Transmission and Distribution Electrical Engineering

Transmission and Distribution Electrical Engineering, 4th Edition

Transmission and Distribution Electrical Engineering, 4th Edition,Colin Bayliss,Brian Hardy,ISBN9780080969121






235 X 191

Electricity transmission and distribution is an expensive business. Engineers will get it right with this book

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Key Features

  • Updated to ensure that the book continues to deliver all the fundamental knowledge requirements of practicing power engineers in a single volume
  • High profile authors with extensive career-long knowledge of the industry
  • 30% new and revised content includes new chapters on renewable and distributed energy sources
  • Expanded coverage of power quality, latest EMC standards and requirements, earthing and bonding, surge protection, line design and switchgear developments


This market leading classic is a true comprehensive on-the-job reference, covering all aspects of getting electricity from the source to user via the power grid. Electric power transmission and distribution is a huge sector, and engineers require the real world guidance of this book in order to upgrade networks to handle smart and renewable sources of power. This new edition covers renewable and distributed energy developments, international regulatory compliance issues with coverage of IEC standards, and new key conversions to US based standards and terminologies

Utilising examples from real-life systems and challenges, this book clearly and succinctly outlines fundamental knowledge requirements for working in this area. Written by engineers for engineers, theory is tied to current best-practice, and new chapters cover hot topics including DC Transmission, Smart Networks and bringing renewable sources into the grid. Particularly useful for power engineers starting out on their career, this new edition ensures Bayliss remains an essential ‘tool of the trade’ for all engineers, technicians, managers and planners involved in electricity supply and industrial electricity usage.


Electrical and power system engineers involved in generation, distribution and consumption; power station engineers; industrial users – plant engineers; off-network electrical engineers; consultants to the power industry; students and researchers

Colin Bayliss

Affiliations and Expertise

United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA), Director of Major Projects

View additional works by Colin Bayliss

Brian Hardy

Affiliations and Expertise

Independent consultant & past Technical Advisor to BalfourBeatty capital

Transmission and Distribution Electrical Engineering, 4th Edition

About the Authors

List of Contributors



Chapter 1. System Studies

1.1. Introduction

1.2. Load Flow

1.3. System Stability

1.4. Short Circuit Analysis

Chapter 2. Drawings and Diagrams

2.1. Introduction

2.2. Block Diagrams

2.3. Schematic Diagrams

2.4. Manufacturers’ Drawings

2.5. Computer Aided Design

2.6. Case Study

2.7. Graphical Symbols

Appendix A. Relay Identification – Numerical Codes

Appendix B. Comparison between German, British, US/Canadian and International Symbols

Chapter 3. Substation Layouts

3.1. Introduction

3.2. Substation Design Considerations

3.3. Alternative Layouts

3.4. Space Requirements

Chapter 4. Substation Auxiliary Power Supplies

4.1. Introduction

4.2. DC Supplies

4.3. Batteries

4.4. AC Supplies

Chapter 5. Current and Voltage Transformers

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Current Transformers

5.3. Voltage Transformers

5.4. Future Trends

Chapter 6. Insulators

6.1. Introduction

6.2. Insulator Materials

6.3. Insulator Types

6.4. Pollution Control

6.5. Insulator Specification

6.6. Tests

Chapter 7. Substation Building Services

7.1. Introduction

7.2. Lighting

7.3. The Characterization of LVAC Distribution Systems

7.4. Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning

7.5. Fire Detection and Suppression

7.6. Security

Chapter 8. Earthing and Bonding

8.1. Introduction

8.2. Design Criteria

8.3. Substation Earthing Calculations

8.4. Computer Simulation

8.5. Protective Multiple Earthing

Chapter 9. Insulation Co-ordination

9.1. Introduction

9.2. System Voltages

9.3. Clearances

9.4. Procedures for Co-Ordination

9.5. Surge Protection

Chapter 10. Relay Protection

10.1. Introduction

10.2. System Configurations

10.3. Power System Protection Principles

10.4. Current Relays

10.5. Differential Protection Schemes

10.6. Distance Relays

10.7. Auxiliary Relays

10.8. Computer Assisted Grading Exercise

10.9. Practical Distribution Network Case Study

10.10. Recent Advances in Control, Protection and Monitoring

Chapter 11. Fuses and Miniature Circuit Breakers

11.1. Introduction

11.2. Fuses

11.3. Fuse Operation

11.4. Miniature Circuit Breakers

Chapter 12. Cables

12.1. Introduction

12.2. Codes and Standards

12.3. Types of Cables and Materials

12.4. Cable Sizing

12.5. Calculation of Losses in Cables

12.6. Fire Properties of Cables

12.7. Control and Communication Cables

12.8. Cable Management Systems

Chapter 13. Switchgear

13.1. Introduction

13.2. Terminology and Standards

13.3. Switching

13.4. Arc Quenching Media

13.5. Operating Mechanisms

13.6. Equipment Specifications

Chapter 14. Power Transformers

14.1. Introduction

14.2. Standards and Principles

14.3. Voltage, Impedance and Power Rating

14.4. Thermal Design

14.5. Constructional Aspects

14.6. Accessories

Chapter 15. Substation and Overhead Line Foundations

15.1. Introduction

15.2. Soil Investigations

15.3. Foundation Types

15.4. Foundation Design

15.5. Site Works

Chapter 16. Overhead Line Routing

16.1. Introduction

16.2. Routing Objectives

16.3. Preliminary Routing

16.4. Detailed Line Survey and Profile

Chapter 17. Structures, Towers and Poles

17.1. Introduction

17.2. Environmental Conditions

17.3. Structure Design

17.4. Pole and Tower Types

Chapter 18. Overhead Line Conductor and Technical Specifications

18.1. Introduction

18.2. Environmental Conditions

18.3. Conductor Selection

18.4. Calculated Electrical Ratings

18.5. Design Spans, Clearances and Loadings

18.6. Overhead Line Fittings

18.7. Overhead Line Impedance

18.8. Substation Busbar Selection – Case Study

Chapter 19. Testing and Commissioning

19.1. Introduction

19.2. Quality Assurance

19.3. Works Inspections and Testing

19.4. Site Inspection and Testing

19.5. Testing and Commissioning Methods

Appendix A. Commissioning Test Procedure Requirements

Appendix B. Drawings, Diagrams, and Manuals

Chapter 20. Electromagnetic Compatibility

20.1. Introduction

20.2. Standards

20.3. Compliance

20.4. Testing

20.5. Screening

20.6. Typical Useful Formulae

20.7. Case Studies

Chapter 21. Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition

21.1. Introduction

21.2. Programmable Logic Controllers

21.3. Power Line Carrier Communication Links

21.4. Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition

21.5. Software Management

Chapter 22. Project Management

22.1. Introduction

22.2. Project Evaluation

22.3. Financing

22.4. Project Phases

22.5. Terms and Conditions of Contract

22.6. Tendering

22.7. Model Forms of Contract – Exercise

Appendix A:. Project Definition/Questionnaire

Appendix B:. Bidding Checklist

Chapter 23. Distribution Planning

23.1. Introduction

23.2. Definitions

23.3. Load Forecasting

23.4. System Parameters

23.5. System Reliability

23.6. Distributed Generation

23.7. Drawings and Materials Take Off

Chapter 24. Power Quality – Harmonics in Power Systems

24.1. Introduction

24.2. The Nature of Harmonics

24.3. The Generation of Harmonics

24.4. The Effects of Harmonics

24.5. The Limitation of Harmonics

24.6. Ferroresonance and Subharmonics

24.7. Harmonic Studies

24.8. Case Studies

Chapter 25. Power Quality – Voltage Disturbances

25.1. Introduction

25.2. The Nature and Cause of Voltage Disturbances in Power Systems

25.3. Solutions

25.4. Case Study

Chapter 26. High Voltage Direct Current Transmission

26.1. Introduction

26.2. HVAC vs. HVDC Transmission Solutions

26.3. HVDC System Configurations

26.4. Converter Topologies

26.5. HVDC System Components

26.6. General HVDC Characteristics

26.7. Control Schemes

26.8. AC and DC Interaction

26.9. HVDC System Performance Issues

26.10. Emerging Trends and Technologies

Chapter 27. Smart Grids

27.1. Introduction

27.2. The Challenges to be Met by Smart Grids

27.3. Smart Grid Technologies

27.4. Power Equipment Solutions

27.5. Energy Storage

Chapter 28. Fundamentals

28.1. Introduction

28.2. Symbols and Nomenclature

28.3. Alternating Quantities

28.4. Vector Representation

28.5. Vector Algebra

28.6. Sequence Components

28.7. Network Fault Analysis

28.8. Design Optimization


Quotes and reviews

"Surely the most comprehensive tome ever published on the subject. Transmission and Distribution Electrical Engineering should be weighing down the bookshelves of all engineers, manufacturers and contractors involved with transmission and distribution networks." --Electrical Review

"Colin Bayliss should be applauded for producing... a book that presents a comprehensive range of subjects that would give the young engineer a good base knowledge of transmission and distribution electrical engineering and to help him or her to be a useful member of a project team." --Power Engineering Journal

"The challenges today for those undertaking transmission and distribution system new build projects, existing system extensions, or refurbishment and life extension of older equipment, are as great as ever … Leading, as I do, the transmission and distribution business of international and well recognised engineering consultancy Mott MacDonald, I see this book as being useful to clients and contractors as well as others such as industry regulators, environmentalists, and government officials. This book enables those in the field of transmission and distribution electrical engineering to have a well founded understanding of the key principles, the methodologies and current best practice." --Peter Black, Director, Mott MacDonald Limited

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