The distinguished contributors to this volume have been set the problem of describing how we know where to move our eyes. There is a great deal of current interest in the use of eye movement recordings to investigate various mental processes. The common theme is that variations in eye movements indicate variations in the processing of what is being perceived, whether in reading, driving or scene perception. However, a number of problems of interpretation are now emerging, and this edited volume sets out to address these problems. The book investigates controversies concerning the variations in eye movements associated with reading ability, concerning the extent to which text is used by the guidance mechanism while reading, concerning the relationship between eye movements and the control of other body movements, the relationship between what is inspected and what is perceived, and concerning the role of visual control attention in the acquisition of complex perceptual-motor skills, in addition to the nature of the guidance mechanism itself.
The origins of the volume are in discussions held at a meeting of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology (ESCOP) that was held in Wurzburg in September 1996. The discussions concerned the landing effect in reading, an effect, that if substantiated, would provide evidence of the use of parafoveal information in eye guidance, and these discussions were explored in more detail at a small meeting in Chamonix, in February 1997. Many of the contributors to this volume were present at the meeting, but the arguments were not resolved in Chamonix either. Other leaders in the field were invited to contribute to the discussion, and this volume is the product. The argument remains unresolved, but the problem is certainly clearer.
For institutions, industry, private scientists, professionals and students in the fields of psychology, applied psychology and vision research.
Eye Guidance in Reading and Scene Perception, 1st Edition
Preface. Contributors. Eye guidance and visual information processing: reading, visual search, picture perception and driving (G. Underwood, R. Radach). Definition and computation of oculomotor measures in the study of cognitive processes (A.W. Inhoff, R. Radach). Eye movements and measures of reading time (S.P. Liversedge et al
.). Determinants of fixation positions in words during reading (R. Radach, G.W. McConkie). About regressive saccades in reading in their relation to word identification (F. Vitu et al
.). Word skipping: implications for theories of eye movement control in reading (M. Brysbaert, F. Vitu). The influence of parafoveal words on foveal inspection time: evidence for a processing trade-off (A. Kennedy). Parafoveal pragmatics (W.S. Murray). Foveal processing load and landing position effects in reading (S.P. Liversedge, G. Underwood). Individual differences in reading and eye movement control (J. Everatt et al
.). Eye movement control in reading: an overview and model (K. Rayner et al
.). Eye movements during scene viewing: an overview (J.M. Henderson, A. Hollingworth). Eye guidance and visual search (J.M. Findlay, I.D. Gilchrist). Prefixational object perception in scenes: objects popping out of schemas (P. De Graef). Functional division of the visual field: moving masks and moving windows (P.M.J. van Diepen et al
.). Film perception: the processing of film cuts (G. d'Ydewalle et al
.). Visual search of dynamic scenes: event types and the role of experience in viewing driving situations (P.R. Chapman, G. Underwood). How much do novice drivers see? The effects of demand on visual search strategies in novice and experienced drivers (D.E. Crundall et al
.). The development of the eye movement strategies of learner drivers (D.C. Dishart, M.F. Land). What the driver's eye tells the car's brain (A. Liu). Author index. Subject index.
Quotes and reviews
@qu:... By bringing together experts in eye movement research in reading, scene perception and driving within this excellent single volume, Underwood has done more than the driving research community a real service. ...a testament to what can be gained from well directed specialist meetings...
@source:Transportation Research Part F
@from:Ingrid R. Olson
@qu:...Over 30 distinguished contributors discuss in 20 chapters the general topics of eye movement measurement, and eye movement guidance in reading (approximately one half of the book), visual search, picture perception, and dynamic displays. The book is refined in scope and provides good coverage of these specific areas. ...The impression left by this book is a favorable one. Many researchers engaged in this line of research will find it an important addition to their library. ...the individual authors struck a fine balance between reviewing historical theory and fact, while presenting contemporary findings and new topics.