This valuable work, published in September 2000, provides a comprehensive review of the environmental condition of the seas of the world, sea by sea and region by region. It focuses on all aspects of man's interactions with the seas and with their biological and physical systems. The three volumes of Seas at the Millennium: an Environmental Evaluation cover issues of global and regional importance such as: biological description of the coast and continental shelf waters; development and use of the coast; landfill and its effects; pollutant discharges over time; effects of over-fishing; management methods and techniques used to ensure continued ecosystem functioning.
The relative importance of water-borne and airborne routes differ in different parts of the world, so routes and paths of pollutant movement in different areas will be examined and described in their local and global context. Each chapter is written by experts in the field. The regional chapters include: an historical overview of the area concerned in environmental terms; uses to which it has been put and to which it is put today; its current environmental status and major problems arising from human use of both the sea and its watershed; informed comment on major trends, problems and successes; and recommendations for the future. The global issues chapters cover major habitats and species groups, governmental, education and legal issues, fisheries effects, remote sensing, climate change and management.
For academics, researchers and policy makers with an interest in marine environmental sciences, oceanography and marine engineering.
Seas at the Millennium, 1st Edition
Introduction to Seas at the Millennium
(C. Sheppard).Part 1.
The seas around Greenland (F. Riget et al.
). Norwegian coast (J. Skei et al.
). The Faroe Islands (M. Dam et al.
). The North Sea (J.-P. Ducrotoy et al.
). The English Channel (A.D. Tappin, P.C. Reid). The Irish Sea (R. Hartnoll). The Baltic Sea: especially southern and eastern regions (J. Falandysz et al.
). Baltic Sea, including Bothnian Sea and Bothnian Bay (L. Kautsky, N. Kautsky). North coast of Spain (I. Diez et al.
). Southern Portugal: the Tagus and Sado estuaries (G. Cabeçadas et al.
). Atlantic coast of southern Spain (C.J. Luque et al.
). The Canary Islands (F. García Montelongo et al.
). The Azores (B. Morton, J.C. Britton). Sargasso Sea and Bermuda (A.H. Knap et al.
). The Aegean Sea (M. Dassenakis et al.
). The coast of Israel, SE Mediterranean (B. Herut, B. Galil). Adriatic Sea and Tyrrhenian Sea (G. Cognetti et al.
). Black Sea (G. Bakan, H. Büyükgüngör). Gulf of Maine Nova Scotia to Cape Cod (J. Pearce). New York Bight (J. Pearce). Chesapeake Bay: the United States' largest estuarine system (K. Mountford). North and South Carolina coasts (M.A. Mallin et al.
). Gulf of Alaska (B.A. Wright et al.
). Southern California (K.C. Schiff et al.
). Florida Keys (P. Dustan). Bahamas (K.C. Buchan). The northern Gulf of Mexico (M.E. Pattillo, D.M. Nelson). Coastal management in Latin America (A. Yáñez-Arancibia). Southern Gulf of Mexico (G.F. Vázquez et al.
). Pacific coast of Mexico (A.V. Botello et al.
). Belize (A.R. Harborne et al.
). Nicaragua: Caribbean coast (S.C. Jameson et al.
). Nicaragua: Pacific coast (S.C. Jameson et al.
). El Salvador (L. Cotsapas et al.
). Jamaica (M. Vierros). Puerto Rico (J. Morelock et al.
). Turks and Caicos Islands (G. Gaudian, P. Medley). The Dutch Antilles (A.O. Debrot, J. Sybesma). UK overseas territories in the northeast Caribbean: Anguilla, British Virgin Islands, Montserrat (F. Gail, M. Watson). The Lesser Antilles, Trinidad and Tobago (J.B.R. Agard, J.F. Gobin). Venezuela (P. Penchaszadeh). Caribbean coast of Colombia (L. Botero, R. Alvarez-León). Pacific coast of Colombia (A.J. Marrugo-González et al.
). Peru (G. Sanchez). The Chilean coast (R. Ahumada B et al.
). Tropical coast of Brazil (Z. Leao, J.M. Landim Dominguez). Southern Brazil (E. Zanardi-Lamardo et al.
). The Argentine Sea: the southeast South American shelf marine ecosystem (J.L. Esteves et al.
). The Gulf of Guinea large marine ecosystem (N.J. Hardman-Mountford et al.
). Guinea (M. Kourouma et al.
). Côte d'Ivoire (A.A. Antoinette et al.
). Southwestern Africa: northern Benguela current region (D. Boyer et al.
). Arabian Gulf (D.V. Subba Rao, F. Al-Yamani). Northwest Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman (S. Wilson). Red Sea (C. Sheppard). The Gulf of Aden (S.C. Wilson, R. Klaus). Indian Ocean coast of Somalia (F. Carbone, G. Accordi). Tanzania (M. Guard et al.
). Mozambique (M. Myers, M. Whittington). Madagascar (A. Cooke et al.
). South Africa (M.H. Schleyer et al.
). North east coast of the Bay of Bengal and deltaic Sundarbans (A. Mitra). Southeast India (S. Ramachandran). Sri Lanka (A. Rajasuriya, A. Premaratne). Andamans & Nicobar Islands (S. Ramachandran). The Maldives (A.R.G. Price, S. Clark). The Chagos Archipelago, central Indian Ocean (C. Sheppard). The Seychelles (M. Gabriel et al.
). The Comores Archipelago (J.P. Quod et al.
). The Mascarene region (J. Turner et al.
). Bay of Bengal (S.R. Durvasula). Bangladesh (D.S. Kabir et al.
). The Gulf of Thailand (M. Hungspreugs et al.
). Malacca Straits (Chua Thia-Eng et al
). Malacca Straits, Singapore Straits and Johore Straits (Wong Poh Poh). East coast of peninsular Malaysia (Z.Z. Ibrahim et al.
). Borneo (S. Oakley et al.
). Continental seas of western Indonesia (E. Edinger, D.R. Browne). The Philippines (G.S. Jacinto et al.
). The Coral, Solomon, and Bismarck Seas region (M.E. Huber, G.B.K. Baines). Persistent organic pollutants in the seas of Asian developing regions (Shinsuke Tanabe). Sea of Okhotsk (V.V. Lapko, V.I. Radchenko). Sea of Japan (A. Kachur, A.V. Tkalin). The Yellow Sea (Suam Kim, Sung-Hyun Kahng). Taiwan Strait (Woei-Lih Jeng et al.
). Xiamen region, China (Chua Thia Eng, I.R.L. Gorre). Hong Kong (B.J. Richardson et al.
). Southern China, Vietnam to Hong Kong (Zhang Gan et al.
). Vietnam and the Bien Dong (South China Sea) (Dang Duc Nhan et al.
). Cambodian Sea (Touch Seang Tana). Australasia overview (L. Zann). Torres Strait and the Gulf of Papua (M.E. Huber). NE Australia: GBR (L. Zann). Eastern Australia (L. Zann). The Tasmanian region (C.M. Crawford et al.
). Victorian province, Australia (T. O'Hara). The Great Australian Bight (K. Edyvane). The western Australian region (D.I. Walker). South west Pacific islands (L. Zann). New Caledonia (P. Labrosse et al.
). Vanuatu (V.C. Vuki et al.
). Fiji Islands (V.C. Vuki et al.
). Central south Pacific Ocean (American Samoa) (P. Craig et al.
). The Marshall Islands (A.R.G. Price, J.E. Maragos). The Hawaiian Islands (USA) (J.E. Maragos). French Polynesia (P. Hutchings, B. Salvat).Part 2: General Issues.
Global status of seagrasses (R.C. Phillips, M.J. Durako). Mangroves (C.D. Field). Coral reefs: endangered biodiverse, genetic resources (W.H. Adey et al.
). World-wide coral reef bleaching and mortality during 1998: a global climate change warning for the new millennium? (C. Wilkinson). Sea turtles (J.A. Mortimer et al.
). Whales and whaling (S. Holt). Small cetaceans: small whales, dolphins and porpoises (K. Mulvaney, B. McKay). Seabirds (W.R.P. Bourne, C.J. Camphuysen). Fisheries effects on ecosystems (R. Goni). Bycatch: problems and solutions (M.A. Hall et al.
). Fisheries management as a social problem (D. Wilson). Sustainable aquaculture: Chinese and Thai experience (K. Rana). Climatic changes: Gulf of Alaska (H. Freeland, F. Whitney). Effects of climate change and sea level on coastal systems (S.K. Liu). Particle dry deposition to water surfaces: processes and consequences (S. Pryor, R.J. Barthelmie). Marine ecosystem health as an expression of morbidity, mortality and disease event (B. Sherman). Effect of mine tailings on the biodiversity of the seabed: example of the Island Copper Mine, Canada (D. Ellis). Marine antifoulants (S.M. Evans). Eutrophication of marine waters: effects of benthic microbial communities (L.-A. Meyer-Reil, M. Köster). Persistence of spilled oil on shores and its effects on biota (G.V. Irvine). Remote sensing of tropical coastal resources: progress and fresh challenges for the new millennium (P.J. Mumby). Satellite remote sensing of the coastal ocean: water quality and algae blooms (B. Håkansson). Energy from the oceans – wind, wave and tidal (R.J. Barthelmie et al.
). Multi-national training programmes in marine environmental science (G.R. South). Global legal instruments on the marine environment at the year 2000 (M. Dyoulgerov). Coastal management in the future (D. McGlashan). Impacts of human activities on marine ecosystems: an evaluation of sustainability (P. Johnston et al.
). Marine reserves and resource management (M.J. Fogarty et al.
). The ecological, economic and social importance of the oceans (R. Costanza).