Carbon accounting evaluation methods
15.8 Lifetime of the project

Chapter 16: Wood waste co-generation in Kumasi, Ghana

16.1 The increasing energy demand in Ghana
16.2 Availability of wood wastes in Ghana
16.3 Feasibility of a cogeneration project in Kumasi
16.4 Boundary and baseline of the CDM project
16.5 Certified Emission Reductions (CERs)
16.6 Outstanding issues

PART V Meeting the challenges and making a difference

Chapter 17: Bioenergy – realizing the potential now!

17.1 Beyond the barriers to bioenergy utilization
17.2 Finding common ground to understand and deal with trade-offs
17.3 Combining policies, technology and management to develop innovative markets
17.4 Global solutions need local solutions – implementing strategies for sustainable development at project level
17.5 Mobilizing forces towards sustainable energy systems
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