The vast expansion of transportation systems on land, sea and in the air throughout the twentieth century has allowed for the development of economic, social and political connections across the globe undreamed of by our ancestors. However, this expansion has brought with it familiar problems such as airport delays and gridlock in our major cities. Fortunately, parallel progress in system science and information technology can provide us with the appropriate tools for rational and efficient solutions to our exponentially increasing transportation demands. This encyclopedia addresses the analysis, modelling and control of today's and tomorrow's traffic and transportation systems in a concise, comprehensive single volume. Well over 100 articles have been specially commissioned, or revised from the acclaimed Systems & Control Encyclopedia, to provide an overview of and first reference to models, control methods and practical aspects of all forms of traffic and transportation systems with a particular emphasis on efficient utilization of available infrastructure, plus a consideration of their historical, organizational, economic and social impacts. The Concise Encyclopedia of Traffic & Transportation Systems will be essential for professional and academic scientists and engineers in any discipline concerned with the movement of people and materials.
For professional and academic scientists and engineers of a number of disciplines including traffic and transportation engineers, operators, managers, analysts and system scientists.
Concise Encyclopedia of Traffic and Transportation Systems, 1st Edition
(partial) Selected articles: Air traffic control: an overview. Airborne collision avoidance. Automated guideway transit systems and personal rapid transit systems. Automatic train control: protection principles. Broadcasting communication systems. Car-following models. Cellular communication systems. Container terminal management. Data links in aeronautics. Discrete-time point processes: applications to road traffic. Evaluation of traffic control systems. Expert systems approach to rail traffic control. Flight activity in general aviation. Freeway network control. Fuel conservation: sea transport. High-speed railroad networks in Europe. High-speed railroad networks in Japan. IFAC working group on transportation systems. In-vehicle equipment for future traffic control systems. Kinematic wave theory. Mobile communication. Marine fleet planning and scheduling. Navigation control of ships. Network modelling and control: store-and-forward approach. On-ramp control: realization principles. Origin-destination matrix: dynamic estimation. Parking control systems. Prediction of traffic flow. Queuing theory applications. Railroad systems: line supervision and control. Road traffic control, demand-responsive. Route guidance, collective. Safety of road traffic. Ship stabilization: history. Shortest-path algorithms. Simulation of urban traffic: software environments. Social issues of transportation. Traffic office management. Transportation planning: activity-based approach. Underground railroad modelling and control. Vehicle monitoring and control for buses, trolleys and streetcars. Vessel traffic services: management from shore. Visual and instrument flying rules.
1500 lit. refs. approx., 392 illus.